NHS Profile, Zone 1 (Moncton area), New Brunswick, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Zone 1 (Moncton area), New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Zone 1 (Moncton area)
New Brunswick
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 199,215 97,080 102,135
Canadian citizens 195,385 95,140 100,250
Canadian citizens aged under 18 36,580 18,650 17,930
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 158,810 76,485 82,320
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,830 1,945 1,885
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 199,220 97,080 102,140
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 190,535 92,905 97,630
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 8,090 3,840 4,250
Before 1971 1,650 790 860
1971 to 1980 1,605 695 910
1981 to 1990 675 290 385
1991 to 2000 695 330 365
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,460 1,730 1,730
2001 to 2005 895 400 500
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,560 1,330 1,230
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 600 335 260
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 8,090 3,835 4,255
Under 5 years 1,255 605 655
5 to 14 years 2,020 845 1,180
15 to 24 years 1,495 710 785
25 to 44 years 2,805 1,440 1,360
45 years and over 515 245 275
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 199,220 97,085 102,140
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 190,535 92,910 97,630
Born in province of residence 153,595 74,485 79,115
Born outside province of residence 36,940 18,420 18,515
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 8,085 3,835 4,250
Americas 2,775 1,210 1,560
United States 2,085 875 1,215
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 15 0 0
Haiti 180 135 40
Mexico 55 35 20
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 90 0 80
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 285 110 175
Europe 2,645 1,345 1,300
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,325 670 655
Italy 110 55 55
Germany 400 185 220
Poland 50 20 25
Portugal 0 0 0
Netherlands 210 100 105
France 170 90 70
Romania 55 0 35
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 25 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 20 0 15
Other places of birth in Europe 260 165 100
Africa 780 410 370
Morocco 80 50 30
Algeria 20 15 15
Egypt 70 40 0
South Africa, Republic of 35 25 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 515 250 260
Asia 1,855 855 1,000
India 130 60 70
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 145 60 85
Philippines 265 75 190
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 35 0 15
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 305 140 160
Pakistan 60 35 25
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 35 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 655 325 330
Lebanon 50 35 15
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 115 55 60
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 35 20 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 35 20 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 595 335 260
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 2,560 1,330 1,230
Americas 435 290 140
United States 175 100 80
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 170 140 30
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 25 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 445 245 195
France 85 50 35
Germany 50 25 30
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 180 100 75
Other places of birth in Europe 130 75 50
Africa 525 240 280
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 55 0 0
Tunisia 50 25 25
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 75 45 30
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 270 95 175
Asia 1,165 550 610
Philippines 140 55 80
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 30 0 20
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 15 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 640 315 320
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 250 115 140
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 40 15 20
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 199,220 97,080 102,140
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 9,040 4,370 4,670
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 11,645 5,790 5,860
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 178,535 86,930 91,605
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 199,220 97,080 102,135
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 5,265 2,515 2,750
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 600 280 315
Chinese 450 225 225
Black 1,740 900 840
Filipino 400 90 305
Latin American 310 115 195
Arab 400 235 165
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 440 230 210
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 90 45 40
Korean 690 335 360
Japanese 30 0 20
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 25 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 95 35 60
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 193,950 94,565 99,390
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 199,220 97,080 102,140
North American Aboriginal origins 9,990 4,680 5,310
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,110 3,715 4,395
Inuit 305 180 125
Métis 1,780 870 910
Other North American origins 114,045 55,520 58,525
Acadian 16,855 8,110 8,745
American 1,235 585 650
Canadian 102,865 50,040 52,830
New Brunswicker 60 35 25
Newfoundlander 60 25 35
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 365 175 190
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 130,850 63,580 67,270
British Isles origins 85,195 41,020 44,175
Channel Islander 45 20 20
Cornish 0 0 0
English 47,750 23,210 24,540
Irish 34,025 15,775 18,250
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 34,015 16,030 17,980
