NHS Profile, Saint-Laurent, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Saint-Laurent, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint-Laurent
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 92,120 44,760 47,355
Canadian citizens 77,315 37,460 39,850
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,065 9,235 8,825
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 59,250 28,230 31,020
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 14,805 7,300 7,505
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 92,120 44,760 47,360
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 41,830 20,510 21,320
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 48,260 23,115 25,145
Before 1971 5,935 2,740 3,195
1971 to 1980 5,690 2,710 2,975
1981 to 1990 7,550 3,635 3,915
1991 to 2000 9,675 4,570 5,110
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 19,410 9,455 9,950
2001 to 2005 7,905 3,875 4,030
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,500 5,575 5,925
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,030 1,130 900
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 48,260 23,120 25,145
Under 5 years 4,260 2,225 2,030
5 to 14 years 7,525 3,845 3,685
15 to 24 years 10,230 4,415 5,815
25 to 44 years 22,095 10,755 11,335
45 years and over 4,155 1,875 2,275
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 92,120 44,760 47,360
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 41,830 20,515 21,315
Born in province of residence 39,840 19,645 20,200
Born outside province of residence 1,990 870 1,120
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 48,260 23,115 25,145
Americas 5,025 2,160 2,860
United States 515 255 255
Jamaica 225 70 155
Guyana 135 55 80
Haiti 1,060 415 645
Mexico 630 320 310
Trinidad and Tobago 140 65 75
Colombia 490 215 275
El Salvador 270 95 180
Peru 270 130 135
Chile 190 100 90
Other places of birth in Americas 1,095 440 650
Europe 8,410 3,895 4,510
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 215 80 140
Italy 645 330 310
Germany 245 125 120
Poland 585 265 320
Portugal 180 50 125
Netherlands 20 0 0
France 940 420 515
Romania 1,240 575 665
Russian Federation 470 220 250
Greece 1,810 860 950
Ukraine 280 110 170
Croatia 45 30 20
Hungary 190 95 95
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 30 30
Serbia 20 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,465 685 775
Africa 11,735 5,700 6,035
Morocco 4,075 2,030 2,040
Algeria 1,485 715 770
Egypt 2,155 970 1,185
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 50 35 0
Ethiopia 70 20 50
Kenya 45 25 0
Other places of birth in Africa 3,845 1,900 1,945
Asia 23,045 11,345 11,700
India 900 435 465
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,625 1,700 1,920
Philippines 1,010 405 610
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 585 275 310
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,150 1,040 1,110
Pakistan 980 505 475
Sri Lanka 1,340 660 680
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 715 350 365
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 160 80 75
Lebanon 5,490 2,950 2,545
Taiwan 145 75 70
Iraq 360 185 175
Bangladesh 185 105 85
Afghanistan 340 180 160
Japan 45 0 35
Turkey 305 135 170
Other places of birth in Asia 4,700 2,245 2,455
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 50 15 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 50 15 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,030 1,130 900
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 11,500 5,580 5,925
Americas 1,620 770 855
United States 155 100 55
Mexico 475 240 235
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 295 125 170
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 75 35 40
Colombia 285 135 145
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 75 45 35
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 215 70 150
Europe 1,205 550 655
France 175 70 110
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 15 0 0
Romania 245 130 120
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 395 185 210
Russian Federation 115 30 85
Ukraine 40 0 30
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 200 100 95
Africa 4,265 2,075 2,185
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 25 0 0
Mauritius 190 95 90
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 465 215 250
Egypt 190 100 90
Morocco 1,410 675 735
Tunisia 135 70 65
Cameroon 265 125 140
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 165 75 85
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,405 700 700
Asia 4,405 2,180 2,225
Philippines 260 115 145
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 820 380 440
India 190 100 90
Pakistan 280 135 145
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 75 45 30
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 210 95 120
Iraq 125 65 55
Bangladesh 50 0 0
Lebanon 1,270 685 585
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 125 55 65
Taiwan 25 0 0
Afghanistan 155 95 65
Japan 25 0 20
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 25 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 45 0 35
Saudi Arabia 45 25 25
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 340 155 185
Other places of birth in Asia 300 145 160
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 92,120 44,760 47,355
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 50,570 24,350 26,215
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 23,835 11,950 11,880
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 17,720 8,455 9,260
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 92,115 44,760 47,360
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 46,385 22,910 23,480
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 5,655 2,830 2,825
Chinese 7,605 3,730 3,875
Black 7,500 3,470 4,030
Filipino 1,375 595 785
Latin American 3,090 1,535 1,550
Arab 13,845 7,035 6,810
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 4,395 2,195 2,205
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,460 815 645
Korean 255 140 110
Japanese 65 20 50
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 195 95 95
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 950 460 490
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 45,730 21,850 23,880
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 92,120 44,760 47,360
North American Aboriginal origins 590 305 285
First Nations (North American Indian) 495 260 240
Inuit 20 0 20
Métis 75 45 30
Other North American origins 13,965 6,645 7,320
Acadian 95 55 45
American 365 175 185
