NHS Profile, Nova Scotia, 2011

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NHS data

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NHS data, Nova Scotia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nova Scotia

(Province)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 906,175 439,565 466,605
Canadian citizens 884,065 428,370 455,690
Canadian citizens aged under 18 168,840 87,025 81,815
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 715,220 341,345 373,875
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 22,110 11,195 10,915
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 906,175 439,565 466,610
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 851,035 411,880 439,155
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 48,275 23,850 24,425
Before 1971 12,895 6,255 6,640
1971 to 1980 7,690 3,655 4,035
1981 to 1990 4,910 2,435 2,480
1991 to 2000 6,600 3,215 3,385
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 16,175 8,295 7,880
2001 to 2005 5,320 2,590 2,730
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,860 5,705 5,150
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 6,865 3,840 3,030
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 48,270 23,850 24,425
Under 5 years 7,035 3,365 3,670
5 to 14 years 9,155 4,775 4,385
15 to 24 years 9,785 4,765 5,020
25 to 44 years 18,560 8,925 9,630
45 years and over 3,745 2,020 1,725
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 906,170 439,565 466,605
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 851,030 411,880 439,155
Born in province of residence 686,320 332,180 354,135
Born outside province of residence 164,710 79,695 85,015
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 48,275 23,850 24,425
Americas 11,035 4,935 6,100
United States 8,275 3,605 4,670
Jamaica 185 110 75
Guyana 170 85 90
Haiti 40 0 0
Mexico 180 75 110
Trinidad and Tobago 205 95 110
Colombia 295 125 165
El Salvador 50 20 30
Peru 110 65 45
Chile 70 25 50
Other places of birth in Americas 1,470 730 740
Europe 20,530 10,310 10,220
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 11,000 5,395 5,605
Italy 485 285 195
Germany 2,385 1,195 1,190
Poland 575 260 315
Portugal 120 60 60
Netherlands 1,530 775 755
France 395 210 185
Romania 190 55 130
Russian Federation 485 290 200
Greece 360 215 145
Ukraine 240 110 130
Croatia 170 65 100
Hungary 185 105 85
Bosnia and Herzegovina 170 110 60
Serbia 35 0 15
Ireland, Republic of 635 340 295
Other places of birth in Europe 1,575 830 745
Africa 2,710 1,425 1,285
Morocco 60 35 25
Algeria 25 0 0
Egypt 570 285 285
South Africa, Republic of 310 145 165
Nigeria 215 170 50
Ethiopia 170 85 85
Kenya 125 65 65
Other places of birth in Africa 1,235 630 610
Asia 13,565 6,965 6,595
India 1,415 790 630
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,710 700 1,010
Philippines 1,325 540 790
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 295 110 180
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 455 200 250
Pakistan 345 205 140
Sri Lanka 190 80 110
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 910 515 395
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 575 300 275
Lebanon 1,590 895 695
Taiwan 440 225 210
Iraq 455 230 225
Bangladesh 330 160 175
Afghanistan 255 100 160
Japan 140 35 100
Turkey 165 100 75
Other places of birth in Asia 2,965 1,790 1,180
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 430 210 220
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 415 195 220
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 6,865 3,835 3,025
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 10,860 5,705 5,155
Americas 1,895 950 945
United States 1,085 535 550
Mexico 60 30 30
Cuba 165 90 70
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 160 70 85
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 35 0 25
Other places of birth in Americas 335 180 160
Europe 2,560 1,375 1,180
France 65 45 20
Germany 250 120 130
Poland 35 0 30
Romania 25 15 15
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 200 120 75
Ukraine 85 25 55
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,445 800 645
Other places of birth in Europe 455 245 205
Africa 950 500 450
Nigeria 75 45 30
Ethiopia 30 20 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 265 135 130
Morocco 35 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 30 0 25
South Africa, Republic of 30 0 15
Other places of birth in Africa 465 245 220
Asia 5,370 2,830 2,540
Philippines 835 355 475
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 630 285 345
India 460 280 190
Pakistan 70 55 20
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 635 350 285
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 255 125 130
Sri Lanka 80 45 0
Iraq 215 85 130
Bangladesh 255 115 140
Lebanon 235 140 95
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 55 0 45
Taiwan 250 120 130
Afghanistan 35 25 0
Japan 50 0 50
Turkey 70 55 20
Israel 75 55 20
Nepal 65 30 30
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 30 20 15
United Arab Emirates 50 0 0
Saudi Arabia 190 165 25
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 55 40 0
Other places of birth in Asia 770 445 325
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 85 45 40
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 906,170 439,565 466,610
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 57,940 29,100 28,840
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 65,555 31,920 33,640
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 782,675 378,545 404,125
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 906,175 439,565 466,605
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 47,270 23,975 23,295
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 4,965 2,585 2,375
Chinese 6,050 3,035 3,015
Black 20,790 10,545 10,245
Filipino 1,890 815 1,070
Latin American 1,360 645 720
Arab 6,290 3,810 2,480
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,155 520 640
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,365 680 685
Korean 960 375 580
Japanese 445 150 295
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 720 265 455
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,290 555 735
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 858,900 415,590 443,310
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 906,170 439,565 466,610
North American Aboriginal origins 52,930 24,960 27,965
First Nations (North American Indian) 41,390 19,360 22,030
Inuit 1,895 810 1,085
Métis 10,650 5,255 5,390
Other North American origins 376,285 182,160 194,125
Acadian 20,500 10,105 10,395
American 7,115 3,565 3,555
Canadian 353,915 171,010 182,910
New Brunswicker 40 0 20
Newfoundlander 2,650 1,340 1,300
Nova Scotian 875 380 495
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 220 125 90
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 105 60 45
European origins 659,350 317,245 342,105
