NHS Profile, Région de la Mauricie et du Centre-du-Québec, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Région de la Mauricie et du Centre-du-Québec, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de la Mauricie et du Centre-du-Québec
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 482,925 240,345 242,580
Canadian citizens 478,380 238,020 240,360
Canadian citizens aged under 18 89,760 46,325 43,425
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 388,625 191,695 196,930
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 4,545 2,320 2,225
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 482,925 240,345 242,585
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 472,215 234,875 237,335
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 9,895 4,985 4,910
Before 1971 1,030 565 465
1971 to 1980 1,180 670 515
1981 to 1990 1,010 545 465
1991 to 2000 1,740 850 895
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,925 2,355 2,570
2001 to 2005 1,900 895 1,000
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,025 1,460 1,570
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 820 485 340
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 9,890 4,985 4,905
Under 5 years 1,710 700 1,015
5 to 14 years 1,785 995 790
15 to 24 years 1,815 1,000 815
25 to 44 years 3,970 2,030 1,940
45 years and over 605 255 350
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 482,925 240,345 242,585
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 472,215 234,875 237,340
Born in province of residence 466,805 232,170 234,635
Born outside province of residence 5,410 2,710 2,705
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 9,890 4,985 4,905
Americas 3,385 1,590 1,790
United States 690 260 430
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 400 200 205
Mexico 135 75 60
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 1,465 715 750
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 55 15 30
Chile 55 25 30
Other places of birth in Americas 560 285 275
Europe 3,675 2,060 1,615
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 55 20 35
Italy 75 65 0
Germany 185 85 105
Poland 30 0 0
Portugal 70 40 30
Netherlands 35 25 0
France 1,540 860 675
Romania 55 25 30
Russian Federation 90 45 45
Greece 45 35 0
Ukraine 20 0 0
Croatia 55 20 35
Hungary 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 135 75 65
Serbia 25 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,260 730 530
Africa 1,490 790 700
Morocco 310 170 140
Algeria 295 160 135
Egypt 35 20 15
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 850 440 410
Asia 1,330 535 800
India 20 0 20
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 520 95 420
Philippines 60 0 45
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 160 115 45
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Lebanon 70 25 40
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 125 70 55
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 20 0 20
Turkey 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 285 160 120
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 10 10 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 10 10 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 820 480 340
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 3,025 1,460 1,565
Americas 1,410 695 710
United States 80 55 30
Mexico 45 35 0
Cuba 70 25 45
Haiti 95 20 75
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 80 40 40
Colombia 915 470 445
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 20 0 20
Other places of birth in Americas 80 55 30
Europe 495 270 225
France 325 175 145
Germany 25 0 15
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 115 75 45
Africa 745 345 400
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 95 50 45
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 120 50 70
Tunisia 40 0 30
Cameroon 35 10 20
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 85 50 35
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 370 170 205
Asia 375 150 220
Philippines 20 0 20
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 150 50 105
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 125 75 55
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 60 25 30
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 482,930 240,345 242,585
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 10,960 5,615 5,345
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 10,340 5,015 5,330
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 461,625 229,715 231,910
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 482,930 240,340 242,585
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 7,330 3,675 3,655
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 155 85 75
Chinese 710 225 490
Black 2,200 1,155 1,045
Filipino 140 85 55
Latin American 2,280 1,115 1,165
Arab 1,085 600 485
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 410 220 190
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 25 0 0
Korean 25 0 0
Japanese 100 55 45
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 85 55 30
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 115 70 45
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 475,595 236,665 238,930
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 482,925 240,345 242,580
North American Aboriginal origins 17,325 8,390 8,935
First Nations (North American Indian) 16,255 7,850 8,405
Inuit 145 60 80
Métis 1,040 535 505
Other North American origins 386,815 191,285 195,535
Acadian 2,235 1,045 1,190
American 2,345 1,050 1,300
Canadian 375,675 185,530 190,145
New Brunswicker 75 25 50
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 65 40 25
Québécois 10,340 5,435 4,905
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 25 0 15
European origins 176,625 88,780 87,845
British Isles origins 26,770 13,050 13,725
Channel Islander 50 15 40
Cornish 0 0 0
English 6,600 3,330 3,265
Irish 17,225 8,360 8,860
