NHS Profile, Région de l'Estrie, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Région de l'Estrie, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de l'Estrie
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 302,810 150,690 152,115
Canadian citizens 296,515 147,390 149,130
Canadian citizens aged under 18 59,175 30,700 28,475
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 237,340 116,690 120,655
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 6,290 3,300 2,990
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 302,805 150,685 152,120
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 286,945 142,660 144,285
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 14,760 7,445 7,315
Before 1971 1,935 935 1,005
1971 to 1980 1,580 765 815
1981 to 1990 1,375 670 695
1991 to 2000 2,740 1,355 1,385
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,135 3,715 3,415
2001 to 2005 2,820 1,465 1,360
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,310 2,255 2,060
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,100 585 515
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 14,760 7,445 7,320
Under 5 years 2,170 1,080 1,090
5 to 14 years 2,980 1,475 1,505
15 to 24 years 2,400 1,160 1,240
25 to 44 years 6,095 3,205 2,885
45 years and over 1,115 520 600
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 302,810 150,685 152,120
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 286,945 142,660 144,285
Born in province of residence 281,085 139,880 141,210
Born outside province of residence 5,855 2,780 3,080
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 14,760 7,445 7,315
Americas 5,005 2,430 2,580
United States 1,870 735 1,140
Jamaica 15 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 280 130 145
Mexico 295 165 125
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 1,200 690 505
El Salvador 165 100 70
Peru 130 65 65
Chile 90 30 60
Other places of birth in Americas 950 495 450
Europe 5,080 2,630 2,455
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 310 165 145
Italy 85 55 30
Germany 215 95 120
Poland 100 60 45
Portugal 45 0 35
Netherlands 85 40 45
France 2,130 1,155 975
Romania 160 85 75
Russian Federation 75 35 40
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
Croatia 95 45 50
Hungary 40 20 15
Bosnia and Herzegovina 780 425 355
Serbia 95 45 50
Ireland, Republic of 40 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 815 385 430
Africa 2,540 1,405 1,135
Morocco 510 330 185
Algeria 480 275 205
Egypt 80 35 40
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,445 755 690
Asia 2,110 960 1,155
India 45 25 15
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 325 80 250
Philippines 50 0 35
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 25 0 10
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 190 100 90
Pakistan 50 30 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 145 55 90
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 30 0 20
Lebanon 80 25 55
Taiwan 55 0 0
Iraq 155 75 75
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 345 185 160
Japan 20 0 15
Turkey 45 35 0
Other places of birth in Asia 560 270 285
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 25 25 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 25 25 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,100 585 515
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 4,315 2,255 2,060
Americas 1,530 860 670
United States 115 70 45
Mexico 90 70 20
Cuba 75 50 0
Haiti 75 25 50
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 115 55 65
Colombia 755 455 305
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 65 30 40
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 240 105 130
Europe 705 385 320
France 450 255 190
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 40 20 20
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 30 20 15
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 130 60 70
Africa 1,075 520 550
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 215 125 85
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 175 90 80
Tunisia 35 20 15
Cameroon 40 25 15
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 195 60 140
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 415 195 220
Asia 1,000 490 510
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 50 20 30
India 35 20 0
Pakistan 40 25 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 20 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 130 55 70
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 55 15 40
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 20 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 250 130 110
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 150 80 70
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 220 95 125
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 302,810 150,690 152,120
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 16,410 8,325 8,085
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 12,215 6,100 6,120
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 274,185 136,265 137,920
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 302,805 150,690 152,120
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 9,245 4,750 4,495
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 500 265 235
Chinese 525 185 340
Black 2,730 1,415 1,320
Filipino 75 30 45
Latin American 2,320 1,240 1,080
Arab 1,485 790 700
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 675 345 330
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 485 255 225
Korean 90 50 35
Japanese 65 30 25
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 80 25 60
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 215 110 105
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 293,565 145,940 147,620
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 302,805 150,685 152,120
North American Aboriginal origins 12,015 6,025 5,990
First Nations (North American Indian) 10,870 5,500 5,370
Inuit 355 180 175
Métis 885 375 505
Other North American origins 223,440 111,465 111,970
Acadian 980 495 485
American 1,775 880 895
Canadian 216,070 107,475 108,595
