NHS Profile, Zone 2 (Saint John area), New Brunswick, 2011

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NHS data, Zone 2 (Saint John area), New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Zone 2 (Saint John area)
New Brunswick
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 171,755 83,180 88,575
Canadian citizens 167,805 81,320 86,485
Canadian citizens aged under 18 34,995 17,850 17,140
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 132,810 63,465 69,340
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,955 1,865 2,090
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 171,755 83,180 88,575
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 162,650 78,815 83,835
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 8,030 3,790 4,240
Before 1971 2,295 945 1,345
1971 to 1980 1,480 695 775
1981 to 1990 740 335 410
1991 to 2000 915 465 450
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,600 1,345 1,255
2001 to 2005 995 535 460
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,605 810 795
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,075 570 500
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 8,030 3,790 4,240
Under 5 years 1,250 495 755
5 to 14 years 1,635 810 830
15 to 24 years 1,660 685 970
25 to 44 years 2,870 1,485 1,380
45 years and over 610 310 295
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 171,760 83,185 88,575
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 162,650 78,815 83,835
Born in province of residence 137,095 66,375 70,720
Born outside province of residence 25,560 12,445 13,115
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 8,030 3,790 4,235
Americas 2,935 1,250 1,690
United States 2,465 1,025 1,440
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 70 0 50
Trinidad and Tobago 30 15 20
Colombia 85 0 60
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 230 145 85
Europe 3,060 1,475 1,585
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,865 850 1,020
Italy 55 40 15
Germany 305 135 170
Poland 40 20 25
Portugal 50 30 0
Netherlands 240 110 125
France 70 40 25
Romania 65 45 20
Russian Federation 15 0 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 85 45 45
Croatia 25 20 0
Hungary 25 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 65 40 30
Other places of birth in Europe 120 65 55
Africa 150 85 65
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 20 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 15 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 95 50 45
Asia 1,830 955 870
India 285 145 140
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 365 145 220
Philippines 145 65 80
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 35 20 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 85 50 40
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 45 15 25
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 435 230 210
Lebanon 50 35 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 295 175 115
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 50 30 25
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 50 25 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,075 575 500
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,605 805 795
Americas 290 135 155
United States 200 100 105
Mexico 30 0 0
Cuba 10 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 35 20 15
Europe 355 160 190
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 30 20 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 40 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 265 100 170
Other places of birth in Europe 15 0 0
Africa 20 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 20 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 935 490 440
Philippines 60 30 30
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 210 70 145
India 40 0 30
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 345 190 155
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 35 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 30 20 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 25 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 140 95 45
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 171,755 83,185 88,575
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 9,580 4,625 4,960
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 12,040 5,705 6,335
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 150,130 72,850 77,285
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 171,755 83,185 88,575
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 5,090 2,650 2,440
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 505 285 215
Chinese 770 355 415
Black 1,640 890 750
Filipino 255 135 125
Latin American 295 115 175
Arab 550 360 185
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 170 80 85
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 70 40 30
Korean 540 275 270
Japanese 125 30 95
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 10 0 10
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 155 85 70
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 166,665 80,530 86,140
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 171,760 83,180 88,575
North American Aboriginal origins 7,760 3,590 4,170
First Nations (North American Indian) 6,840 3,190 3,655
Inuit 105 65 45
Métis 880 370 515
Other North American origins 73,900 35,775 38,130
Acadian 2,045 1,025 1,020
American 1,790 840 945
Canadian 70,940 34,360 36,575
New Brunswicker 20 0 10
Newfoundlander 280 120 155
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 15 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 128,580 62,015 66,565
British Isles origins 111,680 53,615 58,060
Channel Islander 15 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 61,830 29,680 32,150
Irish 54,040 25,315 28,725
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 44,575 21,055 23,520
Welsh 3,945 1,955 1,990
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,340 1,435 1,900
French origins 33,535 15,495 18,040
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 33,535 15,495 18,035
Western European origins (except French origins) 15,820 7,350 8,470
