NHS Profile, Région de la Montérégie, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data

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NHS data, Région de la Montérégie, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de la Montérégie
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,417,490 699,270 718,215
Canadian citizens 1,384,430 683,300 701,125
Canadian citizens aged under 18 293,235 149,955 143,280
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,091,195 533,350 557,845
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 33,060 15,970 17,090
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,417,490 699,270 718,220
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 1,292,555 636,985 655,570
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 121,095 60,330 60,760
Before 1971 18,635 9,925 8,710
1971 to 1980 17,875 9,110 8,765
1981 to 1990 15,525 7,565 7,965
1991 to 2000 24,885 12,000 12,890
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 44,175 21,735 22,445
2001 to 2005 21,975 10,955 11,020
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 22,200 10,775 11,425
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 3,845 1,960 1,885
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 121,090 60,330 60,765
Under 5 years 14,260 7,160 7,105
5 to 14 years 20,995 10,655 10,340
15 to 24 years 24,360 11,920 12,440
25 to 44 years 53,405 26,735 26,665
45 years and over 8,070 3,865 4,210
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,417,490 699,270 718,215
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 1,292,555 636,985 655,570
Born in province of residence 1,254,460 619,285 635,180
Born outside province of residence 38,090 17,695 20,395
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 121,090 60,330 60,760
Americas 27,620 12,805 14,810
United States 4,180 1,875 2,300
Jamaica 705 285 415
Guyana 535 235 295
Haiti 5,305 2,330 2,970
Mexico 1,715 775 945
Trinidad and Tobago 970 415 555
Colombia 3,730 1,745 1,985
El Salvador 690 380 305
Peru 1,990 965 1,020
Chile 1,990 985 1,005
Other places of birth in Americas 5,820 2,815 3,005
Europe 41,490 21,425 20,065
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,340 1,690 1,645
Italy 2,915 1,810 1,105
Germany 2,135 895 1,240
Poland 1,665 740 920
Portugal 2,590 1,260 1,325
Netherlands 510 265 250
France 11,490 6,235 5,255
Romania 4,695 2,320 2,370
Russian Federation 1,400 580 820
Greece 1,440 795 640
Ukraine 925 425 500
Croatia 255 130 125
Hungary 460 270 190
Bosnia and Herzegovina 250 135 115
Serbia 170 80 90
Ireland, Republic of 250 80 170
Other places of birth in Europe 7,010 3,720 3,285
Africa 20,975 11,210 9,765
Morocco 5,225 2,880 2,340
Algeria 3,925 2,085 1,840
Egypt 2,075 1,175 900
South Africa, Republic of 80 50 35
Nigeria 155 85 70
Ethiopia 35 20 0
Kenya 220 95 125
Other places of birth in Africa 9,260 4,820 4,440
Asia 30,830 14,825 16,005
India 2,010 995 1,020
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 7,930 3,240 4,690
Philippines 1,665 610 1,060
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,585 800 785
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 3,270 1,610 1,665
Pakistan 1,090 630 460
Sri Lanka 710 365 345
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,200 650 555
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 625 275 350
Lebanon 2,260 1,305 950
Taiwan 845 445 400
Iraq 285 170 110
Bangladesh 345 160 190
Afghanistan 1,905 920 985
Japan 165 25 145
Turkey 540 305 235
Other places of birth in Asia 4,390 2,330 2,060
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 185 70 115
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 160 70 90
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 3,840 1,955 1,885
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 22,200 10,775 11,425
Americas 6,535 3,210 3,320
United States 610 310 300
Mexico 615 255 365
Cuba 295 185 115
Haiti 1,030 500 530
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 300 155 140
Colombia 2,060 975 1,085
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 630 310 315
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 290 145 145
Other places of birth in Americas 670 370 300
Europe 4,590 2,235 2,350
France 1,925 985 940
Germany 130 60 70
Poland 60 15 45
Romania 680 315 360
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 295 135 160
Russian Federation 280 95 185
Ukraine 355 150 200
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 195 80 110
Other places of birth in Europe 680 395 290
Africa 6,500 3,350 3,145
Nigeria 70 50 25
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 650 340 310
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 1,165 615 545
Egypt 405 220 185
Morocco 1,550 765 785
Tunisia 410 220 190
Cameroon 375 165 205
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 295 105 190
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,570 855 715
Asia 4,535 1,945 2,585
Philippines 185 40 145
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,480 545 935
India 170 70 95
Pakistan 180 100 85
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 200 95 105
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 110 55 50
Sri Lanka 70 15 55
Iraq 125 80 45
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 455 240 215
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 180 90 95
Taiwan 85 40 45
Afghanistan 500 245 260
Japan 30 0 30
Turkey 50 15 35
Israel 95 50 45
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 25 0 0
United Arab Emirates 20 0 0
Saudi Arabia 70 40 35
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 40 0 30
Other places of birth in Asia 455 205 245
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 45 30 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,417,490 699,270 718,220
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 127,025 63,305 63,720
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 102,270 51,785 50,480
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 1,188,195 584,175 604,015
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,417,490 699,270 718,220
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 101,945 50,465 51,480
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 9,660 4,975 4,680
Chinese 16,975 7,825 9,155
Black 25,100 12,230 12,870
Filipino 2,730 1,170 1,570
Latin American 15,115 7,575 7,540
Arab 14,535 7,900 6,635
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 8,110 4,115 3,995
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 3,880 2,005 1,875
Korean 865 395 475
Japanese 510 155 350
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 2,015 925 1,085
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 2,445 1,195 1,250
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 1,315,545 648,805 666,740
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,417,485 699,270 718,220
