NHS Profile, Région de Lanaudière, Quebec, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, Région de Lanaudière, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de Lanaudière
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 464,980 231,580 233,395
Canadian citizens 460,430 229,340 231,085
Canadian citizens aged under 18 99,520 50,885 48,635
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 360,905 178,455 182,450
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 4,550 2,240 2,310
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 464,975 231,580 233,395
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 445,340 221,915 223,425
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 19,230 9,455 9,775
Before 1971 3,130 1,685 1,445
1971 to 1980 2,760 1,370 1,385
1981 to 1990 2,710 1,385 1,325
1991 to 2000 3,830 1,830 1,990
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 6,800 3,170 3,630
2001 to 2005 3,705 1,775 1,925
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,095 1,395 1,700
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 410 210 190
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 19,225 9,450 9,775
Under 5 years 2,695 1,225 1,465
5 to 14 years 3,845 1,855 1,990
15 to 24 years 3,975 1,960 2,010
25 to 44 years 7,805 4,015 3,795
45 years and over 910 395 515
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 464,975 231,580 233,395
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 445,340 221,915 223,425
Born in province of residence 438,715 218,775 219,945
Born outside province of residence 6,620 3,140 3,475
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 19,230 9,450 9,775
Americas 7,250 3,210 4,040
United States 745 355 385
Jamaica 30 20 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 3,840 1,690 2,150
Mexico 160 75 90
Trinidad and Tobago 20 15 0
Colombia 520 190 335
El Salvador 270 110 165
Peru 230 80 150
Chile 140 55 85
Other places of birth in Americas 1,290 610 680
Europe 6,915 3,665 3,250
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 195 105 85
Italy 1,090 630 460
Germany 230 115 110
Poland 195 100 95
Portugal 585 270 320
Netherlands 35 20 15
France 2,615 1,350 1,260
Romania 440 235 210
Russian Federation 120 40 80
Greece 75 65 0
Ukraine 40 30 15
Croatia 60 35 30
Hungary 85 40 50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 25 30
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,065 580 480
Africa 3,175 1,780 1,390
Morocco 915 515 405
Algeria 1,025 585 440
Egypt 130 45 85
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,040 590 450
Asia 1,875 790 1,085
India 45 0 30
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 485 115 370
Philippines 135 55 80
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 105 50 55
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 20 15 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 0 30
Lebanon 270 160 110
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 35 25 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 70 45 30
Other places of birth in Asia 625 290 340
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 410 215 195
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 3,095 1,400 1,700
Americas 1,210 475 730
United States 70 25 40
Mexico 35 25 20
Cuba 40 30 0
Haiti 565 230 330
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 50 10 40
Colombia 250 70 180
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 20 0 20
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 55 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 125 55 70
Europe 705 360 345
France 405 205 200
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 35 0 25
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 35 25 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 175 90 80
Africa 675 380 295
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 265 140 125
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 125 50 70
Tunisia 90 80 10
Cameroon 70 0 50
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 110 75 45
Asia 500 175 325
Philippines 60 30 30
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 105 25 85
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 20 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 20 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 85 40 45
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 180 60 125
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 464,975 231,580 233,395
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 19,965 9,815 10,150
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 22,085 11,070 11,020
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 422,925 210,695 212,225
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 464,975 231,585 233,395
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 18,210 8,480 9,735
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 580 240 345
Chinese 585 165 425
Black 10,080 4,700 5,385
Filipino 235 100 135
Latin American 2,840 1,245 1,595
Arab 2,415 1,275 1,140
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 720 365 350
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 105 85 0
Korean 90 40 45
Japanese 45 0 40
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 200 120 80
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 320 140 180
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 446,770 223,100 223,665
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 464,980 231,585 233,395
North American Aboriginal origins 18,165 8,400 9,760
First Nations (North American Indian) 16,910 7,830 9,075
Inuit 110 45 65
Métis 1,255 575 680
Other North American origins 350,555 173,570 176,990
Acadian 2,995 1,515 1,485
American 2,265 1,070 1,190
Canadian 335,695 166,200 169,495
New Brunswicker 195 65 130
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 185 55 135
Québécois 13,535 6,790 6,745
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 20 20 0
European origins 182,370 92,255 90,115
British Isles origins 34,225 16,530 17,700
Channel Islander 25 0 20
Cornish 0 0 0
English 8,060 3,815 4,245
Irish 23,115 11,045 12,070
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 6,730 3,245 3,485
Welsh 70 20 50
