NHS Profile, Canada, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Canada. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

(Country)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 32,852,325 16,163,115 16,689,210
Canadian citizens 30,895,310 15,232,595 15,662,710
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,576,425 3,381,280 3,195,140
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 24,318,885 11,851,320 12,467,565
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 1,957,015 930,520 1,026,495
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 25,720,175 12,753,235 12,966,935
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 6,775,765 3,231,370 3,544,400
Before 1971 1,261,055 605,430 655,625
1971 to 1980 870,775 416,670 454,105
1981 to 1990 949,890 454,570 495,325
1991 to 2000 1,539,050 724,905 814,145
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,154,990 1,029,790 1,125,200
2001 to 2005 992,070 474,545 517,530
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,162,915 555,245 607,670
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 356,385 178,515 177,870
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 6,775,765 3,231,365 3,544,400
Under 5 years 671,795 332,650 339,145
5 to 14 years 1,186,050 601,430 584,620
15 to 24 years 1,540,430 698,480 841,950
25 to 44 years 2,767,110 1,320,925 1,446,185
45 years and over 610,385 277,885 332,500
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 25,720,170 12,753,235 12,966,940
Born in province of residence 21,853,870 10,848,700 11,005,170
Born outside province of residence 3,866,305 1,904,535 1,961,770
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 6,775,765 3,231,365 3,544,400
Americas 1,060,230 478,150 582,085
United States 263,475 117,035 146,440
Jamaica 126,035 52,655 73,380
Guyana 87,945 39,105 48,840
Haiti 80,100 34,785 45,310
Mexico 69,695 32,760 36,930
Trinidad and Tobago 67,205 30,150 37,055
Colombia 60,555 28,555 32,000
El Salvador 43,655 21,995 21,660
Peru 26,715 11,745 14,965
Chile 25,195 12,395 12,800
Other places of birth in Americas 209,665 96,975 112,690
Europe 2,127,785 1,033,830 1,093,955
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 537,040 257,285 279,755
Italy 256,825 129,970 126,855
Germany 152,345 72,335 80,010
Poland 152,290 68,855 83,435
Portugal 138,520 67,895 70,625
Netherlands 98,510 50,200 48,315
France 90,440 46,900 43,540
Romania 82,595 39,635 42,955
Russian Federation 73,030 32,945 40,080
Greece 66,475 34,090 32,385
Ukraine 65,455 29,340 36,115
Croatia 40,010 19,475 20,540
Hungary 38,985 19,190 19,790
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35,885 18,290 17,595
Serbia 32,600 15,780 16,820
Ireland, Republic of 28,040 13,485 14,555
Other places of birth in Europe 238,740 118,170 120,565
Africa 492,030 251,025 241,000
Morocco 56,275 29,560 26,715
Algeria 51,085 27,350 23,735
Egypt 49,935 26,630 23,305
South Africa, Republic of 40,550 20,075 20,480
Nigeria 27,625 14,520 13,105
Ethiopia 24,535 11,840 12,695
Kenya 24,510 11,485 13,030
Other places of birth in Africa 217,510 109,565 107,940
Asia 3,041,105 1,441,670 1,599,430
India 547,890 271,490 276,395
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 545,535 247,815 297,715
Philippines 454,340 190,120 264,220
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 205,430 97,005 108,420
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 165,125 77,945 87,180
Pakistan 156,860 80,410 76,450
Sri Lanka 132,130 65,655 66,475
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 120,685 61,780 58,905
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 112,400 52,815 59,585
Lebanon 81,105 43,415 37,695
Taiwan 66,455 30,560 35,900
Iraq 49,515 25,635 23,885