Canadian 12,955 6,140 6,810
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 770 410 355
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 32,690 15,730 16,960
British Isles origins 4,760 2,145 2,610
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 2,125 945 1,175
Irish 2,250 975 1,275
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,360 620 745
Welsh 75 35 35
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 265 105 160
French origins 8,845 4,270 4,575
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 15 0 10
French 8,835 4,270 4,570
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,055 1,075 980
Austrian 195 130 65
Belgian 465 220 240
Dutch 195 110 90
Flemish 25 20 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,135 610 525
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 180 85 95
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 205 125 85
Danish 40 20 20
Finnish 25 0 15
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 100 65 35
Swedish 80 45 35
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 6,910 3,345 3,565
Bulgarian 375 210 170
Byelorussian 165 50 115
Czech 90 55 30
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 70 40 30
Estonian 30 15 15
Hungarian 595 290 305
Latvian 20 0 0
Lithuanian 110 45 65
Moldovan 320 160 155
Polish 1,620 785 825
Romanian 1,935 900 1,030
Russian 1,895 900 1,000
Slovak 150 90 60
Ukrainian 855 370 485
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 20 0 10
Southern European origins 11,640 5,625 6,020
Albanian 250 160 95
Bosnian 50 20 25
Croatian 105 55 45
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 5,020 2,355 2,660
Italian 4,390 2,110 2,280
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 25 0 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 750 345 410
Serbian 90 35 55
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 40 20 20
Spanish 1,635 875 760
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 45 0 40
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 4,900 2,440 2,460
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 4,705 2,345 2,360
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 65 30 35
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 125 55 65
Caribbean origins 3,055 1,310 1,745
Antiguan 25 15 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 230 125 105
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 45 30 15
Dominican 55 25 30
Grenadian 25 0 0
Haitian 1,710 730 980
Jamaican 495 230 270
Kittitian/Nevisian 30 0 15
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 35 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 40 0 35
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 180 90 95
Vincentian/Grenadinian 270 85 185
West Indian, n.o.s. 90 20 70
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 115 65 45
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,745 1,850 1,895
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 95 55 40
Argentinian 145 70 75
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 25 0 0
Brazilian 160 95 65
Chilean 275 130 145
Colombian 730 355 380
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 90 25 60
Guatemalan 70 30 40
Guyanese 85 30 55
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 15 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 1,150 615 540
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 330 190 145
Salvadorean 390 155 240
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 105 60 45
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 200 100 100
African origins 14,720 7,295 7,425
Central and West African origins 2,480 1,265 1,210
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 40 15 25
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 90 35 55
Burkinabe 60 25 35
Cameroonian 410 200 210
Chadian 50 0 35
Congolese 515 250 265
Gabonese 10 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 170 115 55
Guinean 235 120 115
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 460 240 220
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 30 20 15
Nigerian 55 40 20
Peulh 15 10 10
Senegalese 130 60 70
Sierra Leonean 15 0 0
Togolese 85 45 40
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 295 145 145
North African origins 9,755 4,885 4,870
Algerian 1,420 685 730
Berber 610 295 310
Coptic 20 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 2,025 1,025 1,000
Libyan 75 35 40
Maure 30 20 15
Moroccan 4,915 2,455 2,460
Sudanese 120 65 0
Tunisian 645 330 310
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 185 100 80
Southern and East African origins 1,120 475 645
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Burundian 335 125 210
Eritrean 35 15 20
Ethiopian 110 50 60
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 50 30 0
Malagasy 90 55 35
Mauritian 125 45 80
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 180 65 120
Seychellois 70 35 35
Somali 30 0 15
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 20 0 0
Zimbabwean 30 15 15
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 45 20 20
Other African origins 1,580 765 815
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 220 145 75
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,480 680 795
Asian origins 37,455 18,635 18,820
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 17,235 8,720 8,510
Afghan 560 320 240
Arab, n.o.s. 2,320 1,255 1,060
Armenian 2,055 1,040 1,015
Assyrian 85 65 20
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 890 435 455
Iraqi 390 200 190
Israeli 270 125 145
Jordanian 85 40 45
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 35 25 15
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 8,560 4,290 4,270
Palestinian 560 255 305
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 25 15 10
Syrian 1,980 955 1,025
Tajik 30 20 0
Tatar 15 10 0
Turk 770 390 380
Uighur 10 0 15
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 90 50 45
South Asian origins 5,920 2,945 2,975
Bangladeshi 180 80 100
Bengali 85 45 40
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,425 1,185 1,245
Goan 30 15 15
Gujarati 35 0 20
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 55 0 35
Pakistani 1,170 655 515
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 1,910 955 955
Tamil 440 220 220
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 325 130 195
East and Southeast Asian origins 14,550 7,090 7,455
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,225 610 610
Chinese 8,945 4,480 4,460
Filipino 1,580 695 890
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 50 20 30
