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Commuting Patterns and Places of Work of Canadians, 2006 Census: Portrait of census metropolitan areas and their municipalities

Commuting patterns

In large metropolitan areas, public transit is used more frequently in Canada than in the United States of America

In most of the large metropolitan areas in the United States of America, cars are by far the dominant mode of transportation for getting to work. This is particularly the case in the more recently developed metropolises. For example, in Dallas-Forth Worth-Arlington, 95.2% of commuters took a car to work in 2006 and only 1.7% took public transit.1

The use of public transit in the Boston (11.7%) and Chicago (11.4%) areas was closer to that in the much smaller Canadian CMAs, such as Halifax (11.9%) and Victoria (10.2%).

The greater New York area is the only one that stood apart from the other large urban areas in North America, with public transit usage of 31% in 2006. This corresponded to 8.8 percentage points more than in the Toronto CMA.

Figure 2
Proportion of workers using public transit to get to work, selected metropolitan areas, 2006

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