NHS Profile, Région de la Capitale-Nationale, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Région de la Capitale-Nationale, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de la Capitale-Nationale
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 682,125 333,950 348,170
Canadian citizens 667,550 326,645 340,905
Canadian citizens aged under 18 117,480 59,710 57,765
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 550,070 266,935 283,135
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 14,570 7,300 7,270
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 682,120 333,950 348,170
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 648,580 316,880 331,700
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 30,590 15,470 15,120
Before 1971 3,060 1,800 1,260
1971 to 1980 2,470 1,505 965
1981 to 1990 3,275 1,695 1,580
1991 to 2000 5,255 2,490 2,765
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 16,530 7,980 8,550
2001 to 2005 6,385 3,125 3,255
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,145 4,855 5,290
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,950 1,595 1,355
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 30,590 15,470 15,120
Under 5 years 4,645 2,145 2,505
5 to 14 years 4,985 2,530 2,460
15 to 24 years 5,005 2,605 2,395
25 to 44 years 14,345 7,410 6,930
45 years and over 1,610 780 830
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 682,120 333,950 348,170
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 648,580 316,880 331,700
Born in province of residence 635,375 310,215 325,160
Born outside province of residence 13,210 6,670 6,540
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 30,590 15,470 15,120
Americas 7,425 3,585 3,840
United States 1,015 480 535
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 680 300 375
Mexico 645 255 385
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 2,465 1,180 1,285
El Salvador 275 155 130
Peru 340 140 200
Chile 415 225 185
Other places of birth in Americas 1,545 820 725
Europe 12,085 6,330 5,755
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 260 165 95
Italy 360 185 170
Germany 670 315 350
Poland 210 85 130
Portugal 370 165 205
Netherlands 80 45 35
France 6,135 3,295 2,840
Romania 645 305 340
Russian Federation 300 150 155
Greece 60 35 25
Ukraine 140 45 100
Croatia 60 40 20
Hungary 55 20 30
Bosnia and Herzegovina 720 345 370
Serbia 60 35 30
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,925 1,080 850
Africa 6,535 3,710 2,825
Morocco 1,325 775 560
Algeria 1,150 630 515
Egypt 185 120 70
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 35 15 15
Other places of birth in Africa 3,820 2,165 1,655
Asia 4,510 1,815 2,695
India 115 70 40
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,480 305 1,175
Philippines 100 35 60
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 20 0 15
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 560 305 260
Pakistan 25 0 20
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 155 85 70
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 120 75 45
Lebanon 285 140 145
Taiwan 60 30 30
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 80 10 65
Afghanistan 50 30 20
Japan 115 35 85
Turkey 20 15 0
Other places of birth in Asia 1,310 645 665
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 35 30 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 30 20 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,950 1,595 1,355
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 10,145 4,855 5,290
Americas 2,990 1,425 1,565
United States 85 60 25
Mexico 295 130 160
Cuba 130 70 55
Haiti 140 50 95
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 410 230 180
Colombia 1,465 655 810
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 85 40 45
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 40 30 0
Other places of birth in Americas 335 160 175
Europe 2,820 1,330 1,490
France 1,880 905 970
Germany 60 20 40
Poland 20 0 20
Romania 170 70 100
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 40 25 15
Russian Federation 135 55 80
Ukraine 65 30 30
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 35 25 0
Other places of birth in Europe 430 205 225
Africa 2,910 1,530 1,380
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 385 175 215
Egypt 30 25 0
Morocco 550 305 245
Tunisia 290 185 110
Cameroon 280 140 140
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 170 60 105
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,200 645 555
Asia 1,415 565 850
Philippines 25 0 20
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 310 50 265
India 20 0 0
Pakistan 15 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 70 35 35
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 20 0 10
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 70 10 60
Lebanon 40 0 25
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 130 65 60
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 10 0 0
Japan 50 0 45
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 200 110 90
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 415 205 210
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 682,120 333,950 348,175
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 34,880 17,705 17,175
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 20,655 10,320 10,330
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 626,585 305,925 320,665
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 682,120 333,950 348,170
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 21,730 10,855 10,875
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 930 475 455
Chinese 2,080 655 1,425
Black 6,080 3,125 2,955
Filipino 130 55 80
Latin American 5,295 2,605 2,690
Arab 3,920 2,235 1,690
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,950 985 965
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 265 120 140
Korean 205 115 90
Japanese 255 135 120
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 270 170 105
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 345 185 165
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 660,390 323,090 337,295
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 682,120 333,950 348,170
North American Aboriginal origins 19,040 8,825 10,220
First Nations (North American Indian) 16,595 7,700 8,890
Inuit 265 105 160
Métis 2,570 1,195 1,375
Other North American origins 506,325 245,885 260,445
Acadian 3,205 1,515 1,695
American 2,775 1,295 1,480
Canadian 487,605 236,930 250,670
New Brunswicker 170 70 95
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 20 0 0
Ontarian 40 0 35
Québécois 18,085 8,875 9,210
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 287,855 142,965 144,890
