NHS Profile, Markham--Thornhill, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Markham--Thornhill, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Markham--Thornhill
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 102,385 50,860 51,525
Canadian citizens 89,280 44,590 44,690
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,205 9,995 9,205
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 70,080 34,590 35,485
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 13,100 6,270 6,830
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 102,380 50,860 51,520
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 34,585 18,040 16,545
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 66,140 32,070 34,070
Before 1971 4,510 2,330 2,180
1971 to 1980 9,145 4,390 4,760
1981 to 1990 13,365 6,540 6,825
1991 to 2000 21,290 10,250 11,035
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 17,830 8,560 9,270
2001 to 2005 9,940 4,790 5,145
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,895 3,770 4,125
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,655 750 905
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 66,140 32,070 34,070
Under 5 years 4,685 2,565 2,120
5 to 14 years 8,960 4,845 4,110
15 to 24 years 15,200 6,590 8,620
25 to 44 years 28,665 14,045 14,620
45 years and over 8,625 4,025 4,600
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 102,380 50,860 51,525
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 34,585 18,040 16,545
Born in province of residence 32,040 16,755 15,285
Born outside province of residence 2,540 1,285 1,260
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 66,140 32,070 34,070
Americas 6,125 2,815 3,305
United States 630 340 290
Jamaica 1,775 695 1,080
Guyana 1,735 825 910
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 70 35 30
Trinidad and Tobago 865 420 455
Colombia 75 40 35
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 115 55 60
Chile 25 20 0
Other places of birth in Americas 805 370 440
Europe 4,470 2,410 2,065
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 715 395 320
Italy 805 455 355
Germany 170 50 115
Poland 190 105 85
Portugal 170 80 95
Netherlands 55 35 20
France 80 45 40
Romania 375 200 170
Russian Federation 155 75 75
Greece 700 360 345
Ukraine 140 75 70
Croatia 25 0 15
Hungary 95 40 55
Bosnia and Herzegovina 85 70 0
Serbia 50 20 30
Ireland, Republic of 65 35 30
Other places of birth in Europe 585 360 225
Africa 3,525 1,705 1,820
Morocco 50 25 25
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 335 155 180
South Africa, Republic of 965 430 530
Nigeria 230 120 105
Ethiopia 15 0 15
Kenya 415 175 240
Other places of birth in Africa 1,510 790 725
Asia 51,950 25,110 26,840
India 7,680 3,735 3,950
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 16,445 7,910 8,540
Philippines 2,315 985 1,335
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 6,455 3,105 3,350
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,240 590 650
Pakistan 2,845 1,435 1,410
Sri Lanka 8,270 4,075 4,195
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 2,035 955 1,075
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 915 450 460
Lebanon 160 85 75
Taiwan 525 255 270
Iraq 260 135 125
Bangladesh 195 85 110
Afghanistan 225 115 105
Japan 80 40 40
Turkey 185 95 90
Other places of birth in Asia 2,110 1,055 1,050
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 75 30 45
Fiji 30 20 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 45 0 35
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,660 755 905
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 7,895 3,770 4,125
Americas 405 180 225
United States 110 65 40
Mexico 0 0 10
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 80 30 55
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 55 0 45
Peru 25 0 20
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 120 60 55
Europe 275 150 125
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 85 65 25
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 30 0 20
Other places of birth in Europe 90 65 25
Africa 345 185 155
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 45 25 15
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 105 55 50
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 160 85 75
Asia 6,870 3,255 3,620
Philippines 280 85 195
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,340 1,615 1,720
India 940 440 495
Pakistan 265 140 125
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 380 185 195
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 115 50 65
Sri Lanka 1,105 500 605
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 115 70 45
Afghanistan 10 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 120 35 85
United Arab Emirates 20 10 10
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 95 45 45
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 102,385 50,860 51,520
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 67,990 32,940 35,045
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 27,995 14,740 13,255
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 6,400 3,180 3,225
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 102,385 50,860 51,525
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 83,965 41,475 42,480
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 31,550 15,810 15,745
Chinese 36,050 17,865 18,185
Black 4,225 2,010 2,215
Filipino 3,055 1,330 1,725
Latin American 470 245 225
Arab 980 550 425
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,110 590 525
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 2,320 1,155 1,170
Korean 1,210 565 650
Japanese 200 110 90
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,050 495 555
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,720 760 960
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 18,420 9,385 9,040
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 102,380 50,860 51,520
North American Aboriginal origins 145 85 60
First Nations (North American Indian) 85 55 35
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 50 20 30
Other North American origins 6,245 3,345 2,905
Acadian 15 0 0
American 430 215 210
Canadian 5,980 3,180 2,795