Welsh 2,135 1,065 1,065
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,930 1,285 1,645
French origins 64,175 31,170 33,005
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 10 0 0
French 64,165 31,160 33,000
Western European origins (except French origins) 14,910 7,250 7,655
Austrian 205 90 120
Belgian 420 245 170
Dutch 3,025 1,495 1,530
Flemish 20 0 0
Frisian 60 50 0
German 11,595 5,615 5,980
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 525 240 285
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 10 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,155 1,090 1,065
Danish 765 355 410
Finnish 185 65 120
Icelandic 60 35 30
Norwegian 760 415 345
Swedish 390 240 150
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 135 65 75
Eastern European origins 3,000 1,415 1,590
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 100 50 55
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 120 80 40
Estonian 30 30 0
Hungarian 330 160 175
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 90 35 55
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 1,095 480 615
Romanian 210 100 115
Russian 380 195 185
Slovak 90 35 60
Ukrainian 985 480 510
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 3,085 1,455 1,625
Albanian 40 0 20
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 75 45 25
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 125 65 65
Italian 1,965 985 985
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 30 0 0
Maltese 30 0 15
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 235 75 155
Serbian 0 0 0
Sicilian 25 0 15
Slovenian 0 0 0
Spanish 550 230 320
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 70 0 55
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 650 345 310
Basque 20 15 0
Jewish 360 215 145
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 255 115 140
Caribbean origins 465 245 225
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 15 10 0
Barbadian 25 20 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 10 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 220 140 75
Jamaican 70 30 45
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 55 20 30
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 545 235 315
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 10 0 15
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 60 45 15
Chilean 35 0 0
Colombian 95 20 80
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 30 0 15
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 120 60 65
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 25 0 15
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 15 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 1,830 875 955
Central and West African origins 580 260 315
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 45 30 20
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 175 95 80
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 60 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 40 30 0
Liberian 105 0 75
Malian 50 0 40
Nigerian 30 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 60 0 45
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 55 25 0
North African origins 370 205 170
Algerian 90 40 50
Berber 30 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 60 0 0
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 95 45 40
Sudanese 10 0 0
Tunisian 85 45 40
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 325 170 150
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 55 0 35
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 25 10 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 110 65 50
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 95 50 50
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 585 260 325
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 110 40 70
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 480 225 255
Asian origins 3,795 1,835 1,960
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,015 560 450
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 195 125 65
Armenian 30 20 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 140 60 75
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 505 270 240
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 80 30 50
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 40 25 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 15 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 760 360 395
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 670 310 360
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 70 45 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,035 900 1,130
Burmese 15 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 585 305 280
Filipino 410 105 305
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 40 10 25
Korean 695 330 360
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 40 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 330 160 175
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 40 0 0
Other Asian origins 25 20 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 25 20 0
Oceania origins 70 35 35
Australian 30 20 0
New Zealander 40 0 25
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 199,215 97,080 102,135
Buddhist 385 210 180
Christian 165,230 78,715 86,510
Anglican 8,535 3,755 4,780
Baptist 20,115 9,275 10,835
Catholic 107,190 51,710 55,480
Christian Orthodox 180 90 85
Lutheran 180 80 100
Pentecostal 2,140 980 1,160
Presbyterian 2,040 1,035 1,005
United Church 13,505 6,265 7,245
Other Christian 11,345 5,525 5,820
Hindu 110 60 45
Jewish 225 130 95
Muslim 885 455 430
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 210 130 85
Other religions 475 175 305
No religious affiliation 31,695 17,210 14,480
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 199,220 97,080 102,135
