Data tables, 1996 Census

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Urban and Rural Population, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 1996 Census - 100% Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :93F0032XDB96018
Release date :April 15, 1997
Topic :Population and Dwelling Counts
Data dimensions :


This table contains the 1996 urban and rural population counts.

Two Indian reserves (Penticton 1, British Columbia, and Sarcee 145, Alberta) were incompletely enumerated; however, the data are presented for the significant portion of the population which did participate in the census.

Census Subdivision Type

Census subdivisions (CSDs) are classified into various types, according to official designations adopted by provincial or federal authorities. The type indicates the municipal status of a census subdivision.

The following list indicates the abbreviations used for census subdivision types:

BOR Borough

C City - Cité

CC Chartered Community

CM County (Municipality)

COM Community

CT Canton (Municipalité de)

CU Cantons unis (Municipalité de)

DM District Municipality

HAM Hamlet

ID Improvement District

IGD Indian Government District

LGD Local Government District

LOT Township and Royalty

M Municipalité

MD Municipal District

NH Northern Hamlet

NT Northern Town

NV Northern Village

P Paroisse (Municipalité de)

PAR Parish

R Indian Reserve - Réserve indienne

RC Rural Community

RGM Regional Municipality

RM Rural Municipality

RV Resort Village

S-E Indian Settlement - Établissement indien

SA Special Area

SCM Subdivision of County Municipality

SET Settlement

SM Specialized Municipality

SRD Subdivision of Regional District

SUN Subdivision of Unorganized

SV Summer Village

T Town

TI Terre inuite

TP Township

TR Terres réservées

UNO Unorganized - Non organisé

V Ville

VC Village cri

VK Village naskapi

VL Village

VN Village nordique

Geographic Reference Date

The geographic reference date is a date determined by Statistics Canada for the purpose of finalizing the geographic framework for which census data will be collected, tabulated and reported. For the 1996 Census, the geographic reference date is January 1, 1996, except for forward sortation areas.

Data Quality


The 1996 Census was a large and complex undertaking and, while considerable effort was taken to ensure high standards throughout all collection and processing operations, the resulting estimates are inevitably subject to a certain degree of error. Users of census data should be aware such error exists, and have some appreciation of its main components, so that they can assess the usefulness of census data for their purposes and the risks involved in basing conclusions or decisions on these data.

Errors can arise at virtually every stage of the census process, from the preparation of materials through the listing of dwellings, data collection and processing. Some errors occur more or less at random, and when the individual responses are aggregated for a sufficiently large group, such errors tend to cancel out. For errors of this nature, the larger the group, the more accurate the corresponding estimate. It is for this reason that users are advised to be cautious when using small estimates. There are some errors, however, which might occur more systematically, and which result in 'biased' estimates. Because the bias from such errors is persistent no matter how large the group for which responses are aggregated, and because bias is particularly difficult to measure, systematic errors are a more serious problem for most data users than the random errors referred to previously.

For census data in general, the principal types of error are as follows:

- coverage errors, which occur when dwellings and/or individuals are missed, incorrectly included or double counted;

- non-response errors, which result when responses cannot be obtained from a small number of households and/or individuals, because of extended absence or some other reason;

- response errors, which occur when the respondent, or sometimes the Census Representative, misunderstands a census question, and records an incorrect response;

- processing errors, which can occur at various steps including coding, when 'write-in' responses are transformed into numerical codes; data capture, when responses are transferred from the census questionnaire to computer tapes by key-entry operators; and imputation, when a 'valid', but not necessarily correct, response is inserted into a record by the computer to replace missing or 'invalid' data ('valid' and 'invalid' referring to whether or not the response is consistent with other information on the record);

- sampling errors, which apply only to the supplementary questions on the 'long form' asked of a one-fifth sample of households, and which arise from the fact that the results for these questions, when weighted up to represent the whole population, inevitably differ somewhat from the results which would have been obtained if these questions had been asked of all households.

The above types of error each have both random and systematic components. Usually, however, the systematic component of sampling error is very small in relation to its random component. For the other non-sampling errors, both random and systematic components may be significant.

For further information on the quality of census data, contact the Social Survey Methods Division at Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Canada K1A 0T6, (613) 951-6934.

Special Notes

Temporary Residents

Unlike previous censuses, the Temporary Residents Study was not carried out in 1996. Therefore, the census did not verify, on a sample basis, if temporary residents (persons found on Census Day at a place other than their usual place of residence) were enumerated at their usual place of residence.

Incompletely Enumerated Indian Reserves and Indian Settlements

On some Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the 1996 Census, enumeration was not permitted, or was interrupted before it could be completed. Moreover, for some Indian reserves and Indian settlements, the quality of the collected data was considered inadequate. These geographic areas (a total of 77) are called incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements.

Data for 1996 are therefore not available for the incompletely enumerated reserves and settlements and are not included in tabulations. Data for geographic areas containing one or more of these reserves and settlements are therefore noted accordingly. Because of the missing data, users are cautioned that for the affected geographic areas, comparisons (e.g., percentage change) between 1991 and 1996 are not exact. While for higher level geographic areas (Canada, provinces, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations) the impact of the missing data is very small, the impact can be significant for smaller areas, where the affected reserves and settlements account for a higher proportion of the population.

It was possible after the census to obtain population and dwelling counts for the Wendake (Quebec) Indian reserve. These certified counts amount to 1,462 persons and 563 occupied private dwellings. These numbers are not included in the census population and dwelling counts, since they were established after the census using a different methodology.

Non-permanent Residents

In 1991 and 1996, the Census of Population included both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Non-permanent residents are persons who hold student or employment authorizations, or Minister's permits or who are refugee claimants.

Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence affects the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. In 1991, the census enumerated 223,410 non-permanent residents in Canada, representing slightly less than 1% of the total population. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the UN recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991 or 1996 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents. These include the major metropolitan areas in Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties and the reluctance to complete a government form or understand the need to participate may affect the enumeration of this population. Non-permanent residents can only be identified through the long questionnaire completed by 20 per cent of Canadian households. The 1996 Census estimate of non-permanent residents will not be known until the release of the immigration data in November 1997.

Census Subdivision Data

An error was found in the census data which affects two census subdivisions in Quebec: Wemindji, Terre Réservée (TR) and Wemindji, Village Cri (VC). Due to operational constraints, it was not possible to make adjustments to the 1996 Census data for these two census subdivisions. The original and revised population and dwelling counts are as follows:

Wemindji, TR

1996 total population reads 0

should read 1,013

1996 private occupied dwellings reads 0

should read 221

Wemindji, VC

1996 total population reads 1,013

should read 0

1996 private occupied dwellings reads 221

should read 0

Data table

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This table details in Hope, DMFootnote 1
Year Urban and Rural Population
Urban population Rural population Total population
1996 3,379 2,868 6,247


Footnote 1

1991 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 1996 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 93F0032XDB96018.


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