NHS Profile, Prince Edward Island, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Prince Edward Island. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Prince Edward Island

(Province)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 137,375 66,515 70,865
Canadian citizens 133,245 64,545 68,700
Canadian citizens aged under 18 28,225 14,360 13,860
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 105,020 50,185 54,835
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 4,130 1,970 2,165
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 137,380 66,515 70,865
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 129,390 62,720 66,665
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 7,085 3,360 3,725
Before 1971 1,675 780 885
1971 to 1980 850 350 495
1981 to 1990 610 255 350
1991 to 2000 730 390 340
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,225 1,590 1,640
2001 to 2005 670 310 360
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,555 1,280 1,275
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 905 430 470
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 7,085 3,365 3,725
Under 5 years 1,110 435 670
5 to 14 years 1,250 620 625
15 to 24 years 1,305 605 705
25 to 44 years 2,555 1,235 1,320
45 years and over 865 465 400
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 137,375 66,515 70,865
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 129,385 62,720 66,670
Born in province of residence 99,950 49,330 50,625
Born outside province of residence 29,430 13,390 16,045
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 7,085 3,365 3,725
Americas 1,630 640 990
United States 1,330 475 855
Jamaica 20 0 10
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 40 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 50 0 25
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 185 105 80
Europe 2,530 1,290 1,240
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,260 700 560
Italy 20 0 0
Germany 195 60 135
Poland 35 15 25
Portugal 30 25 0
Netherlands 450 230 220
France 35 0 30
Romania 30 0 0
Russian Federation 50 35 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
Croatia 20 0 0
Hungary 20 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 20 20
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 40 20 15
Other places of birth in Europe 280 125 155
Africa 125 85 40
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 15
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 70 50 25
Asia 2,775 1,340 1,435
India 85 40 45
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,490 720 770
Philippines 50 0 30
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 30 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 70 30 40
Pakistan 45 25 25
Sri Lanka 45 25 20
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 305 155 150
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 80 30 50
Lebanon 65 30 25
Taiwan 50 25 30
Iraq 35 0 0
Bangladesh 30 0 0
Afghanistan 10 0 0
Japan 90 0 80
Turkey 40 25 0
Other places of birth in Asia 250 130 115
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 20 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 905 430 475
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 2,555 1,280 1,275
Americas 160 55 105
United States 95 30 70
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 30 0 0
Europe 275 135 135
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 140 75 65
Other places of birth in Europe 115 50 65
Africa 40 35 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 2,075 1,050 1,025
Philippines 25 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,255 625 630
India 70 30 35
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 285 140 145
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 50 0 30
Sri Lanka 40 25 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 30 0 0
Lebanon 10 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 20 0 0
Taiwan 35 10 20
Afghanistan 10 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 45 25 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 35 25 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 30 15 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 95 45 45
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 137,380 66,515 70,865
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 8,295 3,950 4,350
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 8,485 3,780 4,710
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 120,600 58,790 61,810
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 137,375 66,515 70,865
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,260 2,020 2,240
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 485 230 255
Chinese 1,830 940 890
Black 390 130 260
Filipino 85 50 35
Latin American 235 105 125
Arab 200 100 100
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 205 120 85
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 345 170 170
Korean 140 50 90
Japanese 210 30 180
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 75 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 70 35 35
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 133,115 64,490 68,625
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 137,375 66,510 70,865
North American Aboriginal origins 4,460 2,130 2,325
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,755 1,755 2,000
Inuit 250 185 60
Métis 510 215 290
Other North American origins 53,795 26,190 27,610
Acadian 3,760 1,770 1,985
American 780 345 435
Canadian 50,550 24,715 25,835
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 15 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 45 0 25
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 105,530 50,480 55,050
British Isles origins 91,780 43,915 47,865
Channel Islander 15 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 42,700 20,200 22,500
Irish 41,715 19,450 22,265
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 53,960 25,790 28,170
Welsh 2,470 1,155 1,315
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,850 860 995
French origins 28,950 13,325 15,625
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 28,945 13,330 15,625
