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2006 Aboriginal Population Profile

 
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Table: Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwelling counts British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population in 2006 1 4,113,487   31,612,897
Population in 2001 1 3,907,738   30,007,094
2001 to 2006 population change (%) 5.3   5.4
Total private dwellings 2 1,788,474   13,576,855
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents 3 1,642,715   12,435,520
Population density per square kilometre 4.4   3.5
Land area (square km) 924,815.43   9,017,698.92
Table: Aboriginal identity population in 2006
Aboriginal identity population in 2006 British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 4 4,074,385 1,998,385 2,076,000   31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,765
Total Aboriginal identity population 5 196,070 94,855 101,220   1,172,785 572,095 600,695
North American Indian - single response 6 129,580 63,190 66,390   698,025 338,050 359,975
Métis - single response 59,445 28,590 30,850   389,785 193,500 196,285
Inuit - single response 795 335 460   50,480 25,025 25,455
Multiple Aboriginal identity responses 1,655 800 855   7,740 3,690 4,050
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere 7 4,605 1,940 2,660   26,760 11,830 14,930
Non-Aboriginal identity population 3,878,310 1,903,530 1,974,780   30,068,240 14,754,175 15,314,065
Table: Registered Indian status
Registered Indian status British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 8 4,074,385 1,998,385 2,075,995   31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,760
Registered Indian 9 110,545 53,535 57,010   623,780 300,830 322,945
Not a registered Indian 3,963,835 1,944,855 2,018,985   30,617,250 15,025,435 15,591,815
Table: Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Age characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 10 196,070 94,855 101,215   1,172,790 572,095 600,695
0 to 4 years 16,195 8,130 8,065   108,900 55,380 53,515
5 to 9 years 18,005 9,155 8,855   114,765 58,910 55,855
10 to 14 years 21,045 10,960 10,085   125,235 64,120 61,115
15 to 19 years 19,940 10,400 9,545   118,105 60,250 57,860
20 to 24 years 14,875 7,180 7,695   93,900 45,390 48,510
25 to 29 years 12,750 6,110 6,645   81,760 38,550 43,210
30 to 34 years 12,855 6,065 6,785   79,810 37,675 42,140
35 to 39 years 13,945 6,350 7,595   81,480 37,915 43,560
40 to 44 years 15,670 7,175 8,500   87,990 41,285 46,705
45 to 49 years 14,790 6,645 8,140   79,230 37,255 41,970
50 to 54 years 11,635 5,440 6,200   64,060 30,285 33,775
55 to 59 years 8,275 3,895 4,375   48,270 23,365 24,905
60 to 64 years 6,150 2,890 3,260   32,820 16,055 16,765
65 to 69 years 4,135 1,985 2,155   22,680 10,870 11,815
70 to 74 years 2,705 1,220 1,480   16,125 7,465 8,660
75 to 79 years 1,670 740 935   9,435 4,110 5,325
80 to 84 years 835 320 520   5,240 2,080 3,165
85 years and over 585 195 385   2,980 1,125 1,850
Median age of the Aboriginal identity population 11 28.1 26.2 29.8   26.5 25.2 27.7
% of the Aboriginal identity population aged 15 and over 71.8 70.2 73.3   70.3 68.8 71.6
Table: Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population
Common-law status of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 12 140,825 66,615 74,210   823,890 393,680 430,205
Not in a common-law relationship 116,100 55,255 60,845   681,425 326,380 355,040
In a common-law relationship 24,725 11,355 13,365   142,465 67,305 75,160
Table: Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population
Legal marital status of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 13 140,820 66,610 74,210   823,890 393,680 430,205
Never legally married (single) 14 75,915 39,290 36,620   440,570 224,155 216,410
Legally married (and not separated) 15 41,000 18,980 22,025   254,930 122,405 132,525
Separated, but still legally married 16 6,970 2,680 4,290   35,480 14,270 21,205
Divorced 17 11,690 4,465 7,230   62,410 25,975 36,435
Widowed 18 5,250 1,200 4,045   30,505 6,880 23,630
Table: Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Occupied private dwelling characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total private dwellings occupied by usual residents 19 89,675   506,235
Single detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 54.4   61.1
Semi-detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 4.0   5.1
Row houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 7.1   6.3
Apartments, duplex - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 20 6.9   4.0