Bangladesh 45,320 23,410 21,915
Afghanistan 40,945 20,650 20,290
Japan 25,805 8,000 17,805
Turkey 25,275 13,420 11,855
Other places of birth in Asia 266,285 131,540 134,745
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 54,625 26,690 27,935
Fiji 24,290 11,415 12,875
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 30,330 15,275 15,055
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 356,385 178,510 177,870
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,162,915 555,250 607,670
Americas 188,730 90,345 98,380
United States 45,015 22,225 22,790
Mexico 22,310 10,740 11,570
Cuba 5,555 2,910 2,645
Haiti 19,305 8,690 10,615
Jamaica 9,800 4,775 5,035
Brazil 9,540 4,460 5,075
Colombia 27,555 13,255 14,300
Guyana 6,010 2,585 3,425
Peru 6,410 2,735 3,675
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 6,185 2,995 3,190
Other places of birth in Americas 31,045 14,980 16,065
Europe 159,750 79,565 80,180
France 20,380 10,745 9,640
Germany 10,455 5,255 5,205
Poland 5,365 1,995 3,375
Romania 13,370 6,145 7,220
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 6,570 3,255 3,315
Russian Federation 17,100 7,680 9,415
Ukraine 12,385 5,465 6,925
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 32,965 18,320 14,645
Other places of birth in Europe 41,160 20,710 20,450
Africa 145,725 73,470 72,250
Nigeria 13,035 6,695 6,345
Ethiopia 6,595 3,055 3,535
Mauritius 4,195 2,070 2,120
Somalia 4,315 2,040 2,270
Algeria 21,240 10,560 10,675
Egypt 11,105 5,865 5,240
Morocco 20,295 10,240 10,055
Tunisia 4,755 2,865 1,895
Cameroon 5,425 2,780 2,645
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 5,865 2,720 3,150
South Africa, Republic of 5,660 2,730 2,930
Other places of birth in Africa 43,230 21,845 21,385
Asia 661,570 307,935 353,635
Philippines 152,270 66,980 85,285
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 122,090 54,290 67,800
India 121,415 60,075 61,345
Pakistan 35,040 16,890 18,155
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 30,295 14,865 15,425
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 27,665 12,720 14,945
Sri Lanka 21,430 10,175 11,260
Iraq 16,915 8,365 8,550
Bangladesh 14,110 7,050 7,060
Lebanon 12,420 6,640 5,780
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 11,275 4,235 7,045
Taiwan 9,295 4,255 5,040
Afghanistan 8,425 4,325 4,100
Japan 6,385 1,660 4,720
Turkey 5,855 3,110 2,745
Israel 5,230 2,610 2,625
Nepal 5,210 2,725 2,490
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 4,805 1,940 2,865
United Arab Emirates 4,800 2,440 2,355
Saudi Arabia 4,345 2,440 1,900
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 4,150 2,145 2,005
Other places of birth in Asia 38,140 18,005 20,140
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 7,150 3,930 3,215
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 32,852,320 16,163,115 16,689,210
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 7,217,295 3,454,225 3,763,070
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 5,702,725 2,840,860 2,861,860
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 19,932,300 9,868,025 10,064,275

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Canada (Code 01) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Canada

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 26.1%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Canada. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

(Country)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 31,612,897  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 5.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 14,569,633 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 13,320,614 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.7 ... ...