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 25 15 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 18,230 9,140 9,085
British Isles origins 5,515 2,790 2,730
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 3,115 1,585 1,530
Irish 1,900 1,000 900
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 2,115 1,060 1,060
Welsh 205 120 85
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 460 205 255
French origins 1,010 555 450
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 1,005 555 445
Western European origins (except French origins) 1,830 945 885
Austrian 200 95 110
Belgian 25 15 10
Dutch 520 265 250
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,095 520 575
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 105 75 30
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 195 110 80
Danish 80 55 20
Finnish 50 25 25
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 40 25 0
Swedish 25 0 25
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 4,445 2,190 2,250
Bulgarian 80 40 35
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 65 40 30
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 45 25 0
Estonian 30 0 25
Hungarian 285 125 160
Latvian 70 45 20
Lithuanian 275 125 155
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 2,075 1,025 1,045
Romanian 595 305 290
Russian 1,765 825 935
Slovak 35 15 20
Ukrainian 350 185 160
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 90 45 45
Southern European origins 6,855 3,495 3,365
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 60 45 0
Croatian 135 65 70
Cypriot 75 35 35
Greek 1,440 795 645
Italian 2,700 1,375 1,330
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 425 220 205
Maltese 60 30 30
Montenegrin 20 0 0
Portuguese 1,215 610 600
Serbian 140 85 55
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 120 70 45
Spanish 905 385 525
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 60 35 20
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 3,550 1,795 1,755
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 3,495 1,765 1,730
Roma (Gypsy) 45 20 25
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 45 20 25
Caribbean origins 4,170 1,890 2,280
Antiguan 35 20 25
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 330 145 180
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 15 0 0
Dominican 35 25 0
Grenadian 125 75 50
Haitian 35 15 25
Jamaican 2,530 1,100 1,430
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 475 215 265
Vincentian/Grenadinian 85 45 45
West Indian, n.o.s. 595 315 280
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 115 35 80
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,755 870 885
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 35 0 20
Argentinian 15 0 0
Belizean 45 0 0
Bolivian 10 0 0
Brazilian 30 15 20
Chilean 15 0 0
Colombian 115 65 50
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 25 20 0
Guatemalan 20 10 0
Guyanese 1,210 595 615
Hispanic 15 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 90 45 45
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 50 20 30
Salvadorean 15 15 0
Uruguayan 35 0 0
Venezuelan 35 0 20
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 35 0 0
African origins 2,680 1,385 1,295
Central and West African origins 405 220 190
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 80 50 30
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 95 45 50
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 215 125 85
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 730 385 345
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 15 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 505 270 235
Libyan 20 15 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 85 50 35
Sudanese 130 60 70
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 750 390 360
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 25 15 10
Ethiopian 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 65 20 35
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 30 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 30 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 70 0 50
South African 355 185 175
Tanzanian 85 50 30
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 40 40 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 20 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 95 60 35
Other African origins 890 440 450
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 140 65 75
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 750 375 375
Asian origins 78,695 38,850 39,845
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 4,760 2,365 2,390
Afghan 390 185 205
Arab, n.o.s. 130 70 55
Armenian 785 415 370
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 25 10 0
Georgian 20 15 0
Iranian 2,490 1,245 1,240
Iraqi 240 150 90
Israeli 170 55 115
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 30 0 20
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 185 120 65
Palestinian 85 55 25
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 40 25 15
Syrian 125 40 85
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 185 105 85
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 10 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 140 40 95
South Asian origins 31,665 15,725 15,940
Bangladeshi 155 80 75
Bengali 105 45 55
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 17,240 8,585 8,650
Goan 115 40 70
Gujarati 170 75 95
Kashmiri 40 20 25
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 2,670 1,355 1,315
Punjabi 635 355 285
Sinhalese 120 80 40
Sri Lankan 8,600 4,165 4,440
Tamil 3,815 1,885 1,925
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,110 585 525
East and Southeast Asian origins 42,500 20,840 21,665
Burmese 65 30 35
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 37,290 18,415 18,875
Filipino 3,295 1,420 1,870
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 65 35 30
Japanese 325 175 150
Korean 1,245 570 675
Laotian 25 0 15
Malaysian 160 100 65
Mongolian 35 0 25
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 210 125 80
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 980 470 510
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 210 110 95
Other Asian origins 300 165 140
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 305 165 135