Apartments in buildings with fewer than five storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 20 19.3   16.1
Apartments in buildings with five or more storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 3.1   4.0
Other dwellings - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 21 5.3   3.4
Number of owned dwellings 22 47,010   255,415
Number of rented dwellings 23 38,725   202,415
Number of dwellings constructed before 1986 61,235   352,975
Number of dwellings constructed between 1986 and 2006 24 28,440   153,255
Dwelling requiring regular maintenance only 44,815   244,780
Dwellings requiring minor repairs only 28,945   166,130
Dwellings requiring major repairs only 15,910   95,330
Average number of rooms per dwelling 25 6.2   6.1
Dwellings with more than one person per room - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 25 2.8   4.2
Average number of persons per room 0.5   0.5
Table: Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population
Census family status of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total number of persons in census families 26 195,400 94,460 100,940   1,169,435 570,050 599,380
Spouses 40,155 18,600 21,550   250,615 120,440 130,170
Common-law partners 24,670 11,330 13,345   142,160 67,155 75,000
Lone parents 15,350 3,075 12,275   96,205 19,180 77,025
Children in census families 81,115 43,265 37,850   506,685 271,000 235,685
Persons not in census families 34,110 18,190 15,920   173,765 92,270 81,495
Table: Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Language characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 196,075 94,860 101,215   1,172,790 572,095 600,695
Knowledge of Aboriginal language(s) 27 18,230 8,740 9,495   252,045 122,805 129,240
Knowledge of English only 28 166,890 81,700 85,190   772,290 378,915 393,375
Knowledge of French only 29 65 30 40   35,570 17,345 18,225
Knowledge of English and French only 30 7,865 3,325 4,540   100,070 47,895 52,170
Knowledge of other languages 31 3,025 1,065 1,955   12,810 5,130 7,680
% of the Aboriginal identity population whose mother tongue is an Aboriginal language 7.4 7.1 7.7   18.7 18.5 18.8
% of the Aboriginal identity population who speak an Aboriginal language most often at home 2.2 2.2 2.2   11.8 12.2 11.4
% of the Aboriginal identity population with knowledge of Aboriginal language(s) 9.3 9.2 9.4   21.5 21.5 21.5
Table: Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 1 year and over 32 192,765 93,210 99,560   1,150,510 560,875 589,635
Lived at the same address 1 year ago 151,750 73,840 77,905   926,950 455,335 471,620
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed address within the same census subdivision (municipality) 23,465 10,835 12,625   135,650 63,585 72,070
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed address from another census subdivision (municipality) within the province or territory 14,330 6,970 7,360   68,805 32,810 35,995
Lived in a different province or territory 1 year ago 2,830 1,360 1,470   17,540 8,375 9,165
Lived in a different country 1 year ago 395 195 200   1,560 775 790
Table: Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago of the Aboriginal identity population
Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total population 5 years and over 33 179,870 86,720 93,145   1,063,780 516,655 547,125
Lived at the same address 5 years ago 91,010 44,710 46,295   585,840 291,470 294,375
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed address within the same census subdivision (municipality) 48,505 22,975 25,535   274,485 129,710 144,770
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed address from another census subdivision (municipality) within the province or territory 32,080 15,080 17,005   152,955 71,475 81,480
Lived in a different province or territory 5 years ago 7,395 3,540 3,850   46,500 22,055 24,445
Lived in a different country 5 years ago 875 415 460   3,995 1,940 2,060
Table: Educational attainment of the Aboriginal identity population
Educational attainment of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 34 140,825 66,615 74,210   823,890 393,680 430,205
No certificate, diploma or degree 54,910 28,220 26,695   359,780 182,410 177,365
High school certificate or equivalent 35 35,680 16,550 19,125   179,590 81,210 98,380
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 17,615 10,615 7,000   93,885 58,520 35,360
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 36 20,275 7,135 13,140   119,680 45,750 73,925
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 4,825 1,445 3,380   22,950 8,190 14,760
University certificate or degree 7,515 2,650 4,870   48,015 17,600 30,415