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 235 80 155
French origins 137,500 69,580 67,925
Alsatian 80 30 50
Breton 1,165 530 635
French 136,690 69,210 67,485
Western European origins (except French origins) 10,905 5,485 5,425
Austrian 255 130 120
Belgian 3,545 1,825 1,720
Dutch 490 245 245
Flemish 115 65 55
Frisian 0 0 0
German 5,900 2,905 2,995
Luxembourger 20 15 0
Swiss 855 455 405
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 635 355 275
Danish 130 65 65
Finnish 65 35 35
Icelandic 35 20 0
Norwegian 230 140 90
Swedish 150 80 75
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 75 45 30
Eastern European origins 4,510 2,480 2,035
Bulgarian 90 50 45
Byelorussian 20 0 0
Czech 130 80 50
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 125 35 90
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 535 330 205
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 145 90 55
Moldovan 40 20 0
Polish 1,750 910 840
Romanian 880 475 400
Russian 485 275 210
Slovak 145 80 65
Ukrainian 770 445 325
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 21,890 11,185 10,710
Albanian 65 40 30
Bosnian 10 0 0
Croatian 150 90 60
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 965 510 455
Italian 15,350 7,975 7,375
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 55 20 35
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 2,485 1,215 1,275
Serbian 30 0 0
Sicilian 65 30 35
Slovenian 40 15 25
Spanish 3,310 1,630 1,685
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 185 90 95
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 810 405 405
Basque 160 75 90
Jewish 270 170 100
Roma (Gypsy) 25 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 355 150 205
Caribbean origins 8,720 4,045 4,675
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 25 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 195 110 80
Dominican 470 170 300
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 7,825 3,580 4,240
Jamaican 90 65 25
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 65 45 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 50 30 20
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 210 105 100
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,750 1,655 2,095
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 175 60 115
Argentinian 160 60 100
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 25 0 0
Brazilian 270 95 170
Chilean 265 95 170
Colombian 740 320 420
Costa Rican 30 0 25
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 390 215 170
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 25 10 10
Honduran 85 30 55
Maya 35 20 20
Mexican 390 180 210
Nicaraguan 85 35 45
Panamanian 75 25 50
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 500 225 280
Salvadorean 520 230 290
Uruguayan 65 40 25
Venezuelan 160 55 115
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 5,430 2,860 2,575
Central and West African origins 1,210 600 615
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 10 10 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 70 35 30
Burkinabe 15 0 0
Cameroonian 120 45 80
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 540 260 275
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 50 0 40
Guinean 145 75 65
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 70 35 40
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 40 25 20
Nigerian 20 0 0
Peulh 15 0 0
Senegalese 105 45 55
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 45 35 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 3,140 1,700 1,445
Algerian 1,145 610 535
Berber 500 290 205
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 280 120 160
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,100 555 545
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 285 200 85
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 15 0 0
Southern and East African origins 355 170 185
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 105 40 65
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 15 0 10
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 90 45 40
Seychellois 10 10 10
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 15 0 0
Other African origins 850 440 405
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 35 30 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 820 415 400
Asian origins 4,745 2,250 2,505
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,235 1,205 1,025
Afghan 40 30 0
Arab, n.o.s. 710 425 285
Armenian 240 140 100
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 35 20 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 40 0 25
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 900 445 455
Palestinian 35 0 25
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 255 105 150
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 100 60 30
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 700 280 425
Bangladeshi 15 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 435 165 270
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 50 20 25
Pakistani 25 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 190 80 110
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,835 765 1,070
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 205 100 105
Chinese 750 265 490
Filipino 260 105 155
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 110 30 70
Korean 80 45 35
Laotian 190 90 95
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 15 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 90 0 70
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 345 185 160
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 30 0 25
Australian 15 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 464,980 231,580 233,395
Buddhist 540 225 310
Christian 413,750 203,905 209,840
Anglican 815 360 455
Baptist 1,860 795 1,060
Catholic 396,635 195,870 200,760
Christian Orthodox 1,140 575 565
Lutheran 80 35 45
Pentecostal 1,240 570 670
Presbyterian 80 35 40
United Church 340 130 210
Other Christian 11,555 5,535 6,025
Hindu 170 70 95
Jewish 95 60 40
Muslim 3,490 1,925 1,565
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 80 40 40
Other religions 640 270 370
No religious affiliation 46,210 25,075 21,135