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 20 0 0
Québécois 7,350 3,975 3,380
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 129,540 63,840 65,705
British Isles origins 32,895 15,780 17,115
Channel Islander 15 20 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 12,645 6,065 6,585
Irish 18,500 8,750 9,750
Manx 15 0 0
Scottish 8,410 3,945 4,470
Welsh 505 225 280
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 800 335 460
French origins 98,810 48,880 49,935
Alsatian 40 30 0
Breton 420 170 250
French 98,495 48,755 49,740
Western European origins (except French origins) 8,380 4,065 4,315
Austrian 205 125 80
Belgian 2,045 975 1,065
Dutch 1,085 460 620
Flemish 25 10 10
Frisian 0 0 0
German 4,405 2,150 2,260
Luxembourger 30 25 0
Swiss 970 490 480
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 100 0 65
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 690 315 375
Danish 170 95 75
Finnish 35 20 20
Icelandic 25 10 0
Norwegian 280 115 160
Swedish 170 65 100
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 15 0 0
Eastern European origins 2,160 1,045 1,110
Bulgarian 60 25 40
Byelorussian 10 0 0
Czech 90 35 55
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 15 15 0
Hungarian 240 110 130
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 25 0 0
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 955 460 490
Romanian 280 130 150
Russian 280 135 140
Slovak 65 30 35
Ukrainian 355 175 180
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 7,930 4,025 3,905
Albanian 15 0 0
Bosnian 320 150 170
Croatian 255 120 140
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 240 130 115
Italian 4,375 2,175 2,200
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 20 20 0
Portuguese 675 355 320
Serbian 515 260 260
Sicilian 45 20 20
Slovenian 80 55 0
Spanish 1,635 835 800
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 470 245 220
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 695 385 305
Basque 40 25 0
Jewish 260 140 120
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 395 220 165
Caribbean origins 825 425 400
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 145 90 60
Dominican 85 60 20
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 450 215 240
Jamaican 55 0 35
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 40 25 20
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,950 1,615 1,335
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 165 80 85
Argentinian 50 25 25
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 125 60 65
Chilean 135 75 55
Colombian 1,395 820 580
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 35 0 20
Guatemalan 55 30 30
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 55 25 30
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 430 230 200
Nicaraguan 65 30 35
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 10 0 10
Peruvian 145 75 70
Salvadorean 210 105 105
Uruguayan 25 25 0
Venezuelan 75 40 35
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 80 30 45
African origins 3,750 2,005 1,740
Central and West African origins 1,365 700 670
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 40 15 25
Burkinabe 115 60 55
Cameroonian 145 95 50
Chadian 65 25 35
Congolese 525 220 305
Gabonese 80 55 25
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 155 100 55
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 40 10 30
Nigerian 75 30 40
Peulh 55 25 30
Senegalese 95 55 40
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 70 45 30
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 35 25 15
North African origins 1,505 865 640
Algerian 415 250 170
Berber 255 140 115
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 105 60 50
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 570 325 245
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 185 100 80
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 15 0 0
Southern and East African origins 475 235 240
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 30 0 20
Burundian 235 115 120
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 30 0 0
Mauritian 30 0 25
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 100 50 55
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 35 35 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 445 225 215
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 440 225 220
Asian origins 4,330 2,150 2,180
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,030 1,040 985
Afghan 430 235 195
Arab, n.o.s. 550 310 245
Armenian 60 40 20
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 255 110 145
Iraqi 110 55 55
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 35 15 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 315 150 170
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 185 85 95
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 150 80 70
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 30 0 20
South Asian origins 660 350 310
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 425 225 205
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 165 95 75
Pakistani 30 25 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 115 60 50
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,650 775 875
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 125 70 50
Chinese 735 310 420
Filipino 85 30 50
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 100 45 50
Korean 100 55 45
Laotian 70 35 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 40 0 25
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 50 0 0
Thai 70 35 40
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 400 225 175
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 50 0 35
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 50 0 35
Oceania origins 35 25 10
Australian 20 15 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 302,805 150,685 152,120
Buddhist 365 160 205
Christian 263,325 129,315 134,010
Anglican 3,935 1,845 2,085
Baptist 1,590 755 840
Catholic 243,895 119,960 123,935
Christian Orthodox 1,020 520 500
Lutheran 200 110 90
Pentecostal 470 175 295
Presbyterian 430 245 180
United Church 3,105 1,435 1,670
Other Christian 8,675 4,270 4,410
