NHS Profile, Surrey--Newton, British Columbia, 2011

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NHS data, Surrey--Newton, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Surrey--Newton
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 104,445 51,875 52,570
Canadian citizens 87,855 43,865 43,990
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,485 12,675 11,810
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 63,365 31,190 32,180
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 16,595 8,015 8,575
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 104,445 51,875 52,565
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 51,135 25,975 25,155
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 52,505 25,435 27,070
Before 1971 2,890 1,575 1,310
1971 to 1980 5,875 2,790 3,090
1981 to 1990 6,680 3,165 3,510
1991 to 2000 16,600 7,980 8,620
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 20,465 9,920 10,540
2001 to 2005 9,870 4,635 5,235
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,590 5,285 5,305
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 805 465 340
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 52,505 25,435 27,070
Under 5 years 3,400 1,865 1,530
5 to 14 years 6,555 3,435 3,120
15 to 24 years 16,140 6,915 9,225
25 to 44 years 17,385 8,990 8,395
45 years and over 9,035 4,230 4,800
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 104,445 51,875 52,570
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 51,135 25,975 25,160
Born in province of residence 42,765 21,885 20,885
Born outside province of residence 8,365 4,090 4,280
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 52,505 25,435 27,070
Americas 2,055 930 1,130
United States 585 300 285
Jamaica 175 65 110
Guyana 40 20 25
Haiti 25 0 0
Mexico 105 35 65
Trinidad and Tobago 85 30 65
Colombia 115 65 50
El Salvador 300 130 170
Peru 50 20 30
Chile 110 40 65
Other places of birth in Americas 460 210 250
Europe 3,450 1,570 1,890
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,745 770 975
Italy 65 30 30
Germany 245 105 140
Poland 160 55 100
Portugal 185 105 80
Netherlands 160 105 55
France 30 0 15
Romania 85 50 35
Russian Federation 65 25 35
Greece 55 35 25
Ukraine 50 20 25
Croatia 25 20 0
Hungary 60 25 35
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 0 0
Serbia 15 10 0
Ireland, Republic of 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Europe 485 175 310
Africa 1,160 540 625
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 40 0 0
Egypt 20 10 0
South Africa, Republic of 35 20 20
Nigeria 15 0 0
Ethiopia 60 20 35
Kenya 225 90 135
Other places of birth in Africa 765 365 405
Asia 42,690 20,945 21,745
India 32,550 16,095 16,450
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 945 430 515
Philippines 3,185 1,390 1,795
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 365 200 160
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 470 195 270
Pakistan 2,395 1,255 1,140
Sri Lanka 280 155 120
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 170 90 75
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 115 60 55
Lebanon 125 50 75
Taiwan 590 275 310
Iraq 125 75 50
Bangladesh 70 40 35
Afghanistan 210 110 105
Japan 100 20 80
Turkey 45 20 0
Other places of birth in Asia 970 480 490
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 3,145 1,460 1,685
Fiji 3,065 1,400 1,665
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 80 55 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 805 465 340
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 10,590 5,285 5,305
Americas 470 245 230
United States 180 95 80
Mexico 40 25 20
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 70 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 40 15 20
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 95 50 50
Europe 165 90 75
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 20 15 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 110 65 50
Other places of birth in Europe 20 0 0
Africa 145 60 90
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 40 25 20
Somalia 70 0 50
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 10 0 10
Asia 9,580 4,780 4,800
Philippines 795 370 420
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 85 15 65
India 7,535 3,805 3,730
Pakistan 750 390 365
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 25 15 15
Sri Lanka 50 50 0
Iraq 25 0 15
Bangladesh 20 10 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 40 20 25
Afghanistan 15 0 0
Japan 15 0 15
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 35 20 20
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 30 20 0
Saudi Arabia 35 25 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 95 35 60
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 225 110 115
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 104,445 51,875 52,570
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 53,455 25,975 27,475
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 30,985 15,885 15,095
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 20,005 10,010 10,000
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 104,440 51,875 52,570
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 75,370 37,575 37,795
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 61,635 31,030 30,605
Chinese 2,910 1,485 1,430
Black 1,375 685 695
Filipino 4,040 1,850 2,190
Latin American 1,195 585 620
Arab 530 245 280
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,290 570 715
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 695 370 330
Korean 175 85 90
Japanese 440 215 230
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 310 95 215
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 760 355 405
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 29,075 14,305 14,775
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 104,445 51,875 52,565
North American Aboriginal origins 2,610 1,190 1,420
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,845 785 1,060
Inuit 105 60 40
Métis 840 395 445
Other North American origins 11,820 5,770 6,050
Acadian 0 0 0
American 750 395 350
Canadian 11,335 5,520 5,810
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 25,790 12,605 13,185
British Isles origins 17,285 8,425 8,860