North American Aboriginal origins 49,380 23,660 25,725
First Nations (North American Indian) 44,855 21,420 23,435
Inuit 535 320 215
Métis 4,490 2,150 2,340
Other North American origins 951,350 466,820 484,525
Acadian 6,000 2,840 3,160
American 9,500 4,575 4,920
Canadian 912,970 447,970 465,000
New Brunswicker 230 115 110
Newfoundlander 90 30 65
Nova Scotian 140 55 85
Ontarian 335 190 150
Québécois 35,420 17,480 17,940
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 20 0 0
European origins 651,780 322,710 329,065
British Isles origins 162,170 77,470 84,695
Channel Islander 190 95 95
Cornish 0 0 0
English 56,000 27,035 28,970
Irish 93,125 43,755 49,375
Manx 15 0 0
Scottish 43,360 20,500 22,860
Welsh 2,105 1,040 1,060
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 7,310 3,440 3,875
French origins 461,320 228,425 232,895
Alsatian 265 140 120
Breton 2,890 1,410 1,480
French 459,200 227,340 231,860
Western European origins (except French origins) 53,080 26,135 26,940
Austrian 2,565 1,295 1,270
Belgian 12,270 6,200 6,075
Dutch 6,495 3,145 3,350
Flemish 475 220 260
Frisian 0 0 0
German 29,735 14,435 15,300
Luxembourger 70 45 25
Swiss 4,885 2,470 2,420
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 185 135 55
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 4,000 1,865 2,135
Danish 835 395 445
Finnish 580 220 355
Icelandic 150 75 80
Norwegian 1,145 550 595
Swedish 1,245 555 690
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 250 165 90
Eastern European origins 33,470 16,415 17,050
Bulgarian 1,620 815 805
Byelorussian 245 120 125
Czech 955 450 500
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 315 165 150
Estonian 150 65 75
Hungarian 3,570 1,925 1,645
Latvian 200 145 55
Lithuanian 880 425 460
Moldovan 330 145 185
Polish 10,390 4,940 5,450
Romanian 7,025 3,510 3,520
Russian 5,320 2,450 2,870
Slovak 765 375 390
Ukrainian 5,805 2,820 2,985
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 55 35 25
Southern European origins 70,730 35,970 34,760
Albanian 170 80 90
Bosnian 265 140 130
Croatian 815 435 380
Cypriot 40 15 25
Greek 7,475 3,970 3,510
Italian 40,500 20,435 20,055
Kosovar 25 0 25
Macedonian 150 75 75
Maltese 210 110 100
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 9,215 4,630 4,580
Serbian 390 200 185
Sicilian 255 130 125
Slovenian 650 340 310
Spanish 13,755 7,015 6,745
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 675 330 350
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 4,555 2,230 2,330
Basque 555 245 305
Jewish 3,085 1,510 1,575
Roma (Gypsy) 25 15 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 885 460 425
Caribbean origins 17,815 8,665 9,145
Antiguan 50 15 35
Bahamian 35 0 30
Barbadian 1,015 555 460
Bermudan 40 35 0
Carib 25 0 0
Cuban 970 515 455
Dominican 955 525 425
Grenadian 290 130 160
Haitian 9,720 4,755 4,970
Jamaican 2,270 1,080 1,185
Kittitian/Nevisian 20 0 0
Martinican 230 160 75
Montserratan 50 35 0
Puerto Rican 95 35 60
St. Lucian 190 40 145
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,435 675 760
Vincentian/Grenadinian 245 125 115
West Indian, n.o.s. 645 280 365
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 615 325 290
Latin, Central and South American origins 19,625 9,740 9,885
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 580 270 315
Argentinian 525 260 275
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 175 65 115
Brazilian 620 290 330
Chilean 2,895 1,465 1,435
Colombian 4,710 2,215 2,495
Costa Rican 135 65 75
Ecuadorian 440 180 260
Guatemalan 535 315 225
Guyanese 680 340 340
Hispanic 85 0 70
Honduran 410 250 160
Maya 220 135 85
Mexican 2,925 1,450 1,475
Nicaraguan 305 195 110
Panamanian 150 65 85
Paraguayan 35 0 0
Peruvian 2,775 1,400 1,375
Salvadorean 1,200 665 540
Uruguayan 85 30 60
Venezuelan 925 410 510
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 325 185 140
African origins 28,995 15,050 13,945
Central and West African origins 5,765 2,825 2,940
Akan 20 0 15
Angolan 50 20 30
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 310 165 140
Burkinabe 125 65 65
Cameroonian 1,070 525 545
Chadian 60 30 35
Congolese 1,405 645 760
Gabonese 125 40 80
Gambian 105 15 0
Ghanaian 315 150 160
Guinean 275 180 95
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 295 165 135
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 275 135 130
Nigerian 195 95 100
Peulh 140 65 70
Senegalese 885 405 480
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 265 145 120
Yoruba 40 25 15
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 460 220 245
North African origins 16,990 9,130 7,860
Algerian 3,930 2,135 1,795
Berber 2,330 1,340 995
Coptic 185 90 95
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 3,505 1,820 1,690
Libyan 110 65 40
Maure 60 30 30
Moroccan 6,445 3,400 3,040
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 1,260 695 565
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 245 155 95
Southern and East African origins 2,750 1,290 1,455
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 70 40 25
Burundian 290 140 150
Eritrean 70 0 60
Ethiopian 25 15 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 75 20 55
Malagasy 510 265 245
Mauritian 875 405 470
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 330 140 185
Seychellois 115 70 45
Somali 30 15 15
South African 140 65 70
Tanzanian 30 0 25
Tigrian 10 0 0
Ugandan 65 40 20
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 60 25 35
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 140 60 80
Other African origins 4,085 2,100 1,985
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 330 195 135
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 3,845 1,955 1,895
Asian origins 60,465 29,980 30,480
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 18,645 10,115 8,525
Afghan 2,735 1,330 1,400
Arab, n.o.s. 4,075 2,305 1,775
Armenian 1,700 870 830
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 60 45 0
Georgian 25 25 0
Iranian 1,910 1,115 800
Iraqi 370 200 175
Israeli 60 30 25
Jordanian 250 120 130
Kazakh 160 85 75
Kurd 60 40 20
Kuwaiti 15 10 0
Lebanese 5,400 2,935 2,460
Palestinian 675 365 310
Pashtun 95 55 40
Saudi Arabian 170 75 95
Syrian 1,180 655 525
Tajik 30 0 15
Tatar 25 0 0
Turk 1,260 620 640
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 20 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 205 100 105
South Asian origins 10,960 5,530 5,435
Bangladeshi 245 105 145
Bengali 90 50 30
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 8,250 4,130 4,120
Goan 50 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 30 30 0
Pakistani 1,310 700 605
Punjabi 275 155 125
Sinhalese 40 20 20
Sri Lankan 1,060 545 515
Tamil 160 90 70
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 120 65 55
East and Southeast Asian origins 31,230 14,545 16,685
Burmese 50 0 35