Hindu 320 165 155
Jewish 180 90 90
Muslim 2,655 1,500 1,145
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 25 10 15
Other religions 610 330 285
No religious affiliation 35,330 19,110 16,220
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 302,810 150,685 152,120
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,965 1,525 1,445
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,750 855 890
Métis single identity 915 520 400
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 55 30 20
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 50 25 20
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 200 90 105
Non-Aboriginal identity 299,840 149,165 150,675
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 302,810 150,685 152,120
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 610 265 345
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 302,200 150,420 151,775
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 302,805 150,685 152,115
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 12,015 6,020 5,995
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 10,875 5,500 5,370
Métis ancestry 885 380 510
Inuit ancestry 350 180 170
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 290,790 144,665 146,130
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 18,490 9,010 9,475
Aboriginal languages 40 0 20
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 18,450 8,995 9,455
Italian 855 415 440
Portuguese 465 235 230
Romanian 170 85 80
Spanish 9,550 4,365 5,190
Dutch 245 130 110
Flemish 30 15 0
German 1,105 670 435
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 35 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 250 145 110
Bulgarian 30 15 20
Croatian 135 60 70
Czech 30 10 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 180 110 75
Russian 260 135 130
Serbian 505 265 240
Serbo-Croatian 435 235 205
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 25 15 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 65 45 20
Armenian 15 0 0
Albanian 15 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 75 40 35
Turkish 80 60 25
Berber languages (Kabyle) 140 75 60
Oromo 65 45 20
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 1,740 960 780
Hebrew 15 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 70 50 20
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 20 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 80 50 30
Nepali 305 155 145
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 660 335 330
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 85 50 40
Korean 30 0 0
Cantonese 75 30 45
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 130 75 50
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 210 95 115
Lao 65 0 50
Thai 45 0 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 115 65 55
Vietnamese 205 120 90
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 15 15 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 45 0 35
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 125 55 70
Rundi (Kirundi) 155 90 70
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 90 35 60
Swahili 360 155 205
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 85 50 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60
African languages, n.i.e. 25 0 0
Creoles 285 170 110
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 485 255 235
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 299,340 148,870 150,465
Non-movers 262,440 130,605 131,840
Movers 36,895 18,270 18,630
Non-migrants 23,295 11,430 11,870
Migrants 13,600 6,835 6,760
Internal migrants 12,220 6,060 6,165
Intraprovincial migrants 11,595 5,745 5,855
Interprovincial migrants 625 315 310
External migrants 1,375 785 595
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 286,035 142,100 143,935
Non-movers 176,550 88,215 88,335
Movers 109,485 53,880 55,600
Non-migrants 62,320 30,460 31,865
Migrants 47,165 23,425 23,740
Internal migrants 42,340 20,865 21,470
Intraprovincial migrants 40,820 20,135 20,685
Interprovincial migrants 1,525 735 790
External migrants 4,820 2,555 2,265
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 253,700 124,990 128,710
No certificate, diploma or degree 61,420 31,595 29,825
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 54,965 25,495 29,475
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 137,310 67,900 69,410
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 47,770 28,820 18,950
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 40,105 16,755 23,350
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 9,655 3,810 5,845
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 39,785 18,515 21,270
Bachelor's degree 23,920 10,250 13,670
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 15,865 8,270 7,595
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 166,215 82,475 83,740
No certificate, diploma or degree 28,950 16,025 12,925
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 32,960 15,465 17,495
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 104,310 50,985 53,325
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 37,235 21,805 15,425
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 28,635 12,270 16,365
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,485 2,555 3,935
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 31,955 14,355 17,605
Bachelor's degree 19,345 8,175 11,170
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 12,610 6,180 6,430
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 253,700 124,985 128,710
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 116,385 57,085 59,300
Education 12,465 3,045 9,415
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,000 1,730 2,270
Humanities 8,040 3,515 4,530
Social and behavioural sciences and law 10,675 3,265 7,410
Business, management and public administration 28,125 9,400 18,720
Physical and life sciences and technologies 5,075 2,915 2,155
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,720 2,350 1,365
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 32,670 30,785 1,885
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 4,180 2,685 1,490
