NHS Profile, Région de l'Outaouais, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Région de l'Outaouais, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de l'Outaouais
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 364,165 179,575 184,585
Canadian citizens 353,905 174,610 179,295
Canadian citizens aged under 18 75,495 39,375 36,115
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 278,415 135,235 143,180
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 10,255 4,965 5,295
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 364,160 179,570 184,590
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 331,115 163,345 167,765
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 31,810 15,605 16,205
Before 1971 3,055 1,665 1,390
1971 to 1980 3,520 1,825 1,695
1981 to 1990 3,800 1,960 1,840
1991 to 2000 7,340 3,410 3,935
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 14,095 6,745 7,350
2001 to 2005 6,260 2,950 3,305
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,840 3,795 4,045
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,240 625 620
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 31,815 15,610 16,205
Under 5 years 4,195 1,985 2,210
5 to 14 years 5,535 2,960 2,575
15 to 24 years 6,010 2,670 3,340
25 to 44 years 14,055 7,035 7,025
45 years and over 2,015 965 1,050
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 364,165 179,575 184,585
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 331,110 163,345 167,765
Born in province of residence 248,980 123,235 125,750
Born outside province of residence 82,135 40,115 42,020
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 31,815 15,605 16,205
Americas 7,000 3,190 3,810
United States 1,025 475 550
Jamaica 95 50 45
Guyana 50 35 15
Haiti 1,500 605 895
Mexico 675 265 405
Trinidad and Tobago 70 30 40
Colombia 1,240 590 650
El Salvador 385 175 215
Peru 270 105 160
Chile 115 50 70
Other places of birth in Americas 1,575 805 770
Europe 9,865 5,060 4,805
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 935 505 425
Italy 320 195 125
Germany 640 295 345
Poland 300 130 165
Portugal 1,385 730 655
Netherlands 215 110 110
France 2,115 1,150 965
Romania 805 375 425
Russian Federation 255 80 170
Greece 70 50 25
Ukraine 115 40 80
Croatia 260 155 105
Hungary 105 65 45
Bosnia and Herzegovina 840 430 405
Serbia 140 95 50
Ireland, Republic of 105 40 60
Other places of birth in Europe 1,265 605 660
Africa 7,730 3,925 3,800
Morocco 1,265 655 615
Algeria 965 540 430
Egypt 195 105 90
South Africa, Republic of 95 45 45
Nigeria 100 45 50
Ethiopia 55 25 35
Kenya 100 35 60
Other places of birth in Africa 4,960 2,475 2,485
Asia 7,135 3,405 3,740
India 140 70 70
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,415 495 920
Philippines 345 135 210
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 40 25 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 475 260 210
Pakistan 65 35 30
Sri Lanka 105 65 40
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 375 200 175
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 135 55 80
Lebanon 2,320 1,200 1,115
Taiwan 60 20 40
Iraq 370 205 170
Bangladesh 75 40 35
Afghanistan 35 20 15
Japan 55 0 40
Turkey 160 110 50
Other places of birth in Asia 950 440 515
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 80 30 50
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 75 25 50
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,240 620 620
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 7,840 3,800 4,045
Americas 2,135 965 1,175
United States 130 70 60
Mexico 220 100 120
Cuba 60 0 45
Haiti 505 190 320
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 170 80 90
Colombia 675 300 375
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 55 25 30
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 30 0 15
Other places of birth in Americas 290 175 110
Europe 1,120 590 530
France 415 250 165
Germany 55 35 20
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 160 90 70
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 55 35 30
Russian Federation 50 10 40
Ukraine 35 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 55 30 25
Other places of birth in Europe 275 125 150
Africa 3,130 1,570 1,560
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 25 0 15
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 295 130 170
Egypt 30 0 0
Morocco 560 260 295
Tunisia 170 130 40
Cameroon 190 85 105
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 430 235 195
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,405 700 710
Asia 1,430 665 770
Philippines 85 45 40
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 295 110 190
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 105 65 40
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 40 0 25
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 150 80 70
Bangladesh 25 0 0
Lebanon 360 155 205
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 25 20 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 30 15 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 20 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 25 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 150 50 100
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 364,165 179,575 184,590
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 33,925 16,755 17,170
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 25,000 12,725 12,275
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 305,240 150,100 155,140
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 364,160 179,570 184,590
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 27,875 13,720 14,160
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 930 465 465
Chinese 2,175 935 1,240
Black 10,375 4,830 5,545
Filipino 450 195 250
Latin American 3,915 1,900 2,020
Arab 6,565 3,645 2,925
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,360 710 650
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 605 310 295
Korean 230 90 135
Japanese 330 210 120
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 350 165 190
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 585 270 320
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 336,285 165,855 170,430
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 364,165 179,575 184,590
North American Aboriginal origins 33,695 16,330 17,360
First Nations (North American Indian) 26,840 12,910 13,925
Inuit 310 135 175
Métis 7,295 3,685 3,605
Other North American origins 227,310 111,890 115,420
Acadian 1,620 745 870
American 2,520 1,185 1,330
Canadian 221,320 108,755 112,560
New Brunswicker 35 0 25
Newfoundlander 70 60 15
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 215 135 80
Québécois 4,835 2,520 2,320
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 40 20 25
