NHS Profile, Région des Laurentides, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Région des Laurentides, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région des Laurentides
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 549,585 272,605 276,980
Canadian citizens 543,420 269,620 273,800
Canadian citizens aged under 18 117,075 59,130 57,945
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 426,345 210,490 215,855
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 6,165 2,990 3,180
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 549,585 272,605 276,980
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 524,725 259,975 264,755
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 24,080 12,190 11,885
Before 1971 5,245 3,025 2,220
1971 to 1980 3,910 2,095 1,815
1981 to 1990 3,170 1,555 1,610
1991 to 2000 4,330 2,110 2,220
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,425 3,405 4,015
2001 to 2005 3,930 1,770 2,160
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,495 1,635 1,860
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 780 440 340
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 24,080 12,195 11,890
Under 5 years 3,550 1,595 1,955
5 to 14 years 4,565 2,405 2,160
15 to 24 years 5,460 2,865 2,590
25 to 44 years 9,240 4,695 4,540
45 years and over 1,260 625 630
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 549,585 272,605 276,980
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 524,730 259,970 264,755
Born in province of residence 507,770 252,025 255,745
Born outside province of residence 16,960 7,950 9,010
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 24,080 12,190 11,885
Americas 5,490 2,600 2,890
United States 1,395 650 745
Jamaica 75 50 20
Guyana 25 15 0
Haiti 1,105 560 545
Mexico 460 185 270
Trinidad and Tobago 35 20 0
Colombia 690 295 390
El Salvador 205 115 95
Peru 180 100 90
Chile 260 170 90
Other places of birth in Americas 1,065 445 615
Europe 12,100 6,455 5,640
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 590 325 270
Italy 1,225 800 425
Germany 775 365 415
Poland 390 145 245
Portugal 1,055 550 505
Netherlands 100 40 60
France 4,745 2,530 2,215
Romania 750 335 415
Russian Federation 345 150 195
Greece 205 115 95
Ukraine 55 25 30
Croatia 25 15 0
Hungary 140 85 50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 25 0
Serbia 20 15 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,630 920 710
Africa 2,550 1,350 1,205
Morocco 695 350 345
Algeria 590 280 310
Egypt 285 180 100
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 0
Nigeria 30 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 915 495 420
Asia 3,865 1,755 2,115
India 65 45 25
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 710 145 570
Philippines 150 30 120
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 40 25 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 385 190 200
Pakistan 40 25 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 90 55 40
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 105 50 55
Lebanon 730 385 345
Taiwan 70 40 35
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 65 50 15
Japan 60 0 50
Turkey 75 40 35
Other places of birth in Asia 1,250 660 595
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 70 40 30
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 65 40 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 780 440 340
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 3,495 1,635 1,860
Americas 1,055 460 595
United States 180 80 100
Mexico 145 55 90
Cuba 40 20 20
Haiti 185 80 105
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 90 40 45
Colombia 205 110 100
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 50 35 15
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 35 0 30
Other places of birth in Americas 120 40 80
Europe 1,185 600 585
France 775 395 380
Germany 25 20 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 100 35 65
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 20 0 0
Russian Federation 50 15 35
Ukraine 15 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 35 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 165 100 65
Africa 630 345 290
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 135 70 60
Egypt 15 0 0
Morocco 145 45 100
Tunisia 25 25 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 225 140 85
Asia 610 230 380
Philippines 60 0 45
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 135 40 100
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 65 30 35
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 35 15 15
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 20 0 20
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 215 110 100
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 549,585 272,605 276,980
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 25,405 12,910 12,495
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 29,250 14,890 14,360
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 494,930 244,805 250,125
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 549,585 272,605 276,975
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 14,095 6,875 7,230
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 730 440 290
Chinese 1,175 380 790
Black 4,335 2,245 2,095
Filipino 200 55 140
Latin American 2,695 1,235 1,460
Arab 2,040 1,080 960
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,925 965 950
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 230 140 90
Korean 155 90 70
Japanese 135 45 90
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 150 70 75
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 335 125 215
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 535,485 265,730 269,755
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 549,585 272,605 276,980
North American Aboriginal origins 22,910 10,640 12,275
First Nations (North American Indian) 20,280 9,265 11,015
Inuit 365 145 215
Métis 2,700 1,400 1,300
Other North American origins 402,455 198,245 204,210
Acadian 1,945 860 1,090
American 3,125 1,555 1,570
Canadian 390,500 192,155 198,350
New Brunswicker 45 25 20
Newfoundlander 45 20 25
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 105 70 35
Québécois 11,175 5,710 5,465
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 10 0 0
European origins 245,980 122,475 123,510
British Isles origins 55,070 26,445 28,625
Channel Islander 50 30 20
Cornish 0 0 0