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,645 850 790
Chinese 19,760 9,140 10,620
Filipino 3,020 1,255 1,770
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 95 25 65
Japanese 710 245 460
Korean 920 410 515
Laotian 1,075 610 465
Malaysian 125 60 60
Mongolian 35 25 10
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 445 220 220
Thai 345 210 135
Tibetan 35 0 0
Vietnamese 5,440 2,705 2,730
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 40 0 25
Other Asian origins 90 40 50
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 90 40 50
Oceania origins 295 155 135
Australian 190 85 105
New Zealander 40 25 0
Pacific Islands origins 55 45 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 25 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,417,485 699,270 718,220
Buddhist 6,490 3,070 3,415
Christian 1,202,280 583,730 618,550
Anglican 13,035 5,965 7,070
Baptist 5,960 2,705 3,245
Catholic 1,109,400 539,430 569,970
Christian Orthodox 14,980 7,560 7,420
Lutheran 1,240 595 645
Pentecostal 6,300 2,845 3,455
Presbyterian 2,835 1,335 1,495
United Church 8,230 3,870 4,365
Other Christian 40,300 19,420 20,880
Hindu 3,435 1,770 1,660
Jewish 1,645 895 745
Muslim 26,045 13,670 12,375
Sikh 1,165 595 570
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 70 0 0
Other religions 1,820 890 930
No religious affiliation 174,545 94,635 79,915
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,417,490 699,270 718,215
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 12,215 5,855 6,360
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,425 3,510 3,915
Métis single identity 3,815 1,865 1,950
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 280 170 105
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 145 65 85
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 545 245 300
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,405,275 693,415 711,865
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,417,485 699,270 718,220
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,450 1,210 1,240
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,415,040 698,060 716,980
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,417,485 699,270 718,220
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 49,385 23,660 25,725
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 44,850 21,415 23,435
Métis ancestry 4,490 2,150 2,340
Inuit ancestry 535 320 215
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 1,368,105 675,615 692,495
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 161,510 78,620 82,890
Aboriginal languages 140 60 80
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 15 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 50 0 40
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 40 20 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 161,405 78,580 82,825
Italian 13,035 6,780 6,255
Portuguese 6,345 3,185 3,160
Romanian 5,840 2,895 2,945
Spanish 52,245 23,765 28,485
Dutch 1,190 630 560
Flemish 185 90 95
German 7,850 4,020 3,825
Yiddish 50 20 25
Danish 70 25 45
Norwegian 60 25 40
Swedish 175 80 100
Afrikaans 60 20 40
Gaelic languages 75 25 50
Bosnian 180 95 80
Bulgarian 1,340 655 680
Croatian 375 200 180
Czech 280 120 165
Macedonian 75 40 0
Polish 2,830 1,365 1,460
Russian 4,945 2,300 2,640
Serbian 310 165 145
Serbo-Croatian 140 70 75
Slovak 190 100 90
Slovenian 305 125 180
Ukrainian 970 430 540
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 165 95 70
Greek 4,455 2,345 2,105
Armenian 745 395 350
Albanian 120 70 50
Estonian 20 0 15
Finnish 105 40 65
Hungarian 1,030 515 505
Turkish 700 365 340
Berber languages (Kabyle) 455 270 185
Oromo 725 460 270
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 30 0 0
Arabic 17,755 9,625 8,125
Hebrew 440 230 215
Maltese 20 0 0
Tigrigna 70 0 65
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 560 260 300
Gujarati 850 410 440
Hindi 2,030 965 1,065
Konkani 20 0 15
Marathi 25 0 15
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,695 900 795
Sindhi 45 40 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 45 45
Urdu 1,740 970 775
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 195 115 80
Persian (Farsi) 4,130 2,145 1,985
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75
Kannada 45 40 0
Malayalam 55 25 25
Tamil 1,295 675 620
Telugu 110 60 50
Japanese 740 265 480
Korean 585 245 335
Cantonese 3,630 1,700 1,930
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 110 60 50
Mandarin 2,875 1,375 1,500
Taiwanese 270 130 145
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,315 4,110 4,205
Lao 940 535 405
Thai 295 190 105
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,165 600 565
Vietnamese 4,125 2,095 2,035
Bisayan languages 155 50 100
Ilocano 75 25 55
Malay 155 85 70
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,765 600 1,160
Akan (Twi) 205 110 95
Lingala 725 320 410
Rundi (Kirundi) 205 105 95
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 175 85 85
Swahili 635 320 320
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 435 210 225
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,010 595 420
African languages, n.i.e. 245 130 120
Creoles 9,005 4,365 4,645
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 3,105 1,520 1,585
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 1,401,295 691,035 710,265
Non-movers 1,246,325 615,375 630,950
Movers 154,970 75,665 79,310
Non-migrants 70,800 34,435 36,365
Migrants 84,175 41,225 42,950
Internal migrants 79,210 38,880 40,335
Intraprovincial migrants 76,790 37,765 39,025
Interprovincial migrants 2,420 1,110 1,305
External migrants 4,960 2,350 2,615
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 1,334,325 657,100 677,215
Non-movers 855,830 425,450 430,380
Movers 478,490 231,650 246,845
Non-migrants 213,730 103,200 110,535
Migrants 264,755 128,450 136,310
Internal migrants 244,200 118,475 125,720
Intraprovincial migrants 236,935 114,890 122,050
Interprovincial migrants 7,255 3,585 3,670
External migrants 20,560 9,975 10,585
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 1,174,690 575,585 599,105
No certificate, diploma or degree 255,085 130,570 124,520
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 271,120 124,875 146,245
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 648,485 320,140 328,350
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 193,505 116,880 76,625
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 201,215 87,315 113,900
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 56,850 23,550 33,295
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 196,915 92,390 104,520
Bachelor's degree 131,450 57,950 73,500
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 65,465 34,440 31,025
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 797,325 391,085 406,240