European origins 184,440 91,615 92,825
British Isles origins 63,935 31,030 32,905
Channel Islander 45 25 25
Cornish 0 0 0
English 24,950 11,950 12,995
Irish 37,960 18,135 19,835
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 17,300 8,450 8,845
Welsh 1,165 530 630
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,960 920 1,035
French origins 129,415 64,445 64,965
Alsatian 65 20 50
Breton 665 340 325
French 128,840 64,150 64,685
Western European origins (except French origins) 17,830 8,525 9,305
Austrian 650 310 340
Belgian 2,580 1,145 1,425
Dutch 2,425 1,210 1,220
Flemish 95 60 35
Frisian 0 0 0
German 12,055 5,730 6,320
Luxembourger 55 25 30
Swiss 940 445 495
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 20 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,050 1,010 1,045
Danish 440 235 210
Finnish 210 80 125
Icelandic 75 30 50
Norwegian 700 400 300
Swedish 645 260 385
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 105 55 45
Eastern European origins 8,425 4,180 4,245
Bulgarian 325 145 180
Byelorussian 65 25 45
Czech 280 165 110
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 90 45 45
Estonian 45 20 0
Hungarian 830 455 375
Latvian 50 20 25
Lithuanian 175 110 65
Moldovan 40 25 0
Polish 3,205 1,625 1,585
Romanian 1,125 520 605
Russian 1,145 510 630
Slovak 195 90 100
Ukrainian 1,810 880 930
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 30 35 0
Southern European origins 16,025 8,055 7,975
Albanian 95 45 45
Bosnian 515 225 290
Croatian 470 310 165
Cypriot 10 0 15
Greek 865 420 445
Italian 6,610 3,145 3,465
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 25 0 0
Maltese 25 0 0
Montenegrin 30 0 0
Portuguese 4,000 2,105 1,900
Serbian 790 435 355
Sicilian 95 20 80
Slovenian 75 40 30
Spanish 2,875 1,395 1,480
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 405 200 205
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 55 50 0
Other European origins 1,140 675 465
Basque 160 75 80
Jewish 790 470 320
Roma (Gypsy) 20 20 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 180 110 70
Caribbean origins 3,775 1,735 2,045
Antiguan 25 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 60 40 25
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 170 85 85
Dominican 190 90 95
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 2,635 1,185 1,450
Jamaican 380 190 190
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 45 30 15
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 45 25 20
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 185 60 120
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 110 35 80
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 80 40 40
Latin, Central and South American origins 5,185 2,495 2,685
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 210 95 115
Argentinian 205 85 115
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 20 0 0
Brazilian 280 130 150
Chilean 175 125 50
Colombian 1,365 665 700
Costa Rican 35 0 25
Ecuadorian 75 30 40
Guatemalan 105 45 60
Guyanese 95 50 45
Hispanic 110 0 70
Honduran 75 45 35
Maya 15 0 0
Mexican 1,005 490 515
Nicaraguan 170 60 110
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 10 0 0
Peruvian 355 155 200
Salvadorean 615 350 270
Uruguayan 15 0 0
Venezuelan 300 150 145
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 200 95 105
African origins 11,405 5,725 5,685
Central and West African origins 4,110 1,950 2,165
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 40 35 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 190 115 75
Burkinabe 180 75 105
Cameroonian 505 230 270
Chadian 110 55 55
Congolese 1,430 630 795
Gabonese 20 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 175 65 110
Guinean 280 120 160
Ibo 35 0 0
Ivorian 330 140 195
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 90 65 25
Nigerian 170 105 70
Peulh 110 65 40
Senegalese 180 100 80
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 290 160 140
Yoruba 10 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 295 170 120
North African origins 3,670 2,045 1,620
Algerian 780 430 350
Berber 580 340 240
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 480 260 220
Libyan 80 55 25
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,445 740 705
Sudanese 45 25 0
Tunisian 340 240 95
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 30 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,165 940 1,215
Afrikaner 45 30 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 50 35 20
Burundian 750 325 425
Eritrean 50 0 40
Ethiopian 75 40 35
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 25 0 15
Malagasy 105 40 60
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 685 305 385
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 125 50 80
South African 105 55 55
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 45 0 30
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 30 0 20
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 125 45 75
Other African origins 1,640 895 745
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 145 65 80
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,595 870 725
Asian origins 14,235 7,185 7,050
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 8,005 4,260 3,740
Afghan 60 35 25
Arab, n.o.s. 1,335 720 610
Armenian 250 140 105
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 515 255 260
Iraqi 310 145 165
Israeli 40 0 0
Jordanian 105 65 40
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 115 75 40
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 4,635 2,445 2,195
Palestinian 240 110 130
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 390 245 150
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 300 170 130
Uighur 50 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 20 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 60 20 40
South Asian origins 1,375 710 665
Bangladeshi 110 55 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 905 475 430
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 110 40 70
Punjabi 25 0 20
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 60 40 20
Tamil 155 0 65
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,965 2,290 2,680
Burmese 55 20 35
Cambodian (Khmer) 215 65 155
Chinese 2,565 1,075 1,490
Filipino 495 195 305
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 55 20 35
Japanese 405 275 130
Korean 260 105 155
Laotian 160 65 100
Malaysian 40 0 20
Mongolian 60 0 30
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 65 0 45
Thai 160 70 90
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 805 485 320
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 65 35 30
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 60 35 30
Oceania origins 170 90 85
Australian 110 45 60
New Zealander 40 25 15