Land area (square km) 8,965,121.42 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 33,476,685 16,414,225 17,062,460
0 to 4 years 1,877,095 961,150 915,945
5 to 9 years 1,809,895 925,965 883,935
10 to 14 years 1,920,355 983,995 936,360
15 to 19 years 2,178,135 1,115,845 1,062,295
15 years 423,755 216,765 206,985
16 years 432,490 222,445 210,045
17 years 434,060 223,015 211,045
18 years 439,700 225,050 214,650
19 years 448,130 228,570 219,560
20 to 24 years 2,187,450 1,108,775 1,078,670
25 to 29 years 2,169,590 1,077,275 1,092,315
30 to 34 years 2,162,905 1,058,810 1,104,095
35 to 39 years 2,173,930 1,064,200 1,109,735
40 to 44 years 2,324,875 1,141,720 1,183,155
45 to 49 years 2,675,130 1,318,715 1,356,420
50 to 54 years 2,658,965 1,309,030 1,349,940
55 to 59 years 2,340,635 1,147,300 1,193,335
60 to 64 years 2,052,670 1,002,690 1,049,985
65 to 69 years 1,521,715 738,010 783,705
70 to 74 years 1,153,065 543,435 609,630
75 to 79 years 922,700 417,945 504,755
80 to 84 years 702,070 291,085 410,985
85 years and over 645,515 208,300 437,215
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.6 39.6 41.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.2 82.5 84.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 27,869,340 13,543,130 14,326,215
Married or living with a common-law partner 16,084,490 8,045,795 8,038,700
Married (and not separated) 12,941,960 6,470,300 6,471,660
Living common law 3,142,525 1,575,495 1,567,035
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 11,784,855 5,497,335 6,287,515
Single (never legally married) 7,816,045 4,206,320 3,609,730
Separated 698,240 299,655 398,585
Divorced 1,686,035 680,415 1,005,620
Widowed 1,584,530 310,940 1,273,590
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 9,389,695 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 4,679,700 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 2,048,560 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 1,870,305 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 791,130 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 9,389,700 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 7,861,855 ... ...
Married couples 6,293,950 ... ...
Without children at home 2,891,215 ... ...
With children at home 3,402,735 ... ...
1 child 1,288,775 ... ...
2 children 1,475,220 ... ...
3 or more children 638,740 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,567,910 ... ...
Without children at home 861,350 ... ...
With children at home 706,555 ... ...
1 child 321,865 ... ...
2 children 273,620 ... ...
3 or more children 111,075 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 1,527,845 ... ...
Female parent 1,200,295 ... ...
1 child 710,225 ... ...
2 children 352,150 ... ...
3 or more children 137,920 ... ...
Male parent 327,545 ... ...
1 child 216,910 ... ...
2 children 85,770 ... ...
3 or more children 24,860 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 9,971,320 ... ...
Under six years of age 2,217,355 ... ...
6 to 14 years 3,322,875 ... ...
15 to 17 years 1,240,565 ... ...
18 to 24 years 2,062,245 ... ...
25 years and over 1,128,280 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 32,856,980 16,153,945 16,703,035
Number of persons not in census families 5,634,105 2,678,530 2,955,575
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 735,685 309,510 426,175
Living with non-relatives only 1,225,115 689,960 535,150
Living alone 3,673,310 1,679,055 1,994,250
Number of census family persons 27,222,870 13,475,410 13,747,460
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 4,551,900 2,081,795 2,470,110
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 1,527,630 445,865 1,081,770
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 224,755 52,375 172,380
Living with non-relatives only 87,185 42,230 44,955
Living alone 1,215,695 351,260 864,435
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 3,024,275 1,635,935 1,388,340
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 13,320,615 ... ...
Census-family households 9,103,965 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 8,263,885 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 7,070,680 ... ...
Without children 3,394,480 ... ...
With children 3,676,200 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,193,210 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 840,075 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 572,015 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 389,775 ... ...
Without children 144,240 ... ...
With children 245,535 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 182,240 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 268,065 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,216,650 ... ...
One-person households 3,673,305 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 543,345 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 13,320,615 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,329,150 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,234,770 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 183,510 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 4,573,185 ... ...
Semi-detached house 646,245 ... ...
Row house 791,600 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 704,485 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 2,397,550 ... ...
Other single-attached house 33,310 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 13,320,615 ... ...
1 person 3,673,310 ... ...
2 persons 4,544,820 ... ...
3 persons 2,081,900 ... ...
4 persons 1,903,300 ... ...
5 persons 724,405 ... ...