Japanese 150 70 75
Korean 285 145 140
Laotian 275 145 135
Malaysian 80 35 50
Mongolian 30 15 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 50 30 20
Thai 85 30 50
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,940 1,455 1,490
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 40 15 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 45 15 0
Oceania origins 0 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 92,120 44,760 47,355
Buddhist 3,975 1,930 2,040
Christian 50,270 23,560 26,715
Anglican 590 285 305
Baptist 690 335 355
Catholic 31,140 14,575 16,565
Christian Orthodox 9,310 4,305 5,005
Lutheran 155 85 65
Pentecostal 925 385 540
Presbyterian 310 120 190
United Church 420 175 245
Other Christian 6,735 3,285 3,450
Hindu 2,930 1,435 1,495
Jewish 6,825 3,320 3,515
Muslim 15,680 8,025 7,655
Sikh 105 50 60
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 260 110 155
No religious affiliation 12,070 6,345 5,730
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 92,120 44,760 47,360
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 140 75 65
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 65 35 25
Métis single identity 50 30 20
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 15 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 91,985 44,685 47,295
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 92,120 44,760 47,355
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 25 15 15
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 92,095 44,750 47,345
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 92,120 44,760 47,360
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 590 305 285
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 500 260 240
Métis ancestry 75 45 30
Inuit ancestry 20 0 20
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 91,530 44,455 47,070
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 63,475 30,815 32,660
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 63,465 30,820 32,650
Italian 2,905 1,425 1,480
Portuguese 725 330 395
Romanian 1,780 860 920
Spanish 6,640 3,005 3,635
Dutch 55 25 30
Flemish 0 0 0
German 885 455 430
Yiddish 540 220 315
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 35 20 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 35 20 0
Bulgarian 325 175 150
Croatian 55 25 30
Czech 35 15 20
Macedonian 15 0 10
Polish 630 305 325
Russian 1,995 975 1,025
Serbian 50 20 30
Serbo-Croatian 55 25 30
Slovak 40 20 25
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 165 50 110
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 40 20 20
Greek 4,355 2,000 2,355
Armenian 1,835 905 930
Albanian 190 135 60
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 360 150 210
Turkish 440 215 220
Berber languages (Kabyle) 90 40 40
Oromo 240 120 125
Somali 40 15 30
Amharic 80 25 55
Arabic 18,640 9,310 9,330
Hebrew 1,815 1,025 790
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 30 0 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 280 125 160
Gujarati 720 340 385
Hindi 760 325 435
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 530 265 265
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 40
Urdu 1,370 730 640
Nepali 50 0 0
Kurdish 30 15 15
Pashto 205 120 85
Persian (Farsi) 1,340 730 615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 2,255 1,110 1,150
Telugu 30 20 0
Japanese 105 50 50
Korean 265 135 130
Cantonese 1,360 625 735
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 20 0 0
Mandarin 1,250 575 670
Taiwanese 50 15 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,015 2,525 2,490
Lao 235 115 120
Thai 50 0 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,060 530 535
Vietnamese 2,855 1,400 1,455
Bisayan languages 40 20 20
Ilocano 135 60 75
Malay 210 115 95
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,090 420 665
Akan (Twi) 65 45 20
Lingala 345 155 190
Rundi (Kirundi) 215 95 125
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 140 35 100
Swahili 260 105 155
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 200 110 90
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 690 345 350
African languages, n.i.e. 120 80 40
Creoles 1,915 830 1,085
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 550 285 265
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 90,770 44,080 46,695
Non-movers 78,270 37,750 40,525
Movers 12,500 6,335 6,170
Non-migrants 8,320 4,210 4,110
Migrants 4,185 2,125 2,060
Internal migrants 1,515 810 705
Intraprovincial migrants 1,070 570 495
Interprovincial migrants 450 235 210
External migrants 2,670 1,310 1,355
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 85,250 41,225 44,030
Non-movers 46,790 22,095 24,700
Movers 38,460 19,130 19,325
Non-migrants 23,990 11,985 12,005
Migrants 14,470 7,145 7,320
Internal migrants 4,355 2,015 2,335
Intraprovincial migrants 3,360 1,495 1,860
Interprovincial migrants 995 515 475
External migrants 10,115 5,130 4,985
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 73,965 35,470 38,500
No certificate, diploma or degree 12,845 5,680 7,170
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 15,625 7,315 8,320
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 45,495 22,480 23,015
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,415 3,015 2,395
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,180 5,125 6,055
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,030 2,215 2,815
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 23,865 12,120 11,745
Bachelor's degree 14,415 6,910 7,500
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 9,450 5,205 4,245
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 49,305 23,810 25,495
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,280 2,245 3,040
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 8,515 4,110 4,400
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 35,515 17,455 18,055
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,815 2,080 1,735
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 7,450 3,410 4,040
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,805 1,720 2,085
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 20,440 10,240 10,195
Bachelor's degree 12,240 5,895 6,340
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,205 4,345 3,855
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 73,965 35,465 38,500
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 28,475 12,985 15,485
Education 2,670 600 2,070
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,760 720 1,040
Humanities 3,085 1,020 2,065
