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On some Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the 2006 Census, enumeration was not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed. Moreover, for some Indian reserves and Indian settlements, the quality of the enumeration was considered inadequate. These geographic areas (a total of 22) are called incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements.

Data for 2006 are therefore not available for the incompletely enumerated reserves and settlements, and are not included in tabulations. Data for geographic areas containing one or more of these reserves and settlements are therefore noted accordingly. Because of the missing data, users are cautioned that for the affected geographic areas, comparisons (e.g., percentage change) between 2001 and 2006 are not exact. While for higher-level geographic areas (Canada, provinces, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations) the impact of the missing data is very small, the impact can be significant for smaller areas, where the affected reserves and settlements account for a higher proportion of the population.

A list of incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements, along with population counts from the last two censuses (where available), has been compiled and is shown in Appendix 1.

A list of incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements is shown in Appendix 2, together with the province, census division and, where applicable, the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration in which each is located.

Appendix 3 shows the 2006 results, by province and territory, of the estimated population for the incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements. Note that in the Atlantic provinces, in Manitoba and in the three territories, there are no incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

In every Census of Population since 1991, both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada have been enumerated. Non-permanent residents are persons who held a study or work permit or who were refugee claimants, at the time of the census. Family members living with these persons are also classified as non-permanent residents. In 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister’s permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the UN recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

According to the 1991 Census, there were 223,410 non-permanent residents in Canada, representing slightly less than 1% of the total population. There were fewer non-permanent residents in Canada at the time of the 1996 Census: 166,715 non-permanent residents, or 0.6% of the total population. At the time of the 2001 Census, non-permanent residents numbered 198,645, representing a slightly larger proportion of the total population at 0.7%.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents. Such areas include the major metropolitan areas in Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties and the reluctance to complete a government form – or to understand the need to participate – may have affected the enumeration of this population. Non-permanent residents can only be identified through the long questionnaire completed by 20 percent of Canadian households. The 2006 Census estimate of non-permanent residents will not be known until the release of the immigration data in December 2007.

Statistics Canada is taking additional measures to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. Starting with the 2001 Census, some population counts are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the block level are derived by summing the adjusted block counts. The adjustment of block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions. Dwelling counts are unadjusted.

The following contains a list of 2006 Census subdivisions that were amalgamated after the 2001 Census and subsequently re-incorporated on or before the geographic reference date of January 1st, 2006.

2001 SGC 2006 SGC Geographic name Type
2466110 2466112 Baie-D'Urfé V
2466105 2466107 Beaconsfield V
2459005 2458033 Boucherville V
2458005 2458007 Brossard V
2466055 2466058 Côte-Saint-Luc V
2466140 2466142 Dollard-Des Ormeaux V
2466085 2466087 Dorval
2477010 2477011 Estérel V
2401040 2401042 Grosse-Île
2466060 2466062 Hampstead V
2478040 2478042 Ivry-sur-le-Lac
2466100 2466102 Kirkland V
2490015 2490017 La Bostonnais
2479045 2479047 La Macaza
2490025 2490027 Lac-Édouard
2423055 2423057 L'Ancienne-Lorette V
2466090 2466092 L'Île-Dorval V
2466005 2466007 Montréal-Est V
2466045 2466047 Montréal-Ouest V
2466070 2466072 Mont-Royal V
2466095 2466097 Pointe-Claire V
2479020 2479022 Saint-Aimé-du-Lac-des-Îles
2423070 2423072 Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures V
2457015 2458037 Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville V
2466115 2466117 Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue V
2458010 2458012 Saint-Lambert V
2466125 2466127 Senneville VL
2466030 2466032 Westmount V