6 or more persons 392,885 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 32,856,975 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305
  Single responses  32,481,635 15,955,395 16,526,240
    English  18,858,980 9,345,225 9,513,750
    French  7,054,975 3,452,380 3,602,590
    Non-official languages  6,567,680 3,157,785 3,409,895
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 177,360 86,870 90,490
        Atikamekw    5,820 2,975 2,845
        Cree, n.o.s.  77,900 38,055 39,845
        Dene  11,215 5,500 5,720
        Innu/Montagnais  10,785 5,205 5,580
        Inuktitut  33,500 16,725 16,775
        Mi'kmaq  7,635 3,715 3,920
        Ojibway  17,625 8,340 9,285
        Oji-Cree  9,835 4,890 4,945
        Stoney  3,050 1,465 1,580
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,312,435 3,032,860 3,279,570
        African languages, n.i.e 9,125 4,920 4,205
        Afrikaans  8,770 4,370 4,400
        Akan (Twi)  12,680 6,145 6,535
        Albanian  23,820 12,205 11,610
        Amharic  18,020 8,745 9,275
        Arabic  327,870 175,535 152,335
        Armenian  29,795 14,525 15,265
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 7,150 3,565 3,590
        Bengali  59,370 30,555 28,815
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5,855 3,210 2,645
        Bisayan languages  16,240 6,185 10,055
        Bosnian  11,685 5,805 5,875
        Bulgarian  19,050 9,305 9,740
        Burmese  2,985 1,515 1,470
        Cantonese  372,460 173,510 198,955
        Chinese, n.o.s.  425,210 200,800 224,410
        Creoles  61,725 27,620 34,105
        Croatian  49,730 24,395 25,335
        Czech  23,585 11,350 12,230
        Danish  14,145 6,950 7,200
        Dutch  110,490 54,060 56,425
        Estonian  6,385 2,755 3,630
        Finnish  17,415 7,390 10,020
        Flemish  4,690 2,060 2,635
        Fukien  5,925 2,730 3,190
        German  409,200 195,415 213,785
        Greek  108,925 55,085 53,840
        Gujarati  91,450 45,570 45,875
        Hakka  5,115 2,360 2,755
        Hebrew  18,450 9,865 8,585
        Hindi  90,545 45,170 45,375
        Hungarian  67,920 32,740 35,180
        Ilocano  17,915 6,945 10,965
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5,255 2,860 2,395
        Italian  407,485 201,985 205,510
        Japanese  39,985 14,035 25,955
        Khmer (Cambodian)  19,440 9,095 10,345
        Korean  137,925 64,090 73,835
        Kurdish  9,805 5,350 4,445
        Lao  12,970 6,375 6,590
        Latvian  6,200 2,700 3,505
        Lingala  3,085 1,440 1,645
        Lithuanian  7,245 3,080 4,165
        Macedonian  17,245 8,405 8,840
        Malay  10,910 4,845 6,060
        Malayalam  16,080 8,200 7,875
        Maltese  6,220 3,125 3,100
        Mandarin  248,705 116,480 132,225
        Marathi  5,830 3,030 2,805
        Nepali  8,480 4,350 4,135
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 14,075 7,385 6,685
        Norwegian  5,800 2,745 3,055
        Oromo  11,140 6,075 5,060
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  430,705 217,015 213,685
        Pashto  12,465 6,470 5,990
        Persian (Farsi)  170,045 86,810 83,235
        Polish  191,645 87,905 103,745
        Portuguese  211,335 102,320 109,015
        Romanian  90,300 43,475 46,820
        Rundi (Kirundi)  3,975 1,875 2,100
        Russian  164,330 75,275 89,050
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  3,895 1,710 2,185
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 16,970 8,395 8,575
        Serbian  56,420 28,125 28,290
        Serbo-Croatian  10,155 4,940 5,215
        Shanghainese  2,920 1,230 1,695
        Sign languages, n.i.e 3,815 2,050 1,760
        Sindhi  11,330 5,290 6,040
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  14,185 7,070 7,110
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 4,360 2,225 2,135
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 3,630 1,850 1,785
        Slovak  17,580 8,045 9,540
