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2006 Census of Canada: Special Interest Profiles

Population Groups (28), Age Groups (8), Sex (3) and Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force, Educational and Income Characteristics (309), for the Total Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

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Canada Warning
Selected demographic, cultural, labour force, educational and income characteristics (309) Sex (3)
Total - Sex Male Female
Note(s) :
  1. Census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations crossing provincial boundaries
    There is one census metropolitan area (Ottawa - Gatineau) and three census agglomerations (Campbellton, Hawkesbury and Lloydminster) that cross provincial boundaries. The data for their respective provincial parts are included with the appropriate census metropolitan area or census agglomeration, with data for the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration within the province of the provincial part that contributes the majority of the population to the area. For example, Ottawa - Gatineau can be found in Ontario, Campbellton in New Brunswick, Hawkesbury in Ontario and Lloydminster in Alberta.
  1. TOTAL - POPULATION GROUPS
    Refers to the population group or groups to which the respondent belongs. The population group question on the census is used to derive counts for the visible minority population, as defined by the Employment Equity Act. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'.
  2. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY LEGAL MARITAL STATUS
    Legal marital status
    Part A - Plain language definition
    A person's conjugal status under the law (e.g., single, married, widowed). Legal marital status data are derived from the responses to Question 4 (Marital status) in the census questionnaires.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the legal conjugal status of a person.
    The various responses are defined as follows:
    Never legally married (single)
    Persons who have never married (including all persons less than 15 years of age) and persons whose marriage has been annulled and who have not remarried.
    Legally married (and not separated)
    Persons whose spouse is living, unless the couple is separated or a divorce has been obtained.
    Separated, but still legally married
    Persons currently married, but who are no longer living with their spouse (for any reason other than illness or work) and have not obtained a divorce.
    Divorced
    Persons who have obtained a legal divorce and who have not remarried.
    Widowed
    Persons who have lost their spouse through death and who have not remarried.
  3. LEGALLY MARRIED (AND NOT SEPARATED)
    In 2006, this category includes spouses in same-sex marriages.
  4. TOTAL POPULATION IN PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS BY CENSUS FAMILY STATUS
    Census family status
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Classification of persons according to whether or not they are members of a census family and the status they have in the census family (a census family is composed of a married couple or two persons living common-law, with or without children, or of a lone parent living with at least one child in the same dwelling). A person can be a spouse, a common-law partner, a lone parent, a child or a person not in a census family.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not the persons are members of a census family.
    Family persons refer to household members who belong to a census family. They, in turn, are further classified as follows:

    Spouses refer to two persons of opposite sex or of the same sex who are legally married to each other and living in the same dwelling.

    Common-law partners are two persons of opposite sex or of the same sex who are not legally married to each other, but live together as a couple in the same dwelling.

    Lone parent refers to a mother or a father, with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more children.

    Children refer to blood, step- or adopted sons and daughters (regardless of age or marital status) who are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s), as well as grandchildren in households where there are no parents present. Sons and daughters who are living with their spouse or common-law partner, or with one or more of their own children, are not considered to be members of the census family of their parent(s), even if they are living in the same dwelling. In addition, those sons and daughters who do not live in the same dwelling as their parent(s) are not considered members of the census family of their parent(s). The category of 'children' can be further distinguished as follows:

    Never-married sons and/or daughters in a census family, as used in censuses prior to 2001.

    Other sons and/or daughters in a census family who would not have been included in the census family of their parents according to the previous concept.

    Grandchildren living in the same household as their grandparent(s), with no parents present.

    Persons not in census families refer to household members who do not belong to a census family.
  5. TOTAL POPULATION AGED 1 YEAR AND OVER BY MOBILITY STATUS 1 YEAR AGO
    Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence one year earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classified as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility status (1 year ago). Within the category of movers, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

    Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address as the one at which they resided one year earlier.

    Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address from the one at which they resided one year earlier.

    Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address, but in the same census subdivision (CSD) as the one they lived in one year earlier.

    Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD one year earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada one year earlier (external migrants).

    Intraprovincial migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living in a different census subdivision from the one at which they resided one year earlier, in the same province.

