NHS Profile, Pierrefonds--Dollard, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Pierrefonds--Dollard, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Pierrefonds--Dollard
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 107,395 52,430 54,965
Canadian citizens 99,425 48,935 50,490
Canadian citizens aged under 18 22,460 11,670 10,785
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,965 37,260 39,705
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 7,965 3,495 4,470
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 107,395 52,430 54,965
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 66,345 32,960 33,380
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 39,930 18,995 20,935
Before 1971 6,930 3,395 3,535
1971 to 1980 6,290 2,975 3,315
1981 to 1990 6,725 3,160 3,565
1991 to 2000 10,270 4,950 5,325
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 9,720 4,515 5,200
2001 to 2005 4,790 2,230 2,565
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,930 2,285 2,635
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,120 475 645
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 39,930 18,995 20,935
Under 5 years 3,535 1,735 1,805
5 to 14 years 6,545 3,255 3,295
15 to 24 years 9,370 4,215 5,150
25 to 44 years 17,125 8,235 8,890
45 years and over 3,350 1,555 1,805
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 107,395 52,430 54,965
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 66,345 32,960 33,380
Born in province of residence 61,745 30,930 30,815
Born outside province of residence 4,600 2,030 2,565
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 39,930 18,990 20,940
Americas 6,735 2,805 3,925
United States 740 340 400
Jamaica 695 260 430
Guyana 270 105 165
Haiti 1,600 665 940
Mexico 140 60 80
Trinidad and Tobago 615 300 320
Colombia 370 155 215
El Salvador 195 105 90
Peru 395 130 265
Chile 135 65 70
Other places of birth in Americas 1,575 625 950
Europe 9,865 4,870 4,995
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,035 545 490
Italy 1,105 570 530
Germany 595 255 335
Poland 930 460 470
Portugal 350 180 175
Netherlands 130 50 85
France 620 325 300
Romania 1,380 665 715
Russian Federation 485 195 295
Greece 885 480 400
Ukraine 285 140 140
Croatia 120 55 65
Hungary 255 110 140
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 25 30
Serbia 70 40 30
Ireland, Republic of 55 0 45
Other places of birth in Europe 1,520 765 750
Africa 5,860 3,035 2,830
Morocco 1,010 535 480
Algeria 520 275 240
Egypt 2,255 1,150 1,105
South Africa, Republic of 45 0 35
Nigeria 70 20 45
Ethiopia 65 50 20
Kenya 60 30 25
Other places of birth in Africa 1,830 965 870
Asia 17,405 8,230 9,175
India 2,715 1,360 1,350
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,315 545 770
Philippines 2,645 1,010 1,630
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 300 145 155
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 455 240 215
Pakistan 870 395 480
Sri Lanka 1,820 915 905
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,090 550 540
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 110 40 70
Lebanon 2,185 1,155 1,025
Taiwan 115 50 65
Iraq 215 85 130
Bangladesh 275 120 155
Afghanistan 170 70 100
Japan 60 35 25
Turkey 245 135 115
Other places of birth in Asia 2,820 1,380 1,440
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 60 50 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 60 50 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,120 475 645
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 4,930 2,290 2,640
Americas 965 410 555
United States 110 55 55
Mexico 35 20 15
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 350 150 200
Jamaica 30 0 0
Brazil 85 40 45
Colombia 115 60 60
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 105 40 70
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 90 20 70
Europe 620 320 300
France 45 25 0
Germany 20 0 0
Poland 20 15 0
Romania 240 110 130
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 55 30 30
Ukraine 60 20 40
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 75 50 25
Other places of birth in Europe 100 45 55
Africa 1,135 600 530
Nigeria 35 0 30
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 70 40 25
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 85 45 40
Egypt 335 195 140
Morocco 140 70 70
Tunisia 50 15 35
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 75 50 25
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 340 180 160
Asia 2,210 960 1,255
Philippines 480 125 350
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 245 120 130
India 435 230 210
Pakistan 95 50 50
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 125 55 70
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 145 65 75
Iraq 55 30 20
Bangladesh 30 0 25
Lebanon 175 75 100
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 40 25 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 60 35 30
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 45 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 55 40 0
Other places of birth in Asia 145 50 100
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 107,395 52,430 54,960
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 41,325 19,610 21,720
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 28,880 14,780 14,095
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 37,185 18,040 19,150
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 107,395 52,430 54,965
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 37,940 18,115 19,830
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 9,645 4,865 4,785
Chinese 3,080 1,360 1,720
Black 8,695 4,015 4,685
Filipino 3,675 1,460 2,215
Latin American 2,105 990 1,110
Arab 5,785 3,075 2,710
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,865 905 955
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,320 585 735
Korean 195 80 115
Japanese 65 25 40
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 535 270 270
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 970 485 490
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 69,460 34,315 35,140
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 107,395 52,430 54,965
North American Aboriginal origins 1,310 595 710
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,090 510 580
Inuit 60 0 45
Métis 180 80 100