English 15,955 8,165 7,790
Irish 34,700 16,175 18,530
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 13,450 6,380 7,065
Welsh 545 225 320
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,745 845 900
French origins 178,000 88,650 89,345
Alsatian 140 80 60
Breton 1,325 695 625
French 177,025 88,200 88,825
Western European origins (except French origins) 18,235 8,905 9,335
Austrian 665 385 285
Belgian 4,910 2,435 2,480
Dutch 1,475 670 805
Flemish 105 50 55
Frisian 0 0 0
German 10,145 4,885 5,255
Luxembourger 50 25 20
Swiss 1,725 955 770
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 105 65 40
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,130 490 640
Danish 195 85 115
Finnish 160 85 75
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 360 130 230
Swedish 310 165 140
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 30 65
Eastern European origins 8,350 4,220 4,130
Bulgarian 130 45 85
Byelorussian 30 15 0
Czech 280 190 90
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 115 70 50
Estonian 15 0 0
Hungarian 1,130 640 495
Latvian 70 45 30
Lithuanian 250 135 120
Moldovan 30 0 20
Polish 2,945 1,435 1,505
Romanian 1,255 625 635
Russian 1,300 640 660
Slovak 175 80 90
Ukrainian 1,445 680 765
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 80 50 25
Southern European origins 27,655 14,160 13,495
Albanian 35 15 20
Bosnian 40 0 25
Croatian 145 75 70
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 2,005 1,130 870
Italian 18,145 9,295 8,850
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 30 15 10
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 4,005 2,055 1,955
Serbian 45 25 25
Sicilian 115 45 65
Slovenian 35 15 15
Spanish 3,970 1,965 2,010
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 195 85 105
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 3,295 1,740 1,545
Basque 180 110 65
Jewish 2,725 1,445 1,285
Roma (Gypsy) 25 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 360 180 185
Caribbean origins 3,735 1,905 1,830
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 65 25 40
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 190 65 125
Dominican 245 100 145
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 2,580 1,340 1,240
Jamaican 295 160 135
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 65 40 25
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 35 20 15
St. Lucian 40 20 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 80 55 35
Vincentian/Grenadinian 30 0 15
West Indian, n.o.s. 40 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 115 60 60
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,110 1,985 2,120
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 70 35 35
Argentinian 140 80 60
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 30 0 15
Brazilian 205 110 95
Chilean 565 300 265
Colombian 875 395 480
Costa Rican 30 0 25
Ecuadorian 90 40 40
Guatemalan 195 85 110
Guyanese 70 50 20
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 65 35 30
Maya 30 0 30
Mexican 790 330 455
Nicaraguan 90 50 35
Panamanian 20 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 300 165 140
Salvadorean 395 180 210
Uruguayan 45 25 25
Venezuelan 180 95 85
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 100 65 40
African origins 4,340 2,290 2,050
Central and West African origins 595 300 295
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 20 0 10
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 40 15 25
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 50 20 35
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 120 60 70
Gabonese 35 0 30
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 105 40 65
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 50 25 25
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 20 0 15
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 25 20 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 125 90 35
North African origins 2,815 1,500 1,315
Algerian 690 380 315
Berber 440 260 175
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 660 365 295
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 25 0 0
Moroccan 925 450 480
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 225 120 100
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 20 0 0
Southern and East African origins 200 100 100
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 20 0 0
Mauritian 90 45 45
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 45 25 20
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 30 0 25
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 15 0 10
Other African origins 870 465 405
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 40 30 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 820 430 395
Asian origins 9,015 4,385 4,630
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 4,030 2,180 1,860
Afghan 115 85 35
Arab, n.o.s. 505 280 230
Armenian 515 265 250
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 35 20 20
Iranian 220 95 130
Iraqi 25 0 0
Israeli 15 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 25 0 0
Lebanese 2,095 1,150 940
Palestinian 40 25 15
Pashtun 20 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 450 200 245
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 275 145 125
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 845 455 395
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 15 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 525 265 265
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 120 80 40
Pakistani 100 60 40
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 170 100 70
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,140 1,740 2,400
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 575 255 315
Chinese 1,610 560 1,060
Filipino 265 110 160
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 35 0 35
Japanese 245 95 155
Korean 160 85 65
Laotian 665 320 345
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 70 35 40
Thai 150 45 110
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 740 370 375
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 45 0 15
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 45 0 15
Oceania origins 75 45 25
Australian 20 15 0
New Zealander 35 0 15
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 549,585 272,605 276,975
Buddhist 1,415 650 765
Christian 474,985 232,200 242,785
Anglican 3,015 1,505 1,510
Baptist 1,515 730 790
Catholic 451,500 220,640 230,860