    Interprovincial migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living in a different census subdivision from the one at which they resided one year earlier, in a different province.
  6. TOTAL POPULATION AGED 5 YEARS AND OVER BY MOBILITY STATUS 5 YEARS AGO
    Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence five years earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classified as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility status (5 years ago). Within the movers category, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

    Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address as the one at which they resided five years earlier.

    Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address from the one at which they resided five years earlier.

    Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address, but in the same census subdivision (CSD) as the one they lived in five years earlier.

    Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD five years earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada five years earlier (external migrants).

    Intraprovincial migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living in a different census subdivision from the one in which they resided five years earlier, in the same province.

    Interprovincial migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living in a different census subdivision from the one in which they resided five years earlier, in a different province.
  7. TOTAL POPULATION BY MOTHER TONGUE
    Mother tongue
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.
  8. TOTAL POPULATION BY LANGUAGE SPOKEN MOST OFTEN AT HOME
    Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census. Data on other languages spoken on a regular basis at home are also collected.
  9. TOTAL POPULATION BY KNOWLEDGE OF OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
    Knowledge of Official Languages
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.
  10. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER WHO WORKED SINCE JANUARY 1, 2005 BY LANGUAGE USED MOST OFTEN AT WORK
    Refers to the language used most often at work by the individual at the time of the census. Data on other languages used at work on a regular basis are also collected.
  11. TOTAL - IMMIGRANT STATUS AND PLACE OF BIRTH
    For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.
  12. NON-IMMIGRANTS
    Non-immigrants are persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.
  13. IMMIGRANTS
    Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.
  14. OCEANIA AND OTHER
    'Other' includes Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the category 'Other country,' as well as immigrants born in Canada.
  15. NON-PERMANENT RESIDENTS
    Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.
  16. TOTAL - CITIZENSHIP
    Includes persons who are stateless.
    Citizenship
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the legal citizenship status of the respondent. Persons who are citizens of more than one country were instructed to provide the name of the other country(ies).
  17. NOT CANADIAN CITIZENS
    Includes persons who are stateless. Prior to the 2006 Census, this category was called 'Citizens of other countries.' The content of the category remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.
  18. TOTAL IMMIGRANT POPULATION BY AGE AT IMMIGRATION
    Age at immigration
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the age at which the respondent first obtained landed immigrant status. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

    The derivation of the data on age at immigration in 2006 was slightly different from that of 2001 due to an omission of an estimation process. The result of this omission was an increase of the age at immigration estimate by one year for many records. As such, the overall mean age at immigration for the total weighted immigrant population was estimated as 24.9 years, whereas the correct estimate should be 24.4 years. The median age for the total weighted immigrant population was estimated at 25 years, whereas the correct estimate should be 24 years.
  19. TOTAL - IMMIGRANT STATUS AND PERIOD OF IMMIGRATION
    Landed immigrant status
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to whether or not the person is a landed immigrant in Canada. Landed immigrants are people who have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

    Non-immigrant population
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to people who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most were born in Canada, a small number of them were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.

    Immigrant population
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to people who are, or have been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada.

    Non-permanent resident
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to people from another country who had a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants at the time of the census, and family members living in Canada with them.

    Period of immigration
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to ranges of years based on the year of immigration question. Year of immigration refers to the year in which landed immigrant status was first obtained. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

    Year of immigration
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the year in which landed immigrant status was first obtained. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.
  20. NON-IMMIGRANTS
    Non-immigrants are persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.
  21. IMMIGRANTS
    Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.
  22. 2001 TO 2006
    Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.
  23. NON-PERMANENT RESIDENTS
    Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.
  24. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY GENERATION STATUS
    Generation status
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the generational status of a person, that is, 1st generation, 2nd generation or 3rd generation or more.
  25. 1ST GENERATION
    Persons born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. Also included in the first generation are a small number of people born outside Canada to parents who are Canadian citizens by birth. In addition, the first generation includes people who are non-permanent residents (defined as people from another country living in Canada on Work or Study Permits or as refugee claimants, and any family members living with them in Canada).
  26. 2ND GENERATION
    Persons born inside Canada with at least one parent born outside Canada. This includes (a) persons born in Canada with both parents born outside Canada and (b) persons born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and one parent born outside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).
  27. 3RD GENERATION OR MORE
    Persons born inside Canada with both parents born inside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).
  28. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY LABOUR FORCE ACTIVITY
    Labour force activity
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006). Respondents were classified as Employed, Unemployed, or Not in the labour force. The labour force includes the employed and the unemployed.