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 18,510 3,765 14,745
Personal, protective and transportation services 9,645 4,380 5,270
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 205 50 160
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 253,700 124,990 128,710
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 116,385 57,090 59,300
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 137,310 67,905 69,410
Location of study inside Canada 131,800 64,730 67,070
Same as province or territory of residence 129,235 63,245 65,990
Another province or territory 2,560 1,490 1,075
Location of study outside Canada 5,510 3,165 2,340
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 167,560 87,420 80,135
Single responses 162,865 85,030 77,835
English 8,980 4,785 4,195
French 153,565 80,075 73,490
Non-official languages 320 165 155
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 165 80 90
Korean 0 0 0
German 15 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 105 65 40
Multiple responses 4,695 2,390 2,300
English and French 4,525 2,340 2,190
English and non-official language 25 0 15
French and non-official language 75 35 45
English, French and non-official language 65 0 50
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 167,560 87,420 80,135
English 8,980 4,780 4,195
French 153,565 80,080 73,490
Non-official language 320 170 150
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 320 170 155
English and French 4,530 2,335 2,195
English and non-official language 25 0 20
French and non-official language 80 40 40
English, French and non-official language 60 0 55
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 253,700 124,985 128,710
In the labour force 157,150 81,930 75,220
Employed 147,465 76,425 71,040
Unemployed 9,685 5,500 4,180
Not in the labour force 96,545 43,060 53,490
Participation rate 61.9 65.6 58.4
Employment rate 58.1 61.1 55.2
Unemployment rate 6.2 6.7 5.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 157,150 81,930 75,225
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,940 1,515 1,420
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 154,210 80,410 73,800
Employee 136,035 68,895 67,145
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 18,170 11,515 6,655
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 157,150 81,930 75,220
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,940 1,515 1,420
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 154,210 80,415 73,800
0 Management occupations 14,575 9,820 4,755
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 21,665 5,920 15,740
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 8,555 6,640 1,915
3 Health occupations 11,990 2,340 9,650
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 18,755 5,680 13,075
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 3,505 1,520 1,980
6 Sales and service occupations 35,195 14,565 20,625
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 23,310 22,105 1,200
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 3,860 3,120 740
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 12,810 8,705 4,110
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 157,150 81,930 75,225
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,940 1,515 1,420
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 154,215 80,415 73,800
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 5,665 4,240 1,425
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 575 515 55
22 Utilities 585 495 90
23 Construction 9,815 8,890 925
31-33 Manufacturing 25,255 17,970 7,285
41 Wholesale trade 3,840 2,880 955
44-45 Retail trade 18,285 8,435 9,855
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 5,380 4,325 1,055
51 Information and cultural industries 1,990 1,055 930
52 Finance and insurance 4,325 1,410 2,920
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,760 975 785
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 8,285 4,595 3,695
55 Management of companies and enterprises 125 70 55
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 5,775 3,165 2,610
61 Educational services 14,150 5,100 9,050
62 Health care and social assistance 22,100 4,180 17,925
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,130 1,095 1,035
72 Accommodation and food services 9,290 3,455 5,835
81 Other services (except public administration) 7,235 3,640 3,595
91 Public administration 7,640 3,915 3,725
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 157,150 81,930 75,225
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 7,215 3,495 3,720
Worked in 2010 149,935 78,435 71,500
1 to 13 weeks 6,705 3,300 3,405
14 to 26 weeks 10,860 5,390 5,470
27 to 39 weeks 10,335 5,725 4,610
40 to 48 weeks 28,590 14,940 13,650
49 to 52 weeks 93,450 49,080 44,370
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.0 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 157,150 81,930 75,220
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 7,215 3,495 3,720
Worked in 2010 149,935 78,435 71,500
Worked full-time in 2010 118,615 67,370 51,245
Worked part-time in 2010 31,320 11,065 20,250
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 147,465 76,425 71,040
Worked at home 10,750 5,610 5,140
Worked outside Canada 440 325 120
No fixed workplace address 11,520 8,575 2,940
Worked at usual place 124,755 61,910 62,840
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 136,275 70,495 65,785
Car, truck or van - as a driver 115,015 60,830 54,190
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 5,330 2,345 2,980
Public transit 4,105 1,520 2,585
Walked 9,580 4,415 5,165
Bicycle 970 715 255
Other methods 1,275 665 610
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 136,275 70,495 65,785
Median commuting duration 15.5 15.6 15.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 136,275 70,490 65,785
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 33,150 23,245 9,905
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 78,590 35,495 43,095
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 24,535 11,745 12,790
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 137,875 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 128,915 ... ...