British Isles origins 51,230 24,930 26,300
Channel Islander 125 90 35
Cornish 0 0 0
English 10,115 5,040 5,075
Irish 34,365 16,445 17,925
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 12,330 5,935 6,400
Welsh 230 125 110
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 860 450 415
French origins 241,775 120,500 121,270
Alsatian 70 30 40
Breton 1,705 960 745
French 240,470 119,795 120,680
Western European origins (except French origins) 14,075 6,915 7,165
Austrian 275 145 130
Belgian 3,415 1,635 1,785
Dutch 1,035 540 495
Flemish 145 75 70
Frisian 0 0 0
German 8,340 4,030 4,315
Luxembourger 60 40 20
Swiss 1,355 735 615
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 110 75 40
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,020 530 495
Danish 245 135 110
Finnish 105 60 50
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 420 225 195
Swedish 190 85 105
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 75 35 40
Eastern European origins 5,290 2,595 2,700
Bulgarian 175 100 80
Byelorussian 85 0 60
Czech 195 100 95
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 50 25 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 745 325 425
Latvian 105 0 0
Lithuanian 95 40 55
Moldovan 45 25 15
Polish 1,690 865 825
Romanian 940 435 500
Russian 865 420 445
Slovak 125 75 50
Ukrainian 695 330 365
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 15 0 0
Southern European origins 14,030 6,810 7,220
Albanian 345 200 140
Bosnian 610 270 340
Croatian 215 115 100
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 630 295 330
Italian 7,185 3,510 3,665
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 15 0 10
Maltese 40 20 20
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,905 900 1,000
Serbian 275 170 105
Sicilian 45 0 25
Slovenian 15 0 0
Spanish 3,440 1,715 1,725
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 150 85 65
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,025 510 520
Basque 265 135 130
Jewish 380 215 165
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 385 160 225
Caribbean origins 2,145 990 1,160
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 20 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 200 125 75
Dominican 135 70 65
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 1,425 650 775
Jamaican 135 55 80
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 75 45 35
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 20 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 35 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 145 45 100
Latin, Central and South American origins 6,430 3,100 3,325
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 265 95 170
Argentinian 90 55 40
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 85 35 55
Brazilian 450 270 185
Chilean 560 290 270
Colombian 2,660 1,235 1,425
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 70 40 30
Guatemalan 185 130 60
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 30 0 0
Honduran 35 0 25
Maya 85 40 45
Mexican 960 435 525
Nicaraguan 30 0 15
Panamanian 25 15 0
Paraguayan 25 0 20
Peruvian 385 175 210
Salvadorean 465 230 235
Uruguayan 30 0 30
Venezuelan 90 65 30
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 110 70 35
African origins 9,405 5,140 4,265
Central and West African origins 2,710 1,440 1,275
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 120 75 45
Burkinabe 30 15 15
Cameroonian 500 265 235
Chadian 35 15 15
Congolese 650 335 315
Gabonese 80 35 45
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 20 15 0
Guinean 55 25 35
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 305 165 145
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 125 70 55
Nigerian 105 40 70
Peulh 30 20 0
Senegalese 410 215 195
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 210 130 85
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 245 135 115
North African origins 4,625 2,520 2,105
Algerian 1,090 595 495
Berber 685 400 290
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 360 190 170
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 35 15 15
Moroccan 1,625 805 820
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 960 580 385
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 180 85 90
Southern and East African origins 1,335 725 615
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 45 0 40
Burundian 485 280 205
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 25 0 15
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 165 95 70
Mauritian 65 40 25
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 390 205 185
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 15 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 20 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 150 80 70
Other African origins 1,075 605 470
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 110 75 30
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,005 545 465
Asian origins 9,670 4,630 5,045
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,585 1,965 1,620
Afghan 80 45 40
Arab, n.o.s. 1,440 825 610
Armenian 275 120 160
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 260 130 130
Iraqi 15 0 0
Israeli 45 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 1,095 590 505
Palestinian 15 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 300 180 115
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 140 70 65
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 25 15 0
South Asian origins 865 455 415
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 420 235 180
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 300 150 150
Pakistani 50 25 25
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 20 0 0
Tamil 20 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 140 75 65
East and Southeast Asian origins 5,225 2,210 3,015
Burmese 115 65 55
Cambodian (Khmer) 625 275 350
Chinese 2,590 905 1,685
Filipino 150 55 90
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 30 15 15
Japanese 245 95 145
Korean 205 130 70
Laotian 165 90 80
Malaysian 65 20 35
Mongolian 15 0 15
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 15 0 0
Thai 130 65 65
Tibetan 20 0 0
Vietnamese 1,085 595 490
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 105 30 75
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 135 80 60
Australian 90 50 40
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 35 25 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 682,120 333,950 348,170
Buddhist 1,400 675 725
Christian 592,060 284,200 307,860
Anglican 685 320 365
Baptist 1,140 495 650
Catholic 575,455 275,835 299,620
Christian Orthodox 1,450 715 735