Christian Orthodox 2,480 1,345 1,135
Lutheran 335 145 195
Pentecostal 1,340 620 720
Presbyterian 720 340 380
United Church 1,835 865 975
Other Christian 12,245 6,020 6,225
Hindu 200 100 100
Jewish 2,995 1,565 1,425
Muslim 2,690 1,475 1,210
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 40 0 35
Other religions 620 265 355
No religious affiliation 66,640 36,330 30,305
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 549,585 272,605 276,980
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 7,065 3,425 3,635
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,685 1,785 1,905
Métis single identity 2,890 1,450 1,440
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 90 35 60
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 140 65 70
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 250 90 160
Non-Aboriginal identity 542,520 269,180 273,345
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 549,585 272,605 276,975
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,550 715 835
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 548,035 271,890 276,145
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 549,585 272,605 276,975
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 22,915 10,635 12,275
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 20,280 9,270 11,015
Métis ancestry 2,700 1,400 1,300
Inuit ancestry 360 145 215
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 526,675 261,970 264,705
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 40,550 19,425 21,120
Aboriginal languages 135 50 80
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 15 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 105 45 60
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,435 19,370 21,060
Italian 5,790 3,015 2,775
Portuguese 2,440 1,250 1,190
Romanian 855 390 465
Spanish 16,745 7,305 9,440
Dutch 255 80 175
Flemish 70 35 40
German 2,270 1,020 1,250
Yiddish 2,090 1,125 970
Danish 25 0 0
Norwegian 80 0 50
Swedish 85 50 35
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 95 35 60
Croatian 75 40 35
Czech 70 40 30
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 700 305 390
Russian 660 325 335
Serbian 25 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 20 0
Slovak 35 25 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 160 105 60
Latvian 20 0 0
Lithuanian 30 25 0
Greek 990 600 390
Armenian 265 155 105
Albanian 30 10 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 0 0
Hungarian 275 130 140
Turkish 135 90 45
Berber languages (Kabyle) 130 65 65
Oromo 80 45 30
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 3,110 1,650 1,455
Hebrew 200 100 95
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 30 0 0
Hindi 130 85 50
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 50 40 20
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 90 65 25
Nepali 150 85 70
Kurdish 30 0 20
Pashto 25 20 0
Persian (Farsi) 225 135 85
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 285 115 175
Korean 75 40 40
Cantonese 115 55 60
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 280 120 165
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 300 145 150
Lao 585 285 300
Thai 105 40 60
Khmer (Cambodian) 485 215 265
Vietnamese 440 225 215
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 50 20 35
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 150 45 105
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 70 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 0 0
Swahili 50 0 20
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 210 115 90
African languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0
Creoles 1,555 790 765
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 870 375 495
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 543,820 269,470 274,350
Non-movers 479,645 238,710 240,935
Movers 64,180 30,755 33,420
Non-migrants 24,655 11,880 12,780
Migrants 39,520 18,880 20,640
Internal migrants 38,795 18,505 20,290
Intraprovincial migrants 38,030 18,115 19,915
Interprovincial migrants 760 390 370
External migrants 725 375 350
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 518,415 256,615 261,800
Non-movers 319,580 160,235 159,345
Movers 198,835 96,380 102,455
Non-migrants 73,380 35,770 37,615
Migrants 125,455 60,615 64,840
Internal migrants 122,035 58,955 63,080
Intraprovincial migrants 119,460 57,715 61,745
Interprovincial migrants 2,575 1,245 1,330
External migrants 3,425 1,660 1,765
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 454,575 224,470 230,105
No certificate, diploma or degree 106,800 55,325 51,470
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 105,490 48,810 56,680
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 242,285 120,335 121,950
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 87,185 52,465 34,720
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 75,165 31,935 43,235
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 20,015 8,800 11,215
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 59,915 27,140 32,775
Bachelor's degree 41,815 18,150 23,660
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 18,100 8,990 9,115
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 311,260 152,905 158,350
No certificate, diploma or degree 50,230 27,400 22,830
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 66,645 30,905 35,740
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 194,385 94,605 99,780
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 69,440 40,785 28,655
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 58,805 25,075 33,730
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 15,280 6,805 8,475
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 50,860 21,935 28,925
Bachelor's degree 36,170 15,345 20,825
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 14,685 6,590 8,095
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 454,575 224,470 230,105
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 212,290 104,140 108,150
Education 19,005 4,570 14,435
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 8,470 3,730 4,735
Humanities 11,385 4,170 7,210
Social and behavioural sciences and law 17,760 5,455 12,305
Business, management and public administration 56,810 19,595 37,210
Physical and life sciences and technologies 6,345 3,310 3,030
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 7,765 4,975 2,790
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 57,340 53,395 3,945