Pacific Islands origins 20 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 364,165 179,575 184,585
Buddhist 1,190 545 645
Christian 298,390 144,375 154,010
Anglican 3,945 1,785 2,165
Baptist 2,375 1,105 1,275
Catholic 267,665 129,935 137,730
Christian Orthodox 3,110 1,600 1,510
Lutheran 925 470 455
Pentecostal 2,340 1,150 1,190
Presbyterian 785 390 390
United Church 4,365 2,005 2,360
Other Christian 12,880 5,945 6,935
Hindu 305 170 130
Jewish 340 195 145
Muslim 7,320 3,940 3,385
Sikh 30 0 30
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 370 170 205
Other religions 915 440 470
No religious affiliation 55,305 29,735 25,570
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 364,160 179,575 184,590
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 18,015 9,175 8,840
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,975 3,980 3,990
Métis single identity 9,180 4,830 4,345
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 140 30 115
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 165 95 75
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 555 230 320
Non-Aboriginal identity 346,145 170,400 175,745
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 364,160 179,575 184,590
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 4,505 2,205 2,295
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 359,660 177,365 182,290
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 364,165 179,575 184,590
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 33,690 16,330 17,360
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 26,835 12,910 13,930
Métis ancestry 7,290 3,685 3,605
Inuit ancestry 310 135 175
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 330,470 163,245 167,225
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 45,725 21,455 24,270
Aboriginal languages 700 315 385
Algonquin 540 250 290
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 95 35 60
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 25 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 25 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 45,045 21,145 23,895
Italian 1,835 935 900
Portuguese 3,455 1,690 1,765
Romanian 955 460 495
Spanish 15,705 6,515 9,190
Dutch 430 215 215
Flemish 45 30 0
German 2,225 1,035 1,185
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 65 25 35
Norwegian 60 0 25
Swedish 90 30 60
Afrikaans 85 45 35
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 205 100 100
Bulgarian 185 55 130
Croatian 350 220 130
Czech 115 60 55
Macedonian 20 15 0
Polish 560 270 290
Russian 915 440 480
Serbian 635 340 295
Serbo-Croatian 375 205 175
Slovak 35 0 0
Slovenian 15 10 0
Ukrainian 100 25 80
Latvian 30 0 0
Lithuanian 20 20 0
Greek 275 160 120
Armenian 35 20 20
Albanian 65 25 45
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 50 30 20
Hungarian 170 80 90
Turkish 245 145 95
Berber languages (Kabyle) 130 55 80
Oromo 190 90 105
Somali 175 70 105
Amharic 60 20 40
Arabic 7,845 4,245 3,595
Hebrew 45 25 25
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 40 0 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 130 85 50
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 135 60 75
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 70 0 55
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 110 60 55
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 180 130 55
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 470 240 230
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 200 125 75
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 390 200 195
Korean 170 75 95
Cantonese 175 70 105
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 580 275 305
Taiwanese 55 0 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,115 580 530
Lao 145 65 80
Thai 120 55 70
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 60 85
Vietnamese 560 295 270
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 335 110 225
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25
Lingala 440 205 235
Rundi (Kirundi) 560 260 300
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 535 195 340
Swahili 1,150 545 600
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 435 240 195
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 745 340 405
African languages, n.i.e. 205 85 120
Creoles 1,920 780 1,140
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,475 775 705
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 359,660 177,245 182,420
Non-movers 311,075 152,980 158,100
Movers 48,585 24,265 24,325
Non-migrants 30,315 15,260 15,050
Migrants 18,275 9,000 9,275
Internal migrants 16,240 7,975 8,265
Intraprovincial migrants 11,380 5,710 5,665
Interprovincial migrants 4,860 2,265 2,600
External migrants 2,035 1,025 1,010
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 342,295 168,285 174,010
Non-movers 205,060 100,630 104,430
Movers 137,230 67,655 69,575
Non-migrants 80,050 39,285 40,765
Migrants 57,175 28,370 28,810
Internal migrants 49,545 24,760 24,790
Intraprovincial migrants 36,010 18,020 17,990
Interprovincial migrants 13,535 6,735 6,800
External migrants 7,630 3,610 4,020
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 301,330 147,055 154,275
No certificate, diploma or degree 70,205 36,910 33,295
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 65,395 29,615 35,785
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 165,730 80,530 85,195
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 41,880 24,815 17,060
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 50,375 23,090 27,285
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 12,520 5,045 7,470
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 60,965 27,590 33,375
Bachelor's degree 37,445 15,510 21,935
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 23,515 12,080 11,435
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 210,050 102,625 107,430
No certificate, diploma or degree 32,750 18,695 14,060
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 42,785 19,395 23,395
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 134,510 64,530 69,985
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 33,170 19,255 13,920
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 38,400 17,735 20,665
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 9,525 3,820 5,705
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 53,410 23,720 29,695
Bachelor's degree 32,870 13,645 19,225
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 20,545 10,075 10,475
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 301,330 147,055 154,275
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 135,600 66,520 69,080
Education 12,550 3,295 9,255
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 5,175 2,720 2,455
Humanities 10,475 4,490 5,985