    Employed
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Persons who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006):
    (a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment or without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice
    (b) were absent from their job or business, with or without pay, for the entire week because of a vacation, an illness, a labour dispute at their place of work, or any other reasons.

    Unemployed
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Persons who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were without paid work or without self-employment work and were available for work and either:
    (a) had actively looked for paid work in the past four weeks; or
    (b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
    (c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

    Not in the labour force
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to persons who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers in an 'off' season who were not looking for work, and persons who could not work because of a long term illness or disability.

    Participation rate
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over.

    The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, in that group.

    Employment rate
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over.

    The employment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, in that group.

    Unemployment rate
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the unemployed expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

    The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.
  29. TOTAL LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER BY CLASS OF WORKER
    Class of worker
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    This variable classifies persons who reported a job into the following categories:
    (a) persons who worked mainly for wages, salaries, commissions, tips, piece-rates, or payments 'in kind' (payments in goods or services rather than money);
    (b) persons who worked mainly for themselves, with or without paid help, operating a business, farm or professional practice, alone or in partnership;
    (c) persons who worked without pay in a family business, farm or professional practice owned or operated by a related household member; unpaid family work does not include unpaid housework, unpaid childcare, unpaid care to seniors and volunteer work.
    The job reported was the one held in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006) if the person was employed, or the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005, if the person was not employed during the reference week. Persons with two or more jobs in the reference week were asked to provide information for the job at which they worked the most hours.
  30. CLASS OF WORKER - NOT APPLICABLE
    Unemployed persons 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2005 only.
  31. ALL CLASSES OF WORKER
    Refers to the experienced labour force population: includes persons who were employed and persons who were unemployed who worked for pay or in self-employment since January 1, 2005.
  32. SELF-EMPLOYED
    Includes self-employed unincorporated and incorporated.
  33. TOTAL LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER BY INDUSTRY - NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM 2002
    Industry (based on the 2002 North American Industry Classification System [NAICS])
    Part A - Plain language definition
    General nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2006 Census data on industry (based on the 2002 NAICS) can be compared with data from Canada's NAFTA partners (United States and Mexico).
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were required to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.
    The 2006 Census industry data are produced according to the 2002 NAICS. The NAICS provides enhanced industry comparability among the three North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) trading partners (Canada, United States and Mexico). This classification consists of a systematic and comprehensive arrangement of industries structured into 20 sectors, 103 subsectors and 328 industry groups. The criteria used to create these categories are similarity of input structures, labour skills or production processes used by the establishment. For further information on the classification, see North American Industry Classification System, Canada, 2002, Catalogue no. 12-501-XPE.
  34. INDUSTRY - NOT APPLICABLE
    Unemployed persons 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2005 only.
  35. ALL INDUSTRIES
    Refers to the experienced labour force population: includes persons who were employed and persons who were unemployed who worked for pay or in self-employment since January 1, 2005.
  36. TOTAL LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER BY OCCUPATION - NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION FOR STATISTICS 2006
    Occupation (based on the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 [NOC-S 2006])
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Kind of work done by persons aged 15 and over. Occupation is based on the type of job the person holds and the description of his or her duties. The 2006 Census data on occupation are classified according to the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 (NOC-S 2006). For comparisons with data from the 1991 and 1996 censuses, the variable Occupation (historical) should be used.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.
    The 2006 Census occupation data are classified according to the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 (NOC-S 2006). This classification is composed of four levels of aggregation. There are 10 broad occupational categories containing 47 major groups that are further subdivided into 140 minor groups. At the most detailed level, there are 520 occupation unit groups. Occupation unit groups are formed on the basis of the education, training, or skill level required to enter the job, as well as the kind of work performed, as determined by the tasks, duties and responsibilities of the occupation.
    For information on the NOC-S 2006, see the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006, Catalogue No. 12-583-XIE.
  37. OCCUPATION - NOT APPLICABLE
    Unemployed persons 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2005 only.
  38. ALL OCCUPATIONS
    Refers to the experienced labour force population: includes persons who were employed and persons who were unemployed who worked for pay or in self-employment since January 1, 2005.
  39. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY HIGHEST CERTIFICATE, DIPLOMA OR DEGREE
    'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class'. For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

    Census questions relating to education changed substantially between 2001 and 2006, principally to reflect developments in Canada's education system. These changes improved the quality of data and provided more precise information on the level of educational attainment as well as fields of study.