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 464,975 231,580 233,395
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 5,970 2,950 3,025
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,350 2,165 2,190
Métis single identity 1,330 630 695
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 20 25 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 65 35 35
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 205 105 105
Non-Aboriginal identity 459,000 228,630 230,370
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 464,975 231,580 233,395
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,960 1,490 1,470
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 462,015 230,085 231,925
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 464,975 231,580 233,395
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 18,160 8,395 9,765
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 16,910 7,835 9,075
Métis ancestry 1,255 570 680
Inuit ancestry 110 45 60
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 446,815 223,180 223,630
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 32,365 15,455 16,915
Aboriginal languages 2,295 1,190 1,105
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 2,225 1,150 1,075
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 25 0 25
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 50 35 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,085 14,275 15,810
Italian 4,565 2,445 2,120
Portuguese 1,675 815 855
Romanian 580 300 275
Spanish 11,915 5,275 6,640
Dutch 85 45 40
Flemish 25 0 25
German 815 370 445
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 50 25 25
Croatian 95 45 55
Czech 60 25 35
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 320 185 140
Russian 330 205 130
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 30 0 15
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 65 45 25
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 355 155 200
Armenian 25 0 0
Albanian 100 45 55
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 185 95 90
Turkish 85 50 35
Berber languages (Kabyle) 125 75 45
Oromo 180 95 85
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 2,855 1,555 1,295
Hebrew 20 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 40 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Nepali 240 95 145
Kurdish 50 25 25
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 70 45 25
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 95 50 40
Korean 20 0 0
Cantonese 50 30 20
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 35 15 15
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 200 110 95
Lao 190 95 95
Thai 25 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 175 90 90
Vietnamese 110 60 50
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 155 55 100
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 275 140 135
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 55
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 40 0 25
Swahili 60 25 35
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 80 60 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60
African languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10
Creoles 5,225 2,290 2,935
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 710 370 340
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 459,675 228,800 230,880
Non-movers 411,170 204,795 206,375
Movers 48,505 24,005 24,500
Non-migrants 19,295 9,330 9,965
Migrants 29,210 14,670 14,540
Internal migrants 28,620 14,425 14,195
Intraprovincial migrants 28,360 14,310 14,050
Interprovincial migrants 260 120 140
External migrants 590 245 345
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 436,855 217,155 219,700
Non-movers 278,310 139,410 138,895
Movers 158,545 77,745 80,800
Non-migrants 60,975 29,695 31,285
Migrants 97,570 48,055 49,520
Internal migrants 94,840 46,820 48,025
Intraprovincial migrants 93,765 46,270 47,495
Interprovincial migrants 1,070 550 525
External migrants 2,730 1,235 1,495
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 384,695 190,350 194,345
No certificate, diploma or degree 98,195 50,260 47,935
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 90,565 41,830 48,735
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 195,930 98,255 97,675
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 78,955 48,845 30,110
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 61,775 25,775 35,995
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 15,425 6,245 9,180
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 39,770 17,385 22,385
Bachelor's degree 29,220 12,085 17,135
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,550 5,300 5,250
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 263,285 130,545 132,735
No certificate, diploma or degree 47,190 25,355 21,840
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 58,385 27,355 31,030
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 157,710 77,835 79,870
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 63,495 38,055 25,435
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 48,490 20,705 27,790
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 11,650 4,780 6,865
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 34,065 14,290 19,780
Bachelor's degree 25,340 10,175 15,170
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,725 4,115 4,610
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 384,690 190,345 194,345
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 188,765 92,090 96,675
Education 16,080 3,990 12,095
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,545 2,940 3,605
Humanities 7,990 3,100 4,890
Social and behavioural sciences and law 13,740 3,665 10,070
Business, management and public administration 43,310 13,605 29,705
Physical and life sciences and technologies 4,425 2,415 2,015
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 5,775 4,160 1,615
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 51,415 48,555 2,860
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 3,890 2,655 1,230
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 24,245 4,030 20,215