Austrian 215 135 80
Belgian 255 110 150
Dutch 6,120 2,675 3,445
Flemish 30 0 20
Frisian 0 0 0
German 10,380 4,985 5,395
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 175 80 100
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 3,485 1,895 1,590
Danish 1,010 495 515
Finnish 185 135 50
Icelandic 150 80 70
Norwegian 955 540 415
Swedish 1,110 595 515
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 210 110 100
Eastern European origins 3,155 1,615 1,540
Bulgarian 25 0 25
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 75 15 50
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 40 0 40
Estonian 40 0 0
Hungarian 210 85 125
Latvian 30 15 0
Lithuanian 40 15 25
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 1,080 620 460
Romanian 360 220 145
Russian 655 280 375
Slovak 80 25 55
Ukrainian 815 440 380
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 3,655 1,785 1,870
Albanian 30 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 145 60 85
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 440 255 180
Italian 1,845 880 960
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 25 0 0
Maltese 0 10 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 350 185 170
Serbian 20 0 0
Sicilian 40 0 40
Slovenian 40 25 0
Spanish 745 355 395
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 35 25 0
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 535 305 235
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 355 195 160
Roma (Gypsy) 15 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 155 100 55
Caribbean origins 590 350 240
Antiguan 35 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 95 55 45
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 40 25 15
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 20 0 0
Jamaican 100 45 50
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 235 170 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 15 0 10
Latin, Central and South American origins 270 120 145
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 20 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Chilean 75 30 45
Colombian 20 0 0
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 95 35 55
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Salvadorean 15 0 10
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 1,090 605 480
Central and West African origins 130 90 40
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 20 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 10 10 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 150 80 70
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 95 45 45
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 25 15 20
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 110 55 50
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 15 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 35 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 35 10 25
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 30 0 15
Other African origins 725 405 320
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 120 70 50
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 610 335 275
Asian origins 4,645 2,585 2,055
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,755 1,095 655
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 185 100 80
Armenian 0 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 75 35 35
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 1,055 670 390
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 215 135 80
Syrian 75 50 25
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 65 40 25
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 55 50 10
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 35 25 0
South Asian origins 850 490 355
Bangladeshi 15 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 655 380 270
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 90 45 45
Pakistani 25 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 75 0 40
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,090 1,045 1,045
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 940 450 490
Filipino 250 120 125
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 140 30 115
Korean 540 275 265
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 60 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 25 0 15
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 155 105 45
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 155 75 85
Australian 135 70 65
New Zealander 10 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 171,755 83,180 88,575
Buddhist 170 70 100
Christian 137,190 64,325 72,860
Anglican 22,730 10,530 12,195
Baptist 20,950 9,920 11,030
Catholic 54,870 25,980 28,890
Christian Orthodox 335 195 140
Lutheran 200 105 95
Pentecostal 6,010 2,850 3,160
Presbyterian 1,795 835 965
United Church 15,560 6,905 8,655
Other Christian 14,745 7,020 7,725
Hindu 195 90 100
Jewish 175 75 100
Muslim 735 445 290
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 585 280 305
No religious affiliation 32,710 17,895 14,815
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 171,755 83,180 88,575
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,170 1,400 1,765
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,010 885 1,120
Métis single identity 870 375 500
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 95 35 60
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 30 0 20
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 170 95 75
Non-Aboriginal identity 168,585 81,775 86,805
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 171,755 83,180 88,575
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 540 260 285
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 171,215 82,920 88,295
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 171,755 83,180 88,575
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 7,760 3,590 4,165
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 6,840 3,190 3,655
Métis ancestry 880 365 510
Inuit ancestry 105 60 45
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 164,000 79,595 84,410
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 5,770 2,780 2,990