British Isles origins 547,230 261,855 285,370
Channel Islander 45 15 35
Cornish 45 25 15
English 279,425 132,970 146,455
Irish 201,655 93,995 107,665
Manx 100 55 50
Scottish 282,805 135,055 147,750
Welsh 17,455 8,325 9,135
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 17,965 8,090 9,865
French origins 154,130 72,440 81,695
Alsatian 30 0 20
Breton 0 0 0
French 154,095 72,425 81,670
Western European origins (except French origins) 125,780 60,810 64,965
Austrian 1,840 945 895
Belgian 3,255 1,805 1,450
Dutch 32,515 15,090 17,425
Flemish 200 115 90
Frisian 25 15 0
German 97,605 47,000 50,600
Luxembourger 65 0 50
Swiss 2,750 1,445 1,305
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 80 55 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 14,640 7,195 7,445
Danish 3,570 1,680 1,890
Finnish 1,115 515 595
Icelandic 620 320 295
Norwegian 5,190 2,770 2,420
Swedish 3,815 1,595 2,220
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 1,000 595 410
Eastern European origins 26,515 12,650 13,870
Bulgarian 385 205 175
Byelorussian 80 50 35
Czech 955 510 440
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 420 185 240
Estonian 225 95 125
Hungarian 2,370 1,125 1,240
Latvian 310 150 165
Lithuanian 955 455 505
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 10,265 4,810 5,460
Romanian 1,095 460 635
Russian 4,035 2,020 2,010
Slovak 470 225 240
Ukrainian 8,520 4,135 4,385
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 175 75 100
Southern European origins 26,440 12,695 13,740
Albanian 70 40 25
Bosnian 160 95 65
Croatian 560 215 350
Cypriot 25 0 0
Greek 2,915 1,530 1,385
Italian 14,300 6,810 7,495
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 45 25 20
Maltese 335 220 120
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 3,495 1,690 1,800
Serbian 265 110 150
Sicilian 20 20 0
Slovenian 260 115 145
Spanish 4,265 1,835 2,425
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 525 360 160
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 5,215 2,585 2,630
Basque 155 85 70
Jewish 3,665 1,825 1,840
Roma (Gypsy) 80 55 20
Slavic, n.o.s. 45 20 25
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,330 625 710
Caribbean origins 4,215 2,145 2,065
Antiguan 35 0 0
Bahamian 25 20 0
Barbadian 770 405 365
Bermudan 330 125 205
Carib 30 0 20
Cuban 395 240 155
Dominican 80 15 65
Grenadian 60 0 0
Haitian 135 90 45
Jamaican 1,220 660 560
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 30 15 20
St. Lucian 40 20 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 250 145 105
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 600 235 365
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 335 160 175
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,380 1,145 1,225
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 190 100 95
Argentinian 115 40 75
Belizean 15 15 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 100 30 70
Chilean 60 25 35
Colombian 375 170 200
Costa Rican 20 0 10
Ecuadorian 70 50 25
Guatemalan 75 50 25
Guyanese 215 110 110
Hispanic 25 0 25
Honduran 25 0 10
Maya 35 0 25
Mexican 520 250 270
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 20 0 0
Peruvian 125 55 65
Salvadorean 115 50 60
Uruguayan 10 0 0
Venezuelan 100 20 85
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 300 200 105
African origins 15,110 7,780 7,335
Central and West African origins 945 640 305
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 125 85 45
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 85 45 40
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 180 115 65
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 20 15 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 340 245 95
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 40 0 0
Sierra Leonean 55 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 20 25
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 65 60 0
North African origins 1,525 800 725
Algerian 20 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 80 50 30
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 920 460 460
Libyan 340 190 150
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 140 70 70
Sudanese 65 45 25
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 80 40 45
Southern and East African origins 1,705 910 800
Afrikaner 155 0 55
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 65 0 40
Ethiopian 250 140 105
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 70 40 30
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 45 20 20
Oromo 85 0 55
Rwandan 90 0 70
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 280 170 115
South African 310 140 170
Tanzanian 15 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 80 50 25
Zambian 165 75 90
Zimbabwean 20 15 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 135 90 45
Other African origins 11,075 5,500 5,575
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 1,755 785 975
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 9,405 4,740 4,665
Asian origins 31,875 16,275 15,600
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 14,715 7,955 6,755
Afghan 350 160 195
Arab, n.o.s. 1,420 945 470
Armenian 360 215 145
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 15 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 1,245 665 575
Iraqi 445 195 255
Israeli 35 15 20
Jordanian 360 225 130
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 55 40 20
Kuwaiti 265 150 115
Lebanese 7,245 3,745 3,500
Palestinian 575 315 265
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 670 485 185
Syrian 940 385 555
Tajik 30 0 25
Tatar 25 20 0
Turk 435 240 190
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 135 90 50
Yemeni 245 155 90
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 410 245 165
South Asian origins 5,935 3,060 2,880
Bangladeshi 325 165 160
Bengali 60 25 35
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 4,640 2,435 2,200
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 35 0 20
Nepali 175 90 85
Pakistani 490 240 250
Punjabi 15 0 0
Sinhalese 10 0 10
Sri Lankan 305 165 140
Tamil 45 20 25
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 95 50 50
East and Southeast Asian origins 11,365 5,305 6,055
Burmese 65 0 50
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 7,065 3,535 3,535
Filipino 2,115 900 1,210
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 155 55 100
Japanese 530 180 355
Korean 1,160 475 690
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 60 25 30
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 235 105 125
Thai 40 0 30
Tibetan 35 0 25
Vietnamese 595 255 335
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 10 0 10
Other Asian origins 220 100 115
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 220 95 120
Oceania origins 685 440 245
Australian 495 335 155
New Zealander 185 100 75