        Slovenian  10,775 5,015 5,760
        Somali  31,380 14,260 17,120
        Spanish  410,670 199,110 211,565
        Swahili  10,090 5,050 5,045
        Swedish  7,350 3,170 4,175
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  327,445 131,405 196,045
        Taiwanese  9,635 4,450 5,185
        Tamil  131,265 65,145 66,120
        Telugu  9,315 4,910 4,405
        Thai  7,935 2,505 5,425
        Tibetan languages  4,640 2,365 2,270
        Tigrigna  10,220 4,990 5,230
        Turkish  29,640 15,865 13,775
        Ukrainian  111,540 49,570 61,975
        Urdu  172,800 88,295 84,500
        Vietnamese  144,880 68,255 76,625
        Yiddish  15,205 7,400 7,805
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 77,890 38,055 39,835
  Multiple responses          639,540 310,480 329,060
    English and French  144,685 69,975 74,710
    English and non-official language  396,330 192,000 204,330
    French and non-official language  74,430 36,535 37,890
    English, French and non-official language 24,095 11,965 12,130
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305
  English only 22,564,665 11,222,185 11,342,485
  French only 4,165,015 1,925,340 2,239,680
  English and French 5,795,570 2,876,560 2,919,005
  Neither English nor French 595,920 241,790 354,135
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 33,121,175 16,265,875 16,855,300
  English 24,662,900 12,172,545 12,490,350
  French 7,507,890 3,671,815 3,836,075
  English and French 367,635 186,235 181,405
  Neither English nor French 582,755 235,280 347,475
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 7,691,705 3,764,930 3,926,770
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 23.2 23.1 23.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 33,121,175 16,265,875 16,855,300
  Single responses 31,958,800 15,701,165 16,257,640
    English 21,457,075 10,585,620 10,871,455
    French 6,827,865 3,348,235 3,479,625
    Non-official languages 3,673,865 1,767,310 1,906,555
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 114,610 58,055 56,550
        Atikamekw   5,365 2,800 2,565
        Cree, n.o.s. 44,520 22,555 21,970
        Dene 7,960 4,025 3,940
        Innu/Montagnais 9,630 4,700 4,935
        Inuktitut 27,170 13,780 13,390
        Mi'kmaq 4,160 2,100 2,060
        Ojibway 6,850 3,555 3,295
        Oji-Cree 6,875 3,525 3,350
        Stoney 2,070 1,025 1,045
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,531,990 1,695,585 1,836,405
        African languages, n.i.e. 4,130 2,085 2,045
        Afrikaans 4,465 2,230 2,235
        Akan (Twi) 6,545 2,980 3,560
        Albanian 13,765 6,985 6,775
        Amharic 10,760 5,065 5,695
        Arabic 181,790 92,840 88,950
        Armenian 19,140 9,035 10,105
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,815 865 950
        Bengali 42,065 21,140 20,925
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,995 1,045 950
        Bisayan languages 5,390 2,395 2,995
        Bosnian 6,705 3,385 3,315
        Bulgarian 12,075 5,940 6,135
        Burmese 1,895 970 925
        Cantonese 288,620 133,355 155,265
        Chinese, n.o.s. 297,295 141,425 155,870
        Creoles 25,475 11,045 14,435
        Croatian 18,730 8,950 9,780
        Czech 7,415 3,595 3,820
        Danish 945 475 465
        Dutch 11,530 5,485 6,040
        Estonian 1,450 550 895
        Finnish 3,335 1,480 1,855
        Flemish 455 210 245
        Fukien 1,900 875 1,030
        German 126,375 61,350 65,030
        Greek 47,705 22,800 24,905
        Gujarati 55,725 27,220 28,505
        Hakka 2,050 945 1,110
        Hebrew 8,400 4,245 4,150
        Hindi 47,080 23,215 23,870
        Hungarian 22,945 10,780 12,165
        Ilocano 6,160 2,610 3,550
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,285 1,165 1,120
        Italian 139,480 61,990 77,485
        Japanese 18,850 8,010 10,835
        Khmer (Cambodian) 11,330 5,250 6,075