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 5,385 2,670 2,720
Welsh 30 0 20
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 220 95 125
French origins 151,070 76,195 74,880
Alsatian 55 30 0
Breton 780 410 370
French 150,495 75,925 74,570
Western European origins (except French origins) 8,195 4,250 3,945
Austrian 165 100 60
Belgian 1,580 790 790
Dutch 595 295 300
Flemish 35 20 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 4,430 2,300 2,135
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 1,920 1,030 885
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 15 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 460 240 215
Danish 20 0 10
Finnish 25 0 15
Icelandic 30 15 0
Norwegian 240 120 115
Swedish 105 60 45
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 50 35 15
Eastern European origins 1,760 905 850
Bulgarian 110 70 35
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 45 15 35
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 35 25 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 200 125 70
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 25 0 0
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 695 325 370
Romanian 135 60 75
Russian 320 165 155
Slovak 0 0 0
Ukrainian 290 160 125
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 5,220 2,470 2,750
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 90 35 55
Croatian 115 60 55
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 395 210 180
Italian 2,945 1,425 1,515
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 410 150 255
Serbian 70 40 35
Sicilian 50 30 20
Slovenian 0 0 0
Spanish 1,335 585 750
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 105 65 45
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 520 250 270
Basque 45 25 15
Jewish 210 85 125
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 265 135 130
Caribbean origins 1,120 505 615
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 95 35 65
Dominican 175 80 90
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 745 360 390
Jamaican 70 0 55
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 20 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,625 1,305 1,325
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 100 40 60
Argentinian 65 30 35
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 55 25 25
Brazilian 85 40 45
Chilean 65 35 30
Colombian 1,695 830 865
Costa Rican 35 0 0
Ecuadorian 55 0 45
Guatemalan 80 55 20
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 65 25 45
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 255 155 105
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 80 35 45
Salvadorean 30 0 20
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 25 0 15
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 45 20 25
African origins 2,675 1,440 1,240
Central and West African origins 960 520 435
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 35 10 20
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 185 85 100
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 285 150 135
Gabonese 30 0 20
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 20 0 15
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 105 65 35
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 15 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 45 0 35
Senegalese 100 70 30
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 75 30 40
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 120 80 40
North African origins 1,265 690 575
Algerian 345 165 180
Berber 180 130 50
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 55 20 30
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 50 0 0
Moroccan 465 255 210
Sudanese 10 10 0
Tunisian 200 115 80
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 190 35 150
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 20 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 80 0 70
Mauritian 15 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 30 0 30
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 35 0 25
Other African origins 325 210 115
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 320 200 120
Asian origins 2,950 1,365 1,585
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,270 640 625
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 275 135 145
Armenian 200 125 70
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 25 0 15
Iraqi 140 80 60
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 20 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 10 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 390 175 220
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 150 75 75
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 75 35 40
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 170 85 75
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 130 60 70
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 35 30 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,525 640 890
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 140 95 50
Chinese 750 235 520
Filipino 150 95 60
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 115 50 65
Korean 35 0 25
Laotian 140 65 75
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 75 30 40
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 230 130 105
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 30 30 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 482,930 240,345 242,585
Buddhist 395 215 185
Christian 444,695 219,090 225,610
Anglican 455 250 205
Baptist 1,610 830 780
Catholic 433,025 213,150 219,875
Christian Orthodox 345 190 150
Lutheran 55 30 30
Pentecostal 1,170 570 600
Presbyterian 20 10 0
United Church 305 190 115
Other Christian 7,715 3,875 3,840
Hindu 15 0 0
Jewish 110 40 70
Muslim 1,615 895 715
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 320 165 155
Other religions 340 175 165
No religious affiliation 35,435 19,765 15,670