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 4,860 3,185 1,680
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 29,360 5,465 23,895
Personal, protective and transportation services 23,170 12,475 10,695
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 454,575 224,470 230,105
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 212,285 104,135 108,150
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 242,285 120,330 121,955
Location of study inside Canada 233,930 115,625 118,305
Same as province or territory of residence 227,870 112,365 115,505
Another province or territory 6,060 3,255 2,800
Location of study outside Canada 8,355 4,705 3,650
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 319,175 166,235 152,940
Single responses 305,990 158,825 147,160
English 18,305 10,565 7,740
French 287,310 148,100 139,215
Non-official languages 375 160 210
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 0 0
Cantonese 20 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 40 15 25
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 255 105 155
Multiple responses 13,185 7,410 5,775
English and French 12,765 7,180 5,585
English and non-official language 100 70 30
French and non-official language 145 65 80
English, French and non-official language 170 95 80
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 319,175 166,235 152,940
English 18,300 10,570 7,735
French 287,315 148,100 139,215
Non-official language 370 160 215
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 370 160 210
English and French 12,765 7,180 5,580
English and non-official language 100 70 30
French and non-official language 145 60 80
English, French and non-official language 170 95 80
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 454,570 224,465 230,105
In the labour force 301,570 157,420 144,150
Employed 281,340 145,690 135,650
Unemployed 20,225 11,730 8,500
Not in the labour force 153,010 67,050 85,955
Participation rate 66.3 70.1 62.6
Employment rate 61.9 64.9 59.0
Unemployment rate 6.7 7.5 5.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 301,565 157,415 144,150
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 5,855 2,985 2,865
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 295,715 154,430 141,280
Employee 258,110 130,790 127,325
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 37,600 23,645 13,955
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 301,565 157,420 144,150
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,850 2,985 2,870
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 295,715 154,430 141,280
0 Management occupations 33,300 21,505 11,800
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 46,815 12,845 33,970
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 17,085 13,085 3,995
3 Health occupations 18,450 3,155 15,295
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 32,325 9,395 22,930
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 6,990 3,195 3,800
6 Sales and service occupations 71,620 30,545 41,075
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 49,760 46,840 2,915
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 4,610 3,605 1,005
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 14,760 10,265 4,490
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 301,570 157,420 144,145
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,850 2,980 2,865
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 295,715 154,435 141,280
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 5,175 3,495 1,680
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 810 675 130
22 Utilities 2,760 1,980 785
23 Construction 25,650 22,495 3,155
31-33 Manufacturing 35,100 25,220 9,880
41 Wholesale trade 13,595 9,150 4,450
44-45 Retail trade 40,390 18,905 21,485
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 15,600 11,260 4,340
51 Information and cultural industries 5,760 3,215 2,535
52 Finance and insurance 9,065 3,095 5,970
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,660 2,460 2,200
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 18,040 9,520 8,525
55 Management of companies and enterprises 315 160 150
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 10,610 5,975 4,635
61 Educational services 19,725 5,495 14,225
62 Health care and social assistance 33,295 5,590 27,700
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 7,295 4,120 3,175
72 Accommodation and food services 18,375 7,195 11,175
81 Other services (except public administration) 13,730 6,415 7,320
91 Public administration 15,760 8,015 7,745
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 301,565 157,415 144,145
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 14,960 7,535 7,430
Worked in 2010 286,605 149,885 136,720
1 to 13 weeks 12,430 5,840 6,590
14 to 26 weeks 21,575 10,900 10,670
27 to 39 weeks 19,845 11,095 8,750
40 to 48 weeks 54,930 29,750 25,180
49 to 52 weeks 177,825 92,295 85,530
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.0 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 301,570 157,420 144,145
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 14,965 7,530 7,425
Worked in 2010 286,605 149,885 136,725
Worked full-time in 2010 232,020 130,845 101,175
Worked part-time in 2010 54,585 19,045 35,545
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 281,340 145,690 135,655
Worked at home 20,000 10,140 9,860
Worked outside Canada 445 360 85
No fixed workplace address 30,395 23,630 6,765
Worked at usual place 230,505 111,565 118,940
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 260,895 135,195 125,705
Car, truck or van - as a driver 224,615 119,290 105,320
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 9,330 3,660 5,670
Public transit 12,580 5,575 7,010
Walked 10,825 4,575 6,250
Bicycle 1,430 1,005 430
Other methods 2,110 1,090 1,025
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 260,900 135,190 125,710
Median commuting duration 20.8 25.5 20.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 260,900 135,195 125,705
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 82,790 55,955 26,835
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 127,045 52,900 74,145
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 51,065 26,340 24,725
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 231,990 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 218,055 ... ...