Social and behavioural sciences and law 20,260 7,690 12,565
Business, management and public administration 39,615 12,990 26,625
Physical and life sciences and technologies 5,265 3,010 2,255
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 8,895 6,140 2,750
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 30,095 28,055 2,035
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 3,345 2,270 1,075
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 18,520 3,530 14,990
Personal, protective and transportation services 11,505 6,315 5,195
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 35 0 15
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 301,330 147,055 154,275
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 135,600 66,520 69,080
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 165,735 80,535 85,195
Location of study inside Canada 154,615 74,885 79,725
Same as province or territory of residence 104,205 49,915 54,290
Another province or territory 50,415 24,975 25,440
Location of study outside Canada 11,115 5,645 5,470
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 216,475 110,590 105,885
Single responses 199,300 101,755 97,545
English 66,475 36,260 30,220
French 132,290 65,205 67,080
Non-official languages 540 295 240
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 45 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 185 125 60
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 20 0 0
Portuguese 70 30 40
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 195 80 115
Multiple responses 17,180 8,830 8,345
English and French 16,670 8,570 8,105
English and non-official language 280 170 110
French and non-official language 65 0 50
English, French and non-official language 170 80 85
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 216,480 110,590 105,885
English 66,475 36,255 30,220
French 132,290 65,205 67,085
Non-official language 540 295 240
Aboriginal 35 0 35
Non-Aboriginal 500 290 215
English and French 16,670 8,570 8,100
English and non-official language 280 165 110
French and non-official language 65 0 50
English, French and non-official language 170 80 85
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 301,330 147,055 154,275
In the labour force 204,320 104,690 99,635
Employed 190,945 96,815 94,125
Unemployed 13,380 7,870 5,510
Not in the labour force 97,005 42,370 54,640
Participation rate 67.8 71.2 64.6
Employment rate 63.4 65.8 61.0
Unemployment rate 6.5 7.5 5.5
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 204,325 104,685 99,635
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 3,785 1,955 1,830
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 200,540 102,730 97,810
Employee 181,825 90,570 91,255
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 18,715 12,155 6,555
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 204,320 104,685 99,635
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,785 1,955 1,830
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 200,535 102,735 97,805
0 Management occupations 20,195 12,105 8,095
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 44,075 12,525 31,555
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 14,620 11,180 3,440
3 Health occupations 11,425 2,380 9,040
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 27,920 9,955 17,965
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 6,405 2,870 3,535
6 Sales and service occupations 44,545 22,425 22,125
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 25,900 24,705 1,195
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 2,080 1,825 255
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,370 2,765 600
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 204,325 104,685 99,635
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,785 1,955 1,825
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 200,540 102,735 97,805
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,030 1,595 440
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 330 245 90
22 Utilities 1,135 990 145
23 Construction 15,485 13,940 1,545
31-33 Manufacturing 7,965 6,455 1,505
41 Wholesale trade 3,405 2,835 570
44-45 Retail trade 21,195 10,385 10,815
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 6,060 4,705 1,360
51 Information and cultural industries 3,560 2,025 1,535
52 Finance and insurance 4,755 1,580 3,180
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,445 1,505 940
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 10,030 5,790 4,245
55 Management of companies and enterprises 125 85 40
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 8,450 5,495 2,955
61 Educational services 15,510 5,220 10,285
62 Health care and social assistance 21,740 4,510 17,235
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 5,225 2,980 2,245
72 Accommodation and food services 11,735 5,560 6,180
81 Other services (except public administration) 8,330 3,690 4,645
91 Public administration 51,015 23,150 27,865
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 204,320 104,685 99,635
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 9,210 4,455 4,755
Worked in 2010 195,115 100,235 94,880
1 to 13 weeks 8,090 3,810 4,280
14 to 26 weeks 14,670 7,435 7,235
27 to 39 weeks 12,550 6,980 5,570
40 to 48 weeks 32,235 16,390 15,845
49 to 52 weeks 127,575 65,625 61,950
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.3 45.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 204,320 104,690 99,635
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 9,205 4,455 4,750
Worked in 2010 195,120 100,235 94,880
Worked full-time in 2010 161,345 86,345 74,995
Worked part-time in 2010 33,775 13,885 19,890
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 190,940 96,820 94,125
Worked at home 9,455 4,850 4,605
Worked outside Canada 395 275 110
No fixed workplace address 18,115 14,265 3,850
Worked at usual place 162,980 77,420 85,560
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 181,095 91,685 89,410
Car, truck or van - as a driver 131,405 70,815 60,590
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 12,585 3,870 8,710
Public transit 24,925 10,460 14,470
Walked 7,755 3,645 4,105
Bicycle 2,870 2,050 825
Other methods 1,555 835 720
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 181,095 91,685 89,410
Median commuting duration 21.0 25.3 20.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 181,095 91,685 89,410
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 57,505 35,280 22,225
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 96,200 42,070 54,135
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 27,390 14,345 13,050
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 155,595 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 142,940 ... ...