Major repairs needed 8,965 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 137,880 ... ...
1960 or before 39,945 ... ...
1961 to 1980 41,155 ... ...
1981 to 1990 21,215 ... ...
1991 to 2000 16,270 ... ...
2001 to 2005 8,940 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 10,355 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 137,880 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 45,615 ... ...
5 rooms 24,930 ... ...
6 rooms 18,690 ... ...
7 rooms 16,260 ... ...
8 or more rooms 32,370 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 137,880 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 19,860 ... ...
2 bedrooms 43,075 ... ...
3 bedrooms 48,715 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 26,235 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 137,880 ... ...
Owner 85,615 ... ...
Renter 52,265 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 137,880 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 7,195 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 130,680 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 137,875 ... ...
1 household maintainer 87,085 ... ...
2 household maintainers 49,660 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,130 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 137,880 ... ...
Under 25 years 6,950 ... ...
25 to 34 years 19,845 ... ...
35 to 44 years 20,630 ... ...
45 to 54 years 28,360 ... ...
55 to 64 years 28,650 ... ...
65 to 74 years 19,100 ... ...
75 years and over 14,345 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 137,880 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 136,930 ... ...
More than one person per room 950 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 137,875 ... ...
Suitable 133,815 ... ...
Not suitable 4,060 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 135,840 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 105,010 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 30,835 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 26,650 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 83,900 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 743 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 815 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 179,373 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 206,491 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 52,125 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 7.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 564 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 603 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 253,695 124,985 128,710
Without income 10,200 4,320 5,885
With income 243,495 120,670 122,825
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 18,060 9,220 8,840
$5,000 to $9,999 19,910 7,560 12,345
$10,000 to $14,999 27,820 10,275 17,545
$15,000 to $19,999 28,575 12,160 16,415
$20,000 to $29,999 42,420 19,600 22,820
$30,000 to $39,999 36,550 18,670 17,880
$40,000 to $49,999 26,645 15,085 11,555
$50,000 to $59,999 15,700 9,680 6,025
$60,000 to $79,999 16,300 9,950 6,350
$80,000 to $99,999 5,800 4,070 1,735
$100,000 and over 5,720 4,400 1,315
$100,000 to $124,999 2,590 1,950 640
$125,000 and over 3,125 2,450 680
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 26,129 30,675 22,306
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 32,774 37,583 28,050
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 253,695 124,985 128,710
Without after-tax income 10,205 4,315 5,890
With after-tax income 243,490 120,675 122,815
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 18,715 9,435 9,280
$5,000 to $9,999 20,305 7,635 12,670
$10,000 to $14,999 28,605 10,570 18,040
$15,000 to $19,999 31,500 13,615 17,890
$20,000 to $29,999 52,270 25,490 26,780
$30,000 to $39,999 42,265 22,535 19,725
$40,000 to $49,999 23,715 14,165 9,550
$50,000 to $59,999 12,665 7,605 5,060
$60,000 to $79,999 8,670 5,920 2,755
$80,000 to $99,999 2,330 1,800 530
$100,000 and over 2,450 1,910 540
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,159 27,574 21,104
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,896 31,328 24,524
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 82.0 86.2 76.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 67.3 70.3 63.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 62.3 64.9 58.8
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.0 5.3 4.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.4 5.1 3.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.7 9.1 8.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.6 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 18.0 13.9 23.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.9 4.6 5.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.6 3.5 6.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.6 2.4 3.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.5 0.3 5.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.3 3.1 3.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.9 16.6 12.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.1 83.4 87.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.7 1.8 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 78,535 43,875 34,660
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 37,203 40,216 33,901
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 43,473 47,676 38,153
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 87,925 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,448 ... ...