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 6,085 3,075 3,010
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,010 1,940 2,070
Métis single identity 1,485 775 705
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 225 145 75
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 25 0 25
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 340 210 130
Non-Aboriginal identity 193,135 94,005 99,130
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 199,220 97,080 102,140
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 3,080 1,555 1,525
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 196,140 95,525 100,615
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 199,220 97,080 102,135
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 9,990 4,675 5,310
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 8,110 3,720 4,395
Métis ancestry 1,775 870 910
Inuit ancestry 305 180 120
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 189,230 92,400 96,830
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 8,690 4,165 4,520
Aboriginal languages 1,280 615 665
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 1,270 605 670
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,410 3,555 3,855
Italian 400 210 185
Portuguese 70 40 35
Romanian 60 25 35
Spanish 1,845 850 995
Dutch 305 140 165
Flemish 0 0 0
German 975 555 415
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 25 20 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 30 0 20
Afrikaans 20 25 0
Gaelic languages 40 0 35
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 35 0 20
Czech 40 20 25
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 60 35 30
Russian 75 45 30
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 30 0 0
Armenian 20 0 0
Albanian 40 0 20
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 25 0 0
Hungarian 40 30 0
Turkish 50 0 35
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 525 285 235
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 105 50 55
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 65 35 30
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 100 60 35
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 15 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 75 0 50
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 30 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 35 0 25
Japanese 140 40 100
Korean 725 380 350
Cantonese 45 20 20
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 110 50 60
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 60 80
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 325 150 175
Bisayan languages 20 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 310 75 235
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 50 30 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 90 55 30
Swahili 145 75 70
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 55 45 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 180 90 90
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 345 195 145
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 665 280 390
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 197,400 96,270 101,125
Non-movers 172,840 84,410 88,435
Movers 24,555 11,865 12,695
Non-migrants 14,395 7,145 7,250
Migrants 10,160 4,715 5,440
Internal migrants 9,505 4,435 5,075
Intraprovincial migrants 6,510 3,075 3,440
Interprovincial migrants 2,990 1,360 1,630
External migrants 655 280 370
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 188,880 91,925 96,955
Non-movers 117,285 57,075 60,210
Movers 71,595 34,850 36,745
Non-migrants 37,335 17,920 19,415
Migrants 34,260 16,930 17,330
Internal migrants 31,215 15,345 15,875
Intraprovincial migrants 20,270 9,715 10,555
Interprovincial migrants 10,945 5,625 5,320
External migrants 3,040 1,585 1,455
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 169,000 81,830 87,165
No certificate, diploma or degree 39,560 20,350 19,210
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 44,700 21,845 22,850
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 84,735 39,635 45,105
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 16,385 10,510 5,875
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 35,285 15,160 20,120
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,910 1,760 3,145
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 28,155 12,200 15,955
Bachelor's degree 19,905 8,175 11,730
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,255 4,030 4,230
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 114,765 55,975 58,795
No certificate, diploma or degree 17,515 9,840 7,675
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 29,570 14,920 14,650
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 67,685 31,225 36,465
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 11,885 7,535 4,350
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 28,770 12,530 16,245
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,565 1,345 2,220
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 23,455 9,810 13,645
Bachelor's degree 16,610 6,740 9,865
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,850 3,070 3,785
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 169,000 81,830 87,165
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 84,260 42,200 42,065
Education 7,260 1,880 5,380
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,065 1,005 1,060
Humanities 3,870 1,535 2,335
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,050 1,835 4,210
Business, management and public administration 22,510 7,490 15,015
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,970 940 1,030
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,745 2,540 1,205
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 16,800 15,890 910
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,270 705 565