Lutheran 185 80 105
Pentecostal 1,575 820 760
Presbyterian 205 90 110
United Church 450 220 235
Other Christian 10,920 5,630 5,290
Hindu 365 190 180
Jewish 175 110 65
Muslim 6,390 3,490 2,905
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 65 25 40
Other religions 935 520 410
No religious affiliation 80,730 44,740 35,990
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 682,125 333,950 348,170
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 6,325 2,940 3,385
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,255 1,455 1,800
Métis single identity 2,460 1,260 1,205
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 115 35 80
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 110 40 75
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 380 155 225
Non-Aboriginal identity 675,800 331,015 344,785
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 682,120 333,950 348,175
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,435 1,035 1,400
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 679,685 332,910 346,770
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 682,125 333,945 348,175
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 19,040 8,825 10,215
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 16,595 7,705 8,895
Métis ancestry 2,570 1,195 1,370
Inuit ancestry 265 110 160
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 663,080 325,125 337,955
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 47,735 22,240 25,490
Aboriginal languages 320 95 225
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 15 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 40 25 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 180 50 130
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 0 25
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 55 0 45
Non-Aboriginal languages 47,465 22,180 25,290
Italian 2,530 1,185 1,345
Portuguese 1,790 975 820
Romanian 655 325 330
Spanish 27,325 11,950 15,375
Dutch 400 215 185
Flemish 55 10 45
German 3,005 1,505 1,500
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 65 20 45
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 490 220 275
Bulgarian 140 75 65
Croatian 160 85 80
Czech 70 40 25
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 325 165 160
Russian 1,065 515 545
Serbian 130 70 65
Serbo-Croatian 310 140 170
Slovak 30 20 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 115 65 55
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 205 95 115
Armenian 105 35 65
Albanian 310 185 125
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 25 20 0
Hungarian 185 95 85
Turkish 80 50 30
Berber languages (Kabyle) 155 80 80
Oromo 270 155 115
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 4,430 2,450 1,985
Hebrew 25 20 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 55 25 30
Gujarati 50 25 25
Hindi 110 55 55
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 25 20 15
Nepali 365 185 185
Kurdish 20 15 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 290 150 135
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 45 30 15
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 405 225 185
Korean 25 0 0
Cantonese 100 60 45
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 420 155 265
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 690 345 350
Lao 85 65 25
Thai 185 125 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 545 255 290
Vietnamese 675 330 345
Bisayan languages 20 0 15
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 25 20 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 55 15 40
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 240 110 135
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 210 195
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 180 95 85
Swahili 530 265 265
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 285 150 130
African languages, n.i.e. 150 95 60
Creoles 545 230 310
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,900 960 940
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 674,195 329,835 344,365
Non-movers 593,515 290,630 302,890
Movers 80,680 39,200 41,475
Non-migrants 55,240 26,790 28,450
Migrants 25,440 12,410 13,030
Internal migrants 22,305 10,915 11,390
Intraprovincial migrants 20,615 10,045 10,565
Interprovincial migrants 1,690 865 820
External migrants 3,135 1,500 1,640
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 646,055 315,770 330,280
Non-movers 403,505 196,370 207,135
Movers 242,550 119,400 123,145
Non-migrants 155,520 76,085 79,440
Migrants 87,030 43,320 43,715
Internal migrants 75,645 37,625 38,020
Intraprovincial migrants 71,550 35,510 36,045
Interprovincial migrants 4,095 2,120 1,975
External migrants 11,380 5,690 5,695
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 583,930 284,105 299,830
No certificate, diploma or degree 95,940 45,385 50,555
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 124,345 55,875 68,470
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 363,645 182,845 180,800
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 97,280 60,530 36,745
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 113,500 49,970 63,535
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 27,765 11,065 16,700
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 125,105 61,280 63,825
Bachelor's degree 78,345 36,240 42,100
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 46,760 25,035 21,720
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 389,085 192,660 196,430
No certificate, diploma or degree 35,610 18,630 16,980
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 72,150 33,635 38,515
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 281,320 140,390 140,930
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 76,410 46,730 29,680
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 83,085 37,295 45,795
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 18,770 7,475 11,295
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 103,060 48,895 54,160
Bachelor's degree 64,900 30,035 34,860
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 38,160 18,865 19,295
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 583,930 284,105 299,830
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 220,285 101,260 119,030
Education 29,045 7,375 21,670
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 15,150 6,775 8,370
Humanities 22,230 9,780 12,450
Social and behavioural sciences and law 34,775 13,700 21,075
Business, management and public administration 82,415 31,135 51,275
Physical and life sciences and technologies 13,765 7,855 5,910
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 16,430 11,230 5,200