Major repairs needed 13,935 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 231,995 ... ...
1960 or before 37,870 ... ...
1961 to 1980 67,830 ... ...
1981 to 1990 39,900 ... ...
1991 to 2000 36,975 ... ...
2001 to 2005 23,540 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 25,865 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 231,990 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 64,040 ... ...
5 rooms 39,275 ... ...
6 rooms 31,405 ... ...
7 rooms 31,915 ... ...
8 or more rooms 65,360 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 231,995 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 26,365 ... ...
2 bedrooms 73,795 ... ...
3 bedrooms 85,510 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 46,320 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 231,995 ... ...
Owner 168,330 ... ...
Renter 63,660 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 231,990 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 14,735 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 217,255 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 231,990 ... ...
1 household maintainer 139,995 ... ...
2 household maintainers 89,875 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 2,120 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 231,990 ... ...
Under 25 years 6,850 ... ...
25 to 34 years 30,670 ... ...
35 to 44 years 41,885 ... ...
45 to 54 years 56,995 ... ...
55 to 64 years 47,010 ... ...
65 to 74 years 30,540 ... ...
75 years and over 18,040 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 231,995 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 230,660 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,330 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 231,995 ... ...
Suitable 224,460 ... ...
Not suitable 7,535 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 230,660 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 178,390 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 52,265 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 44,220 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 167,285 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 64.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 16.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 922 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 962 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 224,364 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 249,205 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 63,550 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 665 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 698 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 454,570 224,465 230,110
Without income 21,340 8,775 12,565
With income 433,235 215,690 217,540
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 33,945 15,890 18,055
$5,000 to $9,999 32,985 11,910 21,075
$10,000 to $14,999 42,540 15,600 26,940
$15,000 to $19,999 45,475 19,330 26,140
$20,000 to $29,999 66,490 29,430 37,065
$30,000 to $39,999 60,830 29,630 31,200
$40,000 to $49,999 47,685 26,155 21,530
$50,000 to $59,999 33,260 19,485 13,775
$60,000 to $79,999 38,755 24,960 13,790
$80,000 to $99,999 14,980 10,725 4,255
$100,000 and over 16,285 12,565 3,715
$100,000 to $124,999 7,625 5,780 1,845
$125,000 and over 8,660 6,790 1,875
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,203 35,306 24,078
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,817 43,541 30,150
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 454,570 224,465 230,105
Without after-tax income 21,360 8,775 12,585
With after-tax income 433,210 215,695 217,515
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 35,240 16,170 19,065
$5,000 to $9,999 33,765 12,045 21,720
$10,000 to $14,999 43,490 16,140 27,350
$15,000 to $19,999 50,580 21,580 29,000
$20,000 to $29,999 82,055 37,850 44,205
$30,000 to $39,999 73,430 38,645 34,785
$40,000 to $49,999 49,470 28,870 20,605
$50,000 to $59,999 29,570 18,445 11,120
$60,000 to $79,999 22,455 15,790 6,665
$80,000 to $99,999 6,505 4,885 1,620
$100,000 and over 6,660 5,275 1,380
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,376 30,961 22,286
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,617 35,317 25,957
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 85.2 88.9 79.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.2 74.5 69.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 67.3 69.2 64.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.9 5.3 4.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.1 4.8 3.1
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.4 8.3 6.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.3 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 14.8 11.1 20.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.8 3.5 4.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.5 2.6 4.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.6 2.4 3.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.3 0.3 5.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.5 2.3 2.7
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.8 18.9 13.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.2 81.1 86.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 1.9 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 151,545 83,275 68,270
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 42,247 48,477 36,653
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 49,603 56,258 41,484
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 162,655 ... ...