No certificate, diploma or degree 114,760 63,065 51,695
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 168,275 77,525 90,750
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 514,290 250,500 263,795
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 151,860 89,770 62,095
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 152,045 66,685 85,360
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 42,415 17,750 24,665
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 167,975 76,290 91,680
Bachelor's degree 113,530 49,415 64,115
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 54,440 26,880 27,565
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 1,174,690 575,580 599,110
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 526,210 255,450 270,760
Education 46,390 10,190 36,200
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 23,175 10,130 13,040
Humanities 32,700 12,215 20,480
Social and behavioural sciences and law 52,715 16,585 36,135
Business, management and public administration 157,570 56,215 101,355
Physical and life sciences and technologies 20,705 11,390 9,315
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 26,780 18,015 8,765
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 150,180 138,785 11,395
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 13,880 8,745 5,135
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 76,650 13,915 62,735
Personal, protective and transportation services 47,620 23,935 23,680
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 120 20 105
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 1,174,695 575,585 599,105
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 526,210 255,450 270,765
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 648,485 320,140 328,345
Location of study inside Canada 606,180 297,940 308,240
Same as province or territory of residence 590,960 289,645 301,310
Another province or territory 15,215 8,290 6,925
Location of study outside Canada 42,310 22,200 20,105
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 835,875 433,715 402,165
Single responses 787,420 407,880 379,535
English 77,445 41,835 35,605
French 707,395 364,760 342,635
Non-official languages 2,580 1,285 1,300
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 420 365
Cantonese 345 175 170
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 65 45 20
Spanish 555 280 280
Korean 0 0 0
German 110 50 60
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 65 45 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 630 265 370
Multiple responses 48,460 25,830 22,630
English and French 46,450 24,880 21,570
English and non-official language 425 230 195
French and non-official language 620 245 370
English, French and non-official language 965 470 490
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 835,875 433,715 402,165
English 77,440 41,840 35,610
French 707,395 364,760 342,630
Non-official language 2,580 1,285 1,295
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 2,580 1,285 1,290
English and French 46,450 24,880 21,570
English and non-official language 425 230 195
French and non-official language 620 250 370
English, French and non-official language 965 470 495
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 1,174,695 575,585 599,110
In the labour force 789,040 410,430 378,615
Employed 743,295 385,365 357,925
Unemployed 45,750 25,060 20,690
Not in the labour force 385,650 165,155 220,495
Participation rate 67.2 71.3 63.2
Employment rate 63.3 67.0 59.7
Unemployment rate 5.8 6.1 5.5
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 789,045 410,430 378,615
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 13,975 6,940 7,035
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 775,065 403,485 371,575
Employee 689,805 349,745 340,065
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 85,260 53,745 31,515
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 789,040 410,430 378,615
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 13,975 6,940 7,035
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 775,070 403,490 371,580
0 Management occupations 85,300 54,030 31,265
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 133,800 38,910 94,895
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 55,180 42,215 12,970
3 Health occupations 48,690 8,110 40,585
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 80,740 23,185 57,550
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 19,335 8,875 10,455
6 Sales and service occupations 175,095 76,495 98,600
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 117,550 110,245 7,305
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 11,690 8,965 2,725
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 47,685 32,460 15,230
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 789,045 410,430 378,615
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 13,975 6,940 7,035
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 775,070 403,490 371,580
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 17,075 11,470 5,605
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,980 1,665 315
22 Utilities 8,640 6,030 2,605
23 Construction 46,955 41,055 5,900
31-33 Manufacturing 107,430 75,495 31,930
41 Wholesale trade 38,175 25,260 12,915
44-45 Retail trade 96,845 45,505 51,340
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 39,720 29,605 10,120
51 Information and cultural industries 18,680 10,780 7,895
52 Finance and insurance 34,815 11,990 22,825
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 11,755 6,725 5,030
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 54,795 29,785 25,005
55 Management of companies and enterprises 855 470 385
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 27,115 16,160 10,955
61 Educational services 50,870 14,795 36,075
62 Health care and social assistance 86,275 14,270 72,005
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 13,665 6,980 6,680
72 Accommodation and food services 42,010 17,410 24,595
81 Other services (except public administration) 34,955 16,145 18,805
91 Public administration 42,465 21,890 20,580
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 789,040 410,430 378,615
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 34,255 16,575 17,675
Worked in 2010 754,790 393,850 360,940
1 to 13 weeks 31,810 15,235 16,575
14 to 26 weeks 52,390 26,470 25,925
27 to 39 weeks 45,170 24,230 20,945
40 to 48 weeks 135,825 69,775 66,050
49 to 52 weeks 489,590 258,145 231,450
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.3 45.6 45.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 789,045 410,430 378,620
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 34,250 16,575 17,675
Worked in 2010 754,790 393,850 360,945
Worked full-time in 2010 616,675 344,440 272,230