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 69,690 64,555 5,135
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 8,485 5,705 2,785
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 45,395 10,030 35,370
Personal, protective and transportation services 26,025 14,615 11,405
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 235 85 150
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 583,930 284,100 299,830
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 220,285 101,260 119,030
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 363,650 182,845 180,800
Location of study inside Canada 349,880 175,095 174,790
Same as province or territory of residence 343,010 171,050 171,960
Another province or territory 6,870 4,045 2,830
Location of study outside Canada 13,760 7,755 6,010
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 410,860 212,685 198,175
Single responses 402,720 208,125 194,590
English 6,795 4,055 2,740
French 395,540 203,910 191,630
Non-official languages 380 160 215
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 25 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 0 0
Spanish 180 60 120
Korean 0 0 0
German 25 10 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 10 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 105 50 60
Multiple responses 8,145 4,560 3,590
English and French 7,540 4,270 3,270
English and non-official language 50 0 45
French and non-official language 305 160 145
English, French and non-official language 250 115 130
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 410,865 212,685 198,180
English 6,795 4,055 2,740
French 395,545 203,910 191,635
Non-official language 380 165 215
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 370 160 210
English and French 7,540 4,275 3,270
English and non-official language 45 0 45
French and non-official language 310 165 145
English, French and non-official language 250 115 130
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 583,930 284,100 299,830
In the labour force 383,665 199,040 184,620
Employed 364,825 188,345 176,475
Unemployed 18,840 10,695 8,145
Not in the labour force 200,270 85,060 115,205
Participation rate 65.7 70.1 61.6
Employment rate 62.5 66.3 58.9
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.4 4.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 383,665 199,040 184,625
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 5,245 2,600 2,650
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 378,415 196,445 181,970
Employee 346,870 176,890 169,985
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 31,545 19,555 11,990
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 383,665 199,040 184,625
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,245 2,600 2,650
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 378,420 196,450 181,970
0 Management occupations 33,420 21,225 12,195
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 67,725 20,265 47,460
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 33,030 24,845 8,185
3 Health occupations 28,700 6,410 22,290
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 49,390 19,235 30,150
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 11,505 5,690 5,815
6 Sales and service occupations 94,635 43,975 50,655
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 45,610 43,710 1,900
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 3,300 2,735 565
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 11,100 8,365 2,735
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 383,665 199,045 184,625
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,250 2,595 2,650
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 378,420 196,445 181,970
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 3,425 2,320 1,105
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 670 590 80
22 Utilities 2,395 1,865 530
23 Construction 20,200 17,995 2,205
31-33 Manufacturing 26,185 19,390 6,795
41 Wholesale trade 11,540 8,400 3,135
44-45 Retail trade 48,215 23,205 25,005
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 13,765 11,000 2,770
51 Information and cultural industries 6,725 4,215 2,505
52 Finance and insurance 15,220 5,200 10,020
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 5,505 3,360 2,140
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 27,630 16,520 11,110
55 Management of companies and enterprises 200 140 65
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 13,845 8,420 5,425
61 Educational services 27,350 9,910 17,435
62 Health care and social assistance 49,560 11,380 38,180
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 7,590 3,910 3,680
72 Accommodation and food services 28,045 13,250 14,795
81 Other services (except public administration) 17,635 8,225 9,410
91 Public administration 52,730 27,150 25,580
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 383,665 199,040 184,620
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 14,795 6,965 7,830
Worked in 2010 368,870 192,080 176,790
1 to 13 weeks 14,185 6,790 7,395
14 to 26 weeks 24,865 12,225 12,640
27 to 39 weeks 23,305 12,355 10,950
40 to 48 weeks 66,840 35,415 31,420
49 to 52 weeks 239,675 125,290 114,385
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.5 45.7 45.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 383,665 199,040 184,620
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 14,800 6,965 7,830
Worked in 2010 368,870 192,075 176,790
Worked full-time in 2010 300,460 165,380 135,075
Worked part-time in 2010 68,410 26,695 41,710
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 364,825 188,345 176,475
Worked at home 18,150 8,740 9,410
Worked outside Canada 855 660 190
No fixed workplace address 28,885 21,685 7,200
Worked at usual place 316,940 157,265 159,680
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 345,825 178,945 166,875
Car, truck or van - as a driver 260,965 142,060 118,910
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 14,210 4,590 9,620
Public transit 40,200 16,260 23,940
Walked 23,265 11,105 12,160
Bicycle 4,645 3,460 1,185
Other methods 2,530 1,475 1,060
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 345,825 178,945 166,880
Median commuting duration 20.1 20.1 20.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 345,820 178,945 166,880
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 79,065 55,370 23,695
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 208,960 94,360 114,600
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 57,795 29,210 28,585
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 320,685 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 302,105 ... ...