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,300 1,900 3,405
Business, management and public administration 12,075 5,400 6,665
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,560 1,300 1,260
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,800 1,925 875
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,640 7,350 1,285
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 395 235 160
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,910 1,330 3,585
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,290 695 595
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 73,970 35,470 38,500
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 28,475 12,985 15,485
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 45,495 22,475 23,015
Location of study inside Canada 30,070 14,535 15,530
Same as province or territory of residence 29,045 14,000 15,045
Another province or territory 1,020 540 485
Location of study outside Canada 15,430 7,940 7,485
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 47,240 25,005 22,240
Single responses 39,125 20,525 18,605
English 16,530 8,905 7,620
French 21,455 11,075 10,380
Non-official languages 1,145 535 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 440 195 250
Cantonese 85 50 35
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 0 20
Spanish 90 40 50
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 500 255 250
Multiple responses 8,110 4,475 3,640
English and French 7,195 3,925 3,270
English and non-official language 275 175 105
French and non-official language 160 75 85
English, French and non-official language 485 310 180
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 47,240 25,000 22,240
English 16,525 8,910 7,620
French 21,455 11,075 10,375
Non-official language 1,150 540 605
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,150 540 610
English and French 7,195 3,925 3,270
English and non-official language 275 175 105
French and non-official language 155 75 85
English, French and non-official language 485 305 175
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 73,970 35,470 38,500
In the labour force 45,305 24,125 21,175
Employed 40,475 21,545 18,925
Unemployed 4,830 2,580 2,250
Not in the labour force 28,660 11,340 17,320
Participation rate 61.2 68.0 55.0
Employment rate 54.7 60.7 49.2
Unemployment rate 10.7 10.7 10.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 45,300 24,125 21,175
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,200 1,135 1,070
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 43,105 22,995 20,110
Employee 38,190 19,655 18,535
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,915 3,340 1,575
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 45,305 24,125 21,180
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,200 1,130 1,065
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 43,110 22,995 20,115
0 Management occupations 5,570 3,635 1,935
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,555 3,190 5,365
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,810 3,665 1,150
3 Health occupations 2,500 605 1,895
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 4,415 1,460 2,955
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,135 475 660
6 Sales and service occupations 11,015 5,845 5,170
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,965 2,805 165
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 140 115 25
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,000 1,215 785
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 45,305 24,130 21,175
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,200 1,130 1,065
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 43,105 22,995 20,115
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 75 40 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 25 10 10
22 Utilities 220 170 55
23 Construction 975 835 140
31-33 Manufacturing 5,530 3,735 1,795
41 Wholesale trade 3,430 2,045 1,380
44-45 Retail trade 5,490 2,835 2,655
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,265 1,605 665
51 Information and cultural industries 1,565 875 690
52 Finance and insurance 2,120 995 1,125
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 855 440 415
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,680 2,810 1,870
55 Management of companies and enterprises 60 40 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,035 1,085 955
61 Educational services 3,025 1,140 1,885
62 Health care and social assistance 4,380 850 3,525
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 440 260 180
72 Accommodation and food services 3,050 1,865 1,185
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,455 685 775
91 Public administration 1,435 690 745
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 45,305 24,125 21,175
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,165 2,200 1,960
Worked in 2010 41,140 21,920 19,215
1 to 13 weeks 2,490 1,065 1,425
14 to 26 weeks 3,700 1,915 1,785
27 to 39 weeks 2,640 1,310 1,335
40 to 48 weeks 7,435 3,830 3,600
49 to 52 weeks 24,865 13,805 11,065
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.7 44.5 42.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 45,300 24,130 21,175
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,165 2,205 1,960
Worked in 2010 41,140 21,925 19,215
Worked full-time in 2010 33,220 18,650 14,570
Worked part-time in 2010 7,915 3,275 4,650
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 40,475 21,545 18,930
Worked at home 2,375 1,215 1,160
Worked outside Canada 215 180 35
No fixed workplace address 2,830 1,865 965
Worked at usual place 35,050 18,285 16,770
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 37,885 20,150 17,730
Car, truck or van - as a driver 21,815 13,180 8,630
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,140 280 860
Public transit 12,655 5,605 7,045
Walked 1,535 640 895
Bicycle 420 275 145
Other methods 325 180 150
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 37,880 20,150 17,730
Median commuting duration 25.7 25.5 25.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 37,880 20,150 17,735
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 5,740 3,690 2,050
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 24,590 12,020 12,565
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 7,560 4,440 3,120
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 35,990 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 33,650 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,335 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 35,990 ... ...