Major repairs needed 12,655 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 155,590 ... ...
1960 or before 28,440 ... ...
1961 to 1980 46,775 ... ...
1981 to 1990 27,650 ... ...
1991 to 2000 23,645 ... ...
2001 to 2005 13,425 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 15,660 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 155,590 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 38,620 ... ...
5 rooms 27,995 ... ...
6 rooms 25,465 ... ...
7 rooms 20,675 ... ...
8 or more rooms 42,835 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 155,595 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 17,390 ... ...
2 bedrooms 46,760 ... ...
3 bedrooms 61,865 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 29,585 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 155,595 ... ...
Owner 108,095 ... ...
Renter 47,475 ... ...
Band housing 25 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 155,595 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 12,620 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 142,970 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 155,590 ... ...
1 household maintainer 93,255 ... ...
2 household maintainers 60,665 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,680 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 155,595 ... ...
Under 25 years 6,045 ... ...
25 to 34 years 24,270 ... ...
35 to 44 years 28,495 ... ...
45 to 54 years 37,380 ... ...
55 to 64 years 30,300 ... ...
65 to 74 years 17,405 ... ...
75 years and over 11,695 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 155,595 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 154,080 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,515 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 155,590 ... ...
Suitable 149,285 ... ...
Not suitable 6,305 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 154,230 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 122,205 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 32,025 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 25,745 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 107,055 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 64.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 958 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 998 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 210,120 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 231,328 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 47,385 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 709 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 740 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 301,330 147,055 154,275
Without income 14,235 6,270 7,970
With income 287,095 140,785 146,305
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 22,050 11,165 10,890
$5,000 to $9,999 20,495 8,115 12,385
$10,000 to $14,999 26,875 10,980 15,895
$15,000 to $19,999 25,870 11,045 14,825
$20,000 to $29,999 35,995 16,670 19,325
$30,000 to $39,999 34,550 17,020 17,535
$40,000 to $49,999 31,400 16,365 15,035
$50,000 to $59,999 28,240 14,075 14,170
$60,000 to $79,999 32,995 17,305 15,690
$80,000 to $99,999 15,485 9,020 6,470
$100,000 and over 13,120 9,025 4,095
$100,000 to $124,999 7,615 5,065 2,555
$125,000 and over 5,505 3,965 1,545
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 33,606 37,349 29,881
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 40,174 44,275 36,229
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 301,335 147,055 154,275
Without after-tax income 14,260 6,285 7,975
With after-tax income 287,070 140,770 146,300
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 22,910 11,375 11,530
$5,000 to $9,999 21,085 8,155 12,935
$10,000 to $14,999 27,505 11,215 16,285
$15,000 to $19,999 28,265 12,525 15,745
$20,000 to $29,999 44,920 21,190 23,730
$30,000 to $39,999 45,305 23,700 21,605
$40,000 to $49,999 39,420 19,550 19,865
$50,000 to $59,999 24,930 12,915 12,015
$60,000 to $79,999 23,020 13,350 9,675
$80,000 to $99,999 6,015 4,095 1,925
$100,000 and over 3,695 2,700 985
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,719 32,418 26,788
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,996 35,777 30,321
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.6 90.4 84.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 75.8 77.4 74.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.9 72.7 70.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.0 4.7 3.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.3 2.6 1.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.1 9.1 7.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.2 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.4 9.6 15.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.3 3.1 3.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.8 2.2 3.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.0 1.6 2.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.9 0.3 3.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.3 2.4 2.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.9 19.2 16.3
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.1 80.8 83.7
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.0 1.2 0.8
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 113,020 59,690 53,335
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 50,494 52,436 48,820
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 54,721 58,108 50,932
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 105,745 ... ...