    However, users should be aware that changes to the education portion of the 2006 Census questionnaire have affected the comparability of some 2006 Census data with data from previous censuses. More information on the historical comparability of specific categories of 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
    Highest certificate, diploma or degree
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. There is an implied hierarchy in this variable (secondary school graduation, registered apprenticeship and trades, college, university) which is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. However, at the detailed level a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a secondary school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a certificate or diploma above the bachelor's degree level. Therefore, although the sequence is more or less hierarchical, it is a general rather than an absolute gradient measure of academic achievement.
  40. HIGH SCHOOL CERTIFICATE OR EQUIVALENT
    'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.
  41. COLLEGE, CEGEP OR OTHER NON-UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE OR DIPLOMA
    'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.
  42. UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE OR DIPLOMA BELOW BACHELOR LEVEL
    The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.

    In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.

    We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.

    For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

    More information is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
  43. UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE, DIPLOMA OR DEGREE AT BACHELOR'S LEVEL OR ABOVE
    Questions pertaining to university degrees attained in 2006 (for example bachelor's degrees or master's degrees) were similar to those asked in 2001. Data for the university categories (bachelor's degree through to earned doctorate) are comparable over time.
  44. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER WITH POSTSECONDARY QUALIFICATIONS BY MAJOR FIELD OF STUDY - CLASSIFICATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS, 2000
    'Field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level.
    Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP)
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Main subject area of the person's highest certificate, diploma or degree after high school.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. The Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP [Canada 2000]) major field of study classification structure consists of 13 major categories or primary groupings, 12 of which are used for the census (the category which includes courses in personal development is not used). The 12 primary groupings are: education; visual and performing arts, and communications technologies; humanities; social and behavioural sciences and law; business, management and public administration; physical and life sciences and technologies; mathematics, computer and information sciences; architecture, engineering and related technologies; agriculture, natural resources and conservation; health, parks, recreation and fitness; personal, protective and transportation services; other.
  45. OTHER FIELDS OF STUDY
    Includes Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, Other.
  46. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY LOCATION OF STUDY
    'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.
    Location of study
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Indicates the province, territory or country where the highest certificate, diploma or degree was obtained.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    This variable indicates the province, territory (in Canada) or country (outside Canada) where the highest certificate, diploma or degree was obtained. It is only reported for individuals who had completed a certificate, diploma or degree above the secondary (high) school level.
  47. OUTSIDE CANADA
    Refers to the 10 locations of studies outside Canada most often reported.
  48. UNITED KINGDOM
    The official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  49. KOREA, SOUTH
    The official name is the Republic of Korea.
  50. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY EMPLOYMENT INCOME AND WORK ACTIVITY
    Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2005 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

    Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

    Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2005 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2005, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the Net Income Stabilization Account (NISA). The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

    Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2005 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be less than approximately two and one half standard errors.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors of average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (families [census/economic], persons 15 years of age and over not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.

    Work activity - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in the reference year at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (1 to 29 hours per week). Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks. The term 'Full-year full-time workers' refers to persons 15 years of age and over who worked 49 to 52 weeks (mostly full time) in the reference year for pay or in self-employment.
  51. DID NOT WORK OR HAD NO EMPLOYMENT INCOME IN 2005
    Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2005 only, persons who worked in 2006 only, as well as persons who worked in 2005 but had no employment income.
  52. WORKED FULL YEAR FULL TIME WITH EMPLOYMENT INCOME
    Was an earner or employment income recipient and worked 49 to 52 weeks in 2005, mostly full time.
  53. WORKED PART YEAR OR PART TIME WITH EMPLOYMENT INCOME
    Was an earner or employment income recipient and worked less than 49 weeks or worked mostly part time in 2005.
  54. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY EMPLOYMENT INCOME
    Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2005 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

    Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

    Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2005 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2005, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the Net Income Stabilization Account (NISA). The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

    Net non-farm income for unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2005 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be less than approximately two and one half standard errors.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors of average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (families [census/economic], persons 15 years of age and over not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.
  55. WITH EMPLOYMENT INCOME
    Earner or employment income recipient - Refers to a person 15 years of age and over who received wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income during calendar year 2005.
  56. UNDER $5,000
    Including loss.
  57. AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT INCOME $
    For persons with employment income.
  58. MEDIAN EMPLOYMENT INCOME $
    For persons with employment income.
  59. STANDARD ERROR OF AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT INCOME $
    For persons with employment income.
  60. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER WITH INCOME IN 2005 BY COMPOSITION OF TOTAL INCOME %
    Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area.
  61. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY WAGES AND SALARIES IN 2005
    Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and one half standard errors.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors for average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (families [census/economic], persons not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.
  62. AVERAGE WAGES AND SALARIES $
    For persons with wages and salaries.
  63. MEDIAN WAGES AND SALARIES $
    For persons with wages and salaries.
  64. STANDARD ERROR OF AVERAGE WAGES AND SALARIES $
    For persons with wages and salaries.
  65. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY TOTAL INCOME IN 2005
    'Total income' refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

    - wages and salaries (total)
    - net farm income
    - net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
    - child benefits
    - Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
    - benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
    - benefits from Employment Insurance
    - other income from government sources
    - dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
    - retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
    - other money income.

    'After-tax income' refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2005.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excluded gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be less than approximately two and one half standard errors.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors of average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (families [census/economic]), persons 15 years of age and over not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.
  66. UNDER $5,000
    Including loss.
  67. AVERAGE INCOME $
    For persons with income.
  68. MEDIAN INCOME $
    For persons with income.
  69. STANDARD ERROR OF AVERAGE INCOME $
    For persons with income.
  70. TOTAL PERSONS IN PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS BY INCOME STATUS IN 2005
    Income status before tax - Refers to the position of an economic family or a person 15 years of age and over not in an economic family in relation to Statistics Canada's low income before tax cut-offs (LICOs).

    Income status after tax - Refers to the position of an economic family or a person 15 years of age and over in relation to Statistics Canada's low income after-tax cut-offs (LICO-AT).

    Measures of low income known as 'low income (before tax) cut-offs (LICOs)' were first introduced in Canada in 1968 based on 1961 Census income data and 1959 family expenditure patterns. At that time, expenditure patterns indicated that Canadian families spent about 50% of their total income on food, shelter and clothing. It was arbitrarily estimated that families spending 70% or more of their income (20 percentage points more than the average) on these basic necessities would be in 'straitened' circumstances. With this assumption, low income cut-off points were set for five different sizes of families.

    Subsequent to these initial cut-offs, revised low income before tax cut-offs were established based on national family expenditure data from 1969, 1978, 1986 and 1992. The initial LICOs were based upon the total income, before tax, of families and persons 15 years and over not in economic families.

    After a comprehensive review of low income cut-offs completed in 1991, low income cut-offs based upon after-tax income were published for the first time in Income After Tax, Distributions by Size in Canada, 1990 (Catalogue no. 13-210). Income after tax cut-offs are estimated independently for economic families and persons 15 years of age and over not in economic families based upon family expenditure and income after tax. Consequently, the low income after-tax cut-offs are set at after-tax income levels, differentiated by size of family and area of residence, where families spend 20 percentage points more of their after-tax income than the average family on food, shelter and clothing.

    For the purposes of low income statistics (before or after tax), economic families and persons 15 years of age and over not in economic families in the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut and on Indian reserves were excluded. The low income cut-offs are based on certain expenditure-income patterns which are not available from survey data for the entire population.

    The incidence of low income is not calculated for economic families and persons not in economic families living in the Yukon, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and on Indian reserves. In addition, low income data are available for two census subdivisions (CSDs) in Saskatchewan (Denare Beach, Sandy Bay) which Indian and Northern Affairs Canada considers as First Nation communities but which are not Indian reserves. The data for these communities have been included in the incidence of low income calculations for the Saskatchewan and Canada level data. However, they are not shown as part of the 'On reserve' column in the tables for Saskatchewan and Canada.