Pacific Islands origins 45 25 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 20 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 20 20 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 906,175 439,565 466,610
Buddhist 2,205 1,025 1,180
Christian 690,460 323,005 367,460
Anglican 100,120 47,375 52,740
Baptist 80,815 37,000 43,815
Catholic 298,270 141,230 157,040
Christian Orthodox 3,370 1,920 1,450
Lutheran 9,485 4,680 4,810
Pentecostal 9,595 4,095 5,500
Presbyterian 23,555 11,085 12,465
United Church 109,700 49,470 60,235
Other Christian 55,555 26,155 29,405
Hindu 1,850 925 925
Jewish 1,805 875 930
Muslim 8,505 4,835 3,670
Sikh 390 200 185
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 570 295 275
Other religions 2,720 1,090 1,630
No religious affiliation 197,665 107,320 90,345
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 906,170 439,565 466,605
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 33,850 16,440 17,405
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 21,895 10,405 11,495
Métis single identity 10,050 5,210 4,840
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 695 270 430
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 225 120 105
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 980 440 545
Non-Aboriginal identity 872,325 423,125 449,200
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 906,170 439,565 466,610
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 14,960 7,235 7,725
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 891,215 432,330 458,885
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 906,175 439,565 466,610
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 52,930 24,965 27,965
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 41,390 19,365 22,030
Métis ancestry 10,645 5,255 5,390
Inuit ancestry 1,895 810 1,085
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 853,245 414,600 438,640
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 49,960 24,770 25,195
Aboriginal languages 5,380 2,640 2,740
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 20 15 0
Mi'kmaq 5,260 2,570 2,690
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 20 20
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 35 30 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 44,620 22,150 22,470
Italian 1,425 690 735
Portuguese 505 265 235
Romanian 190 80 115
Spanish 6,060 2,690 3,370
Dutch 1,940 1,005 930
Flemish 65 0 55
German 5,620 2,760 2,860
Yiddish 50 30 25
Danish 225 145 85
Norwegian 330 170 160
Swedish 160 75 85
Afrikaans 200 85 120
Gaelic languages 1,275 500 775
Bosnian 85 50 35
Bulgarian 115 50 60
Croatian 225 95 135
Czech 185 95 90
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 820 400 420
Russian 1,355 795 560
Serbian 135 80 55
Serbo-Croatian 135 85 50
Slovak 75 20 60
Slovenian 35 20 20
Ukrainian 470 265 205
Latvian 60 25 30
Lithuanian 50 15 40
Greek 825 510 315
Armenian 95 65 30
Albanian 55 0 0
Estonian 55 0 40
Finnish 70 30 45
Hungarian 365 165 195
Turkish 350 185 160
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 70 35 0
Somali 100 0 55
Amharic 225 115 105
Arabic 7,805 4,635 3,175
Hebrew 415 245 175
Maltese 40 30 0
Tigrigna 45 20 30
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 545 245 300
Gujarati 60 40 0
Hindi 1,265 710 555
Konkani 20 0 0
Marathi 55 30 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 800 415 385
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 180 115 65
Urdu 575 315 260
Nepali 240 125 110
Kurdish 50 40 10
Pashto 90 55 35
Persian (Farsi) 1,310 700 610
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 0 30
Kannada 85 45 40
Malayalam 145 85 65
Tamil 350 185 160
Telugu 145 65 80
Japanese 605 250 350
Korean 1,080 470 615
Cantonese 885 485 405
Fukien 100 0 50
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,360 670 695
Taiwanese 175 70 100
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,565 1,280 1,280
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 55 25 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 495 220 275
Bisayan languages 160 40 115
Ilocano 55 45 15
Malay 165 65 100
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,590 665 925
Akan (Twi) 65 40 25
Lingala 25 0 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 245 155 90
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 220 100 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 65 45
African languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20
Creoles 140 80 60
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 2,150 890 1,265
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 897,560 435,275 462,290
Non-movers 794,985 385,865 409,120
Movers 102,575 49,405 53,165
Non-migrants 63,685 30,240 33,445
Migrants 38,890 19,165 19,720
Internal migrants 33,910 16,515 17,395
Intraprovincial migrants 19,305 9,185 10,130
Interprovincial migrants 14,605 7,335 7,270
External migrants 4,980 2,655 2,320
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 862,365 417,245 445,125
Non-movers 576,245 278,960 297,290
Movers 286,115 138,280 147,835
Non-migrants 163,670 77,805 85,865
Migrants 122,450 60,475 61,975
Internal migrants 105,250 51,570 53,685
Intraprovincial migrants 54,290 26,180 28,110
Interprovincial migrants 50,965 25,390 25,575
External migrants 17,195 8,905 8,290
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 768,060 368,640 399,425
No certificate, diploma or degree 171,510 87,625 83,885
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 183,310 87,115 96,195
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 413,240 193,900 219,340
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 90,315 58,595 31,725
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 148,700 59,380 89,325
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 28,825 11,480 17,340
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 145,390 64,445 80,945
Bachelor's degree 93,710 40,425 53,290
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 51,685 24,020 27,660
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 507,995 243,435 264,555
No certificate, diploma or degree 74,225 40,735 33,490
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 110,280 52,850 57,430
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 323,495 149,850 173,640
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 66,520 42,990 23,530
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 117,130 47,770 69,355
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 20,940 8,295 12,640
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 118,905 50,800 68,105
Bachelor's degree 76,975 32,820 44,155
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 41,925 17,975 23,950
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 768,060 368,635 399,420
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 354,820 174,740 180,080
Education 34,900 9,285 25,620
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 9,845 5,015 4,830