Median family income ($) 79,300 ... ...
Average family income ($) 89,577 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,004 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 73,400 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 40,470 ... ...
Median family income ($) 71,055 ... ...
Average family income ($) 80,820 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,896 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 65,714 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 44,335 ... ...
Median family income ($) 102,888 ... ...
Average family income ($) 111,646 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 86,416 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 90,964 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 17,665 ... ...
Median family income ($) 50,358 ... ...
Average family income ($) 56,051 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 45,283 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,944 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 57,145 27,600 29,545
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,825 31,409 27,884
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,075 37,377 34,858
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,496 27,640 25,470
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,934 30,703 29,215
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 364,165 179,575 184,585
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 175,400 84,475 90,920
In bottom decile 33,380 16,340 17,035
In second decile 32,310 14,410 17,895
In third decile 35,145 16,930 18,215
In fourth decile 36,925 18,250 18,675
In fifth decile 37,640 18,545 19,095
In top half of the Canadian distribution 188,765 95,100 93,670
In sixth decile 38,970 19,440 19,525
In seventh decile 42,350 20,755 21,590
In eighth decile 42,540 21,835 20,705
In ninth decile 38,540 19,620 18,915
In top decile 26,370 13,440 12,930
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 155,590 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,045 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,295 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,080 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 12,345 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 14,285 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 13,330 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,995 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 22,110 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 17,935 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,155 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,900 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,790 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 155,590 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,120 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,375 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,195 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,680 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 14,850 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 17,635 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 17,925 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,625 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 25,540 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 17,845 ... ...
$100,000 and over 23,795 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,825 ... ...
$125,000 and over 10,965 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 155,595 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 61,657 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 74,129 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,959 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 60,879 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 45,850 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 32,415 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,396 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,675 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,625 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 109,745 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 78,995 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 89,056 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 66,795 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 73,100 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 362,770 178,890 183,880
Less than 18 years 77,145 40,225 36,920
Less than 6 years 26,080 13,415 12,670
18 to 64 years 242,180 118,705 123,485
65 years and over 43,440 19,970 23,475
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 49,860 23,000 26,860
Less than 18 years 10,130 5,475 4,655
Less than 6 years 3,510 1,825 1,685
18 to 64 years 31,405 14,775 16,630
65 years and over 8,325 2,755 5,570
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.7 12.9 14.6
Less than 18 years (%) 13.1 13.6 12.6
Less than 6 years (%) 13.5 13.6 13.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.4 13.5
65 years and over (%) 19.2 13.8 23.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de l'Outaouais, Quebec (Code 2407) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 11, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Région de l'Outaouais, Quebec

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 26.4%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Région de l'Outaouais, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de l'Outaouais
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 369,170 181,180 187,990
0 to 4 years 22,125 11,340 10,785
5 to 9 years 20,040 10,310 9,735
10 to 14 years 21,000 10,645 10,355
15 to 19 years 24,455 12,440 12,010
15 years 4,645 2,395 2,245
16 years 4,810 2,475 2,340
17 years 4,955 2,490 2,470
18 years 4,940 2,540 2,390
19 years 5,100 2,540 2,565
20 to 24 years 23,375 11,655 11,725
25 to 29 years 23,110 11,340 11,775
30 to 34 years 24,340 11,905 12,430
35 to 39 years 24,675 12,155 12,520
40 to 44 years 26,145 12,755 13,385
45 to 49 years 31,475 15,475 16,000
50 to 54 years 31,700 15,475 16,230
55 to 59 years 26,915 13,355 13,565
60 to 64 years 22,615 11,230 11,390
65 to 69 years 16,655 8,225 8,430
70 to 74 years 11,285 5,335 5,955
75 to 79 years 8,370 3,730 4,640
80 to 84 years 6,115 2,415 3,695
85 years and over 4,765 1,390 3,375
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.3 39.5 41.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.9 82.2 83.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 306,000 148,890 157,105
Married or living with a common-law partner 176,115 87,930 88,185
Married (and not separated) 115,310 57,560 57,755
Living common law 60,805 30,375 30,430
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 129,885 60,960 68,925
Single (never legally married) 86,185 46,010 40,175
Separated 6,070 2,780 3,290
Divorced 21,430 8,755 12,670
Widowed 16,205 3,415 12,790
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 105,870 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 54,625 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 24,005 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 19,760 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 7,470 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 105,865 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 86,855 ... ...
Married couples 56,485 ... ...
Without children at home 28,290 ... ...
With children at home 28,195 ... ...
1 child 11,270 ... ...
2 children 11,970 ... ...
3 or more children 4,960 ... ...
Common-law couples 30,370 ... ...