Worked part-time in 2010 138,120 49,410 88,710
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 743,295 385,370 357,925
Worked at home 48,145 24,630 23,510
Worked outside Canada 1,720 1,310 410
No fixed workplace address 61,990 46,980 15,005
Worked at usual place 631,445 312,450 318,995
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 693,435 359,430 334,000
Car, truck or van - as a driver 558,180 302,095 256,080
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 24,545 8,490 16,060
Public transit 69,005 28,240 40,760
Walked 28,945 12,490 16,455
Bicycle 6,780 4,995 1,785
Other methods 5,980 3,120 2,860
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 693,430 359,430 334,000
Median commuting duration 20.8 25.0 20.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 693,430 359,430 334,000
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 201,110 132,970 68,140
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 361,235 157,865 203,375
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 131,080 68,595 62,490
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 594,130 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 556,515 ... ...
Major repairs needed 37,610 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 594,130 ... ...
1960 or before 120,070 ... ...
1961 to 1980 203,765 ... ...
1981 to 1990 103,830 ... ...
1991 to 2000 70,095 ... ...
2001 to 2005 45,055 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 51,310 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 594,130 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 166,520 ... ...
5 rooms 100,950 ... ...
6 rooms 76,990 ... ...
7 rooms 78,005 ... ...
8 or more rooms 171,650 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 594,125 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 68,480 ... ...
2 bedrooms 178,050 ... ...
3 bedrooms 222,910 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 124,685 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 594,125 ... ...
Owner 418,470 ... ...
Renter 175,660 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 594,125 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 53,915 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 540,210 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 594,130 ... ...
1 household maintainer 359,545 ... ...
2 household maintainers 229,230 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 5,355 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 594,130 ... ...
Under 25 years 16,865 ... ...
25 to 34 years 82,665 ... ...
35 to 44 years 104,950 ... ...
45 to 54 years 138,555 ... ...
55 to 64 years 119,685 ... ...
65 to 74 years 80,145 ... ...
75 years and over 51,260 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 594,130 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 589,750 ... ...
More than one person per room 4,380 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 594,130 ... ...
Suitable 573,645 ... ...
Not suitable 20,485 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 588,680 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 469,680 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 118,995 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 100,075 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 414,015 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 928 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 980 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 238,792 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 258,435 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 175,375 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 8.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 34.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 641 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 674 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 1,174,690 575,585 599,105
Without income 52,490 22,120 30,370
With income 1,122,200 553,465 568,735
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 86,395 41,925 44,475
$5,000 to $9,999 81,485 28,950 52,535
$10,000 to $14,999 107,035 39,590 67,445
$15,000 to $19,999 107,405 41,870 65,535
$20,000 to $29,999 163,280 71,845 91,440
$30,000 to $39,999 159,240 77,900 81,340
$40,000 to $49,999 126,190 65,235 60,955
$50,000 to $59,999 90,080 51,455 38,625
$60,000 to $79,999 107,310 66,565 40,740
$80,000 to $99,999 45,095 31,370 13,720
$100,000 and over 48,695 36,765 11,930
$100,000 to $124,999 23,765 17,440 6,330
$125,000 and over 24,925 19,320 5,600
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,955 36,636 25,585
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,751 45,699 31,990
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 1,174,690 575,585 599,110
Without after-tax income 52,655 22,175 30,475
With after-tax income 1,122,040 553,410 568,630
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 89,330 42,515 46,815
$5,000 to $9,999 84,295 29,365 54,935
$10,000 to $14,999 109,290 40,970 68,315
$15,000 to $19,999 119,335 47,550 71,785
$20,000 to $29,999 206,280 95,250 111,030
$30,000 to $39,999 193,455 99,320 94,130
$40,000 to $49,999 132,440 73,935 58,500
$50,000 to $59,999 81,660 49,160 32,495
$60,000 to $79,999 67,260 45,895 21,360
$80,000 to $99,999 19,675 14,555 5,115
$100,000 and over 19,025 14,890 4,135
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,770 32,011 23,582
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,957 36,731 27,311
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 86.7 90.5 81.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.8 76.3 70.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 69.3 71.4 66.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.5 4.9 3.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.1 4.7 3.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.4 8.1 6.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.3 1.5
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.3 9.5 18.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.7 3.3 4.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.3 2.4 4.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.1 1.7 2.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.0 0.2 4.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.1 1.9 2.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.5 19.6 14.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.5 80.4 85.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.8 2.2 1.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 422,555 234,150 188,400
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 43,978 49,444 38,768
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 52,106 58,376 44,313
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 417,240 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,743 ... ...