Western European origins (except French origins) 11,630 5,610 6,020
Austrian 270 170 100
Belgian 500 225 270
Dutch 4,240 1,945 2,295
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 30 20 15
German 7,160 3,495 3,665
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 205 110 90
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,155 1,085 1,065
Danish 885 480 405
Finnish 160 110 50
Icelandic 90 45 50
Norwegian 295 135 165
Swedish 600 225 370
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 180 130 0
Eastern European origins 2,645 1,115 1,535
Bulgarian 10 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 10 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 20 0 0
Hungarian 415 185 235
Latvian 35 0 0
Lithuanian 30 0 20
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 960 445 515
Romanian 115 45 70
Russian 375 170 200
Slovak 45 25 20
Ukrainian 855 290 560
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 20 20 0
Southern European origins 2,370 1,190 1,180
Albanian 115 45 70
Bosnian 25 0 0
Croatian 100 50 45
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 180 80 100
Italian 955 485 470
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 20 0 0
Maltese 25 0 15
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 430 245 180
Serbian 40 15 25
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Spanish 430 215 215
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 130 60 65
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 300 100 200
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 210 65 145
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 50 30 25
Caribbean origins 310 125 185
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 35 0 40
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 20 0 15
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 135 35 100
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 445 255 190
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 35 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 115 55 0
Chilean 25 0 15
Colombian 0 0 0
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 60 40 0
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Salvadorean 80 35 40
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 30 0 20
African origins 500 260 240
Central and West African origins 110 50 60
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 20 20 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 65 0 55
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 100 45 55
Algerian 15 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 45 35 0
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 35 25 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 265 160 115
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 15 0 15
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 250 150 95
Asian origins 4,360 2,130 2,235
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,300 680 620
Afghan 20 0 10
Arab, n.o.s. 35 0 25
Armenian 0 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 335 170 160
Iraqi 35 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 30 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 705 365 335
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 30 20 0
Syrian 35 20 20
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 90 65 35
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 500 245 250
Bangladeshi 30 30 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 255 115 145
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 85 45 35
Pakistani 70 30 35
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 20 0 0
Sri Lankan 60 25 40
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 15 10 10
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,560 1,195 1,365
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 1,915 965 955
Filipino 95 55 40
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 190 30 165
Korean 140 50 90
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 75 0 55
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 35 15 20
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 100 40 65
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 30 15 10
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 75 65 0
Australian 55 50 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 137,375 66,515 70,860
Buddhist 560 295 265
Christian 115,620 54,645 60,980
Anglican 5,820 2,680 3,140
Baptist 5,860 2,785 3,075
Catholic 58,895 27,770 31,120
Christian Orthodox 290 130 155
Lutheran 260 115 140
Pentecostal 1,270 615 655
Presbyterian 8,825 4,200 4,625
United Church 21,145 10,260 10,885
Other Christian 13,260 6,085 7,175
Hindu 205 105 95
Jewish 100 25 70
Muslim 660 340 320
Sikh 10 0 10
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 55 25 30
Other religions 350 165 185
No religious affiliation 19,820 10,905 8,915
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 137,380 66,515 70,860
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,230 945 1,285
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,520 655 865
Métis single identity 410 170 240
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 55 20 35
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 235 100 135
Non-Aboriginal identity 135,150 65,565 69,580
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 137,375 66,515 70,865
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,040 465 580
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 136,330 66,045 70,285
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 137,375 66,515 70,865
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 4,455 2,135 2,325
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,755 1,755 2,000
Métis ancestry 505 210 295
Inuit ancestry 250 185 65
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 132,915 64,380 68,540
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 6,320 3,160 3,160
Aboriginal languages 125 60 60
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 105 50 60
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,205 3,105 3,095
Italian 65 30 35
Portuguese 150 115 35