Major repairs needed 18,585 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 320,685 ... ...
1960 or before 80,785 ... ...
1961 to 1980 106,430 ... ...
1981 to 1990 53,865 ... ...
1991 to 2000 35,340 ... ...
2001 to 2005 19,470 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 24,795 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 320,685 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 125,125 ... ...
5 rooms 53,935 ... ...
6 rooms 38,030 ... ...
7 rooms 32,600 ... ...
8 or more rooms 70,995 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 320,685 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 64,895 ... ...
2 bedrooms 105,015 ... ...
3 bedrooms 98,010 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 52,760 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 320,690 ... ...
Owner 190,725 ... ...
Renter 129,965 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 320,685 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 37,735 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 282,955 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 320,685 ... ...
1 household maintainer 204,645 ... ...
2 household maintainers 112,825 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 3,215 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 320,685 ... ...
Under 25 years 14,225 ... ...
25 to 34 years 51,010 ... ...
35 to 44 years 47,620 ... ...
45 to 54 years 66,175 ... ...
55 to 64 years 64,140 ... ...
65 to 74 years 43,670 ... ...
75 years and over 33,855 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 320,685 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 318,965 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,720 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 320,685 ... ...
Suitable 311,485 ... ...
Not suitable 9,205 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 319,805 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 253,690 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 66,110 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 55,600 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 190,115 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 11.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 835 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 906 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 224,529 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 244,073 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 129,910 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 33.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 649 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 693 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 583,930 284,105 299,830
Without income 18,135 7,045 11,090
With income 565,800 277,055 288,740
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 37,875 17,845 20,035
$5,000 to $9,999 39,610 14,840 24,775
$10,000 to $14,999 53,950 20,140 33,805
$15,000 to $19,999 54,790 21,665 33,120
$20,000 to $29,999 83,875 36,290 47,585
$30,000 to $39,999 85,455 41,600 43,855
$40,000 to $49,999 68,235 34,580 33,655
$50,000 to $59,999 47,000 26,875 20,125
$60,000 to $79,999 54,260 34,045 20,220
$80,000 to $99,999 20,460 13,935 6,520
$100,000 and over 20,290 15,245 5,050
$100,000 to $124,999 9,885 7,180 2,700
$125,000 and over 10,410 8,065 2,345
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,570 36,639 26,727
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,082 44,322 32,094
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 583,930 284,100 299,830
Without after-tax income 18,175 7,050 11,125
With after-tax income 565,755 277,055 288,705
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 39,485 18,145 21,340
$5,000 to $9,999 41,805 15,005 26,805
$10,000 to $14,999 54,200 20,775 33,425
$15,000 to $19,999 61,680 24,705 36,975
$20,000 to $29,999 106,580 48,690 57,890
$30,000 to $39,999 103,955 52,280 51,680
$40,000 to $49,999 69,375 38,755 30,620
$50,000 to $59,999 41,200 25,330 15,875
$60,000 to $79,999 30,905 20,735 10,165
$80,000 to $99,999 8,580 6,465 2,115
$100,000 and over 8,000 6,175 1,820
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,142 32,003 24,338
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,617 35,983 27,427
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 86.5 90.1 81.8
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 71.2 74.0 67.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 66.3 68.3 63.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.9 5.7 3.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.6 4.0 3.1
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 10.3 10.8 9.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.3 1.5
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.5 9.9 18.2
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.1 3.6 4.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.8 2.7 5.3
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.0 1.7 2.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.6 0.2 3.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.1 1.8 2.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.0 18.8 14.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.0 81.2 85.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.7 2.1 1.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 206,875 112,815 94,055
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 42,993 47,521 38,925
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 50,154 55,606 43,615
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 196,130 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,294 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,032 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 63,813 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 71,009 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 89,995 ... ...