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 482,930 240,340 242,580
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 8,750 4,295 4,455
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 6,345 3,140 3,215
Métis single identity 1,900 970 930
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 40 20 15
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 75 50 20
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 390 110 275
Non-Aboriginal identity 474,175 236,050 238,130
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 482,925 240,345 242,585
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 5,155 2,535 2,625
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 477,770 237,810 239,960
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 482,925 240,345 242,580
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 17,320 8,395 8,935
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 16,255 7,845 8,405
Métis ancestry 1,040 535 505
Inuit ancestry 145 65 80
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 465,605 231,950 233,655
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 20,285 9,835 10,455
Aboriginal languages 3,560 1,870 1,690
Algonquin 20 10 10
Atikamekw 3,500 1,845 1,665
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 65 40 25
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 15 10 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,740 7,970 8,765
Italian 805 370 435
Portuguese 310 150 160
Romanian 35 0 20
Spanish 10,655 4,765 5,890
Dutch 100 65 35
Flemish 15 15 0
German 1,475 840 630
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 15 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 25 0 0
Croatian 85 40 40
Czech 35 20 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 20 20 0
Russian 135 90 45
Serbian 45 25 20
Serbo-Croatian 125 60 60
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 160 60 95
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Turkish 25 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 20 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 1,230 660 570
Hebrew 10 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 170 95 75
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 125 65 60
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 225 115 110
Lao 145 70 75
Thai 60 30 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 50 0
Vietnamese 100 45 55
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 20 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 90 45 45
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 110 65 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 60 25 40
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60
African languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0
Creoles 305 185 120
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 770 345 420
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 477,985 237,805 240,175
Non-movers 425,725 212,100 213,625
Movers 52,260 25,705 26,555
Non-migrants 30,480 15,055 15,425
Migrants 21,780 10,645 11,135
Internal migrants 20,925 10,205 10,725
Intraprovincial migrants 20,570 10,035 10,535
Interprovincial migrants 355 165 185
External migrants 855 445 410
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 457,775 227,050 230,720
Non-movers 302,480 150,450 152,030
Movers 155,295 76,600 78,690
Non-migrants 89,325 43,820 45,510
Migrants 65,965 32,780 33,190
Internal migrants 62,745 31,130 31,615
Intraprovincial migrants 61,545 30,505 31,030
Interprovincial migrants 1,200 620 580
External migrants 3,225 1,655 1,570
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 409,920 202,645 207,275
No certificate, diploma or degree 105,635 52,270 53,365
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 89,945 41,000 48,940
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 214,340 109,375 104,970
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 84,715 53,615 31,105
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 69,315 29,145 40,175
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 15,605 6,035 9,570
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 44,700 20,580 24,120
Bachelor's degree 31,585 13,530 18,055
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 13,120 7,050 6,070
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 269,635 135,210 134,425
No certificate, diploma or degree 47,990 25,795 22,200
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 55,675 25,815 29,860
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 165,970 83,595 82,370
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 66,070 40,890 25,180
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 52,260 22,185 30,080
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 10,640 4,175 6,470
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 36,990 16,345 20,645
Bachelor's degree 26,375 11,040 15,335
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,620 5,310 5,310
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 409,920 202,645 207,275
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 195,580 93,275 102,310
Education 19,180 4,805 14,380
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,975 2,075 2,900
Humanities 8,460 3,870 4,585
Social and behavioural sciences and law 13,860 3,525 10,330
Business, management and public administration 46,980 13,955 33,020
Physical and life sciences and technologies 5,075 2,965 2,115
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 5,035 3,015 2,020
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 58,780 55,680 3,100
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 8,750 6,450 2,300
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 26,100 4,650 21,450
Personal, protective and transportation services 17,110 8,355 8,755
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 45 20 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 409,920 202,645 207,275