Aboriginal languages 20 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,750 2,780 2,975
Italian 240 160 80
Portuguese 65 30 35
Romanian 135 85 55
Spanish 1,170 410 760
Dutch 315 130 180
Flemish 0 0 0
German 710 380 330
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 10 0 0
Norwegian 25 0 15
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 20 10 0
Gaelic languages 15 0 15
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 30 25 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 60 30 35
Russian 275 185 90
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 45 25 20
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 35 25 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 40 0 25
Turkish 20 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 520 315 205
Hebrew 65 45 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 55 20 0
Gujarati 20 0 15
Hindi 95 65 30
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 0 15
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 35 25 0
Nepali 100 45 50
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 105 60 40
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 55 0 20
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 55 0 0
Japanese 80 30 50
Korean 550 275 275
Cantonese 70 10 55
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 85 45 40
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 450 230 220
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 25 0 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 85 55 35
Bisayan languages 35 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 20 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 195 80 110
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 35 0 30
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 290 105 180
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 170,135 82,335 87,800
Non-movers 152,565 73,605 78,960
Movers 17,570 8,725 8,840
Non-migrants 10,540 5,105 5,440
Migrants 7,030 3,625 3,400
Internal migrants 6,240 3,195 3,045
Intraprovincial migrants 4,390 2,205 2,180
Interprovincial migrants 1,850 985 865
External migrants 790 435 355
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 162,735 78,515 84,225
Non-movers 107,810 52,085 55,725
Movers 54,925 26,435 28,490
Non-migrants 31,075 14,700 16,370
Migrants 23,855 11,730 12,120
Internal migrants 21,315 10,370 10,945
Intraprovincial migrants 14,225 6,820 7,405
Interprovincial migrants 7,090 3,555 3,535
External migrants 2,535 1,360 1,175
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 143,325 68,760 74,565
No certificate, diploma or degree 30,655 15,125 15,535
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 42,625 19,275 23,350
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 70,045 34,365 35,680
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 16,145 11,490 4,655
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 28,555 12,130 16,430
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,910 1,585 2,325
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 21,435 9,165 12,270
Bachelor's degree 14,970 6,170 8,795
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,470 2,995 3,475
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 95,755 45,830 49,925
No certificate, diploma or degree 12,125 6,160 5,965
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 27,895 12,670 15,225
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 55,735 26,995 28,740
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 12,310 8,750 3,560
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 22,560 9,575 12,980
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,920 1,200 1,725
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,940 7,475 10,470
Bachelor's degree 12,635 5,150 7,490
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,300 2,325 2,980
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 143,330 68,760 74,570
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 73,280 34,395 38,885
Education 6,085 1,450 4,640
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,410 750 660
Humanities 3,300 1,410 1,885
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,095 1,285 2,810
Business, management and public administration 15,800 4,695 11,110
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,810 835 970
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,355 1,305 1,055
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 18,340 17,485 850
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,210 855 355
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 10,950 1,645 9,315
Personal, protective and transportation services 4,660 2,655 2,010
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 143,330 68,760 74,570
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 73,280 34,395 38,890
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 70,050 34,365 35,685
Location of study inside Canada 65,730 32,105 33,625
Same as province or territory of residence 51,890 25,420 26,470
Another province or territory 13,840 6,685 7,160
Location of study outside Canada 4,320 2,265 2,050
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 99,075 51,245 47,830
Single responses 98,385 50,975 47,405
English 97,380 50,615 46,760
French 815 260 550
Non-official languages 190 100 95
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 35 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 25 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 95 40 60
Multiple responses 690 265 425
English and French 585 210 375
English and non-official language 70 50 20
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 35 0 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 99,075 51,245 47,830
English 97,385 50,615 46,760
French 810 255 550
Non-official language 190 100 90
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 190 100 90
English and French 580 205 380
English and non-official language 70 50 20
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 35 0 30
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 143,325 68,760 74,570
In the labour force 91,335 47,295 44,040
Employed 83,085 42,595 40,480