Personal, protective and transportation services 18,490 9,135 9,355
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 20 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 384,690 190,350 194,345
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 188,765 92,090 96,675
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 195,930 98,255 97,670
Location of study inside Canada 190,735 95,280 95,455
Same as province or territory of residence 189,105 94,310 94,795
Another province or territory 1,630 965 660
Location of study outside Canada 5,195 2,980 2,215
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 266,700 139,935 126,760
Single responses 258,375 135,080 123,290
English 7,095 4,410 2,685
French 250,610 130,280 120,335
Non-official languages 675 400 275
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 80 75 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 565 310 255
Multiple responses 8,325 4,850 3,470
English and French 7,895 4,625 3,275
English and non-official language 50 30 15
French and non-official language 150 75 75
English, French and non-official language 230 125 105
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 266,695 139,940 126,760
English 7,095 4,405 2,680
French 250,610 130,280 120,330
Non-official language 675 395 275
Aboriginal 455 260 200
Non-Aboriginal 220 140 80
English and French 7,900 4,625 3,275
English and non-official language 50 30 15
French and non-official language 150 75 75
English, French and non-official language 230 125 105
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 384,690 190,345 194,345
In the labour force 253,450 133,365 120,080
Employed 237,385 124,300 113,080
Unemployed 16,060 9,065 7,000
Not in the labour force 131,250 56,980 74,265
Participation rate 65.9 70.1 61.8
Employment rate 61.7 65.3 58.2
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.8 5.8
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 253,445 133,365 120,080
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 4,785 2,435 2,350
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 248,665 130,930 117,730
Employee 221,625 113,795 107,825
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 27,040 17,135 9,905
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 253,445 133,365 120,080
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 4,785 2,435 2,350
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 248,660 130,930 117,730
0 Management occupations 23,665 15,560 8,105
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 39,060 10,430 28,625
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 11,695 9,230 2,465
3 Health occupations 16,040 2,490 13,550
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 27,255 7,330 19,930
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 5,020 2,280 2,735
6 Sales and service occupations 57,210 23,685 33,530
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 48,870 45,950 2,920
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 3,685 2,860 825
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 16,160 11,125 5,035
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 253,450 133,365 120,080
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 4,785 2,435 2,350
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 248,660 130,930 117,730
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 4,490 3,205 1,285
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 475 445 30
22 Utilities 2,185 1,590 600
23 Construction 23,605 20,785 2,825
31-33 Manufacturing 32,860 23,560 9,295
41 Wholesale trade 10,445 7,390 3,050
44-45 Retail trade 34,850 15,955 18,895
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 11,775 8,980 2,795
51 Information and cultural industries 4,485 2,625 1,855
52 Finance and insurance 8,500 2,550 5,950
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 3,500 1,990 1,510
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 11,425 5,965 5,460
55 Management of companies and enterprises 195 115 85
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 9,490 5,640 3,855
61 Educational services 16,080 4,485 11,595
62 Health care and social assistance 31,195 5,260 25,935
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,185 2,375 1,810
72 Accommodation and food services 12,770 4,625 8,150
81 Other services (except public administration) 12,665 6,305 6,355
91 Public administration 13,475 7,080 6,395
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 253,450 133,365 120,085
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,540 5,550 5,995
Worked in 2010 241,905 127,815 114,090
1 to 13 weeks 9,900 4,155 5,740
14 to 26 weeks 17,305 8,930 8,375
27 to 39 weeks 14,745 8,555 6,185
40 to 48 weeks 46,285 25,065 21,215
49 to 52 weeks 153,680 81,100 72,575
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.5 44.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 253,445 133,365 120,080
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,535 5,545 5,990
Worked in 2010 241,905 127,820 114,090
Worked full-time in 2010 198,410 112,760 85,640
Worked part-time in 2010 43,500 15,055 28,450
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 237,380 124,300 113,085
Worked at home 13,995 6,910 7,080
Worked outside Canada 260 200 60
No fixed workplace address 24,855 19,625 5,230
Worked at usual place 198,275 97,560 100,710
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 223,135 117,190 105,940
Car, truck or van - as a driver 195,540 105,630 89,910
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 8,010 3,325 4,685
Public transit 7,815 2,800 5,015
Walked 8,655 3,615 5,040
Bicycle 1,580 1,085 495
Other methods 1,540 735 805
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 223,130 117,190 105,945
Median commuting duration 25.6 30.2 20.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 223,130 117,190 105,945
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 77,425 51,485 25,935
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 99,420 40,680 58,745
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 46,290 25,035 21,260
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 190,475 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 180,390 ... ...