Romanian 50 25 25
Spanish 825 430 395
Dutch 470 210 260
Flemish 35 0 0
German 565 305 255
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 75 40 35
Norwegian 15 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 25 0 0
Gaelic languages 90 30 60
Bosnian 25 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 20 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 70 20 55
Russian 200 115 85
Serbian 15 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 0
Slovak 10 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 55 0 30
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 105 40 60
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 35 25 0
Turkish 70 35 30
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 305 160 145
Hebrew 90 0 55
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 30 30 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 70 40 30
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 15 0 10
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30
Urdu 90 50 40
Nepali 105 50 45
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 345 170 175
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 25 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 50 30 20
Telugu 50 20 25
Japanese 235 115 125
Korean 110 60 50
Cantonese 70 30 40
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 515 240 270
Taiwanese 20 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,250 670 585
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 95 45 60
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 70 40 30
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 70 0 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 25 10
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 175 85 90
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 136,110 65,810 70,305
Non-movers 120,770 58,530 62,240
Movers 15,340 7,275 8,065
Non-migrants 7,085 3,345 3,740
Migrants 8,255 3,935 4,320
Internal migrants 6,765 3,130 3,630
Intraprovincial migrants 3,870 1,815 2,055
Interprovincial migrants 2,895 1,315 1,575
External migrants 1,490 805 690
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 130,140 62,955 67,190
Non-movers 88,095 43,120 44,980
Movers 42,045 19,835 22,205
Non-migrants 18,750 8,645 10,110
Migrants 23,295 11,190 12,100
Internal migrants 19,940 9,500 10,440
Intraprovincial migrants 10,770 5,135 5,640
Interprovincial migrants 9,170 4,360 4,805
External migrants 3,355 1,695 1,660
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 114,195 54,905 59,300
No certificate, diploma or degree 24,860 13,770 11,085
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 29,970 14,565 15,405
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 59,370 26,565 32,800
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 11,990 7,975 4,015
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 24,065 8,730 15,335
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,875 1,215 2,660
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 19,445 8,645 10,795
Bachelor's degree 13,195 5,605 7,585
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,250 3,045 3,205
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 75,010 36,000 39,010
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,625 6,575 4,050
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,130 8,895 9,235
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 46,255 20,530 25,725
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,800 5,790 3,010
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 18,965 7,035 11,930
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,765 905 1,865
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 15,720 6,805 8,915
Bachelor's degree 10,620 4,555 6,070
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,100 2,250 2,845
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 114,200 54,900 59,295
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 54,825 28,335 26,495
Education 5,095 1,330 3,765
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,240 680 560
Humanities 3,200 1,585 1,615
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,690 1,245 3,445
Business, management and public administration 14,850 4,025 10,820
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,150 1,020 1,125
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,600 990 615
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 11,560 10,925 640
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,380 890 485
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 9,405 1,515 7,890
Personal, protective and transportation services 4,200 2,360 1,850
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 114,200 54,900 59,295
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 54,830 28,335 26,495
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 59,370 26,570 32,805
Location of study inside Canada 55,720 24,755 30,965
Same as province or territory of residence 37,990 16,415 21,580
Another province or territory 17,730 8,345 9,385
Location of study outside Canada 3,650 1,815 1,835
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 85,310 43,050 42,255
Single responses 84,870 42,895 41,975
English 83,190 42,265 40,930
French 1,185 365 825
Non-official languages 490 265 225
Chinese, n.o.s. 235 165 70
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 95 40 55
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 30 0 25
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 130 50 80
Multiple responses 440 160 280
English and French 350 105 245
English and non-official language 90 55 35
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 85,310 43,050 42,255
English 83,190 42,265 40,925
French 1,190 365 825
Non-official language 490 265 225
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 485 260 220
English and French 350 110 245
English and non-official language 90 55 35
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 114,200 54,905 59,300
In the labour force 78,060 39,565 38,495
Employed 68,635 34,735 33,900
Unemployed 9,425 4,835 4,590
Not in the labour force 36,140 15,335 20,805
Participation rate 68.4 72.1 64.9