Unemployed 8,255 4,695 3,555
Not in the labour force 51,995 21,470 30,530
Participation rate 63.7 68.8 59.1
Employment rate 58.0 61.9 54.3
Unemployment rate 9.0 9.9 8.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 91,335 47,295 44,040
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,415 660 755
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 89,920 46,635 43,285
Employee 82,915 42,490 40,425
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,005 4,150 2,860
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 91,335 47,295 44,040
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,415 660 755
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 89,920 46,635 43,285
0 Management occupations 8,555 5,050 3,505
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 12,605 3,440 9,165
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,750 4,545 1,205
3 Health occupations 6,990 1,095 5,895
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 10,100 2,930 7,170
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,345 515 830
6 Sales and service occupations 22,285 8,875 13,415
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 15,380 14,715 670
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 2,515 2,165 355
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 4,395 3,315 1,080
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 91,330 47,295 44,035
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,415 660 755
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 89,915 46,635 43,285
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 3,295 2,425 870
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,205 1,070 135
22 Utilities 1,755 1,410 345
23 Construction 7,620 6,850 765
31-33 Manufacturing 8,290 6,255 2,045
41 Wholesale trade 3,245 1,825 1,420
44-45 Retail trade 10,955 4,880 6,070
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,885 2,925 960
51 Information and cultural industries 1,855 935 925
52 Finance and insurance 2,710 790 1,920
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,190 715 475
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,120 2,345 1,770
55 Management of companies and enterprises 105 25 80
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 5,650 3,060 2,590
61 Educational services 5,080 1,410 3,675
62 Health care and social assistance 11,940 1,885 10,055
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,360 570 785
72 Accommodation and food services 5,335 1,950 3,385
81 Other services (except public administration) 4,555 2,125 2,435
91 Public administration 5,760 3,195 2,570
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 91,330 47,295 44,040
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,310 1,395 1,915
Worked in 2010 88,025 45,900 42,125
1 to 13 weeks 4,320 2,150 2,170
14 to 26 weeks 7,135 3,780 3,355
27 to 39 weeks 6,125 3,395 2,730
40 to 48 weeks 10,425 5,305 5,125
49 to 52 weeks 60,020 31,275 28,745
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 44.9 44.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 91,335 47,295 44,040
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,305 1,395 1,915
Worked in 2010 88,025 45,900 42,125
Worked full-time in 2010 72,425 40,805 31,620
Worked part-time in 2010 15,600 5,095 10,495
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 83,085 42,600 40,480
Worked at home 4,325 1,830 2,495
Worked outside Canada 230 160 70
No fixed workplace address 10,890 8,245 2,645
Worked at usual place 67,635 32,365 35,275
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 78,525 40,610 37,915
Car, truck or van - as a driver 63,880 34,655 29,220
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 6,865 2,455 4,410
Public transit 2,895 1,215 1,680
Walked 3,915 1,775 2,140
Bicycle 145 110 45
Other methods 830 405 425
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 78,525 40,610 37,920
Median commuting duration 15.8 20.1 15.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 78,525 40,610 37,920
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 19,080 12,700 6,385
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 46,145 21,835 24,310
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 13,305 6,075 7,225
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 72,090 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 65,170 ... ...
Major repairs needed 6,920 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 72,090 ... ...
1960 or before 24,185 ... ...
1961 to 1980 22,000 ... ...
1981 to 1990 10,460 ... ...
1991 to 2000 7,280 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,775 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,390 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 72,085 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 13,815 ... ...
5 rooms 11,290 ... ...
6 rooms 12,185 ... ...
7 rooms 10,690 ... ...
8 or more rooms 24,105 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 72,085 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 6,985 ... ...
2 bedrooms 18,280 ... ...
3 bedrooms 29,390 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 17,430 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 72,090 ... ...
Owner 53,625 ... ...
Renter 18,470 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 72,090 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,775 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 70,310 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 72,085 ... ...
1 household maintainer 43,620 ... ...
2 household maintainers 27,685 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 785 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 72,090 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,340 ... ...
25 to 34 years 9,035 ... ...
35 to 44 years 12,180 ... ...
45 to 54 years 16,505 ... ...
55 to 64 years 14,880 ... ...
65 to 74 years 9,190 ... ...
75 years and over 7,960 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 72,090 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 71,725 ... ...
More than one person per room 365 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 72,090 ... ...
Suitable 69,690 ... ...