Average family income ($) 87,725 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,095 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,111 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 165,965 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,650 ... ...
Average family income ($) 76,767 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 55,599 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 62,932 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 180,290 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,604 ... ...
Average family income ($) 109,459 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 81,067 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,095 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 60,535 ... ...
Median family income ($) 48,584 ... ...
Average family income ($) 55,243 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 44,327 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,969 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 198,760 94,890 103,870
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 28,003 32,200 24,085
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,632 38,556 31,046
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,373 28,225 22,773
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,026 31,580 26,692
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,417,485 699,270 718,220
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 735,535 351,175 384,355
In bottom decile 109,435 51,540 57,900
In second decile 128,200 54,890 73,315
In third decile 155,205 74,835 80,365
In fourth decile 169,560 83,875 85,690
In fifth decile 173,125 86,040 87,085
In top half of the Canadian distribution 681,955 348,095 333,865
In sixth decile 164,450 83,210 81,240
In seventh decile 160,085 81,570 78,515
In eighth decile 144,625 74,005 70,625
In ninth decile 119,120 61,170 57,950
In top decile 93,670 48,140 45,535
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 594,125 ... ...
Under $5,000 12,635 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 11,020 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 20,555 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 31,655 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 52,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 61,890 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 56,660 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 52,185 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 91,790 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 68,435 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 56,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 31,965 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,680 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 594,125 ... ...
Under $5,000 12,990 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 11,190 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 20,875 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,015 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 63,175 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 72,885 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 70,560 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 62,480 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 101,915 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 62,990 ... ...
$100,000 and over 81,060 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,065 ... ...
$125,000 and over 37,995 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 594,125 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,668 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 73,193 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 51,754 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 60,352 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 165,005 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 29,384 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 36,103 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 26,387 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,150 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 429,120 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 74,527 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 87,455 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 63,973 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,966 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 1,417,490 699,270 718,220
Less than 18 years 299,850 153,365 146,485
Less than 6 years 99,410 50,240 49,170
18 to 64 years 919,470 453,980 465,490
65 years and over 198,170 91,925 106,245
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 178,760 79,270 99,490
Less than 18 years 36,750 18,265 18,485
Less than 6 years 11,615 5,885 5,735
18 to 64 years 109,775 50,480 59,295
65 years and over 32,235 10,530 21,710
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.6 11.3 13.9
Less than 18 years (%) 12.3 11.9 12.6
Less than 6 years (%) 11.7 11.7 11.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 11.1 12.7
65 years and over (%) 16.3 11.5 20.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de la Montérégie, Quebec (Code 2416) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Région de la Montérégie, Quebec

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 22.7%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Région de la Montérégie, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Région de la Montérégie
Quebec
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,442,430 708,170 734,260
0 to 4 years 82,720 42,340 40,385
5 to 9 years 78,130 39,685 38,445
10 to 14 years 81,930 41,775 40,155
15 to 19 years 96,620 49,405 47,215
15 years 18,580 9,490 9,085
16 years 19,155 9,745 9,410
17 years 19,335 9,925 9,410
18 years 19,650 10,030 9,620
19 years 19,900 10,215 9,690
20 to 24 years 83,205 42,690 40,520
25 to 29 years 78,775 39,360 39,415
30 to 34 years 92,625 45,780 46,840
35 to 39 years 91,510 45,220 46,290
40 to 44 years 98,555 48,755 49,800
45 to 49 years 118,780 58,735 60,045
50 to 54 years 120,905 59,470 61,430
55 to 59 years 105,870 51,945 53,920
60 to 64 years 94,680 45,750 48,925
65 to 69 years 76,155 37,100 39,065
70 to 74 years 52,265 24,670 27,595
75 to 79 years 38,640 17,320 21,320
80 to 84 years 27,710 11,265 16,450
85 years and over 23,365 6,925 16,440
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.8 40.8 42.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.2 82.5 83.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 1,199,655 584,385 615,275
Married or living with a common-law partner 715,150 357,720 357,430
Married (and not separated) 438,390 219,335 219,055
Living common law 276,760 138,385 138,380
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 484,505 226,665 257,840
Single (never legally married) 321,605 173,480 148,125
Separated 16,715 7,420 9,300
Divorced 82,080 32,660 49,425
Widowed 64,105 13,110 50,995
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 418,035 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 213,390 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 90,655 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 82,090 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 31,910 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 418,040 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 352,485 ... ...
Married couples 214,305 ... ...
Without children at home 111,820 ... ...
With children at home 102,485 ... ...
1 child 39,730 ... ...
2 children 43,830 ... ...
3 or more children 18,925 ... ...
Common-law couples 138,180 ... ...
Without children at home 61,835 ... ...
With children at home 76,345 ... ...
1 child 30,840 ... ...
2 children 33,665 ... ...
3 or more children 11,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 65,555 ... ...
Female parent 48,600 ... ...
1 child 28,960 ... ...
2 children 15,095 ... ...
3 or more children 4,540 ... ...
Male parent 16,955 ... ...
1 child 10,770 ... ...
2 children 4,990 ... ...
3 or more children 1,190 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 425,115 ... ...
Under six years of age 98,380 ... ...
6 to 14 years 142,880 ... ...
15 to 17 years 55,825 ... ...
18 to 24 years 90,025 ... ...