Oceania origins 10 0 10
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 15 0 10
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 102,380 50,860 51,520
Buddhist 5,640 2,530 3,115
Christian 34,150 16,385 17,770
Anglican 1,440 670 775
Baptist 1,390 605 790
Catholic 17,770 8,570 9,205
Christian Orthodox 2,640 1,435 1,205
Lutheran 185 105 80
Pentecostal 1,665 755 910
Presbyterian 865 385 480
United Church 1,055 520 530
Other Christian 7,135 3,340 3,795
Hindu 17,165 8,570 8,590
Jewish 5,030 2,420 2,615
Muslim 10,650 5,405 5,250
Sikh 2,785 1,465 1,325
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 20 15 0
Other religions 665 290 375
No religious affiliation 26,275 13,790 12,480
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 102,385 50,865 51,520
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 100 80 20
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 65 55 10
Métis single identity 25 20 0
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 102,285 50,780 51,505
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 102,385 50,860 51,525
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 0 0 0
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 102,370 50,855 51,520
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 102,380 50,860 51,525
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 145 85 60
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 85 50 30
Métis ancestry 45 20 30
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 102,240 50,780 51,465
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 75,400 36,915 38,490
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 75,400 36,915 38,485
Italian 1,325 660 670
Portuguese 380 180 195
Romanian 365 200 165
Spanish 1,095 545 550
Dutch 110 55 50
Flemish 0 0 0
German 370 185 185
Yiddish 255 140 115
Danish 40 20 20
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 60 30 35
Afrikaans 320 160 160
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 25 0 0
Bulgarian 60 30 30
Croatian 95 45 45
Czech 30 15 0
Macedonian 395 180 205
Polish 180 110 75
Russian 445 250 200
Serbian 100 65 40
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 80 50 30
Ukrainian 105 60 50
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 1,020 545 475
Armenian 685 335 350
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 150 60 90
Turkish 270 130 140
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 55 0 40
Amharic 10 0 0
Arabic 1,230 670 560
Hebrew 545 305 240
Maltese 15 0 0
Tigrigna 25 15 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 410 220 195
Gujarati 4,105 1,940 2,170
Hindi 5,070 2,410 2,665
Konkani 85 40 50
Marathi 105 60 45
Panjabi (Punjabi) 4,275 2,205 2,065
Sindhi 370 180 190
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 560 295 265
Urdu 4,860 2,395 2,465
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 150 75 75
Persian (Farsi) 2,795 1,330 1,465
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 75 75
Kannada 25 15 0
Malayalam 290 170 130
Tamil 11,910 5,845 6,060
Telugu 60 30 30
Japanese 205 100 105
Korean 1,130 530 605
Cantonese 17,715 8,525 9,190
Fukien 195 100 95
Hakka 895 440 455
Mandarin 8,565 4,175 4,390
Taiwanese 140 60 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,725 4,810 4,920
Lao 25 0 0
Thai 35 0 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 0 35
Vietnamese 665 340 325
Bisayan languages 75 25 50
Ilocano 85 45 45
Malay 205 100 100
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 2,240 930 1,315
Akan (Twi) 35 0 30
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 30 0 0
Swahili 245 140 110
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 145 80 60
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 150 70 80
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 405 205 205
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 101,495 50,355 51,140
Non-movers 93,680 46,405 47,275
Movers 7,810 3,940 3,870
Non-migrants 3,585 1,865 1,720
Migrants 4,230 2,080 2,150
Internal migrants 2,625 1,340 1,285
Intraprovincial migrants 2,470 1,265 1,210
Interprovincial migrants 150 75 75
External migrants 1,605 740 865
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 97,390 48,335 49,050
Non-movers 67,435 33,300 34,135
Movers 29,955 15,040 14,915
Non-migrants 12,915 6,615 6,305
Migrants 17,040 8,425 8,610
Internal migrants 10,595 5,405 5,190
Intraprovincial migrants 10,300 5,260 5,040
Interprovincial migrants 290 145 150
External migrants 6,445 3,020 3,425
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 86,010 42,315 43,695
No certificate, diploma or degree 17,850 8,195 9,655
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 23,150 11,455 11,695
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 45,000 22,660 22,335
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,780 2,350 1,430
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,440 5,165 6,275
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,430 2,640 2,795
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 24,345 12,510 11,840
Bachelor's degree 15,795 7,865 7,930
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,550 4,645 3,910
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 58,105 27,960 30,145
No certificate, diploma or degree 9,175 4,135 5,045
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 13,400 6,285 7,115
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 35,525 17,535 17,985
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 2,780 1,675 1,110
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,015 3,940 5,085
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,100 1,895 2,205
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 19,625 10,035 9,590
Bachelor's degree 12,450 6,165 6,280
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,180 3,870 3,310
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 86,010 42,310 43,695
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 41,010 19,650 21,355
Education 2,485 460 2,020
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,385 615 765
Humanities 2,965 1,030 1,940
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,665 1,840 2,825
Business, management and public administration 12,085 5,670 6,420