Humanities 19,725 8,245 11,485
Social and behavioural sciences and law 33,585 9,710 23,875
Business, management and public administration 92,765 26,325 66,435
Physical and life sciences and technologies 14,490 7,505 6,985
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 14,850 8,870 5,975
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 92,620 87,365 5,250
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 7,855 5,075 2,785
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 61,385 9,190 52,195
Personal, protective and transportation services 31,175 17,305 13,865
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 40 0 30
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 768,060 368,635 399,425
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 354,820 174,740 180,080
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 413,240 193,900 219,340
Location of study inside Canada 387,840 180,855 206,985
Same as province or territory of residence 312,705 142,110 170,595
Another province or territory 75,140 38,745 36,395
Location of study outside Canada 25,400 13,040 12,355
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 520,825 264,640 256,180
Single responses 518,305 263,555 254,745
English 509,945 259,630 250,315
French 6,670 3,030 3,640
Non-official languages 1,685 895 795
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 55 50
Cantonese 35 0 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 40 0 20
Spanish 55 35 20
Korean 170 125 45
German 90 40 50
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,195 625 570
Multiple responses 2,515 1,080 1,430
English and French 1,885 785 1,100
English and non-official language 545 255 295
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 65 0 45
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 520,825 264,640 256,180
English 509,945 259,630 250,315
French 6,670 3,035 3,640
Non-official language 1,685 895 795
Aboriginal 755 425 330
Non-Aboriginal 935 470 460
English and French 1,885 780 1,095
English and non-official language 550 255 290
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 70 0 45
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 768,060 368,640 399,425
In the labour force 484,585 247,725 236,860
Employed 435,895 220,810 215,085
Unemployed 48,690 26,910 21,775
Not in the labour force 283,475 120,910 162,560
Participation rate 63.1 67.2 59.3
Employment rate 56.8 59.9 53.8
Unemployment rate 10.0 10.9 9.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 484,585 247,725 236,860
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 9,935 4,970 4,970
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 474,650 242,755 231,895
Employee 434,255 216,680 217,575
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 40,400 26,075 14,320
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 484,585 247,730 236,860
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 9,940 4,970 4,970
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 474,650 242,755 231,890
0 Management occupations 48,000 28,825 19,175
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 70,355 18,490 51,870
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 28,280 23,065 5,210
3 Health occupations 33,580 6,080 27,500
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 61,450 21,520 39,930
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 11,305 5,085 6,225
6 Sales and service occupations 116,265 45,190 71,075
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 69,025 65,975 3,050
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 18,265 15,385 2,875
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 18,130 13,150 4,980
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 484,590 247,725 236,860
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 9,935 4,970 4,965
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 474,645 242,755 231,890
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 18,340 14,740 3,595
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 3,670 3,265 405
22 Utilities 2,955 2,250 700
23 Construction 32,245 28,835 3,405
31-33 Manufacturing 33,875 25,055 8,830
41 Wholesale trade 15,380 11,235 4,145
44-45 Retail trade 60,900 26,185 34,720
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 19,425 15,340 4,080
51 Information and cultural industries 9,885 5,515 4,375
52 Finance and insurance 15,735 5,375 10,355
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 7,025 4,005 3,010
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 23,905 12,800 11,105
55 Management of companies and enterprises 330 165 170
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 23,775 12,395 11,385
61 Educational services 38,895 12,430 26,470
62 Health care and social assistance 59,670 10,090 49,575
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 9,635 4,675 4,965
72 Accommodation and food services 31,710 11,160 20,550
81 Other services (except public administration) 20,230 9,650 10,575
91 Public administration 47,075 27,600 19,475
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 484,585 247,725 236,860
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 22,325 10,600 11,720
Worked in 2010 462,260 237,125 225,140
1 to 13 weeks 25,765 12,930 12,835
14 to 26 weeks 46,325 23,690 22,635
27 to 39 weeks 32,105 16,695 15,410
40 to 48 weeks 59,405 30,040 29,360
49 to 52 weeks 298,665 153,765 144,895
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.9 44.0 43.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 484,585 247,725 236,860
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 22,325 10,600 11,725
Worked in 2010 462,260 237,125 225,140
Worked full-time in 2010 373,770 206,985 166,785
Worked part-time in 2010 88,490 30,140 58,355
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 435,895 220,810 215,080
Worked at home 25,900 12,790 13,110
Worked outside Canada 1,425 1,175 250
No fixed workplace address 53,305 41,130 12,170
Worked at usual place 355,265 165,715 189,545
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 408,570 206,845 201,720
Car, truck or van - as a driver 313,295 163,650 149,640
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 32,195 13,275 18,915
Public transit 27,015 11,790 15,225
Walked 27,935 13,100 14,835
Bicycle 2,755 1,905 850
Other methods 5,380 3,125 2,250
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 408,570 206,850 201,720
Median commuting duration 15.9 20.2 15.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 408,565 206,850 201,720
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 99,675 63,025 36,655
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 231,765 106,930 124,835
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 77,130 36,895 40,235
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 390,280 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 351,800 ... ...