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 12,070 1,990 10,080
Personal, protective and transportation services 7,070 3,800 3,270
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 50 0 40
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 169,000 81,830 87,170
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 84,260 42,200 42,065
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 84,735 39,635 45,105
Location of study inside Canada 81,330 37,690 43,640
Same as province or territory of residence 62,775 28,540 34,235
Another province or territory 18,550 9,145 9,410
Location of study outside Canada 3,410 1,945 1,465
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 122,385 62,235 60,155
Single responses 114,985 58,590 56,390
English 85,050 45,145 39,905
French 29,655 13,275 16,375
Non-official languages 280 170 115
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 235 125 110
Multiple responses 7,400 3,640 3,760
English and French 7,215 3,555 3,665
English and non-official language 155 60 90
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 122,385 62,235 60,155
English 85,050 45,150 39,905
French 29,655 13,280 16,375
Non-official language 280 165 110
Aboriginal 220 115 105
Non-Aboriginal 55 50 0
English and French 7,220 3,555 3,660
English and non-official language 155 60 90
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 169,000 81,830 87,165
In the labour force 113,440 57,985 55,455
Employed 102,600 51,535 51,065
Unemployed 10,845 6,450 4,395
Not in the labour force 55,555 23,845 31,710
Participation rate 67.1 70.9 63.6
Employment rate 60.7 63.0 58.6
Unemployment rate 9.6 11.1 7.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 113,440 57,985 55,455
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,345 635 715
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 112,095 57,355 54,740
Employee 103,565 52,015 51,550
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,525 5,340 3,190
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 113,440 57,990 55,455
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,350 635 710
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 112,095 57,355 54,740
0 Management occupations 10,875 6,625 4,250
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 17,835 5,150 12,690
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 6,245 4,895 1,350
3 Health occupations 7,900 1,330 6,570
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 12,765 3,830 8,935
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,400 1,170 1,230
6 Sales and service occupations 29,180 12,275 16,905
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 17,310 16,560 750
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 2,540 2,215 315
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 5,035 3,310 1,730
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 113,440 57,985 55,455
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,345 635 715
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 112,090 57,355 54,740
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,275 1,710 560
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,060 740 315
22 Utilities 225 190 35
23 Construction 8,085 7,295 785
31-33 Manufacturing 9,625 6,735 2,895
41 Wholesale trade 5,115 3,755 1,365
44-45 Retail trade 13,565 6,350 7,215
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 6,920 4,895 2,025
51 Information and cultural industries 2,665 1,475 1,185
52 Finance and insurance 5,820 1,800 4,020
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,235 805 440
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,495 2,520 1,975
55 Management of companies and enterprises 80 35 40
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 6,270 3,565 2,705
61 Educational services 7,485 2,410 5,075
62 Health care and social assistance 13,455 2,340 11,120
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,265 1,280 985
72 Accommodation and food services 7,095 2,425 4,670
81 Other services (except public administration) 4,710 2,380 2,330
91 Public administration 9,650 4,645 5,005
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 113,440 57,985 55,450
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,890 1,685 2,210
Worked in 2010 109,545 56,305 53,245
1 to 13 weeks 5,245 2,435 2,815
14 to 26 weeks 11,695 6,270 5,425
27 to 39 weeks 7,400 3,705 3,695
40 to 48 weeks 14,065 7,115 6,950
49 to 52 weeks 71,135 36,770 34,365
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.0 44.0 43.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 113,440 57,985 55,455
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,890 1,685 2,210
Worked in 2010 109,550 56,305 53,245
Worked full-time in 2010 91,600 50,165 41,440
Worked part-time in 2010 17,945 6,140 11,805
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 102,600 51,530 51,065
Worked at home 5,290 2,680 2,610
Worked outside Canada 175 130 40
No fixed workplace address 11,625 8,820 2,810
Worked at usual place 85,505 39,900 45,605
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 97,130 48,720 48,410
Car, truck or van - as a driver 77,535 40,675 36,860
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 9,660 3,530 6,135
Public transit 2,365 1,030 1,340
Walked 5,985 2,530 3,455
Bicycle 525 415 110
Other methods 1,055 545 515
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 97,130 48,715 48,410
Median commuting duration 15.4 15.6 15.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 97,130 48,720 48,410
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 18,485 11,545 6,935
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 60,310 28,245 32,065
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 18,335 8,925 9,410
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 85,630 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 78,860 ... ...