25 years and over 38,010 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,417,490 699,150 718,345
Number of persons not in census families 221,850 104,970 116,885
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 23,180 9,865 13,315
Living with non-relatives only 33,465 19,030 14,435
Living alone 165,205 76,075 89,125
Number of census family persons 1,195,640 594,180 601,465
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 198,740 91,810 106,925
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 66,680 20,060 46,620
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 8,135 2,095 6,040
Living with non-relatives only 4,375 2,120 2,250
Living alone 54,175 15,845 38,330
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 132,055 71,755 60,305
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 594,125 ... ...
Census-family households 412,595 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 389,350 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 333,275 ... ...
Without children 164,110 ... ...
With children 169,165 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 56,075 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 23,245 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 17,925 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 11,635 ... ...
Without children 5,060 ... ...
With children 6,575 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 6,295 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 5,320 ... ...
Non-census-family households 181,535 ... ...
One-person households 165,205 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 16,325 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 594,125 ... ...
Single-detached house 339,475 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 10,820 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5,105 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 238,730 ... ...
Semi-detached house 30,635 ... ...
Row house 14,430 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 27,890 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 162,655 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,115 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 594,125 ... ...
1 person 165,205 ... ...
2 persons 212,150 ... ...
3 persons 93,505 ... ...
4 persons 84,290 ... ...
5 persons 28,080 ... ...
6 or more persons 10,895 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,417,490 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,429,735 703,710 726,020
  Single responses  1,405,275 691,365 713,910
    English  112,595 56,080 56,515
    French  1,192,980 585,655 607,325
    Non-official languages  99,695 49,625 50,070
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 60 20 40
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  10 5 5
        Inuktitut  25 5 25
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 98,465 48,995 49,475
        African languages, n.i.e 90 55 40
        Afrikaans  20 5 15
        Akan (Twi)  60 35 30
        Albanian  125 65 60
        Amharic  25 10 15
        Arabic  11,340 6,110 5,225
        Armenian  550 275 275
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 155 70 75
        Bengali  560 285 275
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  460 250 210
        Bisayan languages  90 20 65
        Bosnian  105 55 55
        Bulgarian  1,000 510 485
        Burmese  0 0 5
        Cantonese  3,090 1,450 1,640
        Chinese, n.o.s.  7,145 3,440 3,715
        Creoles  4,100 1,915 2,185
        Croatian  265 150 115
        Czech  265 130 135
        Danish  75 35 40
        Dutch  825 410 410
        Estonian  20 5 15
        Finnish  75 25 50
        Flemish  215 105 105
        Fukien  10 5 0
        German  3,265 1,585 1,685
        Greek  3,080 1,680 1,405
        Gujarati  355 170 180
        Hakka  50 20 25
        Hebrew  100 55 45
        Hindi  395 190 200
        Hungarian  860 460 395
        Ilocano  55 20 35
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 60 25 30
        Italian  6,415 3,590 2,825
        Japanese  215 60 150
        Khmer (Cambodian)  695 305 385
        Korean  490 220 270
        Kurdish  65 45 25
        Lao  570 280 285
        Latvian  30 10 15
        Lingala  145 70 75
        Lithuanian  110 50 60
        Macedonian  25 10 15
        Malay  60 20 40
        Malayalam  75 35 40
        Maltese  10 0 10
        Mandarin  1,955 895 1,065
        Marathi  25 10 10
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 405 230 175
        Norwegian  40 20 25
        Oromo  480 275 210
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,020 520 495
        Pashto  100 50 50
        Persian (Farsi)  4,200 2,170 2,030
        Polish  2,400 1,080 1,315
        Portuguese  4,130 2,025 2,100
        Romanian  5,075 2,470 2,610
        Rundi (Kirundi)  275 140 140
        Russian  2,780 1,270 1,505
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  155 65 90
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Serbian  205 100 105
        Serbo-Croatian  105 50 55
        Shanghainese  25 10 15
        Sign languages, n.i.e 90 50 35
        Sindhi  35 10 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  80 45 40
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Slovak  190 95 100
        Slovenian  230 105 125
        Somali  55 25 35
        Spanish  19,090 9,395 9,695
        Swahili  235 125 115
        Swedish  70 30 40
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,040 335 705
        Taiwanese  120 60 60
        Tamil  440 230 210
        Telugu  45 30 20
        Thai  70 15 55
        Tibetan languages  60 35 25
        Tigrigna  40 15 25
        Turkish  605 315 290
        Ukrainian  570 260 310
        Urdu  1,115 575 540
        Vietnamese  3,060 1,465 1,595
        Yiddish  20 20 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,165 610 555
  Multiple responses          24,460 12,350 12,110
    English and French  14,680 7,310 7,365
    English and non-official language  2,345 1,180 1,165
    French and non-official language  5,795 2,975 2,820
    English, French and non-official language 1,640 880 760
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,429,730 703,715 726,020
  English only 46,385 22,925 23,460
  French only 712,620 327,530 385,090
  English and French 663,145 349,895 313,255
  Neither English nor French 7,580 3,360 4,220
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,429,730 703,715 726,020
  English 144,550 72,190 72,360
  French 1,247,975 612,810 635,170
  English and French 29,925 15,510 14,415
  Neither English nor French 7,280 3,205 4,075
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 159,515 79,945 79,565
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 11.2 11.4 11.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,429,730 703,715 726,020
  Single responses 1,395,995 687,080 708,915
    English 128,685 64,005 64,680
    French 1,212,975 596,490 616,485
    Non-official languages 54,335 26,585 27,750
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 5 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 53,945 26,385 27,560
        African languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Afrikaans 5 0 5
        Akan (Twi) 20 5 15