1960 or before 10,515 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,190 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,520 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,760 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,645 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,355 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 35,985 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 18,290 ... ...
5 rooms 7,010 ... ...
6 rooms 3,665 ... ...
7 rooms 2,530 ... ...
8 or more rooms 4,490 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 35,985 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 8,465 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,490 ... ...
3 bedrooms 11,045 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 3,985 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 35,985 ... ...
Owner 17,260 ... ...
Renter 18,730 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 35,985 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 8,770 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 27,215 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 35,985 ... ...
1 household maintainer 23,570 ... ...
2 household maintainers 11,485 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 930 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 35,985 ... ...
Under 25 years 890 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,330 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,860 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,195 ... ...
55 to 64 years 5,620 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,205 ... ...
75 years and over 4,880 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 35,985 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 33,600 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,390 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 35,990 ... ...
Suitable 30,700 ... ...
Not suitable 5,285 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 35,730 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 24,120 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 11,605 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 9,555 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 17,260 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 54.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 22.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,051 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,206 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,596 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 400,288 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 18,730 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 779 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 805 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 73,970 35,470 38,500
Without income 4,965 2,235 2,730
With income 69,000 33,230 35,765
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,790 4,085 3,705
$5,000 to $9,999 6,230 2,645 3,590
$10,000 to $14,999 8,635 3,580 5,050
$15,000 to $19,999 7,550 3,300 4,250
$20,000 to $29,999 9,995 4,290 5,700
$30,000 to $39,999 8,380 4,045 4,335
$40,000 to $49,999 5,345 2,615 2,730
$50,000 to $59,999 4,280 2,220 2,065
$60,000 to $79,999 4,870 2,540 2,325
$80,000 to $99,999 2,320 1,445 875
$100,000 and over 3,610 2,465 1,145
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470 935 540
$125,000 and over 2,140 1,530 605
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 23,739 26,701 21,623
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,647 40,735 30,920
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 73,965 35,470 38,500
Without after-tax income 4,930 2,235 2,695
With after-tax income 69,040 33,230 35,805
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,955 4,120 3,840
$5,000 to $9,999 6,405 2,675 3,725
$10,000 to $14,999 8,640 3,605 5,030
$15,000 to $19,999 8,240 3,605 4,640
$20,000 to $29,999 12,070 5,395 6,680
$30,000 to $39,999 9,250 4,490 4,760
$40,000 to $49,999 5,975 3,065 2,915
$50,000 to $59,999 3,740 1,905 1,835
$60,000 to $79,999 3,590 2,175 1,415
$80,000 to $99,999 1,435 925 505
$100,000 and over 1,735 1,280 450
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 22,463 24,812 20,807
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,624 33,085 26,411
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 83.9 89.2 77.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 70.3 75.9 63.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 63.7 67.8 58.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 6.6 8.1 4.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.8 6.0 5.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.2 5.8 6.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.5 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 16.1 10.8 22.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.6 3.0 4.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.1 3.0 5.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.1 1.6 2.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 3.0 0.2 6.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.2 3.0 3.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.9 18.8 14.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.2 81.2 85.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.0 2.5 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 21,465 12,210 9,255
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 41,064 43,265 39,001
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 53,288 58,171 46,850
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 24,820 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,504 ... ...
Average family income ($) 80,672 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,353 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,181 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 7,115 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,521 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,142 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,137 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,419 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 12,830 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,233 ... ...