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 10,635 5,170 5,460
Irish 5,925 2,695 3,225
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 7,440 3,590 3,855
Welsh 940 485 455
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 725 345 380
French origins 3,470 1,535 1,935
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 3,470 1,535 1,935
Western European origins (except French origins) 6,580 3,285 3,300
Austrian 405 230 180
Belgian 155 80 75
Dutch 1,510 750 755
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 4,845 2,425 2,420
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 220 115 115
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 10 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,490 1,180 1,305
Danish 390 160 230
Finnish 235 120 115
Icelandic 150 75 80
Norwegian 940 450 490
Swedish 820 380 440
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 75 35 35
Eastern European origins 4,590 2,345 2,245
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 170 80 95
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 190 140 50
Estonian 35 0 0
Hungarian 555 300 250
Latvian 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Moldovan 20 15 10
Polish 1,205 540 660
Romanian 295 175 120
Russian 895 475 420
Slovak 50 25 25
Ukrainian 1,775 845 925
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 15 0 0
Southern European origins 3,820 1,875 1,945
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 130 70 60
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 265 160 110
Italian 1,345 745 605
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 755 405 345
Serbian 45 30 15
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 65 35 30
Spanish 1,330 525 800
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 105 35 70
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 310 140 175
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 140 55 85
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 165 80 90
Caribbean origins 520 260 255
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 20 20 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 10 0 10
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 185 75 110
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 145 40 105
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 55 25 25
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 20 10 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,440 690 745
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 35 15 20
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 35 25 0
Chilean 195 80 120
Colombian 155 75 80
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 110 55 55
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 45 25 20
Honduran 40 25 15
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 205 110 90
Nicaraguan 110 65 45
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 80 45 35
Salvadorean 390 165 225
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 35 20 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 60 35 25
African origins 1,715 795 920
Central and West African origins 125 60 60
Akan 15 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 80 50 35
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 20 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 280 100 185
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 30 0 20
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 105 45 55
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 145 35 105
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 695 335 355
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Burundian 15 10 0
Eritrean 40 25 15
Ethiopian 40 25 15
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 50 25 25
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 390 180 210
South African 35 15 0
Tanzanian 15 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 60 25 30
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 20 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 35 25 15
Other African origins 635 310 320
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 200 105 100
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 430 205 225
Asian origins 70,565 35,275 35,290
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,835 905 930
Afghan 460 250 215
Arab, n.o.s. 160 80 75
Armenian 90 30 60
Assyrian 25 0 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 205 125 80
Iraqi 210 100 110
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 15 0 0
Lebanese 315 125 185
Palestinian 130 50 80
Pashtun 60 25 40
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 30 20 15
Tajik 35 25 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 135 70 65
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 25 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 25 25 0
South Asian origins 59,535 30,040 29,495
Bangladeshi 35 25 20
Bengali 50 35 20
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 52,905 26,705 26,200
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 80 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 110 45 65
Pakistani 2,405 1,240 1,165
Punjabi 4,805 2,445 2,360
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 310 190 120
Tamil 85 45 45
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 810 420 395
East and Southeast Asian origins 9,520 4,510 5,015
Burmese 30 10 15
Cambodian (Khmer) 90 20 70
Chinese 3,600 1,815 1,785
Filipino 4,365 2,000 2,370
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 130 65 60
Japanese 590 260 320
Korean 175 85 90
Laotian 40 15 20
Malaysian 180 90 90
Mongolian 45 30 15
Singaporean 20 0 0
Taiwanese 265 125 140
Thai 65 35 35
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 755 365 390
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 20 0 0
Other Asian origins 105 30 70
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 110 30 70
Oceania origins 2,515 1,215 1,305
Australian 100 65 35
New Zealander 35 25 0
Pacific Islands origins 2,395 1,125 1,270
Fijian 2,340 1,110 1,235
Hawaiian 30 0 25
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 104,445 51,875 52,570
Buddhist 1,145 540 610
Christian 22,995 10,490 12,505
Anglican 1,950 775 1,175
Baptist 945 385 560
Catholic 8,940 4,230 4,715
Christian Orthodox 415 210 205