Major repairs needed 6,775 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 85,630 ... ...
1960 or before 19,445 ... ...
1961 to 1980 24,575 ... ...
1981 to 1990 12,740 ... ...
1991 to 2000 11,460 ... ...
2001 to 2005 8,505 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 8,905 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 85,630 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 17,930 ... ...
5 rooms 14,565 ... ...
6 rooms 14,030 ... ...
7 rooms 12,390 ... ...
8 or more rooms 26,715 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 85,630 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 7,595 ... ...
2 bedrooms 23,360 ... ...
3 bedrooms 35,190 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 19,485 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 85,630 ... ...
Owner 63,210 ... ...
Renter 21,905 ... ...
Band housing 510 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 85,630 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,195 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 82,440 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 85,630 ... ...
1 household maintainer 47,755 ... ...
2 household maintainers 36,440 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,435 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 85,630 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,550 ... ...
25 to 34 years 12,485 ... ...
35 to 44 years 14,915 ... ...
45 to 54 years 17,810 ... ...
55 to 64 years 17,035 ... ...
65 to 74 years 10,910 ... ...
75 years and over 8,930 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 85,630 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 85,205 ... ...
More than one person per room 425 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 85,630 ... ...
Suitable 83,345 ... ...
Not suitable 2,280 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 84,285 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 67,540 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 16,745 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 13,815 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 62,780 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 61.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 818 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 890 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 149,842 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 165,580 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 21,610 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 14.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 700 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 710 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 168,995 81,830 87,170
Without income 5,995 2,535 3,465
With income 163,000 79,295 83,705
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 12,680 5,650 7,025
$5,000 to $9,999 13,525 4,765 8,760
$10,000 to $14,999 14,130 4,915 9,220
$15,000 to $19,999 17,215 6,600 10,620
$20,000 to $29,999 28,870 13,320 15,545
$30,000 to $39,999 25,005 12,810 12,195
$40,000 to $49,999 17,180 10,065 7,120
$50,000 to $59,999 10,995 6,895 4,105
$60,000 to $79,999 13,525 7,380 6,150
$80,000 to $99,999 5,145 3,405 1,740
$100,000 and over 4,735 3,500 1,235
$100,000 to $124,999 2,415 1,695 725
$125,000 and over 2,315 1,805 515
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,151 33,335 23,594
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,801 40,262 29,628
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 168,995 81,830 87,170
Without after-tax income 6,025 2,525 3,500
With after-tax income 162,975 79,305 83,665
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 13,120 5,710 7,405
$5,000 to $9,999 13,775 4,875 8,900
$10,000 to $14,999 14,825 5,120 9,705
$15,000 to $19,999 19,140 7,715 11,430
$20,000 to $29,999 35,395 17,010 18,390
$30,000 to $39,999 27,115 14,755 12,360
$40,000 to $49,999 16,610 10,025 6,580
$50,000 to $59,999 10,275 5,615 4,665
$60,000 to $79,999 8,365 5,265 3,100
$80,000 to $99,999 2,340 1,615 725
$100,000 and over 2,015 1,600 410
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,646 29,567 21,874
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,682 33,801 25,778
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 85.2 87.9 81.8
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.4 75.3 71.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.2 71.4 68.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.2 3.9 2.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.4 2.3 2.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.9 9.1 6.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.3 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 14.8 12.1 18.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.4 4.1 4.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.1 3.0 5.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 3.5 3.5 3.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 2.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.4 1.3 1.6
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.7 16.0 13.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.3 84.0 87.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.1 1.1 1.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 63,725 33,955 29,770
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 40,651 44,589 36,892
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 47,682 52,274 42,443
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 60,340 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,698 ... ...
Average family income ($) 78,305 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,472 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,529 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 26,960 ... ...
Median family income ($) 60,405 ... ...
Average family income ($) 69,810 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,588 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 59,519 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 23,395 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,378 ... ...