Median family income ($) 70,479 ... ...
Average family income ($) 82,169 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,749 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,139 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 65,760 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,026 ... ...
Average family income ($) 72,215 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,988 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 59,660 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 67,720 ... ...
Median family income ($) 91,524 ... ...
Average family income ($) 103,386 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,146 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,932 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 24,610 ... ...
Median family income ($) 45,165 ... ...
Average family income ($) 51,834 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 42,015 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 45,209 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 78,855 39,500 39,350
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 25,620 29,808 22,278
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,785 36,357 29,200
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,618 26,681 21,311
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,655 30,084 25,218
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 549,585 272,605 276,980
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 304,635 146,860 157,775
In bottom decile 45,750 22,120 23,630
In second decile 58,620 26,070 32,550
In third decile 66,670 31,990 34,680
In fourth decile 68,305 34,050 34,255
In fifth decile 65,290 32,630 32,655
In top half of the Canadian distribution 244,950 125,745 119,200
In sixth decile 63,850 32,620 31,225
In seventh decile 60,290 30,770 29,525
In eighth decile 51,690 26,420 25,265
In ninth decile 40,300 21,145 19,155
In top decile 28,825 14,785 14,035
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 231,990 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,095 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,825 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,625 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 13,515 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 22,650 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 24,680 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 23,610 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,955 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 35,260 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 26,190 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,555 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,895 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,135 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 231,990 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,245 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,885 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,840 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,395 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 26,360 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 30,160 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 27,940 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,250 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 38,375 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 23,865 ... ...
$100,000 and over 26,675 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,405 ... ...
$125,000 and over 12,265 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 231,990 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 56,105 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 68,754 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 49,316 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 57,173 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 64,040 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 26,992 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 34,411 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 24,519 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 28,882 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 167,955 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 70,181 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 81,848 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 60,614 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 67,960 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 549,585 272,610 276,980
Less than 18 years 118,130 59,645 58,480
Less than 6 years 37,295 19,015 18,275
18 to 64 years 357,335 177,185 180,150
65 years and over 74,120 35,770 38,345
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 78,330 35,840 42,495
Less than 18 years 16,410 8,045 8,365
Less than 6 years 5,060 2,385 2,675
18 to 64 years 48,280 22,765 25,515
65 years and over 13,640 5,025 8,615
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.3 13.1 15.3
Less than 18 years (%) 13.9 13.5 14.3
Less than 6 years (%) 13.6 12.6 14.6
18 to 64 years (%) 13.5 12.8 14.2
65 years and over (%) 18.4 14.0 22.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région des Laurentides, Quebec (Code 2415) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Région des Laurentides, Quebec

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 20.1%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Région des Laurentides, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région des Laurentides
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 559,700 277,165 282,535
0 to 4 years 31,070 15,795 15,275
5 to 9 years 30,565 15,590 14,975
10 to 14 years 33,155 16,820 16,335
15 to 19 years 38,620 19,620 19,005
15 years 7,550 3,790 3,750
16 years 7,655 3,920 3,730
17 years 7,765 3,910 3,855
18 years 7,850 4,050 3,805
19 years 7,810 3,945 3,860
20 to 24 years 31,165 16,090 15,075
25 to 29 years 28,710 14,390 14,325
30 to 34 years 34,515 17,005 17,510
35 to 39 years 35,600 17,615 17,985
40 to 44 years 39,520 19,495 20,025
45 to 49 years 48,760 24,180 24,580
50 to 54 years 48,765 24,215 24,550
55 to 59 years 41,565 20,675 20,890
60 to 64 years 36,840 18,165 18,670
65 to 69 years 29,715 14,690 15,025
70 to 74 years 19,770 9,695 10,080
75 to 79 years 14,295 6,670 7,625
80 to 84 years 9,695 4,125 5,565
85 years and over 7,370 2,335 5,040
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.1 41.5 42.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.1 82.6 83.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 464,910 228,960 235,950
Married or living with a common-law partner 276,845 138,620 138,225
Married (and not separated) 157,425 78,980 78,450
Living common law 119,420 59,640 59,775
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 188,065 90,345 97,720
Single (never legally married) 124,380 67,885 56,500
Separated 6,920 3,135 3,790
Divorced 33,425 14,045 19,385
Widowed 23,335 5,280 18,050
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 162,940 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 85,405 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 34,950 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 30,945 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 11,640 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 162,940 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 136,475 ... ...