Lutheran 535 270 265
Pentecostal 895 415 485
Presbyterian 405 125 285
United Church 1,960 780 1,180
Other Christian 6,945 3,305 3,645
Hindu 6,430 3,235 3,195
Jewish 120 60 60
Muslim 7,530 3,680 3,845
Sikh 46,320 23,270 23,045
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 65 30 35
Other religions 280 115 165
No religious affiliation 19,570 10,460 9,105
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 104,445 51,875 52,570
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,275 1,025 1,250
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,305 570 730
Métis single identity 700 325 375
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 100 0 45
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 155 65 90
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 102,165 50,850 51,320
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 104,445 51,875 52,570
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 695 290 405
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 103,750 51,590 52,160
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 104,445 51,875 52,565
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,610 1,195 1,420
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,845 785 1,065
Métis ancestry 840 400 440
Inuit ancestry 105 65 40
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 101,835 50,685 51,150
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 72,045 35,620 36,425
Aboriginal languages 55 30 25
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 45 25 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 71,995 35,590 36,400
Italian 240 120 120
Portuguese 255 145 110
Romanian 115 65 50
Spanish 1,625 745 880
Dutch 245 145 100
Flemish 0 0 0
German 625 295 330
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 60 20 45
Norwegian 30 0 25
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 15 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 70 40 30
Czech 75 20 55
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 230 95 140
Russian 225 100 120
Serbian 25 15 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 35 0 0
Slovenian 55 30 25
Ukrainian 70 25 45
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 110 65 45
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 10 0
Hungarian 95 40 55
Turkish 120 45 75
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 325 155 170
Amharic 45 15 30
Arabic 745 350 395
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 25 15 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0
Bengali 105 65 45
Gujarati 605 310 295
Hindi 11,810 5,795 6,015
Konkani 45 25 25
Marathi 70 35 30
Panjabi (Punjabi) 49,680 25,115 24,565
Sindhi 70 40 35
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 170 85 85
Urdu 3,600 1,835 1,770
Nepali 80 40 45
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 370 160 205
Persian (Farsi) 435 230 205
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 25 45
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 155 80 70
Tamil 285 180 110
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 255 105 145
Korean 175 85 85
Cantonese 785 385 400
Fukien 20 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,375 685 695
Taiwanese 95 35 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 635 310 330
Lao 85 35 50
Thai 30 15 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 0 30
Vietnamese 620 285 335
Bisayan languages 220 105 115
Ilocano 105 30 70
Malay 150 85 65
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 3,065 1,280 1,785
Akan (Twi) 80 50 25
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 140 50 90
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65
African languages, n.i.e. 155 40 110
Creoles 65 35 35
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 430 195 235
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 103,005 51,160 51,840
Non-movers 90,945 44,960 45,980
Movers 12,060 6,205 5,860
Non-migrants 8,065 4,150 3,915
Migrants 3,995 2,050 1,940
Internal migrants 2,435 1,220 1,215
Intraprovincial migrants 1,815 895 915
Interprovincial migrants 625 325 300
External migrants 1,555 830 725
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 96,980 47,930 49,050
Non-movers 54,570 26,905 27,665
Movers 42,415 21,020 21,390
Non-migrants 25,695 12,505 13,190
Migrants 16,720 8,520 8,200
Internal migrants 8,410 4,155 4,255
Intraprovincial migrants 6,825 3,375 3,450
Interprovincial migrants 1,590 785 805
External migrants 8,305 4,360 3,945
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 82,430 40,445 41,985
No certificate, diploma or degree 19,260 9,175 10,085
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 27,800 13,790 14,005
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 35,375 17,480 17,895
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,810 3,745 2,060
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,890 4,605 6,280
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,245 2,525 2,715
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,440 6,600 6,840
Bachelor's degree 8,165 3,980 4,185
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,275 2,625 2,655
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 57,205 27,780 29,430
No certificate, diploma or degree 9,440 4,585 4,855
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,760 9,035 9,725
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 29,000 14,155 14,845
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,465 2,900 1,565
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 8,830 3,640 5,190
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,000 1,955 2,045
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 11,710 5,665 6,050
Bachelor's degree 6,920 3,340 3,580
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,790 2,325 2,470
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 82,430 40,445 41,985
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 47,055 22,965 24,090
Education 2,035 405 1,625
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 905 465 440
Humanities 3,915 1,520 2,400
Social and behavioural sciences and law 3,000 1,090 1,905
Business, management and public administration 7,250 3,145 4,105
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,495 835 660