Not suitable 2,395 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 71,500 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 57,285 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,215 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,905 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 53,150 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 53.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 741 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 866 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 160,169 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 179,718 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 18,465 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 17.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 634 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 635 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 143,330 68,760 74,570
Without income 7,235 3,145 4,095
With income 136,095 65,615 70,475
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 11,945 5,325 6,625
$5,000 to $9,999 11,430 3,840 7,590
$10,000 to $14,999 13,085 4,480 8,605
$15,000 to $19,999 14,675 5,265 9,415
$20,000 to $29,999 21,640 8,885 12,760
$30,000 to $39,999 16,935 8,365 8,570
$40,000 to $49,999 13,415 7,460 5,950
$50,000 to $59,999 9,400 5,810 3,590
$60,000 to $79,999 12,025 7,185 4,850
$80,000 to $99,999 5,785 4,300 1,485
$100,000 and over 5,750 4,710 1,035
$100,000 to $124,999 2,935 2,490 445
$125,000 and over 2,815 2,225 595
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,440 36,008 22,048
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,466 44,695 28,804
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 143,330 68,755 74,570
Without after-tax income 7,280 3,145 4,135
With after-tax income 136,050 65,620 70,430
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 12,170 5,375 6,795
$5,000 to $9,999 11,825 3,850 7,975
$10,000 to $14,999 13,745 4,710 9,035
$15,000 to $19,999 16,010 5,940 10,070
$20,000 to $29,999 25,295 10,875 14,415
$30,000 to $39,999 20,025 10,475 9,550
$40,000 to $49,999 13,775 8,435 5,335
$50,000 to $59,999 8,990 5,320 3,665
$60,000 to $79,999 9,180 6,535 2,645
$80,000 to $99,999 2,700 2,220 480
$100,000 and over 2,335 1,870 465
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,208 31,811 20,737
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,904 37,019 25,207
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 85.8 89.8 80.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.6 78.1 67.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.8 74.8 65.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.8 3.3 2.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.8 2.4 3.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.6 7.9 7.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.5 2.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 14.2 10.2 20.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.5 3.7 5.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.8 2.6 5.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.6 2.4 2.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.8 1.3 2.6
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.3 17.2 12.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.7 82.8 87.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.0 1.1 0.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 53,005 29,380 23,625
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 43,746 51,119 36,907
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 51,639 59,474 41,894
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 51,150 ... ...
Median family income ($) 70,133 ... ...
Average family income ($) 81,777 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,175 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 69,022 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 20,525 ... ...
Median family income ($) 63,025 ... ...
Average family income ($) 75,335 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 56,072 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,608 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 20,895 ... ...
Median family income ($) 92,374 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,726 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 79,129 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 85,576 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 8,025 ... ...
Median family income ($) 36,375 ... ...
Average family income ($) 45,222 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 34,813 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 40,524 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 24,520 10,620 13,900
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 24,054 28,734 22,029
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,805 35,691 28,837
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,500 25,311 20,900
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,484 30,075 25,505
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 171,760 83,185 88,575
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 92,580 42,770 49,810
In bottom decile 17,860 8,075 9,785
In second decile 20,485 8,360 12,120
In third decile 19,275 9,025 10,245
In fourth decile 17,670 8,735 8,935
In fifth decile 17,295 8,570 8,725
In top half of the Canadian distribution 79,175 40,405 38,765
In sixth decile 18,810 9,395 9,420
In seventh decile 16,920 8,335 8,585
In eighth decile 16,920 8,755 8,160
In ninth decile 15,395 8,090 7,310
In top decile 11,135 5,840 5,290
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 72,085 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,860 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,740 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,605 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,485 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 7,590 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 7,385 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,800 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,180 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 10,090 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 7,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,365 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,830 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,215 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 72,085 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,870 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,750 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,795 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,740 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 8,155 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 8,925 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 8,140 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,195 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 11,460 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 7,305 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,245 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,510 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 72,090 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 55,813 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 68,842 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 49,562 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 58,322 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 18,900 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 24,659 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 33,159 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,275 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 28,604 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 53,195 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 70,001 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 81,520 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 61,168 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 68,881 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 171,755 83,180 88,575
Less than 18 years 35,750 18,255 17,495
Less than 6 years 10,870 5,595 5,275
18 to 64 years 110,440 53,795 56,645
65 years and over 25,570 11,135 14,440
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 29,125 12,370 16,760
Less than 18 years 7,980 4,070 3,910
Less than 6 years 2,805 1,375 1,425
18 to 64 years 16,925 7,185 9,740
65 years and over 4,230 1,120 3,105
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.0 14.9 18.9
Less than 18 years (%) 22.3 22.3 22.4
Less than 6 years (%) 25.8 24.7 27.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 13.3 17.2
65 years and over (%) 16.5 10.1 21.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Zone 2 (Saint John area), New Brunswick (Code 1302) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Zone 2 (Saint John area), New Brunswick

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Census data

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Census data, Zone 2 (Saint John area), New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Zone 2 (Saint John area)
New Brunswick
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 175,060 84,540 90,515
0 to 4 years 9,105 4,690 4,410
5 to 9 years 9,120 4,550 4,570
10 to 14 years 10,220 5,210 5,010
15 to 19 years 11,760 6,175 5,580
15 years 2,255 1,185 1,070
16 years 2,280 1,205 1,075
17 years 2,470 1,265 1,200
18 years 2,395 1,270 1,130
19 years 2,355 1,250 1,110
20 to 24 years 10,410 5,330 5,085
25 to 29 years 9,330 4,470 4,860
30 to 34 years 9,925 4,665 5,260
35 to 39 years 11,185 5,345 5,840
40 to 44 years 11,830 5,625 6,205
45 to 49 years 14,500 6,975 7,525
50 to 54 years 14,490 6,965 7,530
55 to 59 years 13,450 6,600 6,850
60 to 64 years 12,065 5,880 6,185
65 to 69 years 8,680 4,245 4,435
70 to 74 years 6,400 3,080 3,320
75 to 79 years 4,900 2,110 2,790
80 to 84 years 3,825 1,480 2,345
85 years and over 3,870 1,155 2,715
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.8 41.7 43.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.8 82.9 84.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 146,620 70,095 76,525
Married or living with a common-law partner 86,340 43,150 43,185
Married (and not separated) 73,565 36,780 36,780
Living common law 12,775 6,370 6,410
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 60,280 26,940 33,335
Single (never legally married) 37,180 19,630 17,550
Separated 4,685 1,950 2,740
Divorced 8,675 3,580 5,095
Widowed 9,745 1,785 7,955
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 51,680 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 27,855 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 11,185 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 9,180 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,460 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 51,680 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 42,545 ... ...
