Mobility 5 - Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago

Part A - Short definition:

Information indicating whether the person lived in the same residence on the reference day, (May 10, 2011), as he or she did five years before (May 10, 2006). This means that we have 'movers' and 'non-movers.' There are different types of 'movers': people who moved within the same city or town (non-migrants), people who moved to a different city or town (internal migrants and people who came from another country to live in Canada (external migrants).

Part B - Detailed definition:

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian Reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian Reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Reported in:

2011

Reported for:

Population aged 5 years and over residing in Canada, in private households

Question number(s):

Derived variable: Question 24

Responses:

Not applicable

Remarks:

This variable is derived from the following response categories: Lived at the same address as now; Lived at a different address, but in the same census subdivision (CSD) as now; Lived in a different CSD in Canada (respondent provides name of CSD [municipality] and province or territory); Lived outside Canada (respondent gives name of the country).

With respect to external migration, immigrants – persons who were residing outside Canada five years earlier, but within Canada on the reference day, May 10, 2011 – are counted. This is not to be confused with 'landed immigrants'; see Immigration: Year of immigration. When external migrants report their country of residence five years ago, they report the country based on current geographic boundaries.

Emigrants – persons residing in Canada five years ago, but not on the reference day, May 10, 2011 – are not counted.

Different types of internal migration are derived based on various aggregations of CSDs (e.g., to census divisions, census metropolitan areas). In-migration, out-migration, net internal migration, migration streams and origin-destination matrices can be produced from the database.

In-migration is defined as a movement into a CSD (or CSD aggregation) from elsewhere in Canada, within the five years prior to the reference day, May 10, 2011. Persons who made such a move are called in-migrants.

Out-migration is defined as a movement out of a CSD (or CSD aggregation) to elsewhere in Canada, within the five years prior to the reference day, May 10, 2011. Persons who made such a move are called out-migrants.

Net internal migration refers to the number of in-migrants into a CSD (or CSD aggregation) minus the number of out-migrants from the same CSD (or CSD aggregation), within the five years prior to the reference day, May 10, 2011.

Migration stream refers to a body of migrants having a common CSD (or CSD aggregation) of origin and a common CSD (or CSD aggregation) of destination.

Origin-destination matrix refers to data on migrants, cross-classified by area of origin (CSD or CSD aggregation) and area of destination (CSD or CSD aggregation) to form a matrix of streams, or a set of pairs of streams, each pair representing movement in opposite directions.

The concept of 'migrants' is defined at the CSD level. For geographic levels below the CSD, such as collection units (CUs), dissemination areas (DAs) and census tracts (CTs), the distinction between the migrant and non-migrant population refers to the corresponding CSD of the CU, DA or CT. For example, migrants within a CT are those persons who moved from a different CSD, while non-migrants are those who moved within the same CSD, although they moved in from a different CT in the same CSD or moved within the same CT.

When tabulating usual place of residence five years ago by current place of residence, all geographic areas reflect the 2011 Census boundaries, even when referred to as places of residence in 2006. This applies to all boundary changes between censuses (e.g., census metropolitan areas, census divisions and census subdivisions).

The reader is directed to Figure 2.4, where the relationship between the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) question on place of residence 5 years ago and the mobility status (5 years ago) conceptual framework is illustrated.

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