Married couples 76,860 ... ...
Without children at home 42,540 ... ...
With children at home 34,315 ... ...
1 child 13,215 ... ...
2 children 14,715 ... ...
3 or more children 6,385 ... ...
Common-law couples 59,620 ... ...
Without children at home 26,800 ... ...
With children at home 32,820 ... ...
1 child 13,510 ... ...
2 children 14,455 ... ...
3 or more children 4,855 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 26,465 ... ...
Female parent 19,200 ... ...
1 child 11,435 ... ...
2 children 6,075 ... ...
3 or more children 1,690 ... ...
Male parent 7,265 ... ...
1 child 4,635 ... ...
2 children 2,145 ... ...
3 or more children 480 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 161,980 ... ...
Under six years of age 36,965 ... ...
6 to 14 years 57,015 ... ...
15 to 17 years 22,370 ... ...
18 to 24 years 33,375 ... ...
25 years and over 12,245 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 549,585 272,550 277,035
Number of persons not in census families 88,185 43,690 44,500
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 9,170 4,005 5,170
Living with non-relatives only 14,730 8,355 6,375
Living alone 64,285 31,330 32,955
Number of census family persons 461,400 228,865 232,535
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 74,330 35,575 38,755
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 25,310 8,585 16,720
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,085 880 2,210
Living with non-relatives only 2,035 1,000 1,035
Living alone 20,185 6,705 13,475
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 49,020 26,990 22,030
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 231,995 ... ...
Census-family households 160,905 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 151,390 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 128,805 ... ...
Without children 65,265 ... ...
With children 63,545 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 22,585 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 9,515 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 7,520 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 4,860 ... ...
Without children 2,235 ... ...
With children 2,625 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,660 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,995 ... ...
Non-census-family households 71,090 ... ...
One-person households 64,285 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 6,800 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 231,995 ... ...
Single-detached house 149,605 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,065 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,005 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 79,320 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,165 ... ...
Row house 3,955 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 17,505 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 47,620 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,070 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 231,995 ... ...
1 person 64,285 ... ...
2 persons 84,715 ... ...
3 persons 36,505 ... ...
4 persons 32,150 ... ...
5 persons 10,285 ... ...
6 or more persons 4,055 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 549,585 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 554,820 274,620 280,200
  Single responses  548,010 271,200 276,815
    English  26,975 13,815 13,160
    French  500,930 247,135 253,795
    Non-official languages  20,110 10,245 9,865
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 30 10 20
        Atikamekw    5 5 5
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  15 5 15
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 19,860 10,125 9,740
        African languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  85 40 45
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  2,000 1,085 910
        Armenian  240 130 110
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Bengali  10 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  40 25 15
        Bisayan languages  15 0 15
        Bosnian  15 5 10
        Bulgarian  90 50 40
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  55 25 30
        Chinese, n.o.s.  275 120 155
        Creoles  600 285 315
        Croatian  70 40 30
        Czech  70 40 30
        Danish  10 10 5
        Dutch  225 105 120
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  15 5 10
        Flemish  45 20 20
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  945 460 480
        Greek  690 405 285
        Gujarati  15 10 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  60 35 30
        Hindi  10 5 10
        Hungarian  225 115 105
        Ilocano  10 0 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  2,700 1,590 1,105
        Japanese  65 20 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  305 145 155
        Korean  75 30 40
        Kurdish  25 10 10
        Lao  360 180 180
        Latvian  20 10 10
        Lingala  5 5 5
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  20 0 15
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  105 30 75
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  145 65 80
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 75 45 30
        Norwegian  15 5 10
        Oromo  95 55 40
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 10
        Pashto  10 10 5
        Persian (Farsi)  155 90 65
        Polish  435 195 235
        Portuguese  1,715 860 855
        Romanian  945 480 465
        Rundi (Kirundi)  30 15 20
        Russian  375 165 205
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  35 15 25
        Serbo-Croatian  25 15 15
        Shanghainese  0 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 50 25 20
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Slovak  45 25 25
        Slovenian  20 10 10
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  3,385 1,620 1,770
        Swahili  25 10 15
        Swedish  20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  100 15 85
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  10 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  30 5 30
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  70 40 35
        Ukrainian  115 50 70
        Urdu  40 30 15
        Vietnamese  300 135 165
        Yiddish  1,995 1,025 965
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 220 115 105
  Multiple responses          6,810 3,425 3,390
    English and French  4,730 2,360 2,370
    English and non-official language  440 220 220
    French and non-official language  1,260 640 625
    English, French and non-official language 380 210 170
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 554,825 274,620 280,205
  English only 8,680 4,305 4,375