Major repairs needed 38,480 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 390,280 ... ...
1960 or before 119,040 ... ...
1961 to 1980 112,455 ... ...
1981 to 1990 63,170 ... ...
1991 to 2000 48,725 ... ...
2001 to 2005 24,515 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 22,370 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 390,280 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 81,375 ... ...
5 rooms 62,325 ... ...
6 rooms 64,230 ... ...
7 rooms 55,320 ... ...
8 or more rooms 127,030 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 390,280 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 46,645 ... ...
2 bedrooms 98,660 ... ...
3 bedrooms 157,085 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 87,890 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 390,280 ... ...
Owner 276,200 ... ...
Renter 111,865 ... ...
Band housing 2,215 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 390,280 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 12,080 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 378,205 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 390,280 ... ...
1 household maintainer 231,960 ... ...
2 household maintainers 151,595 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 6,730 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 390,280 ... ...
Under 25 years 15,075 ... ...
25 to 34 years 48,585 ... ...
35 to 44 years 63,330 ... ...
45 to 54 years 86,230 ... ...
55 to 64 years 79,000 ... ...
65 to 74 years 53,470 ... ...
75 years and over 44,585 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 390,280 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 387,860 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,420 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 390,280 ... ...
Suitable 376,025 ... ...
Not suitable 14,255 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 384,455 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 298,605 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 85,850 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 71,150 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 273,435 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 53.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 722 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 876 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 174,743 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 201,991 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 111,430 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 727 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 771 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 768,060 368,640 399,425
Without income 35,525 15,505 20,025
With income 732,530 353,135 379,400
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 64,910 29,655 35,255
$5,000 to $9,999 67,215 23,030 44,185
$10,000 to $14,999 69,560 23,755 45,805
$15,000 to $19,999 76,370 30,285 46,085
$20,000 to $29,999 113,665 49,790 63,870
$30,000 to $39,999 97,630 46,925 50,705
$40,000 to $49,999 72,510 40,480 32,030
$50,000 to $59,999 51,495 31,050 20,450
$60,000 to $79,999 66,320 40,725 25,595
$80,000 to $99,999 27,960 18,625 9,340
$100,000 and over 24,890 18,825 6,070
$100,000 to $124,999 12,470 8,965 3,505
$125,000 and over 12,425 9,860 2,565
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,570 34,073 22,347
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,478 42,109 29,306
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 768,060 368,640 399,425
Without after-tax income 35,720 15,525 20,195
With after-tax income 732,340 353,110 379,230
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 67,150 30,010 37,140
$5,000 to $9,999 69,455 23,480 45,975
$10,000 to $14,999 71,220 24,800 46,425
$15,000 to $19,999 86,135 34,865 51,270
$20,000 to $29,999 136,290 61,875 74,415
$30,000 to $39,999 112,870 58,585 54,285
$40,000 to $49,999 75,750 45,400 30,350
$50,000 to $59,999 49,335 30,160 19,180
$60,000 to $79,999 42,140 27,205 14,940
$80,000 to $99,999 11,905 8,760 3,140
$100,000 and over 10,090 7,980 2,115
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,178 30,246 20,947
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,781 34,617 25,279
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.6 87.6 80.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 69.5 71.8 66.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 66.6 68.4 64.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.9 3.4 2.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.4 4.3 4.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.0 10.1 7.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.4 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.4 12.4 19.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.9 4.5 5.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.2 3.1 5.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.8 2.8 2.9
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.4 0.1 3.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.1 1.9 2.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.1 17.8 13.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.9 82.2 86.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.2 1.3 1.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 260,795 141,090 119,705
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 43,057 48,697 37,776
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 49,582 55,159 43,009
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 268,095 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,102 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,838 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,371 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,745 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 114,175 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,789 ... ...