Other North American origins 26,425 12,765 13,655
Acadian 230 90 135
American 735 335 395
Canadian 24,985 12,100 12,880
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 10 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 1,040 465 575
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 55,095 26,920 28,170
British Isles origins 15,685 7,415 8,270
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 7,055 3,390 3,670
Irish 7,270 3,350 3,920
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 5,665 2,695 2,970
Welsh 485 235 255
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,495 705 795
French origins 15,995 7,705 8,295
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 15 15 0
French 15,970 7,685 8,290
Western European origins (except French origins) 5,365 2,570 2,790
Austrian 615 250 365
Belgian 640 360 275
Dutch 655 315 340
Flemish 25 20 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,400 1,575 1,825
Luxembourger 20 0 10
Swiss 315 175 140
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 495 240 255
Danish 125 70 55
Finnish 70 25 45
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 130 55 80
Swedish 175 90 90
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 35 15 20
Eastern European origins 11,325 5,555 5,770
Bulgarian 285 145 145
Byelorussian 90 30 60
Czech 220 95 125
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 80 40 40
Estonian 65 30 40
Hungarian 1,165 620 545
Latvian 85 50 40
Lithuanian 235 85 150
Moldovan 75 0 0
Polish 4,820 2,385 2,435
Romanian 2,325 1,115 1,205
Russian 3,000 1,405 1,600
Slovak 145 55 85
Ukrainian 1,415 740 680
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 90 50 35
Southern European origins 15,900 8,020 7,880
Albanian 115 60 55
Bosnian 55 35 20
Croatian 275 160 110
Cypriot 35 0 20
Greek 3,755 2,085 1,670
Italian 8,060 4,050 4,015
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 35 0 20
Maltese 25 0 25
Montenegrin 90 45 40
Portuguese 1,540 740 800
Serbian 165 80 85
Sicilian 65 45 0
Slovenian 150 80 70
Spanish 2,295 945 1,350
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 115 80 35
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 15 0 0
Other European origins 6,820 3,415 3,405
Basque 25 0 15
Jewish 6,590 3,305 3,280
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 230 110 115
Caribbean origins 6,460 2,835 3,635
Antiguan 60 0 0
Bahamian 20 0 0
Barbadian 615 200 410
Bermudan 10 0 0
Carib 60 20 35
Cuban 130 40 90
Dominican 135 40 90
Grenadian 30 10 20
Haitian 2,800 1,280 1,520
Jamaican 1,415 570 840
Kittitian/Nevisian 15 0 15
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 40 20 20
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 775 390 390
Vincentian/Grenadinian 195 80 120
West Indian, n.o.s. 495 240 260
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 150 65 85
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,090 1,450 1,635
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 65 15 50
Argentinian 125 80 45
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 180 70 105
Chilean 335 170 165
Colombian 465 200 265
Costa Rican 15 0 0
Ecuadorian 50 0 25
Guatemalan 170 90 80
Guyanese 290 130 165
Hispanic 15 0 0
Honduran 180 95 85
Maya 20 15 0
Mexican 280 145 130
Nicaraguan 55 35 20
Panamanian 20 0 0
Paraguayan 25 0 0
Peruvian 560 250 315
Salvadorean 335 220 110
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 100 50 50
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 140 55 85
African origins 8,210 4,175 4,035
Central and West African origins 1,225 645 580
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 55 40 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 30 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 60 0 50
Chadian 110 55 60
Congolese 345 200 145
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 285 140 145
Guinean 35 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 80 45 35
Liberian 25 0 0
Malian 35 10 15
Nigerian 45 25 20
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 140 90 50
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 65 30 35
North African origins 5,005 2,615 2,385
Algerian 490 270 220
Berber 225 120 100
Coptic 65 35 30
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 2,620 1,375 1,245
Libyan 35 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,405 720 685
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 285 135 145
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 20 0 0
Southern and East African origins 780 380 405
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 35 0 0
Burundian 70 25 45
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 90 50 35
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 190 105 80
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 35 0 0
Seychellois 135 60 75
Somali 150 85 65
South African 40 0 30
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 25 0 25
Zambian 20 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 75 40 35
Other African origins 1,235 555 685
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 15 15 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,220 540 675
Asian origins 30,785 14,915 15,875
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 11,590 5,900 5,695
Afghan 215 95 120
Arab, n.o.s. 1,030 535 490
Armenian 1,715 950 765
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 25 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 1,685 765 920
Iraqi 415 195 215
Israeli 370 175 200
Jordanian 120 70 50
Kazakh 25 0 0
Kurd 30 10 15
Kuwaiti 50 0 40
Lebanese 4,300 2,295 2,000
Palestinian 890 410 480
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 1,410 775 635
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 55 0 55
Turk 700 385 310
Uighur 35 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 35 15 20
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 20 0 0
South Asian origins 10,415 5,205 5,210
Bangladeshi 340 150 190
Bengali 50 30 20
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 6,185 3,070 3,115
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 35 20 15
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 1,015 490 525
Punjabi 280 160 120
Sinhalese 25 0 20
Sri Lankan 2,295 1,195 1,105
Tamil 455 190 270
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 255 145 110
East and Southeast Asian origins 9,010 3,915 5,090