    Prevalence of low income (before or after tax) can also be derived for census families, persons not in census families and the population in private households. See Low Income Statistics for Census Families and Households, Staff Report no. 1991-1, Labour and Household Surveys Analysis Division, Statistics Canada.

    Prevalence of low income rates are calculated from rounded counts of low income persons or families and the total number of persons or families. These counts have been rounded independently of the rounded counts shown in the table; thus, there may be a small difference between the rate shown and the one derived from the counts shown. Users are advised to interpret prevalence of low income rates based upon small counts with caution.

    Since its initial publication, Statistics Canada has clearly and consistently emphasized that the LICOs are not measures of poverty. Rather, LICOs reflect a consistent and well-defined methodology that identifies those who are substantially worse-off than average. These measures have enabled Statistics Canada to report important trends, such as the changing composition of those below the LICOs over time.

    Low income before tax cut-offs (LICOs) - Income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20% more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing. For additional information and a table of low income cut-offs, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-566-XWE.
  71. TOTAL PERSONS IN ECONOMIC FAMILIES
    Economic family
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. For 2006, foster children are included.

    Persons not in economic families - Household members who do not belong to an economic family. Persons living alone are included in this category.
Warning Data quality note(s)
  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
Total population 15 years and over by legal marital status 2 25,664,225 12,470,785 13,193,435
Never legally married (single) 8,963,160 4,757,225 4,205,940
Legally married (and not separated) 3 12,415,720 6,206,000 6,209,720
Separated, but still legally married 766,035 337,045 428,995
Divorced 2,067,200 889,460 1,177,745
Widowed 1,452,110 281,060 1,171,045
Total population in private households by census family status 4 31,074,400 15,243,285 15,831,115
Number of family persons 26,113,390 12,939,115 13,174,275
Husbands or wives 12,211,820 6,106,465 6,105,350
Common-law partners 2,753,735 1,380,445 1,373,295
Lone parents 1,414,060 281,775 1,132,285
Children in census families 9,733,770 5,170,430 4,563,335
Number of persons not in census families 4,961,010 2,304,170 2,656,840
Living with relatives 644,015 265,750 378,265
Living with non-relatives only 989,950 556,655 433,295
Living alone 3,327,045 1,481,770 1,845,285
Total population aged 1 year and over by mobility status 1 year ago 5 30,897,210 15,151,045 15,746,165
Non-movers 26,534,120 13,005,260 13,528,855
Movers 4,363,095 2,145,780 2,217,310
Non-migrants 2,554,260 1,256,090 1,298,170
Migrants 1,808,835 889,690 919,145
Internal migrants 1,511,305 745,360 765,940
Intraprovincial migrants 1,221,560 598,130 623,430
Interprovincial migrants 289,745 147,230 142,510
External migrants 297,525 144,325 153,200
Total population aged 5 years and over by mobility status 5 years ago 6 29,544,480 14,458,615 15,085,865
Non-movers 17,457,170 8,550,365 8,906,805
Movers 12,087,315 5,908,255 6,179,060
Non-migrants 6,507,905 3,181,160 3,326,745
Migrants 5,579,410 2,727,095 2,852,315
Internal migrants 4,419,370 2,162,815 2,256,555
Intraprovincial migrants 3,566,795 1,737,160 1,829,630
Interprovincial migrants 852,580 425,650 426,925
External migrants 1,160,035 564,280 595,755
Total population by mother tongue 7 31,241,030 15,326,270 15,914,760
English 17,882,780 8,833,105 9,049,665
French 6,817,655 3,325,530 3,492,125
Non-official language 6,147,840 2,976,655 3,171,185
English and French 98,625 46,765 51,860
English and non-official language 240,005 117,240 122,770
French and non-official language 43,335 21,645 21,695