Total Aboriginal identity population aged 15 to 24 37 34,815 17,580 17,235   212,010 105,645 106,365
No certificate, diploma or degree 19,540 10,260 9,280   132,670 68,975 63,695
High school certificate or equivalent 38 11,020 5,380 5,640   54,785 25,620 29,165
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 1,580 990 590   7,845 4,875 2,965
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 39 1,855 715 1,145   11,695 4,560 7,130
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 470 145 330   1,745 680 1,070
University certificate or degree 345 95 250   3,265 925 2,335
Total Aboriginal identity population aged 25 to 34 40 25,610 12,175 13,430   161,570 76,220 85,350
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,340 3,985 3,350   51,565 26,815 24,750
High school certificate or equivalent 41 7,490 3,625 3,865   42,390 20,100 22,290
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 3,390 1,945 1,445   19,100 11,700 7,395
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 42 4,605 1,610 2,990   30,500 11,290 19,210
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 865 330 535   4,680 1,680 3,005
University certificate or degree 1,930 685 1,240   13,335 4,630 8,705
Total Aboriginal identity population aged 35 to 64 43 70,470 32,400 38,070   393,845 186,165 207,680
No certificate, diploma or degree 22,045 11,370 10,675   137,845 70,285 67,565
High school certificate or equivalent 44 15,935 7,050 8,890   76,570 33,255 43,315
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 11,435 6,960 4,470   60,970 37,960 23,010
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 45 12,970 4,445 8,520   73,405 28,125 45,285
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 3,210 870 2,335   15,370 5,420 9,950
University certificate or degree 4,870 1,695 3,175   29,680 11,125 18,560
Table: Major field of study of the Aboriginal identity population
Major field of study of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 46 140,825 66,615 74,210   823,890 393,680 430,205
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 90,590 44,775 45,820   539,365 263,615 275,745
Education 3,015 695 2,320   20,095 4,845 15,250
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,740 740 1,005   7,650 3,650 3,995
Humanities 1,875 680 1,195   10,505 4,090 6,410
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,600 1,110 3,490   26,090 6,770 19,325
Business, management and public administration 10,425 2,185 8,235   60,060 14,295 45,765
Physical and life sciences and technologies 580 310 270   3,510 1,755 1,760
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,500 685 815   9,375 4,350 5,030
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,770 9,970 800   66,130 60,555 5,575
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,205 1,480 720   8,385 5,780 2,600
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 7,510 1,165 6,345   40,865 6,355 34,510
Personal, protective and transportation services 5,995 2,800 3,195   31,805 17,605 14,205
Other 47 10 10 0   45 10 35
Table: Labour force activity characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Labour force activity characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over 48 140,820 66,615 74,210   823,890 393,680 430,205
In the labour force 49 91,535 46,320 45,215   519,250 264,980 254,270
Employed 50 77,850 38,880 38,970   442,395 222,355 220,045
Unemployed 51 13,685 7,440 6,245   76,860 42,625 34,225
Not in the labour force 52 49,290 20,295 28,995   304,635 128,705 175,935
Participation rate 53 65.0 69.5 60.9   63.0 67.3 59.1
Employment rate 54 55.3 58.4 52.5   53.7 56.5 51.1
Unemployment rate 55 15.0 16.1 13.8   14.8 16.1 13.5
Table: Occupation characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Occupation characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over with an Aboriginal identity 56 87,720 44,440 43,275   497,280 253,825 243,455
A Management occupations 57 5,515 2,645 2,870   31,970 17,250 14,715
B Business, finance and administration occupations 11,830 2,390 9,440   71,980 15,995 55,985
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,885 2,230 655   16,405 12,170 4,235
D Health occupations 2,805 505 2,300   20,085 2,940 17,140
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 7,955 1,885 6,075   47,790 12,055 35,730
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,315 1,175 1,140   11,010 5,245 5,760
G Sales and service occupations 25,205 8,325 16,880   141,870 53,095 88,770
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 17,435 15,880 1,555   100,050 91,285 8,765
I Occupations unique to primary industry 6,775 5,545 1,230   30,345 25,475 4,865