Average family income ($) 73,253 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,670 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,049 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 104,315 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,539 ... ...
Average family income ($) 100,241 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 76,228 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 82,930 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 40,780 ... ...
Median family income ($) 38,487 ... ...
Average family income ($) 46,281 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 36,309 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 41,142 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 146,160 67,040 79,115
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 24,275 27,625 22,154
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,369 33,914 29,211
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,573 24,949 21,158
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,794 28,460 25,382
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 906,170 439,570 466,610
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 515,870 242,540 273,330
In bottom decile 98,915 45,395 53,525
In second decile 115,280 50,205 65,075
In third decile 100,845 47,800 53,045
In fourth decile 103,555 50,245 53,310
In fifth decile 97,270 48,900 48,370
In top half of the Canadian distribution 390,305 197,025 193,280
In sixth decile 95,475 47,630 47,845
In seventh decile 88,985 45,140 43,840
In eighth decile 82,790 42,140 40,645
In ninth decile 71,640 35,990 35,650
In top decile 51,420 26,130 25,295
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 390,280 ... ...
Under $5,000 9,880 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 12,360 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 24,535 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 41,650 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 42,015 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 38,570 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,335 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 56,565 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 41,240 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,920 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,180 ... ...
$150,000 and over 24,740 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 390,280 ... ...
Under $5,000 10,040 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 12,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,590 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 26,490 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 47,810 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 50,225 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 45,025 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 39,530 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 61,450 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 37,925 ... ...
$100,000 and over 45,705 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,935 ... ...
$125,000 and over 20,770 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 390,280 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 53,606 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 66,590 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 47,495 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 55,883 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 108,260 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 25,840 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 33,376 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,772 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 28,390 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 282,020 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,761 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 79,340 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,219 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 66,437 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 896,640 434,860 461,780
Less than 18 years 168,560 87,025 81,530
Less than 6 years 51,000 25,900 25,095
18 to 64 years 584,320 282,355 301,965
65 years and over 143,760 65,475 78,280
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 156,245 69,440 86,805
Less than 18 years 35,250 18,485 16,765
Less than 6 years 11,775 6,180 5,595
18 to 64 years 95,070 41,425 53,645
65 years and over 25,925 9,530 16,395
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.4 16.0 18.8
Less than 18 years (%) 20.9 21.2 20.6
Less than 6 years (%) 23.1 23.9 22.3
18 to 64 years (%) 16.3 14.7 17.8
65 years and over (%) 18.0 14.6 20.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Nova Scotia (Code 12) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 30, 2016).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Nova Scotia

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Census data

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Census data, Nova Scotia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nova Scotia

(Province)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 921,727 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 913,462 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 0.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 442,155 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 390,279 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 17.4 ... ...
Land area (square km) 52,939.44 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 921,730 445,585 476,140
0 to 4 years 43,985 22,565 21,415
5 to 9 years 44,425 22,660 21,765
10 to 14 years 49,810 25,555 24,260
15 to 19 years 57,440 29,235 28,205
15 years 11,060 5,555 5,505
16 years 11,095 5,690 5,405
17 years 11,425 5,800 5,625
18 years 11,775 6,065 5,705
19 years 12,085 6,125 5,965
20 to 24 years 59,620 30,055 29,560
25 to 29 years 51,920 25,405 26,515
30 to 34 years 51,545 24,470 27,070
35 to 39 years 56,380 26,835 29,545
40 to 44 years 62,115 29,895 32,220
45 to 49 years 76,275 37,010 39,265
50 to 54 years 77,465 37,465 39,995
55 to 59 years 70,960 34,200 36,760
60 to 64 years 66,425 32,310 34,115
65 to 69 years 48,920 23,840 25,075
70 to 74 years 36,395 17,300 19,095
75 to 79 years 27,655 12,460 15,195
80 to 84 years 20,015 8,040 11,975
85 years and over 20,385 6,285 14,105
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.7 42.7 44.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.0 84.1 85.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 783,510 374,810 408,700
Married or living with a common-law partner 453,095 226,305 226,790
Married (and not separated) 376,020 187,865 188,155
Living common law 77,075 38,440 38,635
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 330,420 148,505 181,915
Single (never legally married) 209,180 109,775 99,405
Separated 23,545 10,105 13,445
Divorced 46,065 18,690 27,375
Widowed 51,625 9,940 41,690
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 270,065 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 150,500 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 58,590 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 44,395 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 16,585 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 270,065 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 223,330 ... ...
Married couples 184,870 ... ...
Without children at home 97,760 ... ...
With children at home 87,110 ... ...
1 child 37,995 ... ...
2 children 35,820 ... ...
3 or more children 13,295 ... ...
Common-law couples 38,460 ... ...
Without children at home 23,475 ... ...
With children at home 14,985 ... ...
1 child 7,780 ... ...
2 children 5,015 ... ...
3 or more children 2,190 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 46,730 ... ...
Female parent 37,625 ... ...
1 child 22,970 ... ...
2 children 10,630 ... ...
3 or more children 4,025 ... ...
Male parent 9,110 ... ...
1 child 6,295 ... ...
2 children 2,185 ... ...
3 or more children 625 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 248,885 ... ...