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,870 1,360 1,505
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,430 2,150 1,280
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,510 7,525 985
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 230 135 100
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,120 1,260 3,860
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,265 620 645
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 86,005 42,310 43,690
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 41,005 19,650 21,360
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 45,000 22,665 22,335
Location of study inside Canada 27,515 13,800 13,720
Same as province or territory of residence 25,940 13,110 12,825
Another province or territory 1,580 685 895
Location of study outside Canada 17,480 8,865 8,620
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 57,445 30,135 27,310
Single responses 55,455 29,165 26,285
English 49,345 25,850 23,490
French 80 20 60
Non-official languages 6,030 3,300 2,730
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,390 1,330 1,060
Cantonese 2,175 1,215 955
Panjabi (Punjabi) 30 0 0
Mandarin 890 490 390
Spanish 20 0 0
Korean 65 35 35
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 470 210 265
Multiple responses 1,995 965 1,025
English and French 160 70 90
English and non-official language 1,825 890 935
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 57,450 30,140 27,310
English 49,345 25,850 23,490
French 80 20 60
Non-official language 6,030 3,295 2,730
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 6,030 3,300 2,735
English and French 160 70 90
English and non-official language 1,825 890 935
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 86,005 42,315 43,695
In the labour force 54,125 28,655 25,470
Employed 49,100 26,110 22,995
Unemployed 5,025 2,545 2,475
Not in the labour force 31,885 13,660 18,225
Participation rate 62.9 67.7 58.3
Employment rate 57.1 61.7 52.6
Unemployment rate 9.3 8.9 9.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 54,120 28,655 25,470
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,995 1,020 970
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,130 27,630 24,495
Employee 45,670 23,330 22,335
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,460 4,300 2,160
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 54,120 28,655 25,470
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,995 1,025 970
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,125 27,630 24,495
0 Management occupations 5,530 3,550 1,980
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,465 3,830 6,630
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,445 4,165 1,280
3 Health occupations 2,430 675 1,750
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 4,480 1,455 3,030
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,455 660 790
6 Sales and service occupations 13,595 7,125 6,470
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,235 3,845 390
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 250 190 60
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 4,250 2,130 2,120
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 54,125 28,655 25,470
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,995 1,025 970
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,130 27,630 24,495
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 85 65 20
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 20 0 10
22 Utilities 325 235 95
23 Construction 1,895 1,610 285
31-33 Manufacturing 6,840 4,000 2,840
41 Wholesale trade 3,650 2,285 1,370
44-45 Retail trade 5,945 2,980 2,970
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,900 1,540 365
51 Information and cultural industries 1,745 1,025 720
52 Finance and insurance 4,325 2,065 2,265
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,310 660 650
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 5,180 3,060 2,125
55 Management of companies and enterprises 70 30 45
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,485 1,385 1,095
61 Educational services 2,990 965 2,020
62 Health care and social assistance 4,415 935 3,480
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 560 250 310
72 Accommodation and food services 4,510 2,605 1,900
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,130 1,020 1,115
91 Public administration 1,740 910 825
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 54,125 28,650 25,470
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,095 2,145 1,945
Worked in 2010 50,030 26,505 23,525
1 to 13 weeks 2,700 1,325 1,380
14 to 26 weeks 4,095 2,015 2,080
27 to 39 weeks 3,250 1,675 1,570
40 to 48 weeks 9,785 5,020 4,760
49 to 52 weeks 30,195 16,465 13,730
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.1 44.6 43.6
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 54,120 28,655 25,470
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,090 2,145 1,945
Worked in 2010 50,030 26,510 23,520
Worked full-time in 2010 40,105 22,520 17,585
Worked part-time in 2010 9,925 3,990 5,935
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 49,100 26,110 22,990
Worked at home 3,055 1,435 1,615
Worked outside Canada 300 195 105
No fixed workplace address 5,215 3,710 1,510
Worked at usual place 40,535 20,770 19,760
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 45,750 24,480 21,270
Car, truck or van - as a driver 32,260 19,240 13,015
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,980 1,175 2,810
Public transit 8,360 3,565 4,795
Walked 660 260 410
Bicycle 100 85 0
Other methods 390 155 235
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 45,745 24,475 21,270
Median commuting duration 30.3 30.5 30.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 45,745 24,480 21,270
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,725 4,885 2,840
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 27,345 13,765 13,575
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,675 5,825 4,850
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 27,975 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 26,855 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,125 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 27,975 ... ...