Median family income ($) 66,169 ... ...
Average family income ($) 77,203 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 56,945 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,289 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 74,775 ... ...
Median family income ($) 96,352 ... ...
Average family income ($) 108,292 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 82,118 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 88,922 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 26,635 ... ...
Median family income ($) 50,181 ... ...
Average family income ($) 56,498 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 45,548 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 48,810 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 140,430 65,065 75,365
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,944 30,748 25,503
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,276 35,950 30,968
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,283 27,191 23,734
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,202 29,904 26,732
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 682,120 333,950 348,170
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 354,450 166,840 187,610
In bottom decile 55,505 26,540 28,965
In second decile 66,310 27,865 38,440
In third decile 67,880 31,710 36,170
In fourth decile 80,200 38,825 41,375
In fifth decile 84,560 41,900 42,665
In top half of the Canadian distribution 327,675 167,115 160,565
In sixth decile 85,655 42,645 43,005
In seventh decile 77,570 39,330 38,240
In eighth decile 68,370 35,155 33,210
In ninth decile 55,555 28,565 26,990
In top decile 40,525 21,415 19,115
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 320,685 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,000 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,790 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,460 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,810 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 31,235 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 36,500 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 32,595 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 29,045 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 47,365 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 35,400 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 27,475 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,960 ... ...
$150,000 and over 19,070 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 320,690 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,145 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,825 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,735 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,205 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 38,585 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 44,055 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 38,310 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,130 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 51,035 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 31,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 34,940 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,420 ... ...
$125,000 and over 15,520 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 320,685 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 54,368 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 67,189 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 47,362 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 55,779 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 113,860 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,033 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 35,332 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 26,885 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 29,765 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 206,825 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 73,004 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 84,727 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 63,009 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,100 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 682,120 333,945 348,175
Less than 18 years 120,590 61,265 59,325
Less than 6 years 42,260 21,375 20,885
18 to 64 years 451,300 224,195 227,110
65 years and over 110,230 48,490 61,740
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 90,895 39,620 51,275
Less than 18 years 12,955 6,380 6,570
Less than 6 years 4,195 2,065 2,135
18 to 64 years 57,835 27,005 30,830
65 years and over 20,110 6,230 13,880
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.3 11.9 14.7
Less than 18 years (%) 10.7 10.4 11.1
Less than 6 years (%) 9.9 9.7 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 12.8 12.0 13.6
65 years and over (%) 18.2 12.9 22.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de la Capitale-Nationale, Quebec (Code 2403) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 13, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Région de la Capitale-Nationale, Quebec

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 23.5%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

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Census data, Région de la Capitale-Nationale, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de la Capitale-Nationale
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 700,615 340,875 359,740
0 to 4 years 35,760 18,180 17,580
5 to 9 years 30,465 15,535 14,930
10 to 14 years 31,770 16,265 15,505
15 to 19 years 39,080 19,765 19,310
15 years 7,240 3,695 3,545
16 years 7,285 3,735 3,550
17 years 7,855 3,950 3,910
18 years 8,040 4,050 3,990
19 years 8,665 4,340 4,320
20 to 24 years 46,430 23,030 23,405
25 to 29 years 47,635 24,495 23,140
30 to 34 years 48,340 24,675 23,670
35 to 39 years 41,225 21,260 19,965
40 to 44 years 42,150 21,160 20,990
45 to 49 years 52,910 26,345 26,565
50 to 54 years 57,895 28,540 29,355
55 to 59 years 54,185 26,100 28,080
60 to 64 years 49,315 23,770 25,545
65 to 69 years 39,410 18,655 20,760
70 to 74 years 28,040 12,715 15,320
75 to 79 years 22,510 9,525 12,980
80 to 84 years 17,385 6,465 10,920
85 years and over 16,105 4,390 11,720
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.6 41.7 45.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 86.0 85.3 86.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 602,620 290,895 311,725
Married or living with a common-law partner 337,180 168,790 168,390
Married (and not separated) 187,235 93,605 93,630
Living common law 149,945 75,180 74,765
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 265,440 122,110 143,330
Single (never legally married) 179,870 95,200 84,675
Separated 8,775 3,890 4,885
Divorced 40,910 16,105 24,805
Widowed 35,885 6,920 28,965
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 194,755 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 110,810 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 39,890 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 32,965 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 11,090 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 194,750 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 166,055 ... ...
Married couples 91,195 ... ...
Without children at home 53,540 ... ...
With children at home 37,660 ... ...
1 child 15,925 ... ...
2 children 15,545 ... ...