Average family income ($) 72,394 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,771 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,447 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 40,825 ... ...
Median family income ($) 55,551 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,858 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 49,196 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 55,543 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 32,705 ... ...
Median family income ($) 80,945 ... ...
Average family income ($) 91,610 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 70,998 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,269 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 12,430 ... ...
Median family income ($) 40,105 ... ...
Average family income ($) 45,506 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,262 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 40,690 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 55,990 27,135 28,860
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 21,986 23,723 20,856
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 28,844 30,771 27,033
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 21,117 22,035 20,271
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,820 25,917 23,788
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 302,805 150,690 152,120
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 195,940 95,345 100,595
In bottom decile 32,530 16,075 16,460
In second decile 39,855 17,765 22,095
In third decile 43,555 21,395 22,160
In fourth decile 42,995 21,565 21,430
In fifth decile 36,995 18,545 18,445
In top half of the Canadian distribution 106,870 55,345 51,525
In sixth decile 32,070 16,490 15,575
In seventh decile 27,110 13,940 13,170
In eighth decile 21,775 11,250 10,530
In ninth decile 15,010 7,900 7,110
In top decile 10,910 5,765 5,145
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 137,880 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,150 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,735 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,955 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 16,600 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 17,030 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 15,525 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,410 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 19,780 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 12,775 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,325 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,555 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 137,880 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,310 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,885 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,455 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 19,510 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 20,070 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 17,135 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,550 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 19,925 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 10,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,255 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,790 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,470 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 137,875 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 45,985 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 57,879 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 41,614 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 49,264 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 46,245 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 23,143 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 30,439 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 21,820 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 26,061 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 91,635 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 61,084 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 71,728 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 54,373 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 60,974 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 302,805 150,685 152,120
Less than 18 years 60,570 31,505 29,065
Less than 6 years 19,790 10,180 9,610
18 to 64 years 193,580 96,530 97,050
65 years and over 48,660 22,650 26,005
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 54,295 25,330 28,970
Less than 18 years 10,285 5,310 4,975
Less than 6 years 3,440 1,820 1,620
18 to 64 years 34,030 16,670 17,355
65 years and over 9,985 3,350 6,630
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.9 16.8 19.0
Less than 18 years (%) 17.0 16.9 17.1
Less than 6 years (%) 17.4 17.9 16.9
18 to 64 years (%) 17.6 17.3 17.9
65 years and over (%) 20.5 14.8 25.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de l'Estrie, Quebec (Code 2405) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 16, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Région de l'Estrie, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Région de l'Estrie, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de l'Estrie
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 310,735 153,280 157,455
0 to 4 years 16,730 8,555 8,170
5 to 9 years 15,725 8,235 7,495
10 to 14 years 16,640 8,685 7,960
15 to 19 years 19,135 9,675 9,460
15 years 3,720 1,855 1,870
16 years 3,775 1,885 1,885
17 years 3,805 2,005 1,800
18 years 3,790 1,840 1,950
19 years 4,045 2,080 1,960
20 to 24 years 19,740 10,030 9,710
25 to 29 years 18,395 9,425 8,975
30 to 34 years 19,055 9,615 9,440
35 to 39 years 17,215 8,615 8,600
40 to 44 years 18,350 9,335 9,020
45 to 49 years 22,975 11,360 11,620
50 to 54 years 24,970 12,175 12,795
55 to 59 years 24,310 12,045 12,265
60 to 64 years 22,855 11,375 11,485
65 to 69 years 18,090 8,970 9,125
70 to 74 years 12,230 5,840 6,385
75 to 79 years 9,735 4,310 5,425
80 to 84 years 7,430 2,905 4,525
85 years and over 7,140 2,125 5,015
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.5 42.1 45.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.2 83.4 85.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 261,635 127,805 133,835
Married or living with a common-law partner 151,190 75,565 75,625
Married (and not separated) 89,505 44,750 44,760
Living common law 61,685 30,810 30,870
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 110,445 52,240 58,205
Single (never legally married) 71,300 38,805 32,495
Separated 3,460 1,650 1,815
Divorced 19,935 8,660 11,280
Widowed 15,745 3,130 12,615
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 87,300 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 49,775 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 16,460 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 14,330 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 6,735 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 87,300 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 74,315 ... ...