1960 or before 235 ... ...
1961 to 1980 6,110 ... ...
1981 to 1990 10,115 ... ...
1991 to 2000 7,055 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,915 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,550 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 27,975 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 4,790 ... ...
5 rooms 3,535 ... ...
6 rooms 3,840 ... ...
7 rooms 4,240 ... ...
8 or more rooms 11,565 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 27,975 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 1,280 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,960 ... ...
3 bedrooms 8,035 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 15,700 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 27,970 ... ...
Owner 24,765 ... ...
Renter 3,210 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 27,975 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,480 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 24,495 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 27,970 ... ...
1 household maintainer 13,615 ... ...
2 household maintainers 12,630 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,730 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 27,975 ... ...
Under 25 years 345 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,885 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,110 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,055 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,335 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,585 ... ...
75 years and over 1,660 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 27,975 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 25,835 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,140 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 27,970 ... ...
Suitable 24,385 ... ...
Not suitable 3,585 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 27,955 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 19,315 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 8,640 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,035 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 24,765 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 57.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 29.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,399 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,461 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 499,749 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 529,897 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 3,210 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 9.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 44.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 850 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,050 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 86,005 42,310 43,690
Without income 6,505 2,940 3,565
With income 79,500 39,375 40,130
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 12,645 6,485 6,160
$5,000 to $9,999 6,850 2,785 4,065
$10,000 to $14,999 8,675 3,685 4,995
$15,000 to $19,999 8,280 3,830 4,450
$20,000 to $29,999 10,465 5,080 5,385
$30,000 to $39,999 8,315 4,065 4,250
$40,000 to $49,999 6,065 2,980 3,090
$50,000 to $59,999 4,700 2,445 2,255
$60,000 to $79,999 5,945 3,170 2,770
$80,000 to $99,999 3,475 2,070 1,405
$100,000 and over 4,090 2,785 1,310
$100,000 to $124,999 1,770 1,090 675
$125,000 and over 2,325 1,695 630
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 22,619 24,673 20,435
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,775 40,602 31,038
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 86,005 42,315 43,695
Without after-tax income 6,530 2,940 3,595
With after-tax income 79,475 39,375 40,105
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 12,700 6,500 6,200
$5,000 to $9,999 6,945 2,845 4,100
$10,000 to $14,999 8,790 3,735 5,050
$15,000 to $19,999 8,860 4,070 4,790
$20,000 to $29,999 11,820 5,735 6,075
$30,000 to $39,999 9,365 4,675 4,690
$40,000 to $49,999 7,005 3,510 3,495
$50,000 to $59,999 4,330 2,390 1,940
$60,000 to $79,999 5,685 3,215 2,465
$80,000 to $99,999 1,950 1,235 715
$100,000 and over 2,025 1,455 570
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 21,672 23,533 19,908
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,334 33,720 27,009
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.8 90.5 84.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.1 80.1 73.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.9 73.8 69.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.3 6.4 3.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.3 4.9 5.8
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.6 3.7 3.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.8 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.2 9.5 15.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.2 2.2 2.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.0 2.3 3.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.7 1.3 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.9 0.2 4.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.4 3.5 3.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.2 17.0 13.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.8 83.0 87.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.7 0.5 1.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 26,790 15,100 11,690
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 45,180 48,100 42,062
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 56,896 62,048 50,241
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,090 ... ...
Median family income ($) 82,123 ... ...
Average family income ($) 103,328 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 73,219 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 87,531 ... ...
Average family size 3.7 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 4,960 ... ...
Median family income ($) 70,118 ... ...
Average family income ($) 97,566 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 63,003 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 79,484 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 16,960 ... ...
Median family income ($) 93,003 ... ...
Average family income ($) 112,707 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,711 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 95,875 ... ...
Average family size 4.4 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,105 ... ...
Median family income ($) 51,904 ... ...