Without children at home 14,540 ... ...
With children at home 15,830 ... ...
1 child 7,150 ... ...
2 children 6,480 ... ...
3 or more children 2,195 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 19,010 ... ...
Female parent 14,225 ... ...
1 child 8,655 ... ...
2 children 4,270 ... ...
3 or more children 1,295 ... ...
Male parent 4,785 ... ...
1 child 3,140 ... ...
2 children 1,315 ... ...
3 or more children 335 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 107,230 ... ...
Under six years of age 26,185 ... ...
6 to 14 years 36,575 ... ...
15 to 17 years 13,960 ... ...
18 to 24 years 21,405 ... ...
25 years and over 9,110 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 364,165 179,285 184,880
Number of persons not in census families 64,215 30,925 33,285
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 7,050 3,205 3,840
Living with non-relatives only 11,355 6,440 4,910
Living alone 45,810 21,280 24,530
Number of census family persons 299,950 148,355 151,595
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 43,645 20,105 23,540
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 15,495 4,785 10,710
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,915 465 1,450
Living with non-relatives only 1,160 550 610
Living alone 12,420 3,765 8,655
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 28,150 15,325 12,825
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 155,590 ... ...
Census-family households 104,305 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 97,440 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 81,520 ... ...
Without children 40,005 ... ...
With children 41,515 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 15,925 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 6,860 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 5,315 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 3,305 ... ...
Without children 1,555 ... ...
With children 1,755 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,015 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,540 ... ...
Non-census-family households 51,295 ... ...
One-person households 45,815 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 5,475 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 155,595 ... ...
Single-detached house 83,640 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 6,630 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 380 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 64,945 ... ...
Semi-detached house 16,585 ... ...
Row house 6,910 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 8,150 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 33,000 ... ...
Other single-attached house 295 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 155,590 ... ...
1 person 45,815 ... ...
2 persons 54,485 ... ...
3 persons 25,110 ... ...
4 persons 20,715 ... ...
5 persons 6,795 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,680 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 364,165 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 366,435 180,145 186,295
  Single responses  357,690 175,765 181,925
    English  52,190 26,275 25,915
    French  279,670 136,740 142,925
    Non-official languages  25,825 12,745 13,080
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 110 45 65
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  80 35 45
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  10 5 5
        Inuktitut  10 0 10
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  0 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 24,935 12,315 12,625
        African languages, n.i.e 70 40 30
        Afrikaans  10 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 10
        Albanian  40 10 25
        Amharic  65 35 35
        Arabic  5,765 3,095 2,670
        Armenian  55 30 30
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 135 80 60
        Bengali  70 40 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  110 55 50
        Bisayan languages  5 0 10
        Bosnian  145 65 75
        Bulgarian  210 95 115
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  155 75 90
        Chinese, n.o.s.  855 415 435
        Creoles  800 360 440
        Croatian  205 110 95
        Czech  70 30 40
        Danish  15 5 10
        Dutch  280 125 150
        Estonian  10 5 5
        Finnish  15 10 10
        Flemish  20 10 15
        Fukien  5 5 0
        German  735 330 410
        Greek  150 95 55
        Gujarati  10 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 10 5
        Hindi  35 20 15
        Hungarian  150 80 70
        Ilocano  0 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 10 0
        Italian  490 285 205
        Japanese  95 30 60
        Khmer (Cambodian)  200 95 110
        Korean  100 35 65
        Kurdish  70 45 25
        Lao  115 60 60
        Latvian  20 10 10
        Lingala  105 55 50
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  30 10 20
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  465 210 250
        Marathi  5 5 5
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 300 165 135
        Norwegian  15 5 15
        Oromo  205 115 90
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  70 30 35
        Pashto  10 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  495 260 235
        Polish  470 220 250
        Portuguese  2,660 1,295 1,365
        Romanian  885 440 450
        Rundi (Kirundi)  390 190 200
        Russian  515 225 295
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  360 150 210
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Serbian  515 280 240
        Serbo-Croatian  415 205 210
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 10
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Slovak  50 25 30
        Slovenian  15 10 5
        Somali  155 80 80
        Spanish  4,035 1,860 2,175
        Swahili  270 145 120
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  190 50 145
        Taiwanese  5 5 5
        Tamil  35 20 20
        Telugu  5 5 5
        Thai  35 10 25
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  30 15 15
        Turkish  100 60 40
        Ukrainian  110 45 65
        Urdu  110 55 55
        Vietnamese  435 210 225
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 780 390 390
  Multiple responses          8,750 4,380 4,375
    English and French  5,925 2,940 2,990
    English and non-official language  725 350 370
    French and non-official language  1,690 875 815
    English, French and non-official language 415 215 200
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 366,440 180,145 186,300
  English only 31,045 16,250 14,790
  French only 112,315 50,625 61,695
  English and French 221,495 112,555 108,940
  Neither English nor French 1,585 710 875
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 366,440 180,140 186,300
  English 62,640 31,570 31,075
  French 294,270 143,775 150,495
  English and French 8,025 4,135 3,890
  Neither English nor French 1,505 665 845
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 66,650 33,635 33,015