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 195,580 93,270 102,310
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 214,340 109,370 104,970
Location of study inside Canada 210,485 107,135 103,350
Same as province or territory of residence 208,285 105,725 102,565
Another province or territory 2,200 1,410 790
Location of study outside Canada 3,855 2,240 1,615
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 262,580 139,275 123,305
Single responses 259,090 137,220 121,875
English 3,170 1,810 1,360
French 254,825 134,780 120,040
Non-official languages 1,095 625 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 120 75 45
Korean 0 0 0
German 100 60 40
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 865 475 390
Multiple responses 3,490 2,060 1,430
English and French 3,295 1,970 1,320
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 125 55 65
English, French and non-official language 80 30 45
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 262,580 139,275 123,305
English 3,170 1,810 1,360
French 254,825 134,785 120,040
Non-official language 1,095 620 470
Aboriginal 835 460 370
Non-Aboriginal 260 165 95
English and French 3,295 1,970 1,320
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 120 55 65
English, French and non-official language 75 30 45
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 409,920 202,645 207,275
In the labour force 248,180 132,365 115,810
Employed 229,575 120,945 108,630
Unemployed 18,605 11,420 7,185
Not in the labour force 161,740 70,280 91,460
Participation rate 60.5 65.3 55.9
Employment rate 56.0 59.7 52.4
Unemployment rate 7.5 8.6 6.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 248,175 132,365 115,810
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 5,615 3,095 2,520
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 242,560 129,270 113,290
Employee 216,480 112,850 103,630
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 26,085 16,425 9,660
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 248,175 132,365 115,815
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,615 3,090 2,525
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 242,560 129,270 113,290
0 Management occupations 23,170 15,210 7,970
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 32,665 8,700 23,965
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 12,240 9,555 2,680
3 Health occupations 16,210 2,765 13,440
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 26,450 7,465 18,985
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 4,395 1,790 2,605
6 Sales and service occupations 56,110 22,060 34,050
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 43,100 40,830 2,270
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 6,545 4,750 1,795
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 21,665 16,140 5,525
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 248,175 132,365 115,810
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,615 3,095 2,520
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 242,560 129,270 113,290
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 12,325 8,565 3,765
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 675 575 100
22 Utilities 2,790 2,220 570
23 Construction 15,555 13,905 1,650
31-33 Manufacturing 41,975 31,490 10,485
41 Wholesale trade 8,645 6,330 2,320
44-45 Retail trade 30,860 13,520 17,345
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 9,985 7,810 2,175
51 Information and cultural industries 3,015 1,555 1,455
52 Finance and insurance 5,985 1,655 4,340
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,485 1,480 1,010
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 9,595 5,300 4,295
55 Management of companies and enterprises 155 120 30
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 7,385 4,635 2,750
61 Educational services 16,725 5,310 11,410
62 Health care and social assistance 30,225 5,400 24,825
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 3,650 1,705 1,945
72 Accommodation and food services 15,490 5,570 9,920
81 Other services (except public administration) 12,265 6,070 6,190
91 Public administration 12,780 6,055 6,720
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 248,175 132,365 115,810
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 12,420 6,450 5,970
Worked in 2010 235,755 125,915 109,840
1 to 13 weeks 10,535 4,970 5,565
14 to 26 weeks 19,030 10,125 8,905
27 to 39 weeks 17,315 9,930 7,375
40 to 48 weeks 39,855 21,140 18,720
49 to 52 weeks 149,030 79,755 69,275
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.6 44.8 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 248,175 132,365 115,815
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 12,420 6,450 5,975
Worked in 2010 235,760 125,920 109,840
Worked full-time in 2010 189,795 110,615 79,180
Worked part-time in 2010 45,965 15,305 30,660
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 229,575 120,945 108,630
Worked at home 16,350 8,585 7,760
Worked outside Canada 445 360 85
No fixed workplace address 18,400 14,145 4,255
Worked at usual place 194,385 97,860 96,525
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 212,785 112,000 100,785
Car, truck or van - as a driver 184,995 98,765 86,225
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 7,195 3,180 4,015
Public transit 2,710 1,070 1,635
Walked 13,855 6,340 7,515
Bicycle 2,185 1,625 560
Other methods 1,840 1,010 835
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 212,785 112,005 100,780
Median commuting duration 15.1 15.3 12.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 212,780 112,005 100,780
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 48,395 34,665 13,730
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 125,985 58,645 67,335
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 38,410 18,690 19,715
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 223,235 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 207,935 ... ...