Average family income ($) 67,818 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 49,267 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 59,626 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 4,690 2,185 2,510
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 21,669 21,396 22,659
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,647 30,455 32,687
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 21,239 20,543 21,529
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,116 26,086 28,015
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 102,385 50,860 51,525
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 50,720 24,995 25,725
In bottom decile 10,955 5,390 5,565
In second decile 10,575 5,330 5,245
In third decile 9,655 4,740 4,910
In fourth decile 10,550 5,105 5,445
In fifth decile 8,985 4,425 4,565
In top half of the Canadian distribution 51,665 25,865 25,800
In sixth decile 9,230 4,610 4,615
In seventh decile 9,230 4,620 4,605
In eighth decile 10,295 5,165 5,130
In ninth decile 11,370 5,615 5,750
In top decile 11,540 5,850 5,690
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 27,975 ... ...
Under $5,000 580 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 380 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 875 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,630 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,025 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 1,950 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,865 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 3,995 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,345 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,300 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,310 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,165 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 27,975 ... ...
Under $5,000 585 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 380 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 560 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 910 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,740 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,245 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,210 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,395 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,615 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,525 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,810 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,430 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,375 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 27,975 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 81,168 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 101,677 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 72,286 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 86,184 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 2,135 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 28,907 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 43,204 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,962 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 36,229 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 25,840 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 86,405 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 106,508 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 76,446 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 90,311 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 102,385 50,860 51,520
Less than 18 years 20,955 10,920 10,035
Less than 6 years 6,075 3,090 2,980
18 to 64 years 69,335 34,025 35,315
65 years and over 12,095 5,915 6,180
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 15,595 7,765 7,835
Less than 18 years 4,165 2,310 1,855
Less than 6 years 1,020 545 475
18 to 64 years 10,320 4,930 5,390
65 years and over 1,110 525 595
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 15.2 15.3 15.2
Less than 18 years (%) 19.9 21.2 18.5
Less than 6 years (%) 16.8 17.6 15.9
18 to 64 years (%) 14.9 14.5 15.3
65 years and over (%) 9.2 8.9 9.6

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Markham--Thornhill, Ontario (Code 35055) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Markham--Thornhill, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Markham--Thornhill, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Markham--Thornhill
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 102,360 50,585 51,775
0 to 4 years 4,980 2,585 2,395
5 to 9 years 5,205 2,735 2,465
10 to 14 years 6,185 3,155 3,020
15 to 19 years 7,475 3,885 3,585
15 years 1,465 775 690
16 years 1,565 815 750
17 years 1,450 760 685
18 years 1,465 755 715
19 years 1,530 790 745
20 to 24 years 8,290 4,270 4,025
25 to 29 years 7,845 4,015 3,835
30 to 34 years 5,900 2,850 3,055
35 to 39 years 6,120 2,825 3,295
40 to 44 years 6,935 3,215 3,720
45 to 49 years 8,170 3,845 4,325
50 to 54 years 8,105 3,925 4,185
55 to 59 years 7,955 3,835 4,125
60 to 64 years 6,980 3,510 3,475
65 to 69 years 4,500 2,245 2,255
70 to 74 years 3,205 1,595 1,605
75 to 79 years 2,165 1,050 1,120
80 to 84 years 1,445 660 785
85 years and over 890 380 510
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.3 38.2 40.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.0 83.2 84.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 85,990 42,105 43,890
Married or living with a common-law partner 51,945 25,915 26,025
Married (and not separated) 50,195 25,045 25,155
Living common law 1,745 870 875
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 34,055 16,185 17,865
Single (never legally married) 25,705 13,680 12,020
Separated 1,490 595 895
Divorced 3,330 1,255 2,075
Widowed 3,525 650 2,870
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 29,015 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 9,700 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,635 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,300 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,385 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 29,015 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 24,875 ... ...
Married couples 24,000 ... ...
Without children at home 7,000 ... ...
With children at home 16,995 ... ...
1 child 6,090 ... ...
2 children 7,730 ... ...
3 or more children 3,175 ... ...
Common-law couples 870 ... ...
Without children at home 435 ... ...
With children at home 440 ... ...
1 child 180 ... ...
2 children 185 ... ...
3 or more children 70 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,145 ... ...
Female parent 3,250 ... ...
1 child 1,740 ... ...
2 children 1,095 ... ...
3 or more children 425 ... ...
Male parent 890 ... ...
1 child 525 ... ...
2 children 270 ... ...
3 or more children 95 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 39,475 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,960 ... ...
6 to 14 years 10,290 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,310 ... ...