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 18.2 18.7 17.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 366,440 180,140 186,295
  Single responses 355,360 174,745 180,615
    English 60,955 30,820 30,140
    French 280,920 137,310 143,605
    Non-official languages 13,490 6,620 6,870
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 50 20 35
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 45 20 25
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 5 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 13,220 6,480 6,735
        African languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Afrikaans 5 5 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 20 10 15
        Amharic 30 15 20
        Arabic 3,305 1,705 1,605
        Armenian 30 15 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
        Bengali 45 25 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 50 25 25
        Bisayan languages 5 5 0
        Bosnian 115 55 55
        Bulgarian 145 65 75
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 65 25 35
        Chinese, n.o.s. 715 355 360
        Creoles 255 115 140
        Croatian 135 75 65
        Czech 20 5 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 45 10 35
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 5
        Flemish 0 5 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 120 50 65
        Greek 35 20 15
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 5
        Hindi 15 5 10
        Hungarian 45 20 25
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Italian 65 35 25
        Japanese 40 20 25
        Khmer (Cambodian) 105 45 55
        Korean 60 25 35
        Kurdish 35 25 10
        Lao 70 35 35
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 30 15 15
        Lithuanian 5 0 0
        Macedonian 10 5 0
        Malay 10 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 345 170 180
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 65 30 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 35 20 15
        Pashto 5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi) 285 135 150
        Polish 175 85 90
        Portuguese 1,150 550 600
        Romanian 645 330 315
        Rundi (Kirundi) 115 55 60
        Russian 345 165 175
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 85 40 50
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Serbian 450 235 215
        Serbo-Croatian 325 165 160
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Slovak 10 5 10
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 90 40 50
        Spanish 2,730 1,305 1,425
        Swahili 85 35 50
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 15 15
        Taiwanese 5 0 0
        Tamil 15 10 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 10 0 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 15 10 5
        Turkish 40 25 15
        Ukrainian 40 20 20
        Urdu 55 25 25
        Vietnamese 285 130 150
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 220 110 110
  Multiple responses         11,080 5,400 5,680
    English and French 6,230 3,030 3,200
    English and non-official language 1,250 625 625
    French and non-official language 2,620 1,240 1,385
    English, French and non-official language 970 500 470
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 366,440 180,140 186,295
  None 290,015 142,535 147,480
  Single responses  73,620 36,225 37,395
    English  45,165 22,315 22,850
    French  19,370 9,460 9,915
    Non-official languages  9,085 4,450 4,635
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 20 20
        Atikamekw    5 0 5
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 10 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  10 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  5 0 5
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,535 4,190 4,345
        African languages, n.i.e 60 30 25
        Afrikaans  10 0 5
        Akan (Twi)  10 0 10
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  25 10 15
        Arabic  1,680 905 775
        Armenian  10 0 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 65 35
        Bengali  15 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 15 10
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  30 10 15
        Bulgarian  25 15 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  55 30 25
        Chinese, n.o.s.  105 35 65
        Creoles  620 280 345
        Croatian  35 20 15
        Czech  30 10 15
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  95 40 50
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  20 5 10
        Flemish  5 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  300 130 165
        Greek  75 45 30
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 0 0
        Hindi  30 15 15
        Hungarian  30 15 20
        Ilocano  0 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  230 110 120
        Japanese  55 30 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  60 25 35
        Korean  20 5 15
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  25 10 15
        Latvian  10 5 5
        Lingala  155 75 80
        Lithuanian  0 5 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  85 35 50
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 210 110 105
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  70 40 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  30 15 20
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  125 65 55
        Polish  140 55 80
        Portuguese  830 420 410
        Romanian  140 70 70
        Rundi (Kirundi)  210 110 100
        Russian  200 95 100
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  175 70 105
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  65 40 25
        Serbo-Croatian  55 35 20
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slovak  15 5 10
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  50 25 25
        Spanish  1,550 720 830
        Swahili  185 100 85
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  80 15 60
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  10 5 5
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  15 0 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  15 5 5
        Turkish  40 25 10
        Ukrainian  35 20 25
        Urdu  40 25 20
        Vietnamese  100 50 50
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 510 245 270
  Multiple responses          2,805 1,380 1,425
    English and French  1,070 550 520
    English and non-official language  1,125 530 600
    French and non-official language  595 295 295
    English, French and non-official language  20 10 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de l'Outaouais, Quebec (Code 2407) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 11, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Région de l'Outaouais, Quebec

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Région de l'Outaouais (Health region, December 2013)

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: 2407, Health region (shaded in green)

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Région de l'Outaouais, Quebec (Health region, December 2013)