Appendix 1.2: Ethnic origins disseminated in the 2011 National Household Survey

2011 NHS Classification

  • North American Aboriginal origins
    • First Nations (North American Indian)
    • Inuit
    • Métis
  • Other North American origins
    • Acadian
    • American
    • Canadian
    • New Brunswicker
    • Newfoundlander
    • Nova Scotian
    • Ontarian
    • Québécois
    • Other North American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 1
  • European origins
    • British Isles origins
      • Channel Islander
      • Cornish
      • English
      • Irish
      • Manx
      • Scottish
      • Welsh
      • British Isles origins, n.i.e.Footnote 2
    • French origins
      • Alsatian
      • Breton
      • French
    • Western European origins (except French origins)
      • Austrian
      • Belgian
      • Dutch
      • Flemish
      • Frisian
      • German
      • Luxembourger
      • Swiss
      • Western European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 3
    • Northern European origins (except British Isles origins)
      • Danish
      • Finnish
      • Icelandic
      • Norwegian
      • Swedish
      • Northern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 4
    • Eastern European origins
      • Bulgarian
      • Byelorussian
      • Czech
      • Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.
      • Estonian
      • Hungarian
      • Latvian
      • Lithuanian
      • Moldovan
      • Polish
      • Romanian
      • Russian
      • Slovak
      • Ukrainian
      • Eastern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 5
    • Southern European origins
      • Albanian
      • Bosnian
      • Croatian
      • Cypriot
      • Greek
      • Italian
      • Kosovar
      • Macedonian
      • Maltese
      • Montenegrin
      • Portuguese
      • Serbian
      • Sicilian
      • Slovenian
      • Spanish
      • Yugoslavian, n.o.s.
      • Southern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 6
    • Other European origins
      • Basque
      • Jewish
      • Roma (Gypsy)
      • Slavic, n.o.s.
      • Other European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 7
  • Caribbean origins
    • Antiguan
    • Bahamian
    • Barbadian
    • Bermudan
    • Carib
    • Cuban
    • Dominican
    • Grenadian
    • Haitian
    • Jamaican
    • Kittitian/Nevisian
    • Martinican
    • Montserratan
    • Puerto Rican
    • St. Lucian
    • Trinidadian/Tobagonian
    • Vincentian/Grenadinian
    • West Indian, n.o.s.
    • Caribbean origins, n.i.e.Footnote 8
  • Latin, Central and South American origins
    • Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya)
    • Argentinian
    • Belizean
    • Bolivian
    • Brazilian
    • Chilean
    • Colombian
    • Costa Rican
    • Ecuadorian
    • Guatemalan
    • Guyanese
    • Hispanic
    • Honduran
    • Maya
    • Mexican
    • Nicaraguan
    • Panamanian
    • Paraguayan
    • Peruvian
    • Salvadorean
    • Uruguayan
    • Venezuelan
    • Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 9
  • African origins
    • Central and West African origins
      • Akan
      • Angolan
      • Ashanti
      • Beninese
      • Burkinabe
      • Cameroonian
      • Chadian
      • Congolese
      • Gabonese
      • Gambian
      • Ghanaian
      • Guinean
      • Ibo
      • Ivorian
      • Liberian
      • Malian
      • Nigerian
      • Peulh
      • Senegalese
      • Sierra Leonean
      • Togolese
      • Yoruba
      • Central and West African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 10
    • North African origins
      • Algerian
      • Berber
      • Coptic
      • Dinka
      • Egyptian
      • Libyan
      • Maure
      • Moroccan
      • Sudanese
      • Tunisian
      • North African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 11
    • Southern and East African origins
      • Afrikaner
      • Amhara
      • Bantu, n.o.s.
      • Burundian
      • Eritrean
      • Ethiopian
      • Harari
      • Kenyan
      • Malagasy
      • Mauritian
      • Oromo
      • Rwandan
      • Seychellois
      • Somali
      • South African
      • Tanzanian
      • Tigrian
      • Ugandan
      • Zambian
      • Zimbabwean
      • Zulu
      • Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 12
    • Other African origins
  • Asian origins
    • West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins
      • Afghan
      • Arab, n.o.s.
      • Armenian
      • Assyrian
      • Azerbaijani
      • Georgian
      • Iranian
      • Iraqi
      • Israeli
      • Jordanian
      • Kazakh
      • Kurd
      • Kuwaiti
      • Lebanese
      • Palestinian
      • Pashtun
      • Saudi Arabian
      • Syrian
      • Tajik
      • Tatar
      • Turk
      • Uighur
      • Uzbek
      • Yemeni
      • West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.Footnote 15
    • South Asian origins
      • Bangladeshi
      • Bengali
      • East IndianFootnote 13
      • Goan
      • Gujarati
      • Kashmiri
      • Nepali
      • Pakistani
      • Punjabi
      • Sinhalese
      • Sri Lankan
      • Tamil
      • South Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 16
    • East and Southeast Asian origins
      • Burmese
      • Cambodian (Khmer)
      • Chinese
      • Filipino
      • Hmong
      • Indonesian
      • Japanese
      • Korean
      • Laotian
      • Malaysian
      • Mongolian
      • Singaporean
      • Taiwanese
      • Thai
      • Tibetan
      • Vietnamese
      • East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 17
    • Other Asian origins
  • Oceania origins
    • Australian
    • New Zealander
    • Pacific Islands origins
      • Fijian
      • Hawaiian
      • Maori
      • Polynesian, n.o.s.
      • Samoan
      • Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.Footnote 19

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 2

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 3

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 4

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 5

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 6

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 7

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 8

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 9

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 10

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 11

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 12

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 13

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 14

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 15

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 16

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 17

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 18

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 19

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Abbreviations

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere

n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

Source: Statistics Canada, National Household Survey, 2011.

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