Average family income ($) 99,707 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 76,866 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 83,550 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 7,860 ... ...
Median family income ($) 38,817 ... ...
Average family income ($) 45,815 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 37,170 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 41,101 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 31,135 14,440 16,690
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 25,137 28,741 22,563
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,437 32,618 28,550
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,050 25,740 21,581
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,436 27,950 25,127
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 199,220 97,085 102,140
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 112,740 53,365 59,370
In bottom decile 17,800 8,170 9,625
In second decile 23,870 10,415 13,450
In third decile 22,845 10,780 12,065
In fourth decile 23,865 11,840 12,025
In fifth decile 24,360 12,155 12,205
In top half of the Canadian distribution 86,480 43,710 42,765
In sixth decile 21,895 10,985 10,910
In seventh decile 20,575 10,225 10,350
In eighth decile 18,090 9,215 8,875
In ninth decile 15,420 7,790 7,625
In top decile 10,495 5,490 5,005
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 85,630 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,155 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,740 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,215 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,340 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 8,825 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 9,850 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 8,580 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,975 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 13,330 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 9,775 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,360 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,885 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,605 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 85,630 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,760 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,380 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,560 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 10,300 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 11,200 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 10,355 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,275 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 14,630 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 8,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,275 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,205 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,070 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 85,630 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 55,160 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 66,245 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 49,074 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 56,492 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 21,940 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 26,387 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 32,285 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 24,425 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 27,908 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 63,690 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,437 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 77,942 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,368 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 66,338 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 196,980 95,970 101,005
Less than 18 years 36,580 18,595 17,990
Less than 6 years 11,850 5,820 6,030
18 to 64 years 130,315 63,635 66,680
65 years and over 30,080 13,735 16,340
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 28,895 12,645 16,250
Less than 18 years 6,335 3,220 3,110
Less than 6 years 2,040 965 1,075
18 to 64 years 17,255 7,570 9,685
65 years and over 5,305 1,850 3,455
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.7 13.2 16.1
Less than 18 years (%) 17.3 17.3 17.3
Less than 6 years (%) 17.2 16.6 17.9
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 11.9 14.5
65 years and over (%) 17.6 13.5 21.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Zone 1 (Moncton area), New Brunswick (Code 1301) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Zone 1 (Moncton area), New Brunswick

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Census data

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Census data, Zone 1 (Moncton area), New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Zone 1 (Moncton area)
New Brunswick
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 203,840 99,445 104,390
0 to 4 years 10,125 5,110 5,020
5 to 9 years 9,885 5,075 4,810
10 to 14 years 10,200 5,260 4,940
15 to 19 years 11,795 5,965 5,825
15 years 2,270 1,145 1,130
16 years 2,255 1,155 1,095
17 years 2,380 1,215 1,165
18 years 2,395 1,220 1,175
19 years 2,500 1,235 1,260
20 to 24 years 12,615 6,320 6,295
25 to 29 years 12,710 6,255 6,450
30 to 34 years 13,060 6,390 6,670
35 to 39 years 13,935 6,790 7,145
40 to 44 years 14,095 7,030 7,070
45 to 49 years 16,550 8,140 8,410
50 to 54 years 16,115 7,860 8,260
55 to 59 years 15,495 7,580 7,915
60 to 64 years 14,385 7,045 7,340
65 to 69 years 10,300 5,095 5,205
70 to 74 years 7,650 3,680 3,970
75 to 79 years 5,930 2,610 3,325
80 to 84 years 4,290 1,705 2,590
85 years and over 4,695 1,540 3,155
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.7 41.8 43.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.2 84.5 85.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 173,635 84,005 89,625
Married or living with a common-law partner 104,790 52,295 52,490
Married (and not separated) 83,530 41,715 41,815
Living common law 21,260 10,585 10,675
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 68,845 31,710 37,135
Single (never legally married) 43,840 23,490 20,355
Separated 5,775 2,505 3,275
Divorced 9,030 3,735 5,295
Widowed 10,195 1,980 8,220
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 60,585 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 34,570 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 12,945 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 10,035 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,035 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 60,590 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 51,575 ... ...