Major repairs needed 15,305 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 223,235 ... ...
1960 or before 69,835 ... ...
1961 to 1980 68,735 ... ...
1981 to 1990 34,445 ... ...
1991 to 2000 23,545 ... ...
2001 to 2005 11,790 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 14,880 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 223,235 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 67,625 ... ...
5 rooms 47,445 ... ...
6 rooms 29,950 ... ...
7 rooms 27,875 ... ...
8 or more rooms 50,340 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 223,235 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 30,385 ... ...
2 bedrooms 68,175 ... ...
3 bedrooms 80,075 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 44,605 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 223,235 ... ...
Owner 143,865 ... ...
Renter 78,685 ... ...
Band housing 685 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 223,235 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 9,465 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 213,765 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 223,235 ... ...
1 household maintainer 149,235 ... ...
2 household maintainers 72,815 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,185 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 223,235 ... ...
Under 25 years 8,175 ... ...
25 to 34 years 30,380 ... ...
35 to 44 years 31,005 ... ...
45 to 54 years 48,395 ... ...
55 to 64 years 47,700 ... ...
65 to 74 years 33,505 ... ...
75 years and over 24,070 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 223,235 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 222,025 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,210 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 223,235 ... ...
Suitable 217,735 ... ...
Not suitable 5,500 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 218,965 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 174,270 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 44,700 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 38,280 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 140,685 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 54.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 12.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 632 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 716 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 140,082 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 152,320 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 78,440 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 9.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 35.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 505 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 546 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 409,925 202,645 207,275
Without income 16,560 6,390 10,170
With income 393,360 196,255 197,105
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 29,145 13,535 15,610
$5,000 to $9,999 34,645 12,615 22,030
$10,000 to $14,999 47,305 17,400 29,905
$15,000 to $19,999 50,390 20,435 29,955
$20,000 to $29,999 67,455 32,200 35,250
$30,000 to $39,999 58,875 31,855 27,015
$40,000 to $49,999 39,955 23,335 16,625
$50,000 to $59,999 24,170 15,415 8,760
$60,000 to $79,999 24,930 16,370 8,560
$80,000 to $99,999 8,930 7,000 1,925
$100,000 and over 7,570 6,095 1,475
$100,000 to $124,999 3,765 3,035 730
$125,000 and over 3,805 3,060 740
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 24,990 30,586 20,207
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,310 36,654 25,990
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 409,920 202,645 207,275
Without after-tax income 16,590 6,395 10,195
With after-tax income 393,335 196,255 197,080
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 30,100 13,760 16,340
$5,000 to $9,999 35,615 12,695 22,925
$10,000 to $14,999 48,200 17,855 30,345
$15,000 to $19,999 55,420 22,725 32,690
$20,000 to $29,999 82,940 42,180 40,765
$30,000 to $39,999 65,810 37,160 28,650
$40,000 to $49,999 36,525 22,575 13,950
$50,000 to $59,999 19,120 12,120 7,000
$60,000 to $79,999 13,465 10,205 3,260
$80,000 to $99,999 3,265 2,685 580
$100,000 and over 2,875 2,290 580
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 23,152 27,416 19,350
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,875 30,754 23,013
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 80.2 84.9 73.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 66.1 69.7 61.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 61.9 65.1 57.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.2 4.7 3.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.7 4.1 3.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.7 9.4 7.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.6 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 19.8 15.1 26.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 5.1 4.7 5.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 5.5 3.9 7.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 3.1 3.0 3.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.5 0.3 5.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.6 3.3 3.9
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.2 16.1 11.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.8 83.9 88.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.5 1.8 1.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 125,270 71,950 53,315
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 36,716 40,350 32,392
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 42,325 46,847 36,222
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 142,010 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,593 ... ...