Average family income ($) 91,641 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,259 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 76,354 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,990 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,577 ... ...
Average family income ($) 52,081 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,222 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 45,390 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 12,600 5,560 7,040
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,904 27,944 26,252
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,319 38,477 34,614
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,692 25,395 24,430
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,990 31,235 29,006
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 92,120 44,760 47,360
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 59,175 28,500 30,675
In bottom decile 14,245 6,970 7,275
In second decile 13,905 6,260 7,645
In third decile 13,145 6,485 6,660
In fourth decile 9,680 4,735 4,950
In fifth decile 8,205 4,055 4,145
In top half of the Canadian distribution 32,945 16,260 16,685
In sixth decile 7,235 3,410 3,820
In seventh decile 6,325 3,225 3,100
In eighth decile 6,260 3,065 3,190
In ninth decile 5,890 2,940 2,950
In top decile 7,235 3,610 3,630
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 35,985 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,455 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 745 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,655 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,385 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,080 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,975 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,875 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,310 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,505 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,045 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,305 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,530 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,125 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 35,985 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,490 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 760 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,665 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,505 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,610 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,710 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,440 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,560 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,785 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,700 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,990 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,710 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 35,985 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 49,423 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 68,349 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 44,669 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 56,829 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 10,430 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 29,215 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,880 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 26,601 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,931 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 25,560 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,539 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 80,375 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 54,305 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 66,990 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 92,120 44,760 47,360
Less than 18 years 21,405 10,975 10,430
Less than 6 years 8,195 4,145 4,050
18 to 64 years 57,140 27,900 29,235
65 years and over 13,580 5,885 7,695
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 22,945 10,835 12,110
Less than 18 years 6,295 3,175 3,115
Less than 6 years 2,395 1,230 1,170
18 to 64 years 13,675 6,575 7,105
65 years and over 2,970 1,080 1,885
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 24.9 24.2 25.6
Less than 18 years (%) 29.4 28.9 29.9
Less than 6 years (%) 29.2 29.7 28.9
18 to 64 years (%) 23.9 23.6 24.3
65 years and over (%) 21.9 18.4 24.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saint-Laurent, Quebec (Code 24068) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Saint-Laurent, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Saint-Laurent, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint-Laurent
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 93,840 45,015 48,825
0 to 4 years 6,805 3,445 3,365
5 to 9 years 5,825 2,935 2,895
10 to 14 years 5,365 2,800 2,565
15 to 19 years 5,565 2,825 2,735
15 years 1,090 550 545
16 years 1,185 585 605
17 years 1,065 550 515
18 years 1,080 560 525
19 years 1,135 580 550
20 to 24 years 5,575 2,830 2,745
25 to 29 years 6,075 2,905 3,175
30 to 34 years 6,985 3,315 3,675
35 to 39 years 7,425 3,655 3,775
40 to 44 years 7,155 3,610 3,545
45 to 49 years 6,435 3,290 3,145
50 to 54 years 5,840 2,880 2,960
55 to 59 years 4,930 2,300 2,630
60 to 64 years 4,640 2,100 2,540
65 to 69 years 3,660 1,655 2,005
70 to 74 years 3,270 1,445 1,825
75 to 79 years 3,020 1,240 1,780
80 to 84 years 2,715 1,020 1,700
85 years and over 2,550 780 1,770
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.2 37.0 39.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.8 79.6 81.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 75,840 35,840 40,000
Married or living with a common-law partner 42,350 21,215 21,135
Married (and not separated) 37,135 18,590 18,550
Living common law 5,215 2,630 2,585
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 33,485 14,620 18,865
Single (never legally married) 22,225 11,580 10,645
Separated 1,470 550 915
Divorced 4,870 1,705 3,165
Widowed 4,925 790 4,140
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 24,785 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 10,095 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,965 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,810 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,915 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 24,790 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 20,430 ... ...
Married couples 17,825 ... ...
Without children at home 6,065 ... ...
With children at home 11,760 ... ...
1 child 4,235 ... ...
2 children 4,955 ... ...
3 or more children 2,570 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,605 ... ...
Without children at home 1,515 ... ...
With children at home 1,090 ... ...
1 child 485 ... ...
2 children 410 ... ...
3 or more children 195 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,355 ... ...
Female parent 3,650 ... ...
1 child 2,070 ... ...
2 children 1,060 ... ...
3 or more children 520 ... ...
Male parent 710 ... ...
1 child 450 ... ...
2 children 180 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 31,800 ... ...
Under six years of age 8,005 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,935 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,280 ... ...