Employment rate 60.1 63.3 57.2
Unemployment rate 12.1 12.2 11.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 78,060 39,565 38,490
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,110 465 645
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 76,950 39,105 37,845
Employee 69,685 34,000 35,685
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,265 5,105 2,160
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 78,060 39,570 38,490
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,110 465 645
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 76,950 39,100 37,845
0 Management occupations 7,250 4,705 2,540
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 11,635 3,175 8,460
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,675 2,685 990
3 Health occupations 4,990 885 4,105
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 8,810 2,405 6,405
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,620 810 815
6 Sales and service occupations 17,510 6,175 11,335
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 11,950 11,065 885
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 6,145 5,050 1,090
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,365 2,150 1,210
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 78,060 39,570 38,495
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,110 465 645
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 76,950 39,100 37,845
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 6,885 5,405 1,480
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 455 460 0
22 Utilities 350 325 25
23 Construction 5,520 5,035 480
31-33 Manufacturing 5,950 3,910 2,045
41 Wholesale trade 1,785 1,445 340
44-45 Retail trade 8,860 3,610 5,250
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,685 2,035 645
51 Information and cultural industries 955 605 355
52 Finance and insurance 1,820 535 1,280
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 925 570 355
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,415 1,925 1,495
55 Management of companies and enterprises 50 0 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,005 1,570 1,435
61 Educational services 6,160 1,975 4,185
62 Health care and social assistance 7,520 1,070 6,450
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,450 765 675
72 Accommodation and food services 5,640 1,875 3,765
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,135 1,460 1,670
91 Public administration 10,385 4,495 5,895
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 78,060 39,565 38,495
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,980 1,280 1,700
Worked in 2010 75,075 38,285 36,790
1 to 13 weeks 4,825 2,265 2,560
14 to 26 weeks 12,005 6,600 5,405
27 to 39 weeks 6,035 3,325 2,710
40 to 48 weeks 8,110 3,970 4,140
49 to 52 weeks 44,100 22,125 21,980
Average weeks worked in 2010 41.4 41.1 41.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 78,060 39,570 38,495
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,980 1,280 1,700
Worked in 2010 75,075 38,285 36,790
Worked full-time in 2010 62,295 33,940 28,355
Worked part-time in 2010 12,780 4,345 8,435
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 68,635 34,730 33,905
Worked at home 4,330 2,530 1,805
Worked outside Canada 300 245 55
No fixed workplace address 8,920 7,010 1,910
Worked at usual place 55,080 24,950 30,130
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 64,005 31,960 32,040
Car, truck or van - as a driver 53,235 27,030 26,210
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 5,490 2,260 3,230
Public transit 840 510 330
Walked 3,410 1,580 1,830
Bicycle 215 155 55
Other methods 820 435 385
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 64,005 31,965 32,040
Median commuting duration 15.2 15.4 15.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 64,005 31,965 32,040
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 14,500 8,900 5,600
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 38,375 17,285 21,095
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,130 5,780 5,350
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 56,455 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 52,235 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,220 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 56,455 ... ...
1960 or before 14,950 ... ...
1961 to 1980 16,480 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,400 ... ...
1991 to 2000 7,825 ... ...
2001 to 2005 4,450 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,355 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 56,460 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 10,980 ... ...
5 rooms 9,180 ... ...
6 rooms 9,335 ... ...
7 rooms 8,040 ... ...
8 or more rooms 18,920 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 56,455 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 5,325 ... ...
2 bedrooms 13,875 ... ...
3 bedrooms 23,040 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 14,220 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 56,460 ... ...
Owner 41,455 ... ...
Renter 14,910 ... ...
Band housing 90 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 56,455 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,070 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 55,390 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 56,455 ... ...
1 household maintainer 31,855 ... ...
2 household maintainers 23,805 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 800 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 56,455 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,840 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,740 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,225 ... ...
45 to 54 years 12,410 ... ...
55 to 64 years 12,240 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,760 ... ...
75 years and over 6,250 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 56,460 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 56,065 ... ...
More than one person per room 395 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 56,455 ... ...
Suitable 54,385 ... ...