Married couples 36,175 ... ...
Without children at home 18,445 ... ...
With children at home 17,725 ... ...
1 child 7,260 ... ...
2 children 7,580 ... ...
3 or more children 2,890 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,370 ... ...
Without children at home 3,630 ... ...
With children at home 2,740 ... ...
1 child 1,445 ... ...
2 children 895 ... ...
3 or more children 400 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 9,135 ... ...
Female parent 7,390 ... ...
1 child 4,535 ... ...
2 children 2,085 ... ...
3 or more children 770 ... ...
Male parent 1,740 ... ...
1 child 1,240 ... ...
2 children 395 ... ...
3 or more children 100 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 50,045 ... ...
Under six years of age 10,860 ... ...
6 to 14 years 17,370 ... ...
15 to 17 years 6,740 ... ...
18 to 24 years 10,010 ... ...
25 years and over 5,065 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 171,750 83,220 88,535
Number of persons not in census families 27,475 12,260 15,220
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,045 1,305 1,745
Living with non-relatives only 5,475 2,985 2,495
Living alone 18,955 7,975 10,985
Number of census family persons 144,275 70,960 73,315
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 25,495 11,470 14,025
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 8,805 2,460 6,345
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,055 270 790
Living with non-relatives only 495 260 235
Living alone 7,250 1,930 5,320
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 16,695 9,005 7,685
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 72,075 ... ...
Census-family households 50,595 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 46,890 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 39,615 ... ...
Without children 20,485 ... ...
With children 19,130 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 7,280 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,705 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,640 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,595 ... ...
Without children 775 ... ...
With children 825 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,045 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,060 ... ...
Non-census-family households 21,475 ... ...
One-person households 18,955 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,515 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 72,070 ... ...
Single-detached house 47,285 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,850 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 2,910 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 20,030 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,595 ... ...
Row house 2,445 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 4,305 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 11,470 ... ...
Other single-attached house 215 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 72,075 ... ...
1 person 18,960 ... ...
2 persons 27,110 ... ...
3 persons 11,755 ... ...
4 persons 9,715 ... ...