Married couples 40,960 ... ...
Without children at home 22,200 ... ...
With children at home 18,755 ... ...
1 child 8,260 ... ...
2 children 8,075 ... ...
3 or more children 2,425 ... ...
Common-law couples 10,615 ... ...
Without children at home 6,495 ... ...
With children at home 4,120 ... ...
1 child 2,300 ... ...
2 children 1,355 ... ...
3 or more children 465 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 9,010 ... ...
Female parent 7,180 ... ...
1 child 4,555 ... ...
2 children 1,960 ... ...
3 or more children 665 ... ...
Male parent 1,835 ... ...
1 child 1,320 ... ...
2 children 425 ... ...
3 or more children 95 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 51,995 ... ...
Under six years of age 12,030 ... ...
6 to 14 years 17,970 ... ...
15 to 17 years 6,655 ... ...
18 to 24 years 9,775 ... ...
25 years and over 5,565 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 199,190 97,175 102,020
Number of persons not in census families 35,040 16,290 18,745
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,895 1,650 2,245
Living with non-relatives only 9,105 4,970 4,130
Living alone 22,040 9,675 12,370
Number of census family persons 164,155 80,880 83,270
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 30,170 13,790 16,385
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 9,545 2,750 6,790
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,285 330 955
Living with non-relatives only 680 300 380
Living alone 7,570 2,120 5,455
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 20,630 11,035 9,595
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 85,620 ... ...
Census-family households 59,410 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 55,025 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 47,865 ... ...
Without children 26,525 ... ...
With children 21,340 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 7,160 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,385 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,215 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,080 ... ...
Without children 1,070 ... ...
With children 1,005 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,145 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,165 ... ...
Non-census-family households 26,215 ... ...
One-person households 22,045 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 4,170 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 85,620 ... ...
Single-detached house 56,175 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,390 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 3,550 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 24,510 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,350 ... ...
Row house 2,035 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,845 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 13,040 ... ...
Other single-attached house 245 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 85,625 ... ...
1 person 22,040 ... ...
2 persons 34,615 ... ...
3 persons 13,825 ... ...
4 persons 10,895 ... ...
5 persons 3,120 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,125 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 199,195 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 200,180 97,670 102,510
  Single responses  197,065 96,160 100,905
    English  109,600 54,005 55,595
    French  82,000 39,440 42,555
    Non-official languages  5,460 2,710 2,750
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 1,315 635 680
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  1,310 635 675
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,010 1,995 2,010
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  15 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  350 210 145
        Armenian  5 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Bengali  15 10 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 5
        Bisayan languages  15 5 15
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  10 0 5
        Burmese  5 5 5
        Cantonese  75 45 30
        Chinese, n.o.s.  170 90 80
        Creoles  35 15 15
        Croatian  10 10 5
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  15 10 10
        Dutch  215 110 105
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  15 5 10
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  495 250 240
        Greek  25 10 10
        Gujarati  10 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  30 20 15
        Hungarian  35 15 15
        Ilocano  5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  195 100 95
        Japanese  40 10 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  575 295 280
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 0 5
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  5 5 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  5 0 0
        Malayalam  15 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  75 30 45
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  0 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 90 55 35
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  20 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  35 20 15
        Pashto  5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  70 35 35
        Polish  75 40 40
        Portuguese  45 25 25
        Romanian  55 35 25
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 10 10
        Russian  80 35 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  5 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  15 10 5
        Slovenian  0 0 5
        Somali  0 5 0
        Spanish  300 130 165
        Swahili  90 50 35
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  225 55 170
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  15 10 5
        Telugu  10 0 5
        Thai  10 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 5 0
        Turkish  5 5 5
        Ukrainian  25 15 15
        Urdu  35 15 15
        Vietnamese  115 55 55
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 135 75 60
  Multiple responses          3,120 1,515 1,605
    English and French  2,740 1,325 1,415
    English and non-official language  215 105 110