Not suitable 2,075 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 55,345 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 44,550 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 10,795 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 9,065 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 40,535 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 55.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 749 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 861 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 150,065 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 170,716 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 14,895 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 16.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 36.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 707 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 713 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 114,200 54,905 59,295
Without income 3,990 1,740 2,255
With income 110,210 53,165 57,045
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 9,185 4,455 4,720
$5,000 to $9,999 8,715 3,160 5,555
$10,000 to $14,999 10,415 3,905 6,510
$15,000 to $19,999 11,635 4,580 7,055
$20,000 to $29,999 19,400 8,870 10,525
$30,000 to $39,999 16,605 8,445 8,155
$40,000 to $49,999 12,325 6,465 5,855
$50,000 to $59,999 8,055 4,620 3,435
$60,000 to $79,999 8,065 4,505 3,560
$80,000 to $99,999 2,740 1,835 900
$100,000 and over 3,085 2,315 765
$100,000 to $124,999 1,550 1,075 480
$125,000 and over 1,530 1,240 290
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,762 31,816 23,980
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 33,923 38,696 29,476
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 114,200 54,900 59,300
Without after-tax income 3,970 1,735 2,235
With after-tax income 110,230 53,165 57,060
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 9,505 4,510 4,995
$5,000 to $9,999 9,160 3,280 5,880
$10,000 to $14,999 10,950 4,145 6,805
$15,000 to $19,999 13,500 5,600 7,900
$20,000 to $29,999 23,285 11,290 11,990
$30,000 to $39,999 19,320 9,770 9,550
$40,000 to $49,999 11,035 6,195 4,840
$50,000 to $59,999 6,335 3,435 2,905
$60,000 to $79,999 4,640 2,935 1,700
$80,000 to $99,999 1,320 1,010 305
$100,000 and over 1,170 975 195
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,926 27,991 21,972
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,698 32,242 25,396
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 82.2 84.9 78.8
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 68.6 69.6 67.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 65.5 65.5 65.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.1 4.2 1.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.3 5.4 2.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.0 8.7 7.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.1 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 17.8 15.1 21.2
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 5.0 4.5 5.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.3 3.3 5.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 5.8 5.9 5.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.4 1.3 1.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.4 16.7 13.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.6 83.3 86.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.2 2.0 2.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 38,795 20,295 18,500
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 41,130 43,927 38,563
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 46,240 49,864 42,265
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 40,575 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,014 ... ...
Average family income ($) 78,055 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,750 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 65,931 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 16,365 ... ...
Median family income ($) 60,978 ... ...
Average family income ($) 69,941 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,345 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 58,913 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 17,450 ... ...
Median family income ($) 85,265 ... ...
Average family income ($) 96,029 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 74,039 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 80,465 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,620 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,205 ... ...
Average family income ($) 46,463 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 36,595 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 41,281 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 18,725 8,300 10,420
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,510 25,647 22,272
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,528 31,057 30,107
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 21,752 23,046 21,056
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,069 26,565 25,674
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 137,375 66,515 70,865
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 81,225 38,330 42,890
In bottom decile 11,765 5,415 6,355
In second decile 17,320 7,605 9,720
In third decile 17,330 8,270 9,065
In fourth decile 16,445 7,920 8,525
In fifth decile 18,365 9,135 9,230
In top half of the Canadian distribution 56,155 28,180 27,970
In sixth decile 15,825 7,885 7,935
In seventh decile 14,310 7,120 7,190
In eighth decile 10,600 5,480 5,120
In ninth decile 9,330 4,670 4,660
In top decile 6,085 3,020 3,060
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 56,455 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 880 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,980 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,525 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,795 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,375 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,795 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,020 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,805 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 6,815 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,800 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,445 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,980 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 56,455 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,315 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 890 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,075 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,900 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,455 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 7,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,775 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,895 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 9,930 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,700 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,825 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,185 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,635 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 56,455 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 55,311 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 66,223 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 48,703 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 56,030 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 14,380 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 25,716 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 32,737 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,262 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 27,788 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 42,075 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,685 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 77,664 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,461 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,680 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 136,875 66,275 70,600
Less than 18 years 28,880 14,715 14,165
Less than 6 years 8,700 4,360 4,340
18 to 64 years 86,985 41,975 45,010
65 years and over 21,005 9,585 11,425
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 21,570 9,510 12,060
Less than 18 years 5,185 2,675 2,515
Less than 6 years 1,740 940 795
18 to 64 years 12,020 5,305 6,715
65 years and over 4,365 1,530 2,835
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 15.8 14.3 17.1
Less than 18 years (%) 18.0 18.2 17.8
Less than 6 years (%) 20.0 21.6 18.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 12.6 14.9
65 years and over (%) 20.8 16.0 24.8

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Prince Edward Island (Code 11) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 18, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Prince Edward Island

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Prince Edward Island. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Prince Edward Island

(Province)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 140,204 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 135,851 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 3.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 66,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 56,462 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 24.7 ... ...