5 persons 3,260 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,270 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 171,755 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 173,040 83,745 89,290
  Single responses  172,010 83,265 88,745
    English  160,845 77,835 83,010
    French  6,515 3,040 3,475
    Non-official languages  4,650 2,390 2,255
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,555 2,335 2,220
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Afrikaans  15 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 5
        Albanian  0 5 0
        Amharic  15 5 10
        Arabic  395 275 120
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  50 25 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  25 10 15
        Bosnian  5 5 5
        Bulgarian  0 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  45 15 30
        Chinese, n.o.s.  455 215 240
        Creoles  15 5 10
        Croatian  15 10 10
        Czech  15 10 0
        Danish  30 5 20
        Dutch  250 140 115
        Estonian  10 5 5
        Finnish  10 5 10
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  380 180 205
        Greek  80 55 30
        Gujarati  15 10 5
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  90 55 40
        Hungarian  50 20 30
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  115 65 50
        Japanese  20 5 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  625 305 320
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  20 10 10
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  120 60 70
        Marathi  10 0 10
        Nepali  55 30 30
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Norwegian  20 10 10
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  30 20 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  145 75 65
        Polish  70 35 35
        Portuguese  90 45 40
        Romanian  200 105 95
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  90 35 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  25 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 25 15
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  5 5 0
        Spanish  360 175 185
        Swahili  10 5 0
        Swedish  10 0 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  170 70 110
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  15 5 5
        Telugu  10 5 0
        Thai  15 5 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  20 15 10
        Ukrainian  35 15 20
        Urdu  80 45 35
        Vietnamese  80 35 40
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 85 50 30
  Multiple responses          1,025 480 545
    English and French  695 310 380
    English and non-official language  305 155 150
    French and non-official language  15 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 15 5 15
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 173,035 83,750 89,290
  English only 149,330 73,545 75,790
  French only 185 80 105
  English and French 23,200 9,985 13,210
  Neither English nor French 330 140 185
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 173,035 83,750 89,290
  English 166,450 80,665 85,785
  French 5,975 2,820 3,160
  English and French 300 135 165
  Neither English nor French 310 130 180
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 6,125 2,885 3,240
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.5 3.4 3.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 173,040 83,750 89,290
  Single responses 171,960 83,250 88,705
    English 167,070 80,815 86,250
    French 2,285 1,085 1,200
    Non-official languages 2,610 1,355 1,255
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,550 1,320 1,230
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 10 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5
        Albanian 0 0 0
        Amharic 5 0 5
        Arabic 280 190 85
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5
        Bengali 25 10 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 10 5 5
        Bosnian 0 5 0
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 20 5 10
        Chinese, n.o.s. 335 170 165
        Creoles 0 5 0
        Croatian 5 0 0
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 45 20 20
        Estonian 0 0 5
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 90 40 50
        Greek 20 5 10
        Gujarati 5 5 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 60 30 30
        Hungarian 10 0 5
        Ilocano 5 5 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Italian 30 10 15
        Japanese 0 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 555 280 275
        Kurdish 5 0 5
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 5 0 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 110 55 55
        Marathi 5 0 0
        Nepali 50 25 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 25 10 10
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 95 50 45
        Polish 15 5 10
        Portuguese 30 15 20
        Romanian 140 70 70
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 40 20 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 185 85 100
        Swahili 0 5 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 45 55
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 5 5
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 5 5 0
        Ukrainian 10 5 5
        Urdu 50 25 25
        Vietnamese 70 35 30
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 40 20
  Multiple responses         1,080 490 585
    English and French 455 215 250
    English and non-official language 580 265 315
    French and non-official language 10 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 30 15 15
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 173,035 83,745 89,290
  None 165,850 80,420 85,430
  Single responses  7,075 3,275 3,795
    English  2,290 1,135 1,150
    French  3,390 1,440 1,950
    Non-official languages  1,395 695 695
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,330 675 655
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  75 50 20
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  20 15 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 5 0
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  25 5 15
        Chinese, n.o.s.  95 40 55
        Creoles  5 5 5
        Croatian  10 5 0
        Czech  10 0 5
        Danish  0 0 5
        Dutch  85 45 35
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  10 5 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  145 70 80
        Greek  40 30 10
        Gujarati  5 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  45 20 20
        Hungarian  10 5 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  60 35 20
        Japanese  25 10 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  55 20 30
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  5 0 5
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 5
        Malay  5 5 0
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  25 10 15
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 5 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  40 25 15
        Polish  25 15 10
        Portuguese  25 15 10
        Romanian  40 25 15
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  35 15 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 10 20
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 5
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  5 0 0
        Spanish  180 80 100
        Swahili  5 5 0
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  40 15 30
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  10 10 5
        Telugu  5 0 0
        Thai  5 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 10 5
        Ukrainian  15 5 5
        Urdu  20 15 10
        Vietnamese  10 5 5
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 20 35
  Multiple responses          110 50 60
    English and French  20 5 10
    English and non-official language  15 5 10
    French and non-official language  75 40 40
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Zone 2 (Saint John area), New Brunswick (Code 1302) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Zone 2 (Saint John area) (Health region, December 2013)

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: 1302, Health region (shaded in green)

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Zone 2 (Saint John area), New Brunswick (Health region, December 2013)