Under six years of age 52,315 ... ...
6 to 14 years 84,720 ... ...
15 to 17 years 32,250 ... ...
18 to 24 years 50,960 ... ...
25 years and over 28,640 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 906,175 439,230 466,940
Number of persons not in census families 163,895 74,725 89,165
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 17,670 7,250 10,420
Living with non-relatives only 37,430 20,250 17,180
Living alone 108,795 47,225 61,570
Number of census family persons 742,285 364,505 377,775
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 143,825 65,235 78,595
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 48,920 14,375 34,550
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 6,250 1,570 4,675
Living with non-relatives only 2,710 1,275 1,430
Living alone 39,970 11,530 28,440
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 94,905 50,860 44,045
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 390,280 ... ...
Census-family households 264,450 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 244,655 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 207,890 ... ...
Without children 112,780 ... ...
With children 95,110 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 36,770 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 19,795 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 14,305 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 8,630 ... ...
Without children 4,200 ... ...
With children 4,435 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,670 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 5,490 ... ...
Non-census-family households 125,825 ... ...
One-person households 108,795 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 17,030 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 390,280 ... ...
Single-detached house 260,435 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 17,880 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 14,175 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 97,790 ... ...
Semi-detached house 19,450 ... ...
Row house 9,180 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 11,970 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 56,485 ... ...
Other single-attached house 710 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 390,280 ... ...
1 person 108,795 ... ...
2 persons 149,105 ... ...
3 persons 62,005 ... ...
4 persons 47,900 ... ...
5 persons 15,995 ... ...
6 or more persons 6,480 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 906,175 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 910,620 441,190 469,425
  Single responses  904,285 438,165 466,125
    English  836,085 404,330 431,760
    French  31,105 15,005 16,100
    Non-official languages  37,090 18,825 18,260
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 4,685 2,280 2,405
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  25 15 15
        Dene  5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  25 5 20
        Mi'kmaq  4,620 2,255 2,370
        Ojibway  15 5 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 31,675 16,170 15,510
        African languages, n.i.e 70 40 35
        Afrikaans  75 45 35
        Akan (Twi)  50 25 30
        Albanian  245 130 120
        Amharic  150 80 70
        Arabic  5,965 3,525 2,440
        Armenian  50 30 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 55 45
        Bengali  375 210 165
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 5
        Bisayan languages  85 30 55
        Bosnian  90 45 45
        Bulgarian  50 30 25
        Burmese  10 10 5
        Cantonese  590 275 315
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,750 1,395 1,355
        Creoles  45 20 25
        Croatian  210 110 100
        Czech  180 95 90
        Danish  175 95 85
        Dutch  1,725 860 865
        Estonian  55 25 25
        Finnish  95 40 50
        Flemish  30 10 15
        Fukien  15 10 10
        German  3,275 1,545 1,735
        Greek  775 385 385
        Gujarati  105 60 50
        Hakka  0 5 0
        Hebrew  75 45 30
        Hindi  515 265 250
        Hungarian  280 130 150
        Ilocano  25 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Italian  790 445 345
        Japanese  305 95 210
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 5 5
        Korean  815 360 455
        Kurdish  70 45 30
        Lao  10 10 0
        Latvian  65 35 30
        Lingala  10 0 10
        Lithuanian  35 15 20
        Macedonian  15 5 5
        Malay  65 20 45
        Malayalam  115 55 55
        Maltese  20 10 5
        Mandarin  905 435 470
        Marathi  30 15 15
        Nepali  225 120 105
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 110 60 45
        Norwegian  125 70 55
        Oromo  35 30 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  375 205 170
        Pashto  70 35 35
        Persian (Farsi)  1,185 635 550
        Polish  825 385 440
        Portuguese  380 195 185
        Romanian  170 80 85
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 5 5
        Russian  815 395 430
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Serbian  115 55 55
        Serbo-Croatian  105 55 55
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 120 60 60
        Sindhi  15 10 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  110 65 45
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Slovak  120 50 70
        Slovenian  30 15 15
        Somali  40 20 20
        Spanish  1,545 750 800
        Swahili  75 45 35
        Swedish  85 40 50
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,185 500 685
        Taiwanese  40 15 25
        Tamil  270 155 110
        Telugu  125 75 50
        Thai  110 20 90
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  55 30 30
        Turkish  275 160 110
        Ukrainian  300 130 165
        Urdu  540 290 250
        Vietnamese  450 220 230
        Yiddish  25 10 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 725 380 345
  Multiple responses          6,335 3,025 3,305
    English and French  3,035 1,400 1,635
    English and non-official language  2,855 1,385 1,470
    French and non-official language  315 170 150
    English, French and non-official language 130 75 55
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 910,615 441,190 469,430
  English only 814,670 398,830 415,845
  French only 875 385 490
  English and French 93,435 41,245 52,185
  Neither English nor French 1,635 735 900
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 910,615 441,190 469,430
  English 877,990 425,370 452,620
  French 29,550 14,410 15,135
  English and French 1,565 740 820
  Neither English nor French 1,515 670 845
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 30,330 14,780 15,550
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.3 3.4 3.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 910,620 441,195 469,425
  Single responses 903,215 437,540 465,675
    English 868,765 420,340 448,425