3 or more children 6,190 ... ...
Common-law couples 74,865 ... ...
Without children at home 38,535 ... ...
With children at home 36,325 ... ...
1 child 15,910 ... ...
2 children 15,870 ... ...
3 or more children 4,545 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 28,695 ... ...
Female parent 21,230 ... ...
1 child 13,770 ... ...
2 children 5,960 ... ...
3 or more children 1,500 ... ...
Male parent 7,465 ... ...
1 child 4,965 ... ...
2 children 2,090 ... ...
3 or more children 405 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 170,800 ... ...
Under six years of age 41,985 ... ...
6 to 14 years 55,380 ... ...
15 to 17 years 21,755 ... ...
18 to 24 years 36,365 ... ...
25 years and over 15,320 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 682,120 334,050 348,070
Number of persons not in census families 150,510 70,000 80,510
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 10,635 4,680 5,960
Living with non-relatives only 25,925 14,920 11,010
Living alone 113,940 50,400 63,540
Number of census family persons 531,615 264,055 267,560
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 109,640 47,985 61,655
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 42,465 12,055 30,405
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,485 950 2,530
Living with non-relatives only 2,105 1,005 1,095
Living alone 36,875 10,100 26,775
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 67,180 35,925 31,255
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 320,685 ... ...
Census-family households 193,400 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 186,130 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 160,300 ... ...
Without children 88,585 ... ...
With children 71,715 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 25,825 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 7,280 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 5,940 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 3,900 ... ...
Without children 2,235 ... ...
With children 1,665 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,040 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,335 ... ...
Non-census-family households 127,280 ... ...
One-person households 113,945 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 13,340 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 320,685 ... ...
Single-detached house 134,885 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 20,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 2,270 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 163,530 ... ...
Semi-detached house 16,210 ... ...
Row house 6,865 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 22,470 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 116,345 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,635 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 320,685 ... ...
1 person 113,940 ... ...
2 persons 116,615 ... ...
3 persons 42,930 ... ...
4 persons 34,310 ... ...
5 persons 9,675 ... ...
6 or more persons 3,220 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 682,125 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 691,625 337,240 354,380
  Single responses  686,350 334,530 351,820
    English  10,075 5,240 4,835
    French  655,230 318,675 336,550
    Non-official languages  21,050 10,610 10,435
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 315 125 190
        Atikamekw    35 20 20
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  260 100 165
        Inuktitut  10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 20,085 10,110 9,975
        African languages, n.i.e 55 25 25
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  195 105 90
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  3,100 1,795 1,300
        Armenian  45 20 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 105 55 50
        Bengali  65 30 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  135 80 50
        Bisayan languages  15 0 10
        Bosnian  640 325 315
        Bulgarian  195 90 105
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  125 70 60
        Chinese, n.o.s.  635 320 315
        Creoles  325 170 160
        Croatian  90 45 45
        Czech  50 25 25
        Danish  5 5 0
        Dutch  140 70 70
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  30 10 20
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  515 200 315
        Greek  110 60 45
        Gujarati  25 10 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 0
        Hindi  35 20 20
        Hungarian  120 55 60
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 80 35 45
        Italian  565 315 255
        Japanese  125 35 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  340 155 185
        Korean  30 15 15
        Kurdish  35 25 10
        Lao  105 55 50
        Latvian  5 5 0
        Lingala  85 40 40
        Lithuanian  0 5 0
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  10 10 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  240 110 130
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  525 270 255
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 280 170 115
        Norwegian  15 10 5
        Oromo  225 125 100
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 10 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  360 185 180
        Polish  295 125 170
        Portuguese  1,055 520 535
        Romanian  645 315 325
        Rundi (Kirundi)  300 155 150
        Russian  430 180 255
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  220 105 120
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  170 85 85
        Serbo-Croatian  210 100 115
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 50 35 20
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slovak  20 10 10
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  15 5 5
        Spanish  5,385 2,585 2,795
        Swahili  375 200 175
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  55 20 40
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  15 5 10
        Telugu  0 0 5
        Thai  45 10 35
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  55 35 20
        Ukrainian  55 20 30
        Urdu  20 10 5
        Vietnamese  745 365 380
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 650 375 275
  Multiple responses          5,270 2,710 2,560
    English and French  3,005 1,535 1,470
    English and non-official language  210 100 110
    French and non-official language  1,870 975 900
    English, French and non-official language 180 100 75
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 691,620 337,240 354,385
  English only 1,490 785 700
  French only 445,365 201,765 243,595
  English and French 243,160 133,960 109,200
  Neither English nor French 1,610 725 885
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 691,625 337,245 354,380
  English 11,230 5,825 5,400
  French 674,640 328,450 346,190
  English and French 4,250 2,290 1,955
  Neither English nor French 1,500 670 830
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 13,355 6,970 6,385