18 to 24 years 9,990 ... ...
25 years and over 8,920 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.4 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 102,195 50,525 51,670
Number of persons not in census families 8,835 3,675 5,160
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,035 1,340 2,695
Living with non-relatives only 2,575 1,315 1,260
Living alone 2,225 1,025 1,200
Number of census family persons 93,360 46,845 46,515
Average number of persons per census family 3.2 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,110 5,895 6,215
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 2,755 605 2,145
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,920 350 1,570
Living with non-relatives only 140 55 85
Living alone 690 205 485
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,355 5,290 4,065
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 27,950 ... ...
Census-family households 25,220 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 18,630 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 16,475 ... ...
Without children 4,395 ... ...
With children 12,085 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,155 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 6,590 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,245 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,665 ... ...
Without children 430 ... ...
With children 2,235 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 585 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 3,345 ... ...
Non-census-family households 2,725 ... ...
One-person households 2,225 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 495 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 27,945 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,595 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,675 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 0 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 7,675 ... ...
Semi-detached house 905 ... ...
Row house 1,785 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 4,320 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 665 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 27,950 ... ...
1 person 2,225 ... ...
2 persons 5,835 ... ...
3 persons 5,730 ... ...
4 persons 6,945 ... ...
5 persons 3,645 ... ...
6 or more persons 3,570 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 102,195 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.7 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,230 50,535 51,695
  Single responses  98,060 48,470 49,590
    English  32,920 16,745 16,175
    French  430 200 230
    Non-official languages  64,715 31,530 33,185
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 64,495 31,420 33,070
        African languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Afrikaans  15 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  20 10 15
        Albanian  35 15 20
        Amharic  10 0 5
        Arabic  800 410 385
        Armenian  525 245 275
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Bengali  245 120 120
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  40 10 25
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  45 25 20
        Burmese  20 10 10
        Cantonese  14,325 6,875 7,445
        Chinese, n.o.s.  10,555 5,175 5,385
        Creoles  55 25 25
        Croatian  35 15 20
        Czech  30 10 20
        Danish  10 5 0
        Dutch  40 15 20
        Estonian  10 5 5
        Finnish  15 5 5
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  385 200 190
        German  205 105 100
        Greek  795 395 400
        Gujarati  2,590 1,255 1,335
        Hakka  710 355 355
        Hebrew  185 100 90
        Hindi  1,180 575 605
        Hungarian  190 90 105
        Ilocano  85 30 55
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 20 15
        Italian  945 490 455
        Japanese  145 65 80
        Khmer (Cambodian)  20 5 10
        Korean  1,065 505 560
        Kurdish  30 10 15
        Lao  30 15 10
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  5 0 5
        Lithuanian  10 0 5
        Macedonian  295 140 160
        Malay  70 35 40
        Malayalam  245 125 125
        Maltese  15 5 5
        Mandarin  4,340 2,160 2,175
        Marathi  75 30 40
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,185 1,600 1,585
        Pashto  200 100 100
        Persian (Farsi)  2,270 1,135 1,130
        Polish  170 85 85
        Portuguese  205 95 110
        Romanian  465 245 215
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  435 225 215
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  115 55 55
        Serbo-Croatian  20 15 10
        Shanghainese  45 20 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 15 5
        Sindhi  245 115 130
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  140 60 75
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slovak  25 15 10
        Slovenian  15 5 10
        Somali  80 35 45
        Spanish  515 240 270
        Swahili  45 25 20
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,745 700 1,050
        Taiwanese  80 40 40
        Tamil  9,300 4,575 4,725
        Telugu  110 45 60
        Thai  25 10 20
        Tibetan languages  5 0 5
        Tigrigna  15 10 10
        Turkish  150 75 75
        Ukrainian  35 20 20
        Urdu  3,765 1,845 1,920
        Vietnamese  400 190 210
        Yiddish  135 65 65
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 220 110 115
  Multiple responses          4,170 2,060 2,110
    English and French  120 55 65
    English and non-official language  3,895 1,935 1,965
    French and non-official language  85 45 40
    English, French and non-official language 70 30 40
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,230 50,535 51,700
  English only 85,185 43,120 42,065
  French only 55 20 30
  English and French 5,185 2,345 2,840
  Neither English nor French 11,810 5,050 6,760
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,230 50,530 51,700
  English 89,050 44,855 44,190
  French 515 230 280
  English and French 1,000 455 545
  Neither English nor French 11,670 4,990 6,685
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,015 465 550
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.0 0.9 1.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,235 50,530 51,695