Average family income ($) 69,183 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,126 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 59,138 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 65,730 ... ...
Median family income ($) 52,702 ... ...
Average family income ($) 62,051 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 47,035 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 52,741 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 51,870 ... ...
Median family income ($) 79,863 ... ...
Average family income ($) 89,113 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 69,950 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 75,555 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 20,830 ... ...
Median family income ($) 38,366 ... ...
Average family income ($) 44,136 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 36,664 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 39,790 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 89,450 44,555 44,895
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 20,956 25,224 19,093
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,853 30,584 25,143
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 20,238 23,098 18,719
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,289 26,042 22,549
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 482,925 240,345 242,585
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 319,940 155,545 164,395
In bottom decile 52,455 25,845 26,610
In second decile 69,555 29,580 39,975
In third decile 70,085 34,785 35,300
In fourth decile 67,450 34,310 33,140
In fifth decile 60,390 31,020 29,375
In top half of the Canadian distribution 162,985 84,800 78,190
In sixth decile 50,220 25,740 24,480
In seventh decile 43,655 22,510 21,145
In eighth decile 32,710 17,185 15,520
In ninth decile 22,715 12,110 10,605
In top decile 13,690 7,250 6,435
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 223,235 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,030 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,815 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,055 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 27,635 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 28,715 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 24,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,560 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 31,255 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 19,805 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,360 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,810 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,860 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 223,235 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,145 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,355 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,140 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,050 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 32,425 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 32,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 27,910 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,620 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 31,670 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 16,015 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,305 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,760 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,545 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 223,235 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 44,435 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 55,171 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 40,324 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 47,353 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 76,015 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 21,388 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 28,728 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 20,640 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 25,011 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 147,215 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,317 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 68,826 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,913 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 58,890 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 479,070 238,315 240,755
Less than 18 years 89,175 45,995 43,180
Less than 6 years 29,465 15,510 13,950
18 to 64 years 306,710 154,215 152,490
65 years and over 83,185 38,100 45,085
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 91,820 41,355 50,460
Less than 18 years 16,270 8,220 8,045
Less than 6 years 5,120 2,550 2,575
18 to 64 years 54,425 25,600 28,820
65 years and over 21,125 7,535 13,595
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 19.2 17.4 21.0
Less than 18 years (%) 18.2 17.9 18.6
Less than 6 years (%) 17.4 16.4 18.4
18 to 64 years (%) 17.7 16.6 18.9
65 years and over (%) 25.4 19.8 30.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de la Mauricie et du Centre-du-Québec, Quebec (Code 2404) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Région de la Mauricie et du Centre-du-Québec, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Région de la Mauricie et du Centre-du-Québec, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de la Mauricie et du Centre-du-Québec
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 497,765 245,330 252,435
0 to 4 years 25,245 13,105 12,145
5 to 9 years 22,990 11,840 11,150
10 to 14 years 24,960 12,730 12,230
15 to 19 years 29,865 15,260 14,605
15 years 5,725 2,845 2,880
16 years 5,875 2,990 2,885
17 years 5,945 3,055 2,890
18 years 6,035 3,120 2,915
19 years 6,285 3,255 3,035
20 to 24 years 27,785 14,470 13,315
25 to 29 years 27,270 13,950 13,320
30 to 34 years 30,020 15,435 14,585
35 to 39 years 26,235 13,275 12,960
40 to 44 years 28,245 14,225 14,025
45 to 49 years 38,210 18,910 19,300
50 to 54 years 43,350 21,475 21,870
55 to 59 years 41,320 20,720 20,605
60 to 64 years 37,240 18,580 18,660
65 to 69 years 30,460 14,875 15,585
70 to 74 years 21,425 10,155 11,270
75 to 79 years 17,260 7,505 9,755
80 to 84 years 13,510 5,265 8,240
85 years and over 12,365 3,550 8,815
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 45.9 44.5 47.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.3 84.6 85.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 424,565 207,660 216,910
Married or living with a common-law partner 242,305 121,150 121,160
Married (and not separated) 140,870 70,450 70,420
Living common law 101,430 50,695 50,735
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 182,260 86,510 95,750
Single (never legally married) 115,640 63,860 51,785
Separated 5,265 2,445 2,815
Divorced 31,955 14,035 17,920
Widowed 29,395 6,170 23,230
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 141,170 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 81,550 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 27,745 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 22,735 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 9,130 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 141,165 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 118,985 ... ...