Land area (square km) 5,685.73 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 140,205 67,605 72,605
0 to 4 years 7,275 3,680 3,590
5 to 9 years 7,390 3,700 3,685
10 to 14 years 8,395 4,320 4,080
15 to 19 years 9,650 4,930 4,720
15 years 1,950 1,005 940
16 years 1,905 985 915
17 years 1,870 950 915
18 years 1,925 965 965
19 years 2,005 1,020 985
20 to 24 years 8,765 4,325 4,440
25 to 29 years 7,300 3,540 3,765
30 to 34 years 7,585 3,560 4,025
35 to 39 years 8,435 4,015 4,420
40 to 44 years 9,485 4,535 4,955
45 to 49 years 11,230 5,430 5,800
50 to 54 years 11,155 5,320 5,830
55 to 59 years 10,550 5,140 5,405
60 to 64 years 10,205 4,970 5,235
65 to 69 years 7,170 3,500 3,670
70 to 74 years 5,400 2,610 2,790
75 to 79 years 4,295 1,930 2,370
80 to 84 years 2,935 1,210 1,720
85 years and over 2,995 890 2,105
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.8 41.9 43.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.6 82.7 84.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 117,145 55,905 61,245
Married or living with a common-law partner 69,795 34,825 34,970
Married (and not separated) 60,625 30,255 30,370
Living common law 9,175 4,570 4,600
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 47,350 21,080 26,275
Single (never legally married) 30,495 15,900 14,590
Separated 3,285 1,420 1,870
Divorced 6,065 2,420 3,640
Widowed 7,505 1,330 6,170
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 40,850 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 21,385 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 8,710 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,325 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,435 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 40,845 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 34,265 ... ...
Married couples 29,700 ... ...
Without children at home 14,665 ... ...
With children at home 15,035 ... ...
1 child 5,925 ... ...
2 children 6,105 ... ...
3 or more children 3,010 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,575 ... ...
Without children at home 2,615 ... ...
With children at home 1,955 ... ...
1 child 1,005 ... ...
2 children 655 ... ...
3 or more children 295 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,580 ... ...
Female parent 5,250 ... ...
1 child 3,195 ... ...
2 children 1,455 ... ...
3 or more children 600 ... ...
Male parent 1,330 ... ...
1 child 915 ... ...
2 children 320 ... ...
3 or more children 100 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 41,255 ... ...
Under six years of age 8,605 ... ...
6 to 14 years 14,315 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,560 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,595 ... ...
25 years and over 4,180 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 137,390 66,580 70,810
Number of persons not in census families 21,015 9,305 11,710
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,305 995 1,305
Living with non-relatives only 4,520 2,410 2,110
Living alone 14,195 5,895 8,295
Number of census family persons 116,375 57,280 59,100
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 20,860 9,575 11,280
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,750 1,960 4,790
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 800 240 560
Living with non-relatives only 350 165 180
Living alone 5,605 1,550 4,050
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 14,105 7,615 6,490
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 56,465 ... ...
Census-family households 40,150 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 37,720 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 32,355 ... ...
Without children 16,280 ... ...
With children 16,080 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,365 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,425 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,735 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,065 ... ...
Without children 485 ... ...
With children 580 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 670 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 690 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,315 ... ...
One-person households 14,195 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,120 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 56,460 ... ...
Single-detached house 40,335 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 60 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 2,580 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 13,490 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,005 ... ...
Row house 1,805 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 905 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 7,640 ... ...
Other single-attached house 130 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 56,465 ... ...
1 person 14,190 ... ...
2 persons 21,260 ... ...
3 persons 9,085 ... ...
4 persons 7,735 ... ...