Major repairs needed 10,085 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 190,475 ... ...
1960 or before 26,995 ... ...
1961 to 1980 57,015 ... ...
1981 to 1990 38,030 ... ...
1991 to 2000 26,515 ... ...
2001 to 2005 19,005 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 22,915 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 190,475 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 49,460 ... ...
5 rooms 33,505 ... ...
6 rooms 28,075 ... ...
7 rooms 27,445 ... ...
8 or more rooms 51,990 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 190,475 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 19,740 ... ...
2 bedrooms 61,485 ... ...
3 bedrooms 70,605 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 38,645 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 190,475 ... ...
Owner 144,435 ... ...
Renter 45,935 ... ...
Band housing 105 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 190,475 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 13,175 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 177,305 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 190,475 ... ...
1 household maintainer 113,380 ... ...
2 household maintainers 75,565 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,530 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 190,475 ... ...
Under 25 years 5,090 ... ...
25 to 34 years 26,535 ... ...
35 to 44 years 34,160 ... ...
45 to 54 years 46,730 ... ...
55 to 64 years 38,300 ... ...
65 to 74 years 25,015 ... ...
75 years and over 14,640 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 190,475 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 189,230 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,245 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 190,475 ... ...
Suitable 183,640 ... ...
Not suitable 6,835 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 188,870 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 149,675 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 39,200 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 33,650 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 143,505 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 65.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 15.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 899 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 931 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 200,315 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 218,571 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 45,540 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 7.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 660 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 691 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 384,690 190,350 194,345
Without income 19,435 7,645 11,790
With income 365,255 182,695 182,560
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 27,005 13,110 13,890
$5,000 to $9,999 28,280 9,815 18,465
$10,000 to $14,999 36,685 13,075 23,610
$15,000 to $19,999 38,925 15,620 23,310
$20,000 to $29,999 55,575 24,675 30,900
$30,000 to $39,999 54,125 27,375 26,750
$40,000 to $49,999 41,505 22,820 18,685
$50,000 to $59,999 28,885 17,320 11,565
$60,000 to $79,999 33,190 22,740 10,445
$80,000 to $99,999 11,640 8,560 3,075
$100,000 and over 9,440 7,580 1,860
$100,000 to $124,999 5,080 4,075 1,005
$125,000 and over 4,365 3,505 855
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,270 35,531 23,586
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,054 41,238 28,864
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 384,695 190,345 194,345
Without after-tax income 19,405 7,645 11,765
With after-tax income 365,280 182,700 182,580
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 27,890 13,305 14,590
$5,000 to $9,999 29,095 9,950 19,145
$10,000 to $14,999 37,430 13,570 23,860
$15,000 to $19,999 42,980 17,575 25,405
$20,000 to $29,999 69,975 32,610 37,370
$30,000 to $39,999 64,080 34,690 29,390
$40,000 to $49,999 43,835 25,745 18,090
$50,000 to $59,999 25,300 16,680 8,620
$60,000 to $79,999 17,570 12,815 4,755
$80,000 to $99,999 4,035 3,235 800
$100,000 and over 3,080 2,525 560
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,481 31,184 21,992
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,526 33,893 25,157
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.3 88.4 78.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.9 75.7 68.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 69.3 71.8 65.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.6 3.9 3.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.2 3.8 2.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.0 7.8 5.8
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.2 1.1 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.7 11.6 21.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.0 3.6 4.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.7 2.8 5.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.6 2.3 3.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.5 0.2 5.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.9 2.7 3.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.8 17.8 12.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.2 82.2 87.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.5 1.8 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 132,420 74,240 58,180
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 41,378 46,917 35,698
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 46,595 52,288 39,330
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 138,300 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,557 ... ...