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,595 995 595
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,265 6,835 430
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 500 335 165
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,770 1,110 4,660
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,645 745 905
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 82,430 40,445 41,985
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 47,055 22,970 24,090
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 35,380 17,480 17,900
Location of study inside Canada 20,985 10,225 10,765
Same as province or territory of residence 18,825 9,040 9,785
Another province or territory 2,165 1,185 980
Location of study outside Canada 14,390 7,255 7,130
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 56,165 30,010 26,155
Single responses 54,205 28,985 25,225
English 48,605 25,740 22,865
French 60 25 40
Non-official languages 5,540 3,220 2,320
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 45 45
Cantonese 40 25 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 5,045 2,990 2,055
Mandarin 135 70 60
Spanish 15 0 15
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 190 75 115
Multiple responses 1,960 1,030 935
English and French 55 15 40
English and non-official language 1,885 1,005 880
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 15 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 56,165 30,010 26,155
English 48,610 25,745 22,865
French 60 25 40
Non-official language 5,540 3,220 2,320
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 5,540 3,220 2,320
English and French 60 15 40
English and non-official language 1,885 1,005 885
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 15 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 82,435 40,445 41,990
In the labour force 53,520 28,945 24,580
Employed 48,440 26,600 21,840
Unemployed 5,080 2,340 2,740
Not in the labour force 28,910 11,500 17,405
Participation rate 64.9 71.6 58.5
Employment rate 58.8 65.8 52.0
Unemployment rate 9.5 8.1 11.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 53,520 28,940 24,580
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,490 620 865
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,035 28,320 23,710
Employee 47,140 24,655 22,485
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,895 3,665 1,230
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 53,520 28,940 24,580
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,490 620 870
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,030 28,320 23,710
0 Management occupations 4,170 2,660 1,510
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 7,710 2,435 5,275
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,165 1,835 330
3 Health occupations 2,715 390 2,325
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 3,545 935 2,610
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 815 425 390
6 Sales and service occupations 13,905 5,735 8,175
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 11,775 11,165 605
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,640 675 960
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,605 2,065 1,545
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 53,520 28,945 24,580
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,485 620 865
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,030 28,325 23,715
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,700 625 1,070
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 80 35 45
22 Utilities 110 75 35
23 Construction 4,915 4,475 440
31-33 Manufacturing 5,515 3,640 1,870
41 Wholesale trade 2,405 1,615 790
44-45 Retail trade 5,860 2,770 3,085
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 5,895 4,820 1,075
51 Information and cultural industries 1,050 725 325
52 Finance and insurance 1,735 735 995
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 875 510 365
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,505 1,445 1,065
55 Management of companies and enterprises 30 35 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,315 1,980 1,335
61 Educational services 2,060 620 1,445
62 Health care and social assistance 4,685 560 4,120
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 695 310 380
72 Accommodation and food services 3,950 1,235 2,715
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,740 1,315 1,425
91 Public administration 1,920 800 1,120
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 53,520 28,945 24,580
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,005 2,000 2,000
Worked in 2010 49,515 26,940 22,575
1 to 13 weeks 3,040 1,470 1,570
14 to 26 weeks 4,365 2,135 2,230
27 to 39 weeks 3,145 1,705 1,440
40 to 48 weeks 9,520 5,235 4,285
49 to 52 weeks 29,450 16,400 13,050
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.7 44.2 43.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 53,520 28,945 24,575
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,005 2,000 2,005
Worked in 2010 49,520 26,940 22,575
Worked full-time in 2010 40,285 23,700 16,590
Worked part-time in 2010 9,230 3,245 5,985
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 48,445 26,600 21,840
Worked at home 1,645 820 820
Worked outside Canada 215 150 60
No fixed workplace address 9,830 7,790 2,040
Worked at usual place 36,750 17,840 18,915
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 46,580 25,630 20,955
Car, truck or van - as a driver 35,055 20,315 14,740
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 4,125 2,115 2,015
Public transit 5,715 2,540 3,175
Walked 1,065 300 770
Bicycle 125 110 15
Other methods 505 260 240
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 46,580 25,625 20,955
Median commuting duration 30.1 30.4 25.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 46,585 25,630 20,955
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 13,765 8,500 5,260
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 21,215 11,050 10,160
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,610 6,075 5,535
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 30,695 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 29,485 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,215 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 30,695 ... ...
1960 or before 730 ... ...
1961 to 1980 5,545 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,940 ... ...
1991 to 2000 9,270 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,300 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,905 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 30,695 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,575 ... ...
5 rooms 5,115 ... ...
6 rooms 4,230 ... ...
7 rooms 3,825 ... ...
8 or more rooms 7,950 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 30,695 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,225 ... ...
2 bedrooms 8,935 ... ...
3 bedrooms 9,020 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 9,515 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 30,695 ... ...
Owner 21,115 ... ...
Renter 9,575 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 30,695 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 7,895 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 22,800 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 30,695 ... ...
1 household maintainer 16,805 ... ...
2 household maintainers 11,905 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,985 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 30,695 ... ...
Under 25 years 600 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,745 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,240 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,630 ... ...
55 to 64 years 5,470 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,145 ... ...
75 years and over 1,865 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 30,695 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 27,150 ... ...
More than one person per room 3,545 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 30,695 ... ...
Suitable 25,545 ... ...
Not suitable 5,150 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 30,580 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 21,105 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,480 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 8,145 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 21,115 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 68.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 31.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,387 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,393 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 450,461 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 461,681 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 9,575 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 29.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 651 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 786 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 82,435 40,445 41,985
Without income 6,430 2,770 3,660
With income 76,000 37,680 38,325
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 10,060 5,035 5,020
$5,000 to $9,999 6,160 2,125 4,030
$10,000 to $14,999 9,155 3,785 5,370
$15,000 to $19,999 8,135 3,290 4,840
$20,000 to $29,999 12,145 5,745 6,400
$30,000 to $39,999 9,635 4,830 4,800
$40,000 to $49,999 7,460 3,925 3,530
$50,000 to $59,999 4,965 3,165 1,800
$60,000 to $79,999 4,885 3,295 1,590
$80,000 to $99,999 2,000 1,375 620
$100,000 and over 1,400 1,100 300
$100,000 to $124,999 795 590 205
$125,000 and over 610 510 95
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 23,454 28,191 19,863
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,837 34,505 25,249
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 82,430 40,445 41,985
Without after-tax income 6,445 2,770 3,670
With after-tax income 75,985 37,675 38,315
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 10,195 5,070 5,125
$5,000 to $9,999 6,160 2,140 4,020
$10,000 to $14,999 9,375 3,865 5,505
$15,000 to $19,999 8,595 3,460 5,140
$20,000 to $29,999 13,865 6,885 6,980
$30,000 to $39,999 11,055 5,425 5,640
$40,000 to $49,999 7,695 4,655 3,040
$50,000 to $59,999 3,925 2,465 1,465
$60,000 to $79,999 3,530 2,490 1,045
$80,000 to $99,999 1,045 755 295
$100,000 and over 530 460 65
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 22,486 26,227 19,257
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,660 30,329 23,053
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.6 88.8 79.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.1 81.2 71.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 72.6 75.0 69.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.5 6.2 2.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.5 2.3 2.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.8 4.3 3.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.2 1.1 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.4 11.3 20.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.1 2.9 3.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.7 2.8 4.9
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.8 2.1 3.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.6 0.2 5.8
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.2 3.3 3.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 10.7 12.1 8.7
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 89.3 87.9 91.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.9 1.9 2.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 25,895 15,115 10,780
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 39,127 42,174 36,004
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 43,657 47,183 38,713
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 24,985 ... ...
Median family income ($) 70,052 ... ...
Average family income ($) 80,638 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,203 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,145 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 4,930 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,964 ... ...
Average family income ($) 66,570 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,160 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 58,809 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 15,425 ... ...
Median family income ($) 80,682 ... ...
Average family income ($) 90,980 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 74,192 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 81,411 ... ...
Average family size 4.7 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,215 ... ...
Median family income ($) 43,024 ... ...
