Data tables, 1996 Census

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Aboriginal Ethnic Origin Population by Age Groups (11), Sex (3) and On/Off Reserve (3), Showing Ethnic Origin (12), for Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 1996 Census (20% Sample Data)

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :94F0009XDB96185
Release date :December 22, 1998
Topic :Aboriginal
Data dimensions :

Note

Cautionary Note:



Users of this table should note that some of the data shown may be more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographical area under study. In 1996, a total of 77 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 77 communities are not included in the census counts.





Cautionary note for Indian Registration, Aboriginal Ethnic Origin and Indian Band Membership:



In the 1996 Census, taken in May 1996, some 488,000 persons reported being registered under the Indian Act of Canada. This figure is about 19% lower than the Indian Register count (601,000) of May 1996 published by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND). The difference between the census and the DIAND figures may be explained by several factors pertinent to each data source. For the 1996 Census, these factors are:



Missing information because of the fact that there were 77 Indian reserves and Indian settlements not included in the census count. These were Indian reserves and settlements where enumeration was not permitted, was interrupted, occurred too late, or where the quality of the data collected was considered inadequate. The population of these incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and settlements is estimated by Statistics Canada to have been about 44,000 in May 1996.



The undercoverage of the population residing on enumerated Indian reserves and in enumerated Indian settlements as well as the undercoverage of registered Indians living off Indian reserves and settlements.



Other factors, such as the exclusion of institutional residents from the census count and the exclusion from the census figure of any registered Indians who were in the United States or overseas at the time of the census, also have a downward impact on the census count relative to the DIAND count.



Any use of the census-based Indian registration data must take into account the incomplete coverage of the total registered Indian population. Furthermore, because of the very close link between Indian registration and Indian Band membership, caution should also be used in interpreting data reported for Indian Band/First Nation membership. The same is true, although to a lesser extent, for the interpretation of Aboriginal ethnic origin data for North American Indians.



Nevertheless, the Indian registration, Indian Band and Aboriginal ethnic origin data, when combined with other demographic and socio-economic information from the census, contribute to the overall portrait of the Aboriginal ethnic origin population throughout the various regions of Canada.

Data table

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This table details in CanadaFootnote 1
Ethnic Origin (12) On\Off Reserve (3)
Total - On/Off reserve Total living on reserveFootnote 2 Total living off reserve
Total - Aboriginal ethnic originFootnote 3 1,101,955 231,615 870,340
Aboriginal ethnic origin single responses 477,630 212,280 265,345
Aboriginal ethnic origin multiple responses 624,330 19,330 604,995
Total - North American Indian origin 867,225 230,325 636,905
North American Indian origin single responses 394,550 211,320 183,235
North American Indian origin multiple responses 472,670 19,005 453,665
Total - Métis origin 220,735 4,350 216,385
Métis origin single responses 49,800 880 48,925
Métis origin multiple responses 170,935 3,470 167,465
Total - Inuit origin 49,845 380 49,465
Inuit origin single responses 33,275 90 33,190
Inuit origin multiple responses 16,570 290 16,275

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

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Footnote 2

Total living on reserve - Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographical area under study. In 1996, a total of 77 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 77 communities are not included in the census counts.

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Footnote 3

There are different ways to define the Aboriginal population in Canada. The data shown here are for persons who reported Aboriginal ethnic origin/ancestry (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit). The 1996 Census also provides information on persons who self-identified with an Aboriginal group. Depending on the application, data on either identity or ethnic origin/ancestry may be appropriate for defining the Aboriginal population.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 1996 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 94F0009XDB96185.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

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Footnote b

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Footnote c

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