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 4,990 3,865 1,125   25,785 18,310 7,480
Table: Industry characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Industry characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over with an Aboriginal identity 58 87,720 44,445 43,275   497,280 253,825 243,455
Agriculture and other resource-based industries 7,720 6,220 1,505   39,705 32,005 7,700
Construction 8,660 7,535 1,130   43,880 39,175 4,705
Manufacturing 7,850 6,150 1,695   39,770 28,985 10,785
Wholesale trade 2,065 1,455 610   11,995 8,290 3,700
Retail trade 9,135 3,430 5,705   51,465 20,905 30,565
Finance and real estate 2,530 705 1,825   14,970 5,400 9,565
Health care and social services 8,370 1,280 7,095   58,160 10,080 48,075
Educational services 5,125 1,220 3,905   32,955 9,165 23,790
Business services 12,390 6,980 5,415   69,900 40,950 28,950
Other services 23,855 9,460 14,395   134,480 58,865 75,615
Table: Place of work status of the Aboriginal identity population
Place of work status of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total employed labour force 15 years and over with an Aboriginal identity 59 77,850 38,875 38,970   442,395 222,350 220,045
Worked at home 4,975 2,190 2,785   22,995 10,500 12,490
Worked outside Canada 175 105 70   1,180 700 480
No fixed workplace address 13,795 10,320 3,470   65,295 50,105 15,190
Worked at usual place 58,900 26,260 32,645   352,925 161,045 191,880
Worked in census subdivision (municipality) of residence 32,360 13,230 19,135   235,720 102,030 133,685
Worked in a different census subdivision (municipality) within the census division (county) of residence 22,855 10,995 11,860   78,545 37,540 41,005
Worked in a different census division (county) 3,245 1,770 1,475   33,475 18,435 15,035
Worked in a different province 445 265 180   5,190 3,030 2,155
Table: Mode of transportation to work of the Aboriginal identity population
Mode of transportation to work of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total employed labour force 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address with an Aboriginal identity 60 72,695 36,580 36,115   418,225 211,150 207,070
Car, truck, van, as driver 45,560 22,860 22,705   264,600 138,565 126,030
Car, truck, van, as passenger 9,155 5,095 4,060   49,360 25,035 24,325
Public transit 5,850 2,530 3,325   31,845 13,025 18,820
Walked or bicycled 10,300 4,875 5,420   58,870 26,345 32,525
All other modes 1,825 1,215 610   13,550 8,175 5,365
Table: Earnings in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population
Earnings in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over with earnings (counts) 61 91,760 45,545 46,215   538,290 270,415 267,875
Median earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over ($) 62 17,978 21,053 15,362   18,962 22,386 16,079
Average earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over ($) 24,836 28,972 20,759   25,961 30,110 21,773
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over with earnings who worked full year, full time (counts) 63 35,235 18,520 16,715   227,810 120,430 107,385
Median earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($) 62 34,601 39,662 30,533   34,940 39,501 30,938
Average earnings - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($) 62 39,237 44,109 33,840   39,942 44,605 34,712
Table: Income in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population
Income in 2005 of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over with income (counts) 64 129,165 61,160 68,005   760,910 364,155 396,760
Median income - Total Aboriginal identity population 15 years and over ($) 65 15,836 17,695 14,899   16,752 18,714 15,654
Composition of total income (100%) 66 100 100 100   100 100 100
Earnings - As a % of total income 77.0 82.3 70.6   76.9 82.4 70.3
Government transfers - As a % of total income 17.8 12.5 24.0   18.1 12.5 24.8
Other money - As a % of total income 5.3 5.2 5.4   5.0 5.1 4.9
Table: Households characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population
Households characteristics of the Aboriginal identity population British Columbia   Canada
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total private Aboriginal households 67 89,670   506,235
Median income in 2005 - All private households ($) 68 42,059   43,261

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2007. British Columbia (Code59) (table). Aboriginal Population Profile. 2006 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-594-XWE. Ottawa. Released January 15, 2008.
http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-594/index.cfm?Lang=E
(accessed August 18, 2019).