Average family income ($) 50,575 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 40,982 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 46,208 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 7,545 3,905 3,645
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,126 30,976 25,890
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,554 36,987 29,875
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,443 27,908 24,884
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,622 32,174 26,888
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 104,445 51,875 52,570
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 61,095 29,975 31,120
In bottom decile 10,980 5,315 5,665
In second decile 12,430 5,955 6,475
In third decile 10,990 5,515 5,470
In fourth decile 14,145 7,015 7,125
In fifth decile 12,545 6,165 6,380
In top half of the Canadian distribution 43,350 21,900 21,455
In sixth decile 11,485 5,515 5,965
In seventh decile 9,980 5,125 4,855
In eighth decile 8,940 4,490 4,445
In ninth decile 7,970 4,165 3,800
In top decile 4,985 2,600 2,380
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 30,695 ... ...
Under $5,000 765 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 490 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 700 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,280 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,475 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,990 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,895 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,930 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,030 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,895 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,000 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,455 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 30,695 ... ...
Under $5,000 790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 710 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,330 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,420 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,400 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,480 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,260 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,640 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,470 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,685 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,780 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 30,695 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 62,509 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 73,876 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,744 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,998 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 5,135 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 33,053 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 36,640 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,604 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,160 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 25,560 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 70,222 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 81,359 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,462 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 72,798 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 104,445 51,875 52,570
Less than 18 years 26,590 13,825 12,760
Less than 6 years 8,895 4,640 4,255
18 to 64 years 66,760 32,760 33,995
65 years and over 11,100 5,285 5,810
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 17,775 8,555 9,220
Less than 18 years 5,700 2,925 2,775
Less than 6 years 1,690 915 775
18 to 64 years 10,600 4,970 5,635
65 years and over 1,470 655 815
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.0 16.5 17.5
Less than 18 years (%) 21.4 21.2 21.7
Less than 6 years (%) 19.0 19.7 18.2
18 to 64 years (%) 15.9 15.2 16.6
65 years and over (%) 13.2 12.4 14.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Surrey--Newton, British Columbia (Code 59033) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed September 26, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Surrey--Newton, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, Surrey--Newton, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Surrey--Newton
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 105,180 52,320 52,860
0 to 4 years 7,375 3,860 3,515
5 to 9 years 7,150 3,675 3,470
10 to 14 years 7,360 3,885 3,475
15 to 19 years 7,405 3,875 3,530
15 years 1,505 790 720
16 years 1,540 825 715
17 years 1,465 760 705
18 years 1,460 775 685
19 years 1,430 725 705
20 to 24 years 6,910 3,545 3,370
25 to 29 years 8,205 3,995 4,210
30 to 34 years 8,100 3,870 4,235
35 to 39 years 7,840 3,730 4,105
40 to 44 years 7,595 3,770 3,830
45 to 49 years 7,330 3,700 3,630
50 to 54 years 6,795 3,380 3,415
55 to 59 years 6,175 3,020 3,155
60 to 64 years 5,580 2,690 2,890
65 to 69 years 4,070 2,010 2,065
70 to 74 years 3,030 1,415 1,610
75 to 79 years 1,980 940 1,040
80 to 84 years 1,315 600 715
85 years and over 955 365 590
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 35.0 34.3 35.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 79.2 78.2 80.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 83,300 40,900 42,400
Married or living with a common-law partner 52,190 26,090 26,100
Married (and not separated) 48,845 24,420 24,420
Living common law 3,345 1,665 1,680
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 31,110 14,805 16,300
Single (never legally married) 21,070 11,645 9,420
Separated 2,155 905 1,245
Divorced 3,830 1,470 2,365
Widowed 4,055 780 3,270
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 29,335 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 11,315 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,685 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,590 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,750 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 29,335 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 25,000 ... ...
Married couples 23,325 ... ...
Without children at home 7,995 ... ...
With children at home 15,330 ... ...
1 child 5,010 ... ...
2 children 6,885 ... ...
3 or more children 3,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,670 ... ...
Without children at home 940 ... ...
With children at home 730 ... ...
1 child 335 ... ...
2 children 255 ... ...
3 or more children 140 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,335 ... ...
Female parent 3,555 ... ...
1 child 1,895 ... ...
2 children 1,115 ... ...
3 or more children 540 ... ...
Male parent 780 ... ...
1 child 480 ... ...
2 children 225 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 38,645 ... ...
Under six years of age 8,775 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,920 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,405 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,735 ... ...