  French only 297,835 137,885 159,945
  English and French 246,540 131,545 115,000
  Neither English nor French 1,770 880 885
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 554,825 274,625 280,205
  English 33,570 17,175 16,400
  French 514,600 254,060 260,545
  English and French 4,965 2,570 2,400
  Neither English nor French 1,685 825 865
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 36,055 18,455 17,600
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 6.5 6.7 6.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 554,825 274,620 280,205
  Single responses 546,150 270,335 275,810
    English 28,965 14,660 14,305
    French 508,475 251,330 257,140
    Non-official languages 8,710 4,340 4,370
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,610 4,285 4,325
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 0
        Albanian 60 35 25
        Amharic 10 0 5
        Arabic 655 315 345
        Armenian 100 55 50
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 5 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 10 5 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 5 5 5
        Bulgarian 70 40 30
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 25 10 15
        Chinese, n.o.s. 165 80 90
        Creoles 110 35 75
        Croatian 20 10 10
        Czech 15 5 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 45 25 20
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 150 70 80
        Greek 205 95 105
        Gujarati 5 5 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 25 15 10
        Hindi 0 0 0
        Hungarian 50 25 30
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 360 185 175
        Japanese 15 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 180 90 90
        Korean 65 35 40
        Kurdish 15 5 5
        Lao 185 85 95
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 5 0 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 65 25 35
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 140 65 80
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Norwegian 5 5 5
        Oromo 25 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 10 5 0
        Pashto 10 10 5
        Persian (Farsi) 70 40 25
        Polish 125 65 65
        Portuguese 460 210 250
        Romanian 625 325 295
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 0
        Russian 225 110 115
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 15 5 15
        Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 85 50 30
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Slovak 10 10 5
        Slovenian 5 5 5
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 1,895 950 945
        Swahili 10 0 5
        Swedish 5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 5
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 5 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 5 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 50 30 25
        Ukrainian 15 5 10
        Urdu 20 10 10
        Vietnamese 155 80 75
        Yiddish 1,975 1,015 960
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 100 55 40
  Multiple responses         8,675 4,285 4,390
    English and French 4,850 2,430 2,420
    English and non-official language 645 290 355
    French and non-official language 2,510 1,210 1,300
    English, French and non-official language 670 355 310
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 554,825 274,620 280,200
  None 499,805 246,770 253,035
  Single responses  52,715 26,720 25,990
    English  33,690 17,205 16,490
    French  11,940 6,025 5,915
    Non-official languages  7,080 3,490 3,595
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 15 15
        Atikamekw    5 5 10
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  15 10 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,865 3,390 3,470
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  825 415 405
        Armenian  60 30 30
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Bengali  5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 15 5
        Bisayan languages  5 5 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  5 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  20 10 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  50 15 30
        Creoles  550 265 285
        Croatian  20 15 10
        Czech  15 10 5
        Danish  5 0 5
        Dutch  50 20 30
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 5
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  320 150 165
        Greek  290 170 120
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  25 15 10
        Hindi  10 5 5
        Hungarian  40 15 25
        Ilocano  5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  1,035 550 490
        Japanese  45 25 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  80 35 45
        Korean  5 5 5
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  120 55 60
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  25 15 10
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  30 15 20
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  30 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 5 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  35 20 15
        Polish  135 50 80
        Portuguese  575 280 290
        Romanian  155 75 80
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 15 10
        Russian  85 35 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 5
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 20
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  10 5 5
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  1,700 840 865
        Swahili  20 10 10
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  35 5 30
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  5 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 5 5
        Ukrainian  30 15 15
        Urdu  5 5 0
        Vietnamese  70 25 45
        Yiddish  60 30 30
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 190 80 105
  Multiple responses          2,305 1,130 1,175
    English and French  510 240 270
    English and non-official language  1,150 570 585
    French and non-official language  630 315 310
    English, French and non-official language  15 5 10

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région des Laurentides, Quebec (Code 2415) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Région des Laurentides, Quebec

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Région des Laurentides (Health region, December 2013)

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: 2415, Health region (shaded in green)

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Région des Laurentides, Quebec (Health region, December 2013)