        Korean 104,905 49,660 55,245
        Kurdish 6,000 3,125 2,875
        Lao 6,980 3,445 3,540
        Latvian 1,625 715 910
        Lingala 880 400 485
        Lithuanian 2,115 915 1,205
        Macedonian 7,775 3,740 4,035
        Malay 3,940 1,935 2,005
        Malayalam 7,955 4,010 3,940
        Maltese 1,330 640 690
        Mandarin 203,275 97,960 105,320
        Marathi 2,800 1,450 1,345
        Nepali 6,320 3,215 3,105
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,785 1,800 1,985
        Norwegian 575 275 300
        Oromo 4,745 2,445 2,305
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 317,075 158,375 158,700
        Pashto 8,700 4,390 4,310
        Persian (Farsi) 118,830 58,420 60,415
        Polish 85,210 39,945 45,260
        Portuguese 97,210 46,445 50,760
        Romanian 54,460 26,580 27,880
        Rundi (Kirundi) 1,335 610 720
        Russian 109,735 52,320 57,420
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,180 540 640
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 11,670 5,640 6,030
        Serbian 34,885 17,100 17,780
        Serbo-Croatian 5,040 2,465 2,580
        Shanghainese 1,325 610 715
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 6,305 3,685 2,620
        Sindhi 4,870 2,175 2,695
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,850 3,410 3,440
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 3,525 1,795 1,730
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 545 590
        Slovak 5,370 2,545 2,825
        Slovenian 2,475 1,095 1,380
        Somali 21,665 9,665 12,000
        Spanish 252,015 123,085 128,935
        Swahili 4,175 2,040 2,130
        Swedish 1,130 535 595
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 161,080 71,145 89,935
        Taiwanese 4,830 2,315 2,515
        Tamil 98,940 48,355 50,590
        Telugu 5,205 2,675 2,530
        Thai 3,215 1,470 1,745
        Tibetan languages 3,620 1,835 1,785
        Tigrigna 5,975 2,845 3,130
        Turkish 18,705 9,510 9,190
        Ukrainian 25,565 11,505 14,065
        Urdu 113,785 57,100 56,680
        Vietnamese 104,960 49,550 55,410
        Yiddish 6,860 3,515 3,350
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 27,265 13,670 13,595
  Multiple responses         1,162,370 564,710 597,665
    English and French 131,205 63,475 67,730
    English and non-official language 875,135 425,370 449,765
    French and non-official language 109,700 53,010 56,690
    English, French and non-official language 46,330 22,845 23,485
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305
  None 28,418,595 13,988,140 14,430,455
  Single responses  4,554,525 2,205,595 2,348,935
    English  1,910,475 948,755 961,715
    French  678,940 318,530 360,415
    Non-official languages  1,965,110 938,305 1,026,805
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 62,935 29,835 33,100
        Atikamekw    470 205 265
        Cree, n.o.s.  32,750 15,645 17,105
        Dene  3,245 1,535 1,710
        Innu/Montagnais  1,065 490 580
        Inuktitut  7,230 3,510 3,720
        Mi'kmaq  3,135 1,435 1,700
        Ojibway  10,870 5,040 5,835
        Oji-Cree  3,300 1,570 1,730
        Stoney  865 410 455
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,857,185 887,115 970,070
        African languages, n.i.e 3,625 1,930 1,695
        Afrikaans  4,185 2,075 2,110
        Akan (Twi)  6,105 3,010 3,095
        Albanian  6,155 3,095 3,055
        Amharic  5,665 2,785 2,875
        Arabic  116,375 62,625 53,755
        Armenian  6,690 3,270 3,420
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 3,595 1,735 1,860
        Bengali  11,405 5,925 5,475
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  2,040 1,085 955
        Bisayan languages  4,015 1,515 2,500
        Bosnian  3,365 1,635 1,730
        Bulgarian  3,985 1,850 2,135
        Burmese  860 425 435
        Cantonese  83,955 40,200 43,755
        Chinese, n.o.s.  74,930 35,840 39,090