Married couples 68,350 ... ...
Without children at home 44,020 ... ...
With children at home 24,330 ... ...
1 child 10,590 ... ...
2 children 9,395 ... ...
3 or more children 4,340 ... ...
Common-law couples 50,635 ... ...
Without children at home 23,520 ... ...
With children at home 27,115 ... ...
1 child 10,860 ... ...
2 children 11,880 ... ...
3 or more children 4,370 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 22,185 ... ...
Female parent 16,385 ... ...
1 child 10,090 ... ...
2 children 4,805 ... ...
3 or more children 1,490 ... ...
Male parent 5,795 ... ...
1 child 3,925 ... ...
2 children 1,495 ... ...
3 or more children 385 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 125,710 ... ...
Under six years of age 29,700 ... ...
6 to 14 years 42,740 ... ...
15 to 17 years 16,910 ... ...
18 to 24 years 25,120 ... ...
25 years and over 11,240 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 482,925 240,310 242,615
Number of persons not in census families 97,065 47,870 49,195
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 7,470 3,385 4,085
Living with non-relatives only 13,135 7,395 5,740
Living alone 76,465 37,090 39,375
Number of census family persons 385,865 192,440 193,420
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 82,730 37,870 44,860
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 30,030 9,650 20,385
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,470 685 1,780
Living with non-relatives only 1,830 855 975
Living alone 25,735 8,105 17,625
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 52,695 28,220 24,470
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 223,235 ... ...
Census-family households 140,005 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 134,265 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 114,710 ... ...
Without children 65,130 ... ...
With children 49,580 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 19,555 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 5,740 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 4,620 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,800 ... ...
Without children 1,480 ... ...
With children 1,320 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,825 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 83,230 ... ...
One-person households 76,465 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 6,765 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 223,235 ... ...
Single-detached house 129,110 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,795 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,515 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 90,820 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,730 ... ...
Row house 3,460 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 16,340 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 59,960 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,330 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 223,235 ... ...
1 person 76,460 ... ...
2 persons 83,380 ... ...
3 persons 29,160 ... ...
4 persons 23,590 ... ...
5 persons 7,590 ... ...
6 or more persons 3,050 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 482,925 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 490,640 242,675 247,965
  Single responses  488,165 241,425 246,740
    English  4,905 2,410 2,495
    French  473,400 233,885 239,510
    Non-official languages  9,860 5,130 4,735
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 3,500 1,825 1,675
        Atikamekw    3,465 1,810 1,655
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  20 15 15
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,205 3,210 3,000
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Afrikaans  0 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  0 0 5
        Arabic  870 500 375
        Armenian  5 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 15 5
        Bengali  5 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  20 15 5
        Bisayan languages  5 5 5
        Bosnian  50 20 30
        Bulgarian  15 5 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  20 10 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  210 105 105
        Creoles  140 90 50
        Croatian  50 25 20
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  65 35 30
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  30 10 15
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  715 390 325
        Greek  160 110 45
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 5
        Hindi  5 0 0
        Hungarian  20 15 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  165 105 60
        Japanese  30 5 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  65 40 30
        Korean  5 0 5
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  75 40 35
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  30 15 10
        Lithuanian  0 0 5
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  10 5 10
        Malayalam  0 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  65 25 40
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 25 15
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  15 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  10 5 5
        Polish  45 25 25
        Portuguese  155 75 85
        Romanian  95 40 50
        Rundi (Kirundi)  40 15 25
        Russian  55 20 35
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  25 15 15
        Serbo-Croatian  105 55 50
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 20 10
        Sindhi  5 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  2,305 1,110 1,195
        Swahili  85 50 40
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  40 10 25
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  0 5 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  20 5 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  45 25 20
        Ukrainian  5 5 0
        Urdu  5 0 0
        Vietnamese  145 60 75