Married couples 43,550 ... ...
Without children at home 27,070 ... ...
With children at home 16,485 ... ...
1 child 6,445 ... ...
2 children 6,425 ... ...
3 or more children 3,610 ... ...
Common-law couples 30,765 ... ...
Without children at home 14,865 ... ...
With children at home 15,905 ... ...
1 child 6,175 ... ...
2 children 6,895 ... ...
3 or more children 2,830 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 12,985 ... ...
Female parent 9,385 ... ...
1 child 5,540 ... ...
2 children 2,840 ... ...
3 or more children 1,005 ... ...
Male parent 3,600 ... ...
1 child 2,300 ... ...
2 children 995 ... ...
3 or more children 305 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 80,750 ... ...
Under six years of age 19,815 ... ...
6 to 14 years 28,870 ... ...
15 to 17 years 10,985 ... ...
18 to 24 years 15,010 ... ...
25 years and over 6,070 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 302,810 150,390 152,420
Number of persons not in census families 60,445 29,310 31,135
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,255 2,005 2,250
Living with non-relatives only 9,700 5,495 4,200
Living alone 46,490 21,815 24,675
Number of census family persons 242,365 121,080 121,285
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 48,635 22,465 26,175
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 17,380 5,435 11,945
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,235 375 860
Living with non-relatives only 1,015 475 535
Living alone 15,130 4,585 10,545
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 31,255 17,030 14,230
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 137,880 ... ...
Census-family households 86,640 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 83,195 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 71,595 ... ...
Without children 40,340 ... ...
With children 31,255 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 11,595 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,450 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,805 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,820 ... ...
Without children 1,015 ... ...
With children 800 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 980 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 645 ... ...
Non-census-family households 51,240 ... ...
One-person households 46,485 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 4,755 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 137,880 ... ...
Single-detached house 75,795 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,170 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 910 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 59,000 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,385 ... ...
Row house 2,235 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 8,880 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 42,985 ... ...
Other single-attached house 515 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 137,880 ... ...
1 person 46,490 ... ...
2 persons 51,385 ... ...
3 persons 17,525 ... ...
4 persons 14,825 ... ...
5 persons 5,355 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,300 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 302,810 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 306,915 151,845 155,075
  Single responses  303,520 150,115 153,405
    English  20,485 10,110 10,380
    French  273,030 134,935 138,095
    Non-official languages  10,005 5,070 4,930
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 10 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,790 4,960 4,835
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Afrikaans  5 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  15 5 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,225 695 535
        Armenian  15 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 80 40 35
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  55 30 25
        Bisayan languages  10 0 5
        Bosnian  155 80 75
        Bulgarian  25 15 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  25 15 15
        Chinese, n.o.s.  195 90 105
        Creoles  125 50 75
        Croatian  70 25 40
        Czech  45 25 20
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  125 55 70
        Estonian  5 5 0
        Finnish  15 5 5
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  430 225 205
        Greek  85 50 30
        Gujarati  5 0 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  15 10 10
        Hungarian  55 30 30
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Italian  260 180 85
        Japanese  30 10 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  60 30 30
        Korean  35 15 15
        Kurdish  20 15 10
        Lao  20 5 10
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  45 20 30
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  75 30 45
        Marathi  0 0 5
        Nepali  215 95 120
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 55 35 20
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  65 40 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 10 5
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  740 375 365
        Polish  185 90 95
        Portuguese  195 95 100
        Romanian  160 85 75
        Rundi (Kirundi)  155 80 80
        Russian  145 50 95
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  70 25 40
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Serbian  440 220 220
        Serbo-Croatian  410 205 205
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Slovak  25 15 10
        Slovenian  5 5 5
        Somali  10 10 5
        Spanish  2,975 1,480 1,490
        Swahili  135 65 75
        Swedish  10 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  35 5 25
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  15 5 10
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  15 0 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  55 35 20
        Ukrainian  30 20 10
        Urdu  20 15 10
        Vietnamese  175 85 90
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 195 105 90
  Multiple responses          3,395 1,730 1,665
    English and French  2,555 1,280 1,270
    English and non-official language  135 75 55
    French and non-official language  630 320 305
    English, French and non-official language 80 50 30
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 306,915 151,845 155,070