Average family income ($) 78,346 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,332 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 65,942 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 54,895 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,126 ... ...
Average family income ($) 68,455 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 51,435 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 57,162 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 59,575 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,558 ... ...
Average family income ($) 97,385 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 76,730 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 81,488 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 19,890 ... ...
Median family income ($) 44,721 ... ...
Average family income ($) 50,627 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 41,668 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 44,843 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 59,975 30,205 29,765
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,196 32,032 22,181
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,819 37,077 28,497
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,583 28,446 21,414
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,772 30,639 24,862
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 464,975 231,580 233,400
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 261,140 126,805 134,330
In bottom decile 35,735 17,330 18,405
In second decile 49,620 21,570 28,050
In third decile 57,100 27,355 29,745
In fourth decile 58,105 29,430 28,670
In fifth decile 60,575 31,115 29,455
In top half of the Canadian distribution 203,840 104,775 99,065
In sixth decile 58,085 29,215 28,870
In seventh decile 52,545 27,150 25,390
In eighth decile 43,475 22,300 21,180
In ninth decile 32,350 17,055 15,290
In top decile 17,385 9,055 8,330
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 190,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,630 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,165 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,320 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,900 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 17,525 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 20,760 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 19,770 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,080 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 30,340 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 23,025 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,735 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,050 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,165 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 190,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,800 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,190 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,485 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,330 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 20,990 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 24,355 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 24,810 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,465 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 33,485 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 20,155 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,415 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,305 ... ...
$125,000 and over 8,105 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 190,475 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 57,257 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 67,219 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 50,084 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 56,624 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 48,365 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 28,348 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 34,073 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 25,534 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 28,745 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 142,115 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 69,690 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 78,499 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 60,436 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 66,111 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 462,900 230,515 232,385
Less than 18 years 99,450 50,795 48,655
Less than 6 years 33,065 17,075 15,990
18 to 64 years 302,170 150,605 151,560
65 years and over 61,285 29,115 32,165
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 60,510 27,345 33,160
Less than 18 years 12,825 6,455 6,365
Less than 6 years 3,845 2,005 1,840
18 to 64 years 36,150 16,725 19,425
65 years and over 11,540 4,170 7,365
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.1 11.9 14.3
Less than 18 years (%) 12.9 12.7 13.1
Less than 6 years (%) 11.6 11.7 11.5
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 11.1 12.8
65 years and over (%) 18.8 14.3 22.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de Lanaudière, Quebec (Code 2414) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Région de Lanaudière, Quebec

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, Région de Lanaudière, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de Lanaudière
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 471,750 234,010 237,735
0 to 4 years 28,120 14,400 13,725
5 to 9 years 24,895 12,805 12,090
10 to 14 years 27,415 13,985 13,435
15 to 19 years 33,210 17,070 16,140
15 years 6,485 3,265 3,220
16 years 6,660 3,400 3,260
17 years 6,735 3,415 3,315
18 years 6,820 3,525 3,295
19 years 6,515 3,465 3,050
20 to 24 years 27,045 13,910 13,140
25 to 29 years 25,510 12,765 12,740
30 to 34 years 30,465 14,935 15,525
35 to 39 years 29,855 14,820 15,035
40 to 44 years 31,925 15,860 16,065
45 to 49 years 39,855 19,680 20,180
50 to 54 years 41,215 20,420 20,795
55 to 59 years 35,015 17,465 17,550
60 to 64 years 30,595 15,115 15,480
65 to 69 years 24,475 12,140 12,335
70 to 74 years 16,405 8,080 8,325
75 to 79 years 11,545 5,295 6,250
80 to 84 years 7,955 3,400 4,555
85 years and over 6,240 1,870 4,370
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.5 40.7 42.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.9 82.4 83.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 391,310 192,825 198,485
Married or living with a common-law partner 236,780 118,305 118,475
Married (and not separated) 134,425 67,200 67,225
Living common law 102,355 51,105 51,250
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 154,535 74,520 80,015
Single (never legally married) 103,600 56,745 46,855
Separated 5,270 2,420 2,850
Divorced 25,545 10,885 14,660
Widowed 20,115 4,465 15,650
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 138,815 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 71,070 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 30,820 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 26,675 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 10,255 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 138,815 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 117,065 ... ...