        Albanian 90 45 45
        Amharic 5 5 0
        Arabic 4,860 2,450 2,410
        Armenian 235 105 125
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15
        Bengali 380 180 195
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 135 70 65
        Bisayan languages 10 10 10
        Bosnian 65 30 30
        Bulgarian 755 380 375
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 2,590 1,240 1,345
        Chinese, n.o.s. 5,910 2,865 3,040
        Creoles 1,430 600 835
        Croatian 75 35 45
        Czech 105 50 50
        Danish 5 5 0
        Dutch 125 60 65
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 10 5 5
        Flemish 40 15 20
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 715 345 370
        Greek 1,325 675 650
        Gujarati 155 70 85
        Hakka 10 5 5
        Hebrew 25 10 15
        Hindi 175 80 100
        Hungarian 245 105 140
        Ilocano 20 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Italian 1,135 525 610
        Japanese 100 35 60
        Khmer (Cambodian) 375 170 205
        Korean 370 170 200
        Kurdish 25 10 10
        Lao 285 140 140
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 20 10 10
        Lithuanian 15 5 10
        Macedonian 15 5 5
        Malay 5 0 5
        Malayalam 20 15 15
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 1,645 800 845
        Marathi 5 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 95 55 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 720 360 360
        Pashto 85 40 45
        Persian (Farsi) 3,195 1,585 1,610
        Polish 1,090 525 565
        Portuguese 1,590 765 825
        Romanian 3,705 1,835 1,870
        Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 35
        Russian 2,160 1,060 1,100
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 50 25 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Serbian 115 55 60
        Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20
        Shanghainese 5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 175 115 60
        Sindhi 20 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
        Slovak 40 20 25
        Slovenian 95 35 55
        Somali 30 15 15
        Spanish 12,570 6,290 6,275
        Swahili 105 50 55
        Swedish 10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 315 140 180
        Taiwanese 70 40 30
        Tamil 335 170 170
        Telugu 25 15 15
        Thai 15 5 5
        Tibetan languages 55 25 20
        Tigrigna 10 5 5
        Turkish 415 205 210
        Ukrainian 175 80 95
        Urdu 705 340 365
        Vietnamese 2,100 995 1,105
        Yiddish 0 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 385 195 190
  Multiple responses         33,740 16,630 17,105
    English and French 14,910 7,295 7,610
    English and non-official language 3,965 1,955 2,005
    French and non-official language 11,360 5,570 5,790
    English, French and non-official language 3,510 1,810 1,700
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,429,730 703,715 726,020
  None 1,248,595 613,035 635,560
  Single responses  171,040 85,580 85,460
    English  91,180 46,360 44,820
    French  49,375 24,455 24,915
    Non-official languages  30,485 14,760 15,725
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 55 20 40
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  15 5 5
        Inuktitut  25 5 25
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 29,645 14,360 15,285
        African languages, n.i.e 65 30 30
        Afrikaans  5 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  30 15 15
        Albanian  10 5 10
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  4,360 2,285 2,080
        Armenian  150 75 75
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 95 50 45
        Bengali  100 50 50
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  135 65 70
        Bisayan languages  20 5 15
        Bosnian  30 10 20
        Bulgarian  140 75 65
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  410 200 215
        Chinese, n.o.s.  865 395 475
        Creoles  3,130 1,435 1,695
        Croatian  70 30 40
        Czech  65 30 35
        Danish  30 10 20
        Dutch  195 90 110
        Estonian  0 0 5
        Finnish  25 10 15
        Flemish  30 10 20
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  1,180 540 640
        Greek  1,170 615 555
        Gujarati  165 85 80
        Hakka  25 15 10
        Hebrew  55 25 30
        Hindi  215 95 115
        Hungarian  205 120 85
        Ilocano  10 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Italian  2,380 1,210 1,165
        Japanese  100 45 55
        Khmer (Cambodian)  200 95 100
        Korean  65 25 45
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  165 80 85
        Latvian  10 0 10
        Lingala  215 105 110
        Lithuanian  35 15 20
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  35 10 25
        Malayalam  30 15 15
        Maltese  0 0 5
        Mandarin  345 150 195
        Marathi  15 5 10
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 275 140 130
        Norwegian  10 0 5
        Oromo  185 95 95
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  215 125 95
        Pashto  5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  455 255 205
        Polish  525 210 315
        Portuguese  1,330 620 705
        Romanian  735 355 380
        Rundi (Kirundi)  95 50 45
        Russian  475 200 275
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  90 40 50
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Serbian  45 20 20
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 15
        Shanghainese  15 5 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 95 45 50
        Sindhi  20 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 15 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  45 25 20
        Slovenian  65 30 40
        Somali  10 5 10
        Spanish  6,045 2,930 3,115
        Swahili  120 55 60
        Swedish  45 25 25
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  470 165 305
        Taiwanese  50 25 25
        Tamil  80 45 40
        Telugu  20 15 10
        Thai  40 15 25
        Tibetan languages  15 10 5
        Tigrigna  10 5 5
        Turkish  135 80 60
        Ukrainian  150 65 85
        Urdu  350 180 170
        Vietnamese  665 310 350
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 785 380 400
  Multiple responses          10,100 5,100 5,000
    English and French  4,060 2,070 1,995
    English and non-official language  3,600 1,810 1,790
    French and non-official language  2,340 1,165 1,180
    English, French and non-official language  95 50 45

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Région de la Montérégie, Quebec (Code 2416) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Région de la Montérégie, Quebec

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Région de la Montérégie (Health region, December 2013)

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Map: 2416, Health region (shaded in green)

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Région de la Montérégie, Quebec (Health region, December 2013)

  • Canada
    • Quebec (Province)
      • Région de la Montérégie (Health region, December 2013)