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 155 95 60
  Multiple responses          2,475 1,250 1,225
    English and French  1,740 865 875
    English and non-official language  65 30 35
    French and non-official language  600 320 280
    English, French and non-official language 70 40 35
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 490,640 242,675 247,960
  English only 580 300 280
  French only 374,630 177,580 197,050
  English and French 114,395 64,275 50,120
  Neither English nor French 1,040 525 515
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 490,640 242,680 247,960
  English 5,120 2,515 2,600
  French 483,320 239,020 244,300
  English and French 1,225 650 575
  Neither English nor French 980 485 495
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 5,730 2,845 2,885
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.2 1.2 1.2
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 490,640 242,680 247,965
  Single responses 487,750 241,205 246,550
    English 2,900 1,400 1,500
    French 478,325 236,400 241,925
    Non-official languages 6,525 3,400 3,125
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 3,260 1,745 1,520
        Atikamekw   3,250 1,735 1,520
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 10 10 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,210 1,625 1,585
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 10 5 5
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 370 185 175
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Bengali 0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 5 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 30 15 10
        Bulgarian 10 5 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 5 5 0
        Chinese, n.o.s. 165 85 85
        Creoles 20 15 5
        Croatian 25 15 10
        Czech 5 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 295 160 135
        Greek 60 30 25
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 5 0 0
        Hungarian 5 0 0
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 20 10 10
        Japanese 10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 40 20 20
        Korean 0 0 0
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 35 15 20
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 15 10 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 5 0
        Malay 0 0 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 50 20 30
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 0 0 5
        Polish 5 0 5
        Portuguese 60 30 35
        Romanian 50 25 25
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5
        Russian 20 10 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 20 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian 50 25 25
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 40 15
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 1,570 765 805
        Swahili 35 20 15
        Swedish 5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 0 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 5 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 20 10 10
        Ukrainian 0 0 0
        Urdu 0 0 0
        Vietnamese 85 35 50
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 40 15
  Multiple responses         2,890 1,475 1,420
    English and French 1,390 705 685
    English and non-official language 80 40 40
    French and non-official language 1,290 650 640
    English, French and non-official language 135 80 60
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 490,640 242,675 247,960
  None 470,760 232,230 238,535
  Single responses  19,310 10,170 9,140
    English  12,695 6,860 5,835
    French  4,005 1,990 2,020
    Non-official languages  2,610 1,320 1,295
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 255 105 155
        Atikamekw    240 100 145
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,235 1,155 1,080
        African languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  355 205 155
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  5 5 5
        Bulgarian  5 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  5 0 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  15 10 10
        Creoles  90 60 30
        Croatian  15 10 10
        Czech  0 5 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  15 0 10
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  220 125 95
        Greek  60 40 20
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  0 0 0
        Hungarian  5 0 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  75 35 40
        Japanese  15 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 5
        Korean  0 5 5
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  20 10 10
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  25 15 15
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  15 5 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  10 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 0 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  0 0 0
        Polish  10 5 5
        Portuguese  30 15 20
        Romanian  25 10 15
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 5 5
        Russian  15 10 5
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  20 5 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  910 445 470
        Swahili  45 25 25
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  10 0 15
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 5 0
        Ukrainian  5 0 5
        Urdu  0 0 0
        Vietnamese  30 20 10
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 125 60 60
  Multiple responses          570 280 290
    English and French  95 50 45
    English and non-official language  425 205 220
    French and non-official language  50 20 30
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de la Mauricie et du Centre-du-Québec, Quebec (Code 2404) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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