18 to 24 years 5,970 ... ...
25 years and over 4,610 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 92,095 44,615 47,480
Number of persons not in census families 15,075 6,640 8,440
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,510 1,030 1,485
Living with non-relatives only 2,035 1,210 825
Living alone 10,530 4,395 6,130
Number of census family persons 77,020 37,975 39,040
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 13,570 5,790 7,785
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,925 1,130 3,790
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 725 150 575
Living with non-relatives only 190 85 100
Living alone 4,015 890 3,115
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,645 4,660 3,985
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 35,970 ... ...
Census-family households 24,160 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 22,170 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 18,530 ... ...
Without children 6,865 ... ...
With children 11,660 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,640 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,990 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,385 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 990 ... ...
Without children 290 ... ...
With children 700 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 390 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 605 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,810 ... ...
One-person households 10,530 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,285 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 35,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 3,935 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 10,375 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 50 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 21,615 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,245 ... ...
Row house 2,775 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,925 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 13,630 ... ...
Other single-attached house 40 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 35,970 ... ...
1 person 10,530 ... ...
2 persons 9,990 ... ...
3 persons 5,960 ... ...
4 persons 5,770 ... ...
5 persons 2,465 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,260 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 92,090 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,185 44,905 48,280
  Single responses  87,550 42,130 45,425
    English  13,585 6,585 7,000
    French  26,045 12,230 13,815
    Non-official languages  47,925 23,315 24,610
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 0 5
        Dene  5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 47,600 23,165 24,435
        African languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  80 30 45
        Albanian  110 55 50
        Amharic  30 15 15
        Arabic  12,920 6,600 6,320
        Armenian  1,740 800 940
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 50 45
        Bengali  250 120 130
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  135 65 70
        Bisayan languages  55 20 35
        Bosnian  10 0 0
        Bulgarian  295 145 150
        Burmese  15 5 10
        Cantonese  1,355 670 690
        Chinese, n.o.s.  4,310 2,065 2,240
        Creoles  1,030 465 565
        Croatian  80 35 40
        Czech  40 20 20
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  25 15 5
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  5 5 0
        Flemish  10 0 5
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  285 125 160
        Greek  3,290 1,585 1,705
        Gujarati  620 305 320
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  570 285 280
        Hindi  180 90 95
        Hungarian  250 115 135
        Ilocano  75 30 50
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 65 40 25
        Italian  1,745 845 895
        Japanese  70 25 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  695 310 390
        Korean  125 55 75
        Kurdish  35 15 15
        Lao  160 85 75
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  95 45 55
        Lithuanian  15 5 10
        Macedonian  15 5 10
        Malay  35 15 20
        Malayalam  10 10 10
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  845 405 435
        Marathi  5 5 5
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 335 165 170
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  230 120 110
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  460 240 225
        Pashto  185 105 85
        Persian (Farsi)  995 510 485
        Polish  515 225 295
        Portuguese  460 220 245
        Romanian  1,520 740 785
        Rundi (Kirundi)  105 55 55
        Russian  1,030 460 575
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  100 45 55
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Serbian  80 40 40
        Serbo-Croatian  35 15 20
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 0
        Sindhi  25 5 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  55 25 30
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  75 25 50
        Slovenian  20 10 10
        Somali  15 5 5
        Spanish  3,710 1,810 1,900
        Swahili  60 30 35
        Swedish  10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  620 245 380
        Taiwanese  35 15 20
        Tamil  1,550 775 780
        Telugu  45 20 25
        Thai  20 10 10
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  20 10 15
        Turkish  210 105 105
        Ukrainian  120 50 70
        Urdu  970 480 485
        Vietnamese  1,935 925 1,010
        Yiddish  200 90 115
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 310 145 165
  Multiple responses          5,630 2,775 2,855
    English and French  1,180 565 615
    English and non-official language  1,245 625 620
    French and non-official language  2,450 1,185 1,270
    English, French and non-official language 750 405 345
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,185 44,905 48,280
  English only 15,095 7,390 7,705
  French only 18,700 8,095 10,605
  English and French 54,870 27,640 27,230
  Neither English nor French 4,515 1,785 2,735
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,185 44,905 48,280
  English 30,995 15,290 15,705
  French 43,440 20,390 23,055
  English and French 14,385 7,510 6,875
  Neither English nor French 4,370 1,720 2,655
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 38,185 19,045 19,140
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 41.0 42.4 39.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,185 44,905 48,280