Burmese 45 25 20
Cambodian (Khmer) 205 95 110
Chinese 3,725 1,635 2,090
Filipino 4,070 1,660 2,410
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 145 60 85
Japanese 120 60 60
Korean 190 70 115
Laotian 190 90 100
Malaysian 25 0 25
Mongolian 35 0 25
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 20 0 0
Thai 55 0 40
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 650 360 290
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 95 55 40
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 100 55 35
Oceania origins 55 35 20
Australian 35 20 15
New Zealander 20 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 107,395 52,430 54,965
Buddhist 1,095 525 570
Christian 70,110 33,355 36,755
Anglican 2,820 1,290 1,530
Baptist 960 465 500
Catholic 46,755 22,135 24,620
Christian Orthodox 7,730 3,990 3,745
Lutheran 495 210 280
Pentecostal 1,295 580 720
Presbyterian 655 290 370
United Church 1,485 645 840
Other Christian 7,910 3,750 4,160
Hindu 4,255 2,115 2,135
Jewish 9,105 4,515 4,585
Muslim 9,730 5,110 4,620
Sikh 1,850 925 925
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 280 155 125
No religious affiliation 10,970 5,725 5,245
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 107,395 52,430 54,965
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 425 175 250
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 225 90 130
Métis single identity 155 70 90
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal identity 106,965 52,255 54,710
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 107,395 52,430 54,965
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 135 50 85
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 107,255 52,380 54,880
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 107,395 52,430 54,960
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,305 595 710
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,095 510 580
Métis ancestry 175 80 100
Inuit ancestry 60 0 45
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 106,090 51,835 54,250
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 52,510 25,445 27,065
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 52,500 25,440 27,055
Italian 4,570 2,235 2,335
Portuguese 1,040 520 525
Romanian 1,590 790 800
Spanish 6,070 2,670 3,405
Dutch 225 105 120
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,610 740 870
Yiddish 260 130 130
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 60 35 30
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 35 25 10
Bulgarian 270 135 130
Croatian 155 70 75
Czech 95 30 65
Macedonian 40 0 30
Polish 1,540 780 760
Russian 1,575 780 795
Serbian 160 105 55
Serbo-Croatian 65 35 30
Slovak 135 55 85
Slovenian 70 45 0
Ukrainian 220 120 105
Latvian 25 0 0
Lithuanian 45 15 30
Greek 2,945 1,645 1,305
Armenian 1,125 640 485
Albanian 75 40 30
Estonian 35 0 20
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 460 210 250
Turkish 385 190 190
Berber languages (Kabyle) 65 25 35
Oromo 70 40 35
Somali 125 65 60
Amharic 55 40 0
Arabic 9,165 4,795 4,370
Hebrew 1,890 960 930
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 35 0
Bengali 370 150 215
Gujarati 1,145 535 605
Hindi 1,740 875 865
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 45 25 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,370 1,175 1,195
Sindhi 40 0 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 75 60
Urdu 1,735 950 785
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 25 10 20
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,575 725 850
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30
Kannada 105 60 45
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 2,695 1,395 1,300
Telugu 25 20 0
Japanese 115 75 45
Korean 145 60 80
Cantonese 515 245 265
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 10 0 0
Mandarin 540 250 285
Taiwanese 40 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,645 695 955
Lao 170 75 95
Thai 80 35 50
Khmer (Cambodian) 190 90 95
Vietnamese 635 360 275
Bisayan languages 75 30 40
Ilocano 275 90 185
Malay 135 50 80
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 2,935 1,050 1,880
Akan (Twi) 155 65 90
Lingala 175 90 85
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 30
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 60 25 30
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25
African languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15
Creoles 2,395 1,065 1,330
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 615 275 340
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 106,385 51,935 54,455
Non-movers 97,515 47,765 49,750
Movers 8,865 4,170 4,705
Non-migrants 5,065 2,435 2,630
Migrants 3,805 1,730 2,075
Internal migrants 2,860 1,330 1,530
Intraprovincial migrants 2,525 1,160 1,370
Interprovincial migrants 335 170 160
External migrants 940 400 540
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 101,860 49,545 52,310
Non-movers 71,320 35,015 36,300
Movers 30,540 14,530 16,010
Non-migrants 18,185 8,785 9,400
Migrants 12,360 5,750 6,610
Internal migrants 8,015 3,800 4,215
Intraprovincial migrants 7,040 3,335 3,700
Interprovincial migrants 975 465 510
External migrants 4,345 1,950 2,395
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 88,390 42,565 45,820
No certificate, diploma or degree 12,345 5,785 6,565
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 21,265 10,020 11,240
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 54,775 26,765 28,015
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,665 4,445 3,225
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 16,765 7,550 9,220
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,025 2,680 3,340
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 24,310 12,090 12,220
Bachelor's degree 15,485 7,200 8,290
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,825 4,890 3,935
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 57,915 27,730 30,190
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,600 2,345 2,255
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 11,560 5,345 6,215
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 41,755 20,040 21,720
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,450 3,025 2,430
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,400 5,075 6,325
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,575 2,020 2,555
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 20,335 9,930 10,405
Bachelor's degree 12,930 5,950 6,980
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,405 3,975 3,425
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 88,390 42,565 45,825
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 33,615 15,805 17,810
Education 3,415 680 2,735
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,045 795 1,245
Humanities 3,195 1,045 2,140
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,330 2,100 4,225
Business, management and public administration 13,695 6,400 7,295
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,520 1,860 1,660
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,095 1,940 1,160
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,780 9,565 1,220
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 410 225 185
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,315 1,180 5,130
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,980 960 1,020
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 88,390 42,565 45,825
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 33,615 15,805 17,810
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 54,775 26,765 28,015
Location of study inside Canada 41,065 20,030 21,035
Same as province or territory of residence 38,830 18,890 19,940
Another province or territory 2,235 1,135 1,095
Location of study outside Canada 13,710 6,735 6,980
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 61,500 31,655 29,845
Single responses 51,535 26,400 25,135
English 30,680 15,825 14,855
French 20,280 10,385 9,900
Non-official languages 570 190 385
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 25 35
Cantonese 15 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 75 40 30
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 45 20 25
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 345 90 255
Multiple responses 9,965 5,250 4,710
English and French 9,175 4,760 4,415
English and non-official language 400 270 125
French and non-official language 65 35 40
English, French and non-official language 320 195 130
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 61,500 31,650 29,850
English 30,685 15,825 14,860
French 20,285 10,385 9,895
Non-official language 570 190 380
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 575 190 385
English and French 9,175 4,760 4,415
English and non-official language 400 275 125
French and non-official language 70 30 40
English, French and non-official language 320 195 130
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 88,390 42,565 45,825
In the labour force 58,275 30,245 28,030
Employed 53,660 27,810 25,850
Unemployed 4,620 2,435 2,180
Not in the labour force 30,115 12,320 17,795
Participation rate 65.9 71.1 61.2
Employment rate 60.7 65.3 56.4
Unemployment rate 7.9 8.1 7.8
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 58,275 30,245 28,030
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,635 880 755
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 56,645 29,365 27,280
Employee 50,185 24,975 25,210
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,455 4,390 2,070
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 58,275 30,245 28,030
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,630 880 755
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 56,640 29,365 27,275
0 Management occupations 7,440 5,225 2,215
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,510 3,500 7,010
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,905 4,610 1,295
3 Health occupations 3,505 725 2,780
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,450 1,250 4,200
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,385 600 790
6 Sales and service occupations 15,065 7,380 7,680
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,760 4,460 300
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 275 240 40
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,355 1,380 975
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 58,275 30,245 28,030
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,630 880 750
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 56,640 29,365 27,275
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 40 30 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 65 40 25
22 Utilities 195 135 60
23 Construction 1,700 1,435 265
31-33 Manufacturing 7,335 4,695 2,635
41 Wholesale trade 5,135 2,935 2,200
44-45 Retail trade 7,165 3,320 3,845
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,400 2,450 950
51 Information and cultural industries 1,715 1,020 695
52 Finance and insurance 2,455 1,160 1,305
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,470 930 540
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 5,705 3,320 2,380
55 Management of companies and enterprises 80 55 25
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,175 1,250 930
61 Educational services 3,730 1,090 2,635
62 Health care and social assistance 5,645 1,060 4,590
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 915 545 365
72 Accommodation and food services 3,555 1,970 1,590
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,340 1,060 1,280
91 Public administration 1,815 870 950
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 58,275 30,245 28,030
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,635 1,890 1,740
Worked in 2010 54,645 28,350 26,290
1 to 13 weeks 2,875 1,405 1,465
14 to 26 weeks 4,090 1,885 2,200
27 to 39 weeks 3,365 1,720 1,645
40 to 48 weeks 9,275 4,450 4,820
49 to 52 weeks 35,035 18,885 16,150
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 45.2 44.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 58,270 30,245 28,030
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,635 1,895 1,740
Worked in 2010 54,645 28,350 26,290
Worked full-time in 2010 42,935 23,890 19,045
Worked part-time in 2010 11,705 4,460 7,245
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 53,655 27,805 25,850
Worked at home 3,615 1,975 1,640
Worked outside Canada 235 155 75
No fixed workplace address 3,750 2,740 1,015
Worked at usual place 46,055 22,940 23,110
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 49,810 25,680 24,125
Car, truck or van - as a driver 35,910 20,290 15,620
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,400 735 1,665
Public transit 9,665 3,760 5,905
Walked 1,110 440 665
Bicycle 325 230 95
Other methods 400 225 175
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 49,810 25,675 24,130
Median commuting duration 25.8 25.8 25.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 49,810 25,680 24,130
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 10,650 6,410 4,240
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 29,170 13,740 15,430
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,985 5,530 4,460
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 38,940 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 36,190 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,745 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 38,940 ... ...
1960 or before 4,750 ... ...
1961 to 1980 19,855 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,110 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,205 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,330 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,700 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 38,940 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,530 ... ...
5 rooms 4,995 ... ...
6 rooms 4,280 ... ...
7 rooms 5,650 ... ...
8 or more rooms 14,480 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 38,935 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,840 ... ...
2 bedrooms 7,895 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,025 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 13,180 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 38,940 ... ...
Owner 29,055 ... ...
Renter 9,880 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 38,940 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 5,645 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 33,300 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 38,940 ... ...
1 household maintainer 23,670 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,410 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 860 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 38,940 ... ...
Under 25 years 560 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,665 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,110 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,835 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,535 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,365 ... ...
75 years and over 3,875 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 38,940 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 37,950 ... ...
More than one person per room 990 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 38,940 ... ...
Suitable 36,175 ... ...
Not suitable 2,760 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 38,880 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 29,730 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,150 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,695 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 29,055 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 57.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,045 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,132 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 300,528 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 346,712 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 9,885 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 754 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 798 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 88,390 42,565 45,825
Without income 5,500 2,525 2,975
With income 82,890 40,040 42,845
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 9,060 4,360 4,695
$5,000 to $9,999 5,970 2,245 3,730
$10,000 to $14,999 8,385 3,215 5,175
$15,000 to $19,999 7,745 3,020 4,720
$20,000 to $29,999 11,740 5,235 6,500
$30,000 to $39,999 10,050 4,625 5,425
$40,000 to $49,999 8,045 3,900 4,140
$50,000 to $59,999 6,045 3,275 2,770
$60,000 to $79,999 7,195 3,825 3,365
$80,000 to $99,999 3,410 2,340 1,070
$100,000 and over 5,245 4,000 1,245
$100,000 to $124,999 2,310 1,625 690
$125,000 and over 2,935 2,375 560
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,781 33,996 24,206
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 40,392 49,154 32,204
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 88,390 42,565 45,820
Without after-tax income 5,490 2,530 2,955
With after-tax income 82,900 40,035 42,865
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 9,360 4,425 4,940
$5,000 to $9,999 6,185 2,230 3,955
$10,000 to $14,999 8,505 3,355 5,150
$15,000 to $19,999 8,580 3,420 5,160
$20,000 to $29,999 13,945 6,480 7,465
$30,000 to $39,999 12,290 5,740 6,550
$40,000 to $49,999 8,610 4,540 4,070
$50,000 to $59,999 5,665 2,970 2,695
$60,000 to $79,999 5,360 3,385 1,970
$80,000 to $99,999 2,050 1,595 455
$100,000 and over 2,340 1,895 450
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,253 30,117 22,566
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,877 38,793 27,352
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.9 92.0 82.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.5 77.8 69.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 68.9 71.3 65.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.6 6.6 4.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.6 4.8 4.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.6 7.0 5.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.2 2.3 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.1 8.0 17.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.3 2.8 4.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.1 2.1 4.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.7 1.2 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.2 0.1 5.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.9 1.7 2.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.6 21.1 15.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.4 78.9 85.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.0 2.5 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 30,105 16,940 13,165
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 46,097 51,064 41,575
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 58,765 67,345 47,722
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 29,725 ... ...