  Single responses 91,430 45,160 46,270
    English 45,560 22,885 22,670
    French 205 90 115
    Non-official languages 45,665 22,180 23,485
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 45,585 22,145 23,440
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 5 5
        Albanian 15 5 10
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 405 200 205
        Armenian 315 150 165
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 155 75 80
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 0 0
        Bosnian 5 0 0
        Bulgarian 20 15 10
        Burmese 15 5 5
        Cantonese 12,370 5,925 6,445
        Chinese, n.o.s. 7,795 3,845 3,950
        Creoles 35 20 15
        Croatian 5 0 5
        Czech 5 0 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 0
        Estonian 5 5 0
        Finnish 0 5 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 85 40 40
        German 35 15 20
        Greek 350 165 185
        Gujarati 1,490 710 775
        Hakka 435 210 225
        Hebrew 60 30 30
        Hindi 680 335 345
        Hungarian 40 20 20
        Ilocano 20 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Italian 350 165 180
        Japanese 85 40 45
        Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5
        Korean 815 380 435
        Kurdish 15 10 5
        Lao 15 10 10
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 145 70 75
        Malay 20 15 10
        Malayalam 110 60 50
        Maltese 5 0 0
        Mandarin 3,855 1,955 1,900
        Marathi 25 10 15
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,080 1,015 1,070
        Pashto 140 70 70
        Persian (Farsi) 1,615 800 820
        Polish 50 20 30
        Portuguese 65 35 35
        Romanian 275 135 140
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 270 140 130
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 65 30 35
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5
        Shanghainese 15 5 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 105 55 55
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 10 5 5
        Slovenian 5 0 0
        Somali 25 10 15
        Spanish 290 135 145
        Swahili 0 5 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 685 300 385
        Taiwanese 45 20 25
        Tamil 7,270 3,510 3,760
        Telugu 55 25 30
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 5 0 0
        Tigrigna 5 5 5
        Turkish 80 35 45
        Ukrainian 5 5 0
        Urdu 2,290 1,135 1,155
        Vietnamese 195 95 105
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 80 40 45
  Multiple responses         10,800 5,375 5,430
    English and French 125 65 60
    English and non-official language 10,500 5,230 5,270
    French and non-official language 30 15 15
    English, French and non-official language 155 65 85
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,230 50,535 51,695
  None 69,505 34,180 35,325
  Single responses  32,280 16,150 16,130
    English  16,480 8,420 8,065
    French  370 150 220
    Non-official languages  15,430 7,575 7,850
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,315 7,530 7,790
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  10 10 5
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  10 10 10
        Arabic  305 160 150
        Armenian  150 70 80
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Bengali  95 40 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  5 5 5
        Cantonese  2,630 1,270 1,360
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,540 765 775
        Creoles  60 25 35
        Croatian  5 0 5
        Czech  5 5 5
        Danish  0 5 0
        Dutch  15 5 10
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  0 0 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  195 100 90
        German  90 45 45
        Greek  385 195 195
        Gujarati  755 375 375
        Hakka  165 80 85
        Hebrew  115 55 55
        Hindi  760 375 390
        Hungarian  60 25 35
        Ilocano  15 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Italian  390 185 205
        Japanese  50 30 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  185 95 85
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  10 0 5
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  10 0 5
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  110 50 55
        Malay  25 10 15
        Malayalam  90 45 50
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  780 390 380
        Marathi  35 20 15
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 40 20 20
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  795 415 375
        Pashto  20 10 10
        Persian (Farsi)  400 200 195
        Polish  50 20 30
        Portuguese  95 40 55
        Romanian  100 55 45
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  90 45 45
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Serbian  45 25 20
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  15 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Sindhi  120 55 60
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  80 45 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  10 5 5
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  55 25 30
        Spanish  215 100 115
        Swahili  30 15 15
        Swedish  5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  690 275 410
        Taiwanese  45 25 25
        Tamil  1,955 990 965
        Telugu  20 15 10
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  15 5 5
        Turkish  50 30 20
        Ukrainian  15 10 10
        Urdu  1,015 495 520
        Vietnamese  160 70 85
        Yiddish  25 10 15
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 115 55 60
  Multiple responses          445 205 240
    English and French  55 25 30
    English and non-official language  265 120 140
    French and non-official language  125 60 70
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Markham--Thornhill, Ontario (Code 35055) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Markham--Thornhill (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Markham--Thornhill, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Markham--Thornhill, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Markham--Thornhill (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census