  Single responses 82,730 39,755 42,975
    English 21,220 10,280 10,945
    French 30,205 14,335 15,870
    Non-official languages 31,305 15,145 16,160
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 31,145 15,070 16,080
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 30 15 20
        Albanian 90 50 40
        Amharic 20 10 10
        Arabic 8,130 4,080 4,050
        Armenian 1,310 575 735
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
        Bengali 185 85 95
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 50 25 25
        Bisayan languages 20 10 15
        Bosnian 5 0 5
        Bulgarian 240 120 120
        Burmese 15 5 10
        Cantonese 1,105 530 575
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,575 1,705 1,865
        Creoles 460 200 255
        Croatian 45 25 25
        Czech 15 5 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 0 0 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 40 15 20
        Greek 1,720 795 930
        Gujarati 445 220 225
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 290 145 145
        Hindi 95 40 55
        Hungarian 70 25 40
        Ilocano 25 15 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20
        Italian 390 175 215
        Japanese 30 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 430 185 250
        Korean 100 45 50
        Kurdish 30 15 15
        Lao 90 40 50
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 15 5 10
        Lithuanian 5 0 5
        Macedonian 15 5 10
        Malay 25 10 15
        Malayalam 5 0 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 790 390 405
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 45 40
        Norwegian 5 0 5
        Oromo 70 30 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 350 170 175
        Pashto 145 80 60
        Persian (Farsi) 780 390 395
        Polish 265 120 145
        Portuguese 265 135 130
        Romanian 1,190 575 615
        Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20
        Russian 765 375 395
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Serbian 55 30 25
        Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Sindhi 10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 10 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 15 5 10
        Slovenian 10 5 10
        Somali 15 10 10
        Spanish 2,875 1,405 1,465
        Swahili 25 10 15
        Swedish 0 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 300 140 165
        Taiwanese 20 10 10
        Tamil 1,310 650 655
        Telugu 30 15 10
        Thai 10 0 5
        Tibetan languages 5 0 5
        Tigrigna 5 0 0
        Turkish 160 80 80
        Ukrainian 50 25 25
        Urdu 705 340 360
        Vietnamese 1,485 710 775
        Yiddish 20 5 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 150 75 80
  Multiple responses         10,455 5,150 5,305
    English and French 1,740 850 890
    English and non-official language 2,600 1,320 1,280
    French and non-official language 4,375 2,080 2,290
    English, French and non-official language 1,735 895 845
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 93,185 44,905 48,280
  None 57,910 27,610 30,300
  Single responses  31,710 15,530 16,180
    English  9,020 4,455 4,565
    French  10,025 4,870 5,155
    Non-official languages  12,660 6,205 6,455
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,460 6,100 6,360
        African languages, n.i.e 20 15 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  35 15 20
        Albanian  10 0 5
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  3,985 2,050 1,940
        Armenian  285 130 155
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 85 40 45
        Bengali  25 10 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  50 20 25
        Bisayan languages  15 10 10
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  35 15 20
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  190 105 80
        Chinese, n.o.s.  505 245 265
        Creoles  590 250 340
        Croatian  15 5 10
        Czech  20 10 5
        Danish  5 5 0
        Dutch  5 5 0
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 5 0
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  115 50 70
        Greek  1,200 590 610
        Gujarati  105 50 55
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  390 185 205
        Hindi  95 50 45
        Hungarian  70 25 40
        Ilocano  35 15 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Italian  740 345 390
        Japanese  25 10 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  200 105 95
        Korean  15 5 10
        Kurdish  15 10 5
        Lao  45 30 15
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  120 60 65
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  5 0 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  100 45 55
        Marathi  5 5 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 250 120 130
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  70 30 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  90 50 40
        Pashto  15 10 10
        Persian (Farsi)  85 45 40
        Polish  130 55 70
        Portuguese  105 45 60
        Romanian  195 95 100
        Rundi (Kirundi)  70 35 40
        Russian  255 130 125
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  50 25 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  15 5 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  10 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  20 5 15
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  720 370 345
        Swahili  50 20 30
        Swedish  10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  235 90 150
        Taiwanese  15 10 5
        Tamil  170 85 85
        Telugu  10 5 5
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 5
        Turkish  40 20 20
        Ukrainian  25 5 15
        Urdu  200 100 105
        Vietnamese  325 155 170
        Yiddish  35 15 25
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 205 100 100
  Multiple responses          3,565 1,765 1,800
    English and French  1,825 915 910
    English and non-official language  925 445 480
    French and non-official language  760 370 385
    English, French and non-official language  55 35 25

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saint-Laurent, Quebec (Code 24068) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Map

Map: Saint-Laurent (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

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Map: Saint-Laurent, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec