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Canada's Ethnocultural Mosaic, 2006 Census: Canada's major census metropolitan areas

Visible minorities had a strong presence in Canada's largest census metropolitan areas. Almost all (95.9%) visible minorities resided in Canada's census metropolitan areas, compared with 68.1% of the country's total population.

Toronto, Vancouver, Montréal, Calgary, Ottawa - Gatineau, Edmonton and Winnipeg were each home to at least 100,000 visible minorities in 2006.

Six in 10 visible minorities resided in just two census metropolitan areas: Toronto and Vancouver. The visible minority population made up a large proportion of the population in these two census metropolitan areas, 42.9% and 41.7%, respectively.

Abbotsford in British Columbia had the third largest proportion (22.8%) of visible minorities among all census metropolitan areas in the country, after Toronto and Vancouver. In fact, Abbotsford had the highest proportion of South Asians in all census metropolitan areas. In 2006, 16.3% of Abbotsford's population belonged to the South Asian visible minority group; this was ahead of 13.5% in Toronto and 9.9% in Vancouver.

Calgary ranked fourth, and Edmonton fifth, in their proportion of visible minorities. In 2006, visible minorities made up 22.2% and 17.1%, respectively, of the populations in these two census metropolitan areas.

Of the 33 census metropolitan areas in Canada in 2006, the city with the highest proportion of residents who reported British Isles origins was Peterborough, where 67.7% reported British ancestry as either their only origin or a part of a multiple of origins. British Isles origins were also reported by about two thirds of the population in both Saint John in New Brunswick and St. John's in Newfoundland and Labrador.

The three census metropolitan areas where Aboriginal ancestries were most frequently reported as either a single or multiple responses were Winnipeg (11.1%), Saskatoon (10.4%) and Thunder Bay (9.8%).

Table 2 Count, percentage distribution and relative ratio of visible minority population, by census metropolitan areas, 2006

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