    French 15,935 7,625 8,315
    Non-official languages 18,510 9,570 8,940
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 2,770 1,395 1,380
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 2,770 1,390 1,375
        Ojibway 5 0 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,500 8,060 7,440
        African languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
        Afrikaans 20 10 10
        Akan (Twi) 10 10 5
        Albanian 125 60 60
        Amharic 70 35 35
        Arabic 3,495 2,030 1,465
        Armenian 15 10 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
        Bengali 230 115 110
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 30 15 15
        Bosnian 50 25 25
        Bulgarian 10 5 10
        Burmese 5 5 5
        Cantonese 320 165 155
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,985 1,040 950
        Creoles 30 10 15
        Croatian 75 40 35
        Czech 45 20 25
        Danish 15 5 10
        Dutch 190 85 105
        Estonian 5 0 5
        Finnish 10 5 0
        Flemish 0 0 5
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 1,170 565 605
        Greek 270 115 150
        Gujarati 50 25 25
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 25 15 10
        Hindi 215 110 105
        Hungarian 65 30 30
        Ilocano 0 5 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
        Italian 170 75 95
        Japanese 130 60 70
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0
        Korean 560 265 295
        Kurdish 55 35 20
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 15 10 10
        Lingala 5 5 5
        Lithuanian 5 5 5
        Macedonian 5 0 5
        Malay 20 10 10
        Malayalam 35 20 20
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 660 340 320
        Marathi 25 15 10
        Nepali 210 110 100
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15
        Norwegian 20 10 10
        Oromo 20 15 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 180 95 80
        Pashto 35 20 15
        Persian (Farsi) 935 480 455
        Polish 255 125 130
        Portuguese 120 55 60
        Romanian 85 35 40
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 0
        Russian 510 260 245
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Serbian 60 25 35
        Serbo-Croatian 50 20 25
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 195 110 85
        Sindhi 5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slovak 30 10 20
        Slovenian 5 0 0
        Somali 20 5 10
        Spanish 775 390 385
        Swahili 20 10 15
        Swedish 10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 550 275 275
        Taiwanese 15 10 5
        Tamil 130 80 50
        Telugu 55 30 25
        Thai 60 5 55
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 25 15 10
        Turkish 140 70 70
        Ukrainian 25 5 20
        Urdu 320 155 165
        Vietnamese 280 145 135
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 235 120 115
  Multiple responses         7,405 3,655 3,755
    English and French 1,815 860 950
    English and non-official language 5,295 2,640 2,655
    French and non-official language 115 60 60
    English, French and non-official language 180 85 90
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 910,620 441,190 469,425
  None 863,715 418,680 445,030
  Single responses  46,065 22,110 23,960
    English  16,325 8,230 8,095
    French  15,705 6,975 8,730
    Non-official languages  14,035 6,900 7,130
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 1,945 900 1,045
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  30 10 20
        Mi'kmaq  1,890 880 1,015
        Ojibway  10 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 11,385 5,685 5,705
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Afrikaans  55 25 30
        Akan (Twi)  35 20 20
        Albanian  95 45 45
        Amharic  40 25 20
        Arabic  1,995 1,175 825
        Armenian  20 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 45 25 25
        Bengali  95 60 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  15 5 10
        Bosnian  35 20 15
        Bulgarian  25 15 10
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  195 100 90
        Chinese, n.o.s.  490 225 265
        Creoles  80 25 55
        Croatian  70 25 40
        Czech  55 20 35
        Danish  60 30 30
        Dutch  550 260 285
        Estonian  20 5 15
        Finnish  25 10 10
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  10 0 5
        German  1,255 605 645
        Greek  435 225 205
        Gujarati  40 15 20
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  85 45 35
        Hindi  310 165 145
        Hungarian  90 35 50
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Italian  365 190 170
        Japanese  205 85 115
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  205 95 110
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  25 10 10
        Lingala  5 0 5
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  30 10 15
        Malayalam  55 20 35
        Maltese  15 5 10
        Mandarin  225 110 120
        Marathi  5 5 5
        Nepali  5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 65 30 35
        Norwegian  55 25 30
        Oromo  5 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  125 60 60
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  210 125 85
        Polish  280 135 140
        Portuguese  175 85 85
        Romanian  60 25 35
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 0
        Russian  230 105 120
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Serbian  40 25 20
        Serbo-Croatian  45 20 25
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 220 90 135
        Sindhi  0 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  45 30 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  55 25 30
        Slovenian  15 5 5
        Somali  15 10 5
        Spanish  1,050 485 560
        Swahili  75 40 35
        Swedish  60 20 35
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  435 165 275
        Taiwanese  15 10 5
        Tamil  105 60 45
        Telugu  40 20 15
        Thai  30 5 20
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  20 10 10
        Turkish  120 65 50
        Ukrainian  75 30 45
        Urdu  170 90 80
        Vietnamese  105 45 55
        Yiddish  10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 705 325 380
  Multiple responses          840 400 435
    English and French  95 45 45
    English and non-official language  175 80 90
    French and non-official language  560 265 300
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Nova Scotia (Code 12) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 30, 2016).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Nova Scotia (Province)

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Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Nova Scotia