Married couples 65,945 ... ...
Without children at home 35,975 ... ...
With children at home 29,970 ... ...
1 child 12,110 ... ...
2 children 12,405 ... ...
3 or more children 5,445 ... ...
Common-law couples 51,125 ... ...
Without children at home 21,850 ... ...
With children at home 29,275 ... ...
1 child 12,125 ... ...
2 children 12,780 ... ...
3 or more children 4,365 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 21,745 ... ...
Female parent 15,840 ... ...
1 child 9,335 ... ...
2 children 4,940 ... ...
3 or more children 1,565 ... ...
Male parent 5,905 ... ...
1 child 3,910 ... ...
2 children 1,640 ... ...
3 or more children 360 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 140,175 ... ...
Under six years of age 33,070 ... ...
6 to 14 years 46,665 ... ...
15 to 17 years 19,385 ... ...
18 to 24 years 29,660 ... ...
25 years and over 11,390 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 464,975 231,475 233,500
Number of persons not in census families 68,920 34,140 34,785
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 8,705 3,810 4,900
Living with non-relatives only 11,780 6,640 5,135
Living alone 48,435 23,690 24,750
Number of census family persons 396,055 197,335 198,715
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 61,255 29,110 32,145
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 20,415 6,790 13,620
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,020 860 2,155
Living with non-relatives only 1,740 870 870
Living alone 15,655 5,060 10,595
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 40,840 22,315 18,520
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 190,475 ... ...
Census-family households 136,690 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 127,515 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 109,605 ... ...
Without children 54,135 ... ...
With children 55,470 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 17,905 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 9,185 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 7,140 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 4,615 ... ...
Without children 1,985 ... ...
With children 2,630 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,520 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 2,050 ... ...
Non-census-family households 53,785 ... ...
One-person households 48,440 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 5,345 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 190,475 ... ...
Single-detached house 130,235 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,380 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,200 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 57,655 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,215 ... ...
Row house 2,355 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 9,375 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 35,855 ... ...
Other single-attached house 855 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 190,475 ... ...
1 person 48,440 ... ...
2 persons 69,620 ... ...
3 persons 31,715 ... ...
4 persons 27,585 ... ...
5 persons 9,110 ... ...
6 or more persons 4,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 464,975 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 468,345 232,680 235,660
  Single responses  463,590 230,270 233,320
    English  8,520 4,235 4,285
    French  437,655 217,190 220,465
    Non-official languages  17,415 8,845 8,570
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 2,165 1,075 1,090
        Atikamekw    2,145 1,065 1,075
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 5
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,080 7,670 7,405
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  45 20 20
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  1,565 900 665
        Armenian  35 20 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  110 55 50
        Bisayan languages  5 0 10
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  55 30 20
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  35 15 25
        Chinese, n.o.s.  205 105 100
        Creoles  2,565 1,120 1,440
        Croatian  35 20 15
        Czech  40 20 15
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  45 20 25
        Estonian  0 5 0
        Finnish  5 5 5
        Flemish  20 10 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  245 120 125
        Greek  225 145 70
        Gujarati  5 0 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  5 0 5
        Hungarian  90 55 35
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  2,500 1,450 1,050
        Japanese  20 10 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  170 80 95
        Korean  15 5 10
        Kurdish  20 5 15
        Lao  135 60 70
        Latvian  0 0 5
        Lingala  55 25 30
        Lithuanian  15 10 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  75 35 40
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  185 90 100
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 30 15 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  185 95 90
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  75 40 35
        Polish  285 130 155
        Portuguese  935 475 455
        Romanian  500 245 250
        Rundi (Kirundi)  75 35 35
        Russian  210 85 120
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  45 20 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 10 5
        Serbo-Croatian  30 15 15
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slovak  20 10 10
        Slovenian  15 10 10
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  3,565 1,740 1,820
        Swahili  45 20 25
        Swedish  5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  40 10 30
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  20 10 10
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  95 55 35
        Ukrainian  70 40 30
        Urdu  10 0 5
        Vietnamese  150 75 75
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 175 95 75
  Multiple responses          4,750 2,410 2,340
    English and French  2,645 1,330 1,315
    English and non-official language  310 160 145
    French and non-official language  1,555 785 770
    English, French and non-official language 245 135 110
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 468,340 232,680 235,660
  English only 1,665 845 820
  French only 306,175 143,710 162,465
  English and French 159,490 87,660 71,830