Median family income ($) 80,123 ... ...
Average family income ($) 99,440 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 69,028 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 80,789 ... ...
Average family size 3.3 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 8,280 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,803 ... ...
Average family income ($) 90,680 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,331 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 71,672 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 16,010 ... ...
Median family income ($) 98,558 ... ...
Average family income ($) 115,636 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,302 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 93,943 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,540 ... ...
Median family income ($) 48,311 ... ...
Average family income ($) 60,139 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 44,990 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 51,842 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 10,425 4,450 5,975
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,181 34,785 27,256
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,624 41,684 34,600
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,316 29,843 25,192
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,092 33,406 29,368
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 107,395 52,430 54,965
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 52,825 24,760 28,060
In bottom decile 8,760 4,115 4,640
In second decile 9,965 4,380 5,585
In third decile 11,595 5,565 6,020
In fourth decile 11,610 5,410 6,200
In fifth decile 10,900 5,280 5,615
In top half of the Canadian distribution 54,570 27,670 26,905
In sixth decile 12,105 6,105 6,000
In seventh decile 10,400 5,210 5,185
In eighth decile 11,485 5,845 5,640
In ninth decile 10,490 5,385 5,105
In top decile 10,090 5,125 4,965
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 38,940 ... ...
Under $5,000 850 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 580 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,010 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,715 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,055 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,240 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,985 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,275 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,475 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,165 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,095 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,630 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,875 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 38,940 ... ...
Under $5,000 880 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 595 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,015 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,820 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,515 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,025 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,675 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,900 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,120 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,605 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,785 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,490 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,295 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 38,940 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 66,138 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,984 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 57,505 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 69,998 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 8,730 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 33,043 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 39,911 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,915 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,817 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 30,210 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 79,974 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 99,296 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 69,012 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 80,740 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 107,390 52,430 54,965
Less than 18 years 24,005 12,485 11,520
Less than 6 years 6,830 3,520 3,310
18 to 64 years 68,540 33,065 35,475
65 years and over 14,850 6,880 7,970
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 14,255 6,485 7,770
Less than 18 years 3,880 1,950 1,930
Less than 6 years 1,140 550 595
18 to 64 years 8,540 3,920 4,625
65 years and over 1,830 615 1,215
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.3 12.4 14.1
Less than 18 years (%) 16.2 15.6 16.8
Less than 6 years (%) 16.7 15.6 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.5 11.9 13.0
65 years and over (%) 12.3 8.9 15.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Pierrefonds--Dollard, Quebec (Code 24056) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Pierrefonds--Dollard, Quebec

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Pierrefonds--Dollard, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Pierrefonds--Dollard
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 108,740 52,735 56,010
0 to 4 years 5,525 2,845 2,685
5 to 9 years 6,230 3,160 3,075
10 to 14 years 7,280 3,770 3,510
15 to 19 years 8,295 4,255 4,035
15 years 1,575 805 775
16 years 1,640 845 795
17 years 1,775 950 825
18 years 1,670 840 835
19 years 1,630 820 810
20 to 24 years 7,430 3,760 3,670
25 to 29 years 5,895 3,045 2,845
30 to 34 years 5,600 2,635 2,960
35 to 39 years 6,300 2,905 3,390
40 to 44 years 7,695 3,640 4,060
45 to 49 years 8,880 4,365 4,515
50 to 54 years 8,860 4,205 4,660
55 to 59 years 7,930 3,770 4,160
60 to 64 years 6,900 3,340 3,565
65 to 69 years 5,115 2,460 2,655
70 to 74 years 3,775 1,720 2,050
75 to 79 years 3,000 1,355 1,645
80 to 84 years 2,230 925 1,305
85 years and over 1,800 570 1,230
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.3 40.0 42.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.5 81.5 83.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 89,710 42,965 46,745
Married or living with a common-law partner 51,645 25,735 25,905
Married (and not separated) 45,125 22,500 22,625
Living common law 6,515 3,240 3,280
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 38,065 17,225 20,835
Single (never legally married) 26,210 13,835 12,370
Separated 1,585 585 1,000
Divorced 5,515 1,915 3,600
Widowed 4,755 890 3,870
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 30,275 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,080 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,015 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,645 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,545 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 30,275 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 25,240 ... ...
Married couples 21,985 ... ...
Without children at home 7,670 ... ...
With children at home 14,310 ... ...
1 child 4,735 ... ...
2 children 6,470 ... ...
3 or more children 3,105 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,255 ... ...
Without children at home 1,565 ... ...
With children at home 1,685 ... ...
1 child 710 ... ...
2 children 705 ... ...
3 or more children 265 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,040 ... ...