25 years and over 4,805 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 104,755 52,085 52,670
Number of persons not in census families 11,780 5,570 6,215
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,135 1,555 2,580
Living with non-relatives only 2,480 1,495 985
Living alone 5,165 2,520 2,650
Number of census family persons 92,970 46,520 46,455
Average number of persons per census family 3.2 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 11,190 5,270 5,920
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,390 950 2,440
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,665 405 1,255
Living with non-relatives only 185 90 95
Living alone 1,540 450 1,085
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 7,805 4,320 3,485
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 30,750 ... ...
Census-family households 24,630 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 17,765 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 14,990 ... ...
Without children 4,875 ... ...
With children 10,115 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,775 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 6,865 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,910 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,375 ... ...
Without children 400 ... ...
With children 1,970 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 535 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 3,955 ... ...
Non-census-family households 6,115 ... ...
One-person households 5,165 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 950 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 30,745 ... ...
Single-detached house 8,840 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 115 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 610 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 21,175 ... ...
Semi-detached house 520 ... ...
Row house 4,870 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,925 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 8,845 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 30,745 ... ...
1 person 5,165 ... ...
2 persons 7,125 ... ...
3 persons 5,050 ... ...
4 persons 5,805 ... ...
5 persons 3,390 ... ...
6 or more persons 4,205 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 104,755 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 104,850 52,150 52,700
  Single responses  100,735 50,075 50,665
    English  36,835 18,585 18,250
    French  575 265 305
    Non-official languages  63,325 31,215 32,110
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 0 5
        Dene  5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 63,015 31,075 31,945
        African languages, n.i.e 30 15 20
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  30 15 15
        Albanian  20 5 10
        Amharic  75 30 40
        Arabic  540 290 255
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Bengali  135 70 65
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  140 60 85
        Bosnian  30 15 15
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  15 5 10
        Cantonese  475 210 265
        Chinese, n.o.s.  680 310 370
        Creoles  50 25 25
        Croatian  65 40 30
        Czech  65 30 35
        Danish  45 20 25
        Dutch  175 80 95
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  35 20 20
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  30 15 15
        German  600 280 320
        Greek  130 70 60
        Gujarati  570 280 285
        Hakka  15 10 5
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  4,450 2,100 2,355
        Hungarian  160 75 80
        Ilocano  90 45 50
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 60 30 25
        Italian  165 90 70
        Japanese  135 45 90
        Khmer (Cambodian)  140 65 70
        Korean  145 70 75
        Kurdish  5 5 0
        Lao  35 10 20
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  0 5 5
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  40 20 25
        Malayalam  160 80 75
        Maltese  5 0 5
        Mandarin  895 430 465
        Marathi  5 0 5
        Nepali  60 30 35
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Norwegian  20 5 15
        Oromo  15 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  43,170 21,655 21,520
        Pashto  220 95 120
        Persian (Farsi)  450 220 230
        Polish  315 145 170
        Portuguese  255 120 135
        Romanian  80 40 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 10 10
        Russian  175 70 100
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 20 10
        Serbian  55 20 35
        Serbo-Croatian  15 10 0
        Shanghainese  0 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Sindhi  70 30 40
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  110 50 60
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slovak  25 10 15
        Slovenian  20 10 10
        Somali  360 170 190
        Spanish  1,325 600 725
        Swahili  30 20 15
        Swedish  15 0 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  2,290 1,000 1,290
        Taiwanese  90 45 45
        Tamil  140 80 60
        Telugu  25 15 10
        Thai  25 5 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  40 25 20
        Turkish  35 20 15
        Ukrainian  100 40 60
        Urdu  2,360 1,225 1,135
        Vietnamese  505 250 250
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 290 140 155
  Multiple responses          4,110 2,075 2,035
    English and French  90 40 55
    English and non-official language  3,910 1,970 1,935
    French and non-official language  60 30 25
    English, French and non-official language 55 35 20
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 104,845 52,155 52,700
  English only 89,620 45,740 43,880
  French only 60 25 30
  English and French 3,660 1,605 2,050
  Neither English nor French 11,510 4,775 6,735
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 104,845 52,150 52,700
  English 92,185 46,840 45,335
  French 605 290 315
  English and French 660 300 360
  Neither English nor French 11,400 4,715 6,680
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 935 440 495
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 0.9 0.8 0.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 104,845 52,150 52,700
  Single responses 94,465 46,930 47,535
    English 47,220 23,555 23,670