  Neither English nor French 1,010 465 545
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 468,340 232,680 235,660
  English 10,800 5,445 5,355
  French 453,395 225,080 228,320
  English and French 3,180 1,720 1,455
  Neither English nor French 960 435 530
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 12,390 6,310 6,085
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.6 2.7 2.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 468,340 232,680 235,660
  Single responses 462,120 229,620 232,500
    English 7,740 3,910 3,830
    French 446,660 221,895 224,760
    Non-official languages 7,720 3,815 3,910
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 2,020 1,020 1,000
        Atikamekw   2,015 1,025 990
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 5 0 5
        Inuktitut 0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,640 2,755 2,885
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 25 15 10
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 450 230 220
        Armenian 5 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Bengali 0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 40 20 20
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 5 0 0
        Bulgarian 30 15 15
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 15 10 5
        Chinese, n.o.s. 145 75 70
        Creoles 725 310 420
        Croatian 10 5 10
        Czech 15 10 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 0 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 5 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 25 10 10
        Greek 75 45 35
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 5 0 5
        Hungarian 25 15 10
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 380 200 180
        Japanese 15 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 65 25 40
        Korean 10 5 0
        Kurdish 5 0 0
        Lao 70 35 40
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 5 5 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 55 30 30
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 180 80 95
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 65 30 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 10 5 5
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 60 20 30
        Polish 125 55 65
        Portuguese 225 110 115
        Romanian 345 175 170
        Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5
        Russian 110 50 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 10 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 0
        Slovenian 5 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 2,025 1,010 1,020
        Swahili 10 5 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 0 5
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 5 0
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 5 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 65 30 30
        Ukrainian 15 5 5
        Urdu 5 0 0
        Vietnamese 60 25 30
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 35 25
  Multiple responses         6,220 3,060 3,160
    English and French 2,510 1,240 1,270
    English and non-official language 250 115 135
    French and non-official language 2,905 1,415 1,490
    English, French and non-official language 555 285 270
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 468,340 232,680 235,660
  None 435,085 215,880 219,200
  Single responses  31,695 16,020 15,675
    English  17,695 9,165 8,530
    French  6,615 3,280 3,330
    Non-official languages  7,385 3,570 3,810
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 145 70 80
        Atikamekw    140 65 75
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 5 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,125 3,440 3,675
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  780 430 350
        Armenian  15 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Bengali  5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  50 25 20
        Bisayan languages  5 5 0
        Bosnian  10 10 5
        Bulgarian  15 10 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  15 0 15
        Chinese, n.o.s.  25 10 15
        Creoles  2,195 955 1,235
        Croatian  15 5 5
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  15 10 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  85 35 45
        Greek  100 60 40
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  0 0 0
        Hungarian  25 15 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  925 500 425
        Japanese  10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  100 45 55
        Korean  5 0 5
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  50 30 25
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  60 25 30
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 5 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  10 5 10
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  75 30 45
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 5 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  10 5 0
        Polish  65 25 45
        Portuguese  380 200 185
        Romanian  80 30 45
        Rundi (Kirundi)  35 15 20
        Russian  55 20 35
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  1,605 770 830
        Swahili  20 10 10
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 0 10
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  10 5 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 5 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  25 15 10
        Ukrainian  10 5 10
        Urdu  5 5 5
        Vietnamese  55 20 35
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 115 60 60
  Multiple responses          1,565 780 785
    English and French  255 135 125
    English and non-official language  990 490 500
    French and non-official language  305 155 155
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de Lanaudière, Quebec (Code 2414) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Région de Lanaudière (Health region, December 2013)

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: 2414, Health region (shaded in green)

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Région de Lanaudière, Quebec (Health region, December 2013)

  • Canada
    • Quebec (Province)
      • Région de Lanaudière (Health region, December 2013)
        • Baie-Atibenne (Unorganized)
        • Baie-Obaoca (Unorganized)
        • Baie-de-la-Bouteille (Unorganized)
        • Berthierville (Ville)