Female parent 4,025 ... ...
1 child 2,205 ... ...
2 children 1,280 ... ...
3 or more children 545 ... ...
Male parent 1,015 ... ...
1 child 635 ... ...
2 children 285 ... ...
3 or more children 90 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 39,090 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,675 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,215 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,890 ... ...
18 to 24 years 9,585 ... ...
25 years and over 5,725 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 107,400 52,355 55,040
Number of persons not in census families 12,795 5,430 7,370
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,385 840 1,545
Living with non-relatives only 1,630 825 805
Living alone 8,785 3,765 5,025
Number of census family persons 94,605 46,930 47,675
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 14,875 6,775 8,105
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,710 1,185 3,520
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,105 215 890
Living with non-relatives only 200 90 115
Living alone 3,400 880 2,520
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 10,165 5,585 4,580
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 38,965 ... ...
Census-family households 29,365 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 26,655 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 22,580 ... ...
Without children 8,255 ... ...
With children 14,325 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,080 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,710 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,840 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,345 ... ...
Without children 345 ... ...
With children 995 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 490 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 870 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,600 ... ...
One-person households 8,785 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 815 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 38,960 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,415 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,235 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 105 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 15,210 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,425 ... ...
Row house 4,370 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 395 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 9,000 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 38,965 ... ...
1 person 8,785 ... ...
2 persons 11,185 ... ...
3 persons 6,810 ... ...
4 persons 7,490 ... ...
5 persons 3,125 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,565 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,400 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.8 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,090 52,555 55,535
  Single responses  102,385 49,745 52,640
    English  36,320 17,880 18,435
    French  29,140 13,955 15,190
    Non-official languages  36,920 17,905 19,010
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 36,635 17,770 18,865
        African languages, n.i.e 25 20 10
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  170 85 90
        Albanian  45 30 20
        Amharic  15 5 5
        Arabic  5,950 3,075 2,875
        Armenian  915 440 470
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 35 15 15
        Bengali  195 105 85
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  40 25 15
        Bisayan languages  65 25 40
        Bosnian  35 15 15
        Bulgarian  315 150 160
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  335 165 175
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,215 575 635
        Creoles  1,155 490 665
        Croatian  155 90 65
        Czech  105 55 50
        Danish  15 0 10
        Dutch  180 90 90
        Estonian  25 10 10
        Finnish  15 5 10
        Flemish  15 5 5
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  850 380 465
        Greek  2,080 1,060 1,025
        Gujarati  985 470 515
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  440 225 210
        Hindi  475 235 235
        Hungarian  390 190 200
        Ilocano  155 60 95
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Italian  2,795 1,380 1,410
        Japanese  60 25 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  115 50 65
        Korean  115 50 60
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  95 40 50
        Latvian  25 10 15
        Lingala  45 20 25
        Lithuanian  40 15 25
        Macedonian  20 5 10
        Malay  55 20 35
        Malayalam  40 15 20
        Maltese  5 0 5
        Mandarin  330 155 175
        Marathi  15 10 10
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 105 40 60
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  65 35 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,820 930 895
        Pashto  20 15 5
        Persian (Farsi)  1,060 545 515
        Polish  1,335 615 720
        Portuguese  650 285 365
        Romanian  1,595 775 815
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 10 15
        Russian  1,265 565 695
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Serbian  135 70 65
        Serbo-Croatian  40 20 20
        Shanghainese  10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  35 15 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  65 35 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Slovak  100 45 55
        Slovenian  55 25 30
        Somali  120 50 60
        Spanish  2,490 1,170 1,315
        Swahili  20 15 10
        Swedish  15 10 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,400 535 865
        Taiwanese  10 0 5
        Tamil  1,675 830 845
        Telugu  30 15 10
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  15 5 5
        Turkish  145 70 70
        Ukrainian  230 105 120
        Urdu  1,280 655 630
        Vietnamese  480 240 240
        Yiddish  110 55 55
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 280 135 145
  Multiple responses          5,710 2,810 2,895
    English and French  1,865 940 925
    English and non-official language  1,825 910 920
    French and non-official language  1,200 545 655
    English, French and non-official language 815 420 395
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,090 52,560 55,535
  English only 22,940 11,070 11,870
  French only 10,895 4,555 6,345
  English and French 72,105 36,140 35,960
  Neither English nor French 2,145 790 1,360
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,095 52,560 55,540
  English 57,815 28,515 29,295
  French 37,010 17,540 19,465
  English and French 11,185 5,745 5,445
  Neither English nor French 2,085 760 1,330