English, French and non-official language 10,790 5,330 5,460
Total population by language spoken most often at home 8 31,241,030 15,326,270 15,914,760
English 20,584,770 10,133,110 10,451,665
French 6,608,125 3,233,760 3,374,365
Non-official language 3,472,130 1,677,395 1,794,735
English and French 94,060 44,390 49,670
English and non-official language 406,460 200,495 205,960
French and non-official language 58,885 28,900 29,985
English, French and non-official language 16,600 8,220 8,385
Total population by knowledge of official languages 9 31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,760
English only 21,129,945 10,507,185 10,622,755
French only 4,141,850 1,915,265 2,226,585
English and French 5,448,850 2,698,870 2,749,975
Neither English nor French 520,385 204,940 315,440
Total population 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2005 by language used most often at work 10 18,418,100 9,599,250 8,818,855
English 14,064,105 7,347,505 6,716,600
French 3,724,970 1,930,405 1,794,570
Non-official language 273,825 139,825 134,005
English and French 252,295 128,825 123,470
English and non-official language 86,820 44,210 42,610
French and non-official language 5,055 2,545 2,510
English, French and non-official language 11,020 5,930 5,095
Total - Immigrant status and place of birth 11 31,241,030 15,326,270 15,914,765
Non-immigrants 12 24,788,720 12,228,980 12,559,745
Born in province of residence 20,933,115 10,340,350 10,592,765
Born outside province of residence 3,855,610 1,888,630 1,966,980
Immigrants 13 6,186,950 2,964,155 3,222,795
United States of America 250,540 108,325 142,215
Central America 130,460 62,865 67,590
Caribbean and Bermuda 317,765 138,300 179,465
South America 250,710 116,585 134,130
Europe 2,278,345 1,110,255 1,168,090
Western Europe 424,645 210,610 214,030
Eastern Europe 511,095 240,770 270,325
Southern Europe 698,085 353,655 344,425
Italy 296,850 152,420 144,425
Other Southern Europe 401,235 201,235 200,000
Northern Europe 644,525 305,220 339,310
United Kingdom 579,620 273,835 305,790
Other Northern Europe 64,905 31,385 33,520
Africa 374,565 192,775 181,785
Western Africa 48,645 25,570 23,075
Eastern Africa 129,920 62,570 67,350
Northern Africa 134,505 73,940 60,565
Central Africa 22,405 11,580 10,825
Southern Africa 39,085 19,110 19,975
Asia and the Middle East 2,525,160 1,207,000 1,318,160
West Central Asia and the Middle East 370,520 193,405 177,115
Eastern Asia 874,365 404,765 469,605
China, People's Republic of 466,945 213,950 252,990
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region 215,430 103,225 112,205
Other Eastern Asia 191,995 87,595 104,405
Southeast Asia 560,995 246,740 314,255
Philippines 303,190 124,720 178,475
Other Southeast Asia 257,800 122,015 135,780
Southern Asia 719,280 362,090 357,190
India 443,690 221,225 222,465
Other Southern Asia 275,595 140,865 134,725
Oceania and other 14 59,410 28,050 31,360
Non-permanent residents 15 265,355 133,135 132,225
Total - Citizenship 16 31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,760
Canadian citizens 29,480,165 14,492,990 14,987,175
Canadian citizens only 28,617,050 14,064,855 14,552,200
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 863,115 428,135 434,975
Not Canadian citizens 17 1,760,865 833,280 927,590
Total immigrant population by age at immigration 18 6,186,950 2,964,155 3,222,790
Under 5 years 543,395 269,450 273,945
5 to 14 years 1,102,130 560,365 541,770
15 to 24 years 1,417,945 647,890 770,060
25 to 44 years 2,549,570 1,229,190 1,320,380
45 years and over 573,910 257,265 316,640
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration 19 31,241,030 15,326,270 15,914,760
Non-immigrants 20 24,788,725 12,228,980 12,559,745
Immigrants 21 6,186,950 2,964,160 3,222,790
Before 1991 3,408,420 1,642,190 1,766,225
1991 to 2000 1,668,550 791,775 876,775
1991 to 1995 823,925 384,630 439,295
1996 to 2000 844,625 407,140 437,480
2001 to 2006 22 1,109,985 530,190 579,785
Non-permanent residents 23 265,355 133,130 132,225
Total population 15 years and over by generation status 24 25,664,225