5 persons 3,105 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,085 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 137,390 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 138,435 66,970 71,465
  Single responses  137,685 66,615 71,075
    English  127,635 61,830 65,805
    French  5,190 2,390 2,800
    Non-official languages  4,860 2,395 2,465
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 105 50 55
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  100 45 55
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,685 2,310 2,375
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  20 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5
        Albanian  95 55 45
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  270 165 105
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Bengali  35 20 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  20 15 10
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  100 50 45
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,185 560 625
        Creoles  10 5 0
        Croatian  15 10 10
        Czech  30 15 15
        Danish  25 20 5
        Dutch  470 240 225
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  10 5 10
        Flemish  25 15 10
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  300 150 150
        Greek  10 0 5
        Gujarati  5 0 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  35 20 15
        Hungarian  55 30 25
        Ilocano  5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  55 35 25
        Japanese  75 20 55
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  135 60 70
        Kurdish  0 5 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 5 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  10 5 0
        Maltese  5 0 5
        Mandarin  290 140 155
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  95 45 50
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Norwegian  0 0 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  40 20 15
        Pashto  5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  205 110 90
        Polish  60 30 35
        Portuguese  50 25 20
        Romanian  15 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  110 50 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  25 5 15
        Serbo-Croatian  20 10 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  50 20 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  10 10 5
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  30 15 10
        Spanish  230 105 125
        Swahili  5 0 0
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  105 30 80
        Taiwanese  20 5 15
        Tamil  15 10 5
        Telugu  30 15 15
        Thai  15 5 5
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  20 10 10
        Ukrainian  30 10 20
        Urdu  35 20 20
        Vietnamese  40 20 20
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 75 35 30
  Multiple responses          750 360 390
    English and French  440 200 245
    English and non-official language  255 135 120
    French and non-official language  35 20 15
    English, French and non-official language 15 5 5
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 138,435 66,970 71,465
  English only 120,585 59,330 61,255
  French only 130 60 70
  English and French 17,005 7,235 9,765
  Neither English nor French 710 345 370
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 138,435 66,970 71,465
  English 132,855 64,395 68,460
  French 4,715 2,175 2,545
  English and French 185 85 105
  Neither English nor French 675 320 360
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 4,810 2,215 2,595
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.5 3.3 3.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 138,435 66,970 71,465
  Single responses 137,590 66,545 71,045
    English 132,200 63,965 68,235
    French 2,465 1,150 1,310
    Non-official languages 2,925 1,430 1,495
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 15 10 5
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,885 1,405 1,480
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 5 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 80 45 35
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 120 70 50
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 20 15 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 15 5 0
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 70 35 35
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,080 510 570
        Creoles 10 5 5
        Croatian 5 0 5
        Czech 15 10 10
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 90 40 50
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 5 0
        Fukien 0 5 5
        German 80 35 45
        Greek 0 0 0
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 5
        Hindi 15 10 5
        Hungarian 30 15 15
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 5 5 5
        Japanese 30 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 115 60 60
        Kurdish 5 0 5
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 0 5
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 5 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 245 125 125
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 90 40 50
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 20 10 5
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 165 85 80
        Polish 15 5 10
        Portuguese 15 5 5
        Romanian 15 5 10
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 70 35 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 15 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 5 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 25 15 10
        Spanish 125 60 65
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 25 35
        Taiwanese 5 0 5
        Tamil 5 0 0
        Telugu 25 10 10
        Thai 5 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 5 0
        Ukrainian 0 0 0
        Urdu 15 5 5
        Vietnamese 30 20 10
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 25 15 10
  Multiple responses         850 425 420
    English and French 270 110 155
    English and non-official language 545 295 245
    French and non-official language 15 5 10
    English, French and non-official language 20 10 10
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 138,435 66,970 71,465
  None 132,170 64,170 68,000
  Single responses  6,150 2,745 3,405
    English  2,135 1,000 1,130
    French  2,690 1,090 1,600
    Non-official languages  1,325 655 670
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 85 35 45
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  75 35 40
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,190 590 600
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  15 10 5
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  110 75 40
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 5 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  10 10 0
        Cantonese  15 5 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  80 40 45
        Creoles  5 0 0
        Croatian  5 5 5
        Czech  15 10 5
        Danish  15 5 5
        Dutch  135 70 60
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  15 5 10
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  80 40 40
        Greek  5 5 0
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  30 15 15
        Hindi  15 10 10
        Hungarian  20 5 15
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  30 15 10
        Japanese  50 15 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  20 10 10
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  40 15 20
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  15 10 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  15 10 10
        Polish  25 10 15
        Portuguese  15 10 10
        Romanian  0 0 0
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  30 15 15
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 5 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slovak  5 0 0
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  130 60 70
        Swahili  5 5 0
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  35 5 25
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  15 10 5
        Telugu  15 5 5
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 0
        Ukrainian  10 5 5
        Urdu  15 5 10
        Vietnamese  10 5 5
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 25 25
  Multiple responses          115 60 60
    English and French  25 10 15
    English and non-official language  30 10 20
    French and non-official language  55 30 25
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Prince Edward Island (Code 11) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 18, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Prince Edward Island

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Prince Edward Island (Province)

  • Canada
    • Prince Edward Island (Province)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Prince Edward Island

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Prince Edward Island