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 63,405 31,385 32,020
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 58.7 59.7 57.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,090 52,560 55,540
  Single responses 98,090 47,630 50,460
    English 48,915 23,990 24,930
    French 28,765 13,805 14,955
    Non-official languages 20,410 9,835 10,570
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 20,300 9,785 10,515
        African languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 70 30 40
        Albanian 25 15 10
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 3,335 1,660 1,675
        Armenian 580 275 305
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Bengali 120 65 65
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 10 5 5
        Bisayan languages 15 10 5
        Bosnian 25 15 15
        Bulgarian 250 125 130
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 245 125 125
        Chinese, n.o.s. 900 430 465
        Creoles 470 190 285
        Croatian 60 30 25
        Czech 45 25 20
        Danish 0 0 5
        Dutch 25 10 15
        Estonian 10 5 5
        Finnish 5 0 0
        Flemish 10 5 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 125 50 80
        Greek 835 420 410
        Gujarati 650 295 350
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 180 90 90
        Hindi 270 130 140
        Hungarian 115 50 60
        Ilocano 40 20 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
        Italian 465 200 265
        Japanese 25 15 15
        Khmer (Cambodian) 70 30 40
        Korean 70 35 35
        Kurdish 0 0 5
        Lao 70 35 35
        Latvian 5 5 5
        Lingala 15 0 10
        Lithuanian 0 0 5
        Macedonian 15 5 10
        Malay 30 10 10
        Malayalam 10 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 280 140 135
        Marathi 5 5 0
        Nepali 5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 10 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,325 670 655
        Pashto 15 10 5
        Persian (Farsi) 740 350 390
        Polish 760 350 410
        Portuguese 290 130 160
        Romanian 1,230 615 615
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5
        Russian 980 460 520
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Serbian 85 45 40
        Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10
        Shanghainese 5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Sindhi 20 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 15 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15
        Slovak 35 15 20
        Slovenian 15 5 5
        Somali 60 25 30
        Spanish 1,620 765 855
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 640 270 370
        Taiwanese 5 0 0
        Tamil 1,400 695 705
        Telugu 20 10 10
        Thai 5 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 5 0 5
        Turkish 85 35 45
        Ukrainian 70 30 35
        Urdu 815 425 390
        Vietnamese 385 190 195
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 115 60 55
  Multiple responses         10,000 4,925 5,080
    English and French 2,385 1,215 1,170
    English and non-official language 3,865 1,925 1,940
    French and non-official language 1,865 855 1,005
    English, French and non-official language 1,885 920 965
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,090 52,555 55,535
  None 72,220 35,200 37,020
  Single responses  32,085 15,475 16,610
    English  11,330 5,625 5,700
    French  10,040 4,825 5,215
    Non-official languages  10,720 5,020 5,700
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,600 4,975 5,625
        African languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  95 40 50
        Albanian  20 10 15
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  1,865 955 910
        Armenian  230 120 110
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Bengali  35 15 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 10 5
        Bisayan languages  15 10 10
        Bosnian  5 5 0
        Bulgarian  20 10 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  60 30 30
        Chinese, n.o.s.  185 90 95
        Creoles  860 365 490
        Croatian  40 20 20
        Czech  25 10 15
        Danish  0 0 5
        Dutch  50 25 25
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  325 130 195
        Greek  1,045 510 535
        Gujarati  200 100 100
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  270 135 135
        Hindi  220 115 105
        Hungarian  100 40 60
        Ilocano  70 25 45
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  1,140 540 600
        Japanese  20 5 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  20 10 15
        Korean  25 10 15
        Kurdish  5 0 5
        Lao  5 5 5
        Latvian  5 5 0
        Lingala  45 30 25
        Lithuanian  10 5 10
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  10 0 5
        Malayalam  25 5 15
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  70 25 45
        Marathi  5 0 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 45 20 25
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  40 20 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  290 155 135
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  155 80 75
        Polish  235 115 120
        Portuguese  185 80 110
        Romanian  160 70 95
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 5 10
        Russian  190 85 105
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Serbian  10 5 0
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  15 10 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 15 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  25 15 10
        Slovenian  15 5 5
        Somali  40 15 20
        Spanish  685 310 380
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  530 185 345
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  200 100 100
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  35 20 15
        Ukrainian  60 35 30
        Urdu  295 145 150
        Vietnamese  50 20 25
        Yiddish  15 5 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 120 45 70
  Multiple responses          3,785 1,885 1,895
    English and French  1,890 960 935
    English and non-official language  665 325 340
    French and non-official language  1,180 585 595
    English, French and non-official language  50 20 25

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Pierrefonds--Dollard, Quebec (Code 24056) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Pierrefonds--Dollard (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Pierrefonds--Dollard, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Pierrefonds--Dollard, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Pierrefonds--Dollard (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.