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Where we live? Canada

Where Canadians live today is a reflection of our country's settlement histories.

Major waterways such as the St. Lawrence, the Ottawa, the Great Lakes, the Saskatchewan, the mighty Fraser, the Mackenzie and the Yukon which traditionally had been the routes used by First Nations became the corridors of commerce that opened up the interior of Canada. By the end of the 19th century, the railway had linked the country from sea to sea.

Canada's population is concentrated in her southern regions as these lands offered settlers a more temperate climate and fertile land suitable for farming. This legacy of settlement has resulted in a highly concentrated population distribution. The 2006 Census of Canada shows that nearly two Canadians in three live less than 100 kilometres from the border shared with the United States. This strip of land accounts for approximately 4% of the total area of Canada. Moreover, the concentration of the country's population in her southern regions is increasing.

Canada is also becoming a more urban nation. During the past five years, most of the country's population growth took place in Canada's large urban centres. More than four out of five Canadians now live in these urban places.

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