  English only 6,970 3,280 3,695
  French only 179,480 83,810 95,675
  English and French 119,595 64,400 55,190
  Neither English nor French 870 355 515
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 306,915 151,845 155,070
  English 22,075 10,915 11,160
  French 281,305 139,105 142,195
  English and French 2,715 1,485 1,230
  Neither English nor French 820 330 495
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 23,430 11,660 11,770
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 7.6 7.7 7.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 306,915 151,845 155,070
  Single responses 302,660 149,720 152,940
    English 19,960 9,845 10,115
    French 276,760 136,885 139,865
    Non-official languages 5,945 2,990 2,960
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,875 2,950 2,925
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 0 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 615 325 290
        Armenian 10 5 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Bengali 5 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 10 10
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 105 55 55
        Bulgarian 15 10 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 15 5 5
        Chinese, n.o.s. 160 80 80
        Creoles 25 10 15
        Croatian 40 20 20
        Czech 25 10 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 15 10 10
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 100 50 50
        Greek 35 20 15
        Gujarati 0 5 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 10 5 5
        Hungarian 15 5 10
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Italian 50 25 25
        Japanese 20 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 40 20 20
        Korean 35 15 15
        Kurdish 5 5 5
        Lao 5 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 10 0 10
        Lithuanian 5 5 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 45 25 20
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 200 95 110
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Norwegian 0 5 0
        Oromo 15 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 10 5 0
        Pashto 5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi) 625 320 310
        Polish 80 40 35
        Portuguese 115 60 55
        Romanian 85 50 40
        Rundi (Kirundi) 40 15 15
        Russian 60 25 35
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Serbian 345 170 180
        Serbo-Croatian 305 150 155
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slovak 10 5 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 10 5 5
        Spanish 2,165 1,080 1,085
        Swahili 90 40 50
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 5 5
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 5 5
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 40 25 15
        Ukrainian 10 5 5
        Urdu 10 5 5
        Vietnamese 105 55 50
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 65 40 30
  Multiple responses         4,255 2,120 2,130
    English and French 2,490 1,240 1,250
    English and non-official language 185 85 100
    French and non-official language 1,395 685 705
    English, French and non-official language 190 115 75
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 306,915 151,845 155,075
  None 279,080 137,610 141,465
  Single responses  26,935 13,750 13,185
    English  15,865 8,145 7,715
    French  8,180 4,125 4,050
    Non-official languages  2,895 1,475 1,415
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,760 1,395 1,365
        African languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  5 0 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  390 230 160
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Bengali  0 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  35 20 15
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  45 20 25
        Bulgarian  10 5 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  5 0 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  30 10 20
        Creoles  80 40 40
        Croatian  10 5 5
        Czech  20 15 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  30 10 20
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  0 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  175 90 80
        Greek  20 10 10
        Gujarati  5 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  5 5 5
        Hungarian  25 15 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  85 50 40
        Japanese  15 10 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 10 5
        Korean  5 0 5
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 5 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  40 20 20
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  10 5 10
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 15 15
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  15 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  65 35 35
        Polish  40 15 25
        Portuguese  65 30 35
        Romanian  30 15 15
        Rundi (Kirundi)  65 35 35
        Russian  60 25 35
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 15 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  60 25 35
        Serbo-Croatian  65 35 30
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  5 5 5
        Spanish  885 430 455
        Swahili  70 40 30
        Swedish  5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 5 10
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 5 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 5 0
        Ukrainian  15 5 5
        Urdu  20 10 10
        Vietnamese  35 15 20
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 130 75 50
  Multiple responses          900 480 420
    English and French  285 165 115
    English and non-official language  460 240 220
    French and non-official language  140 65 80
    English, French and non-official language  10 10 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de l'Estrie, Quebec (Code 2405) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 16, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Région de l'Estrie (Health region, December 2013)

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: 2405, Health region (shaded in green)

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Région de l'Estrie, Quebec (Health region, December 2013)