    French and non-official language  130 70 60
    English, French and non-official language 30 15 20
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 200,180 97,670 102,510
  English only 90,705 45,710 44,995
  French only 8,735 3,990 4,745
  English and French 100,505 47,865 52,645
  Neither English nor French 235 105 125
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 200,180 97,670 102,510
  English 116,105 57,185 58,920
  French 82,750 39,850 42,900
  English and French 1,125 545 580
  Neither English nor French 200 85 115
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 83,310 40,125 43,185
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 41.6 41.1 42.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 200,180 97,670 102,510
  Single responses 196,740 96,060 100,680
    English 122,280 60,215 62,060
    French 71,765 34,515 37,250
    Non-official languages 2,695 1,325 1,370
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 645 315 330
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 650 320 330
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,985 970 1,015
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 10 5 10
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 0 0 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 175 90 85
        Armenian 5 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 5 5 0
        Burmese 5 5 5
        Cantonese 40 25 20
        Chinese, n.o.s. 110 55 50
        Creoles 30 15 15
        Croatian 0 0 0
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 45 20 25
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 0
        Flemish 5 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 160 80 75
        Greek 5 0 0
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 5 0 5
        Hungarian 5 0 0
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 45 20 25
        Japanese 10 0 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 505 260 245
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 5 5 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 65 30 35
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 15 5 10
        Pashto 5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 40 20 20
        Polish 15 5 5
        Portuguese 15 5 10
        Romanian 35 20 15
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 0
        Russian 55 25 30
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 5 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 150 60 85
        Swahili 55 30 25
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 105 30 75
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 0 0 0
        Telugu 10 5 5
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 5 0 0
        Ukrainian 5 5 0
        Urdu 25 10 15
        Vietnamese 100 50 45
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 65 35 30
  Multiple responses         3,440 1,610 1,830
    English and French 2,785 1,290 1,500
    English and non-official language 465 220 245
    French and non-official language 110 55 55
    English, French and non-official language 80 50 30
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 200,180 97,670 102,510
  None 162,625 80,055 82,565
  Single responses  37,220 17,455 19,765
    English  22,780 10,800 11,980
    French  12,485 5,680 6,805
    Non-official languages  1,955 975 985
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 400 175 225
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  395 170 225
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,445 755 695
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  5 5 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  135 80 50
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Bengali  0 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 5 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  15 10 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  35 20 10
        Creoles  30 15 20
        Croatian  5 5 0
        Czech  5 5 0
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  70 40 30
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  185 95 90
        Greek  10 5 0
        Gujarati  10 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 10 5
        Hindi  20 10 10
        Hungarian  5 0 5
        Ilocano  5 5 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Italian  80 35 40
        Japanese  40 20 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  30 20 10
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  15 10 5
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 0
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  20 10 15
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 65 45 25
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  10 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  15 10 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  20 10 10
        Polish  25 10 15
        Portuguese  25 15 15
        Romanian  20 10 0
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  25 10 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 10 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Serbian  5 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  195 105 85
        Swahili  25 15 10
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  85 30 55
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  5 0 5
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  5 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  0 5 5
        Ukrainian  5 0 0
        Urdu  5 5 0
        Vietnamese  20 10 10
        Yiddish  10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 115 45 70
  Multiple responses          335 160 180
    English and French  65 35 35
    English and non-official language  125 70 50
    French and non-official language  145 55 85
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Zone 1 (Moncton area), New Brunswick (Code 1301) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Zone 1 (Moncton area) (Health region, December 2013)

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: 1301, Health region (shaded in green)

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Zone 1 (Moncton area), New Brunswick (Health region, December 2013)