    French 200 95 105
    Non-official languages 47,045 23,285 23,755
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 46,910 23,220 23,685
        African languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 15 5 10
        Albanian 15 5 10
        Amharic 50 20 30
        Arabic 385 195 195
        Armenian 0 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Bengali 100 45 50
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 60 25 35
        Bosnian 15 10 5
        Bulgarian 5 0 5
        Burmese 5 0 5
        Cantonese 325 145 185
        Chinese, n.o.s. 405 190 215
        Creoles 25 10 10
        Croatian 20 10 10
        Czech 20 10 15
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 25 10 10
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 10 5 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 15 5 5
        German 60 25 30
        Greek 40 20 25
        Gujarati 310 150 160
        Hakka 10 0 5
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 2,565 1,225 1,345
        Hungarian 55 30 25
        Ilocano 20 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Italian 40 25 15
        Japanese 50 20 30
        Khmer (Cambodian) 80 40 45
        Korean 95 50 45
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 20 10 10
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 15 5 5
        Malayalam 80 40 45
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 735 355 385
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 50 25 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 10 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 35,475 17,730 17,745
        Pashto 140 65 75
        Persian (Farsi) 290 145 150
        Polish 135 60 70
        Portuguese 80 40 40
        Romanian 45 20 25
        Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10
        Russian 115 55 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Serbian 35 20 20
        Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
        Sindhi 40 20 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 35 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 255 120 140
        Spanish 810 375 430
        Swahili 20 10 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,120 515 605
        Taiwanese 55 30 25
        Tamil 100 60 45
        Telugu 20 10 10
        Thai 10 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 15 10 10
        Turkish 25 15 10
        Ukrainian 20 10 15
        Urdu 1,815 930 880
        Vietnamese 355 175 180
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 130 60 70
  Multiple responses         10,380 5,220 5,165
    English and French 80 30 55
    English and non-official language 10,175 5,140 5,040
    French and non-official language 15 10 5
    English, French and non-official language 110 45 60
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 104,845 52,150 52,695
  None 77,390 38,410 38,985
  Single responses  26,980 13,500 13,475
    English  14,560 7,490 7,075
    French  370 160 210
    Non-official languages  12,045 5,850 6,195
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 11,875 5,775 6,100
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  5 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  20 10 10
        Albanian  0 5 0
        Amharic  25 10 15
        Arabic  145 75 70
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  25 10 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  45 20 25
        Bosnian  15 5 5
        Bulgarian  0 5 5
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  165 75 90
        Chinese, n.o.s.  120 65 60
        Creoles  25 15 15
        Croatian  40 20 20
        Czech  25 5 20
        Danish  10 10 5
        Dutch  50 20 30
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  20 10 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  200 80 115
        Greek  55 35 25
        Gujarati  175 95 85
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  2,110 1,030 1,080
        Hungarian  40 15 25
        Ilocano  20 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Italian  60 25 30
        Japanese  55 25 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  25 15 10
        Korean  40 15 20
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 0 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  15 10 5
        Malayalam  40 20 20
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  160 75 85
        Marathi  5 0 5
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Norwegian  10 5 10
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5,360 2,705 2,650
        Pashto  70 30 40
        Persian (Farsi)  110 55 55
        Polish  70 30 40
        Portuguese  100 45 55
        Romanian  25 10 20
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 0
        Russian  25 15 15
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Serbian  15 5 10
        Serbo-Croatian  0 5 0
        Shanghainese  10 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Sindhi  25 10 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  40 15 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  20 10 10
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  95 50 45
        Spanish  485 230 255
        Swahili  30 15 15
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  785 320 465
        Taiwanese  35 15 25
        Tamil  40 20 25
        Telugu  10 5 0
        Thai  10 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  15 5 10
        Turkish  20 10 10
        Ukrainian  20 5 10
        Urdu  465 240 230
        Vietnamese  95 45 45
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 165 75 85
  Multiple responses          475 240 240
    English and French  55 25 25
    English and non-official language  315 170 140
    French and non-official language  105 45 60
    English, French and non-official language  10 0 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Surrey--Newton, British Columbia (Code 59033) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed September 26, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Surrey--Newton (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Surrey--Newton, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Surrey--Newton, British Columbia (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Surrey--Newton (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census