        Creoles  44,100 19,795 24,305
        Croatian  19,045 9,240 9,805
        Czech  7,540 3,415 4,120
        Danish  4,800 2,145 2,655
        Dutch  34,465 15,800 18,660
        Estonian  2,240 955 1,285
        Finnish  5,670 2,355 3,310
        Flemish  995 405 585
        Fukien  2,315 1,080 1,235
        German  117,070 54,490 62,585
        Greek  50,670 25,670 25,005
        Gujarati  25,635 12,745 12,890
        Hakka  1,490 685 805
        Hebrew  14,270 7,170 7,095
        Hindi  55,375 28,080 27,290
        Hungarian  19,135 8,770 10,360
        Ilocano  4,880 1,895 2,990
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 1,845 980 870
        Italian  156,885 77,220 79,665
        Japanese  19,050 7,875 11,175
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5,425 2,545 2,880
        Korean  22,870 10,620 12,255
        Kurdish  2,295 1,245 1,045
        Lao  3,830 1,915 1,915
        Latvian  1,880 760 1,125
        Lingala  4,235 1,965 2,270
        Lithuanian  2,120 855 1,260
        Macedonian  5,950 2,890 3,060
        Malay  4,320 1,915 2,405
        Malayalam  6,110 3,085 3,020
        Maltese  2,405 1,110 1,300
        Mandarin  47,785 21,575 26,205
        Marathi  1,740 870 875
        Nepali  1,175 605 565
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10,610 5,245 5,365
        Norwegian  1,935 885 1,050
        Oromo  3,315 1,740 1,580
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  83,180 42,490 40,695
        Pashto  2,315 1,245 1,075
        Persian (Farsi)  32,275 17,085 15,190
        Polish  54,580 24,580 30,005
        Portuguese  77,850 37,635 40,215
        Romanian  20,800 9,715 11,085
        Rundi (Kirundi)  1,925 925 1,000
        Russian  38,805 17,710 21,095
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  1,805 775 1,030
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 3,685 1,850 1,835
        Serbian  14,890 7,460 7,425
        Serbo-Croatian  2,565 1,255 1,315
        Shanghainese  1,045 445 595
        Sign languages, n.i.e 4,300 1,800 2,505
        Sindhi  4,935 2,285 2,645
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  6,060 3,030 3,030
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 465 240 225
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 970 490 485
        Slovak  5,150 2,240 2,910
        Slovenian  3,415 1,515 1,900
        Somali  9,725 4,625 5,095
        Spanish  152,210 73,850 78,365
        Swahili  6,860 3,325 3,535
        Swedish  3,515 1,535 1,985
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  107,960 40,085 67,870
        Taiwanese  4,065 1,915 2,145
        Tamil  27,625 13,960 13,665
        Telugu  2,550 1,365 1,190
        Thai  3,380 1,135 2,240
        Tibetan languages  595 320 280
        Tigrigna  3,330 1,640 1,690
        Turkish  7,815 4,250 3,565
        Ukrainian  32,740 14,290 18,450
        Urdu  45,580 23,440 22,145
        Vietnamese  32,280 15,455 16,830
        Yiddish  3,510 1,555 1,955
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 44,985 21,360 23,630
  Multiple responses          148,055 72,140 75,915
    English and French  40,280 20,290 19,995
    English and non-official language  49,905 24,725 25,180
    French and non-official language  56,385 26,370 30,010
    English, French and non-official language  1,485 755 730

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

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Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

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Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

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Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

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Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Canada (Code 01) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Canada

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