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.9 2.1 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 691,620 337,240 354,380
  Single responses 684,940 333,895 351,045
    English 7,205 3,660 3,545
    French 666,765 324,865 341,900
    Non-official languages 10,970 5,375 5,595
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 140 55 85
        Atikamekw   10 10 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 120 45 75
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,565 5,180 5,380
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 130 65 65
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 1,165 595 565
        Armenian 30 15 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Bengali 65 25 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 35 15 15
        Bisayan languages 5 0 0
        Bosnian 460 240 225
        Bulgarian 135 70 65
        Burmese 5 0 5
        Cantonese 60 25 35
        Chinese, n.o.s. 490 250 245
        Creoles 75 35 40
        Croatian 45 25 20
        Czech 10 5 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 20 10 10
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 5 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 75 35 40
        Greek 25 15 10
        Gujarati 10 5 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 10 5 5
        Hindi 20 10 10
        Hungarian 35 15 15
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25
        Italian 105 45 60
        Japanese 60 25 30
        Khmer (Cambodian) 175 75 100
        Korean 10 5 5
        Kurdish 15 10 10
        Lao 35 20 20
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 25 10 15
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 165 85 80
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 505 265 240
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 65 25 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 5 5 0
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 260 130 130
        Polish 100 45 55
        Portuguese 580 285 290
        Romanian 410 205 200
        Rundi (Kirundi) 85 45 45
        Russian 265 120 145
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 40 20 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 130 65 70
        Serbo-Croatian 145 70 75
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 50 25
        Sindhi 5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 10 5 5
        Spanish 3,520 1,685 1,835
        Swahili 180 95 80
        Swedish 5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 5 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 10 5 5
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 15 10 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 5 10
        Ukrainian 30 15 15
        Urdu 10 5 5
        Vietnamese 475 220 250
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 275 135 135
  Multiple responses         6,680 3,350 3,335
    English and French 2,585 1,320 1,265
    English and non-official language 165 80 85
    French and non-official language 3,520 1,725 1,790
    English, French and non-official language 410 220 190
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 691,620 337,240 354,380
  None 648,295 314,465 333,830
  Single responses  41,595 21,915 19,675
    English  25,160 13,675 11,485
    French  8,715 4,340 4,375
    Non-official languages  7,720 3,905 3,815
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 120 55 65
        Atikamekw    10 5 5
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  95 45 55
        Inuktitut  10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,250 3,675 3,575
        African languages, n.i.e 40 25 20
        Afrikaans  5 0 5
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  35 20 10
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,330 770 560
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Bengali  10 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  65 40 25
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  110 50 55
        Bulgarian  30 10 20
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  30 20 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  85 45 45
        Creoles  235 115 120
        Croatian  25 10 15
        Czech  15 5 10
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  45 25 25
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  10 0 10
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  240 105 140
        Greek  35 15 20
        Gujarati  0 5 0
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  35 15 15
        Hungarian  35 20 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 10 0
        Italian  265 135 125
        Japanese  85 40 40
        Khmer (Cambodian)  130 65 60
        Korean  10 5 5
        Kurdish  5 5 0
        Lao  35 10 20
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  75 35 35
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 5
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  35 20 15
        Marathi  0 0 5
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 140 80 60
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  70 40 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  50 25 30
        Polish  90 45 50
        Portuguese  295 140 150
        Romanian  140 65 80
        Rundi (Kirundi)  140 75 65
        Russian  120 45 75
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  95 45 50
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  35 20 20
        Serbo-Croatian  60 35 25
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 55 25 35
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 5
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  2,340 1,140 1,200
        Swahili  175 90 75
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 5 10
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  25 10 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 5
        Tigrigna  0 5 0
        Turkish  5 0 0
        Ukrainian  15 5 10
        Urdu  10 0 5
        Vietnamese  190 100 85
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 355 175 180
  Multiple responses          1,735 860 875
    English and French  415 215 195
    English and non-official language  1,075 520 550
    French and non-official language  215 100 110
    English, French and non-official language  35 15 15

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de la Capitale-Nationale, Quebec (Code 2403) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 13, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Région de la Capitale-Nationale, Quebec

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Région de la Capitale-Nationale (Health region, December 2013)

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: 2403, Health region (shaded in green)

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Région de la Capitale-Nationale, Quebec (Health region, December 2013)

  • Canada
    • Quebec (Province)
      • Région de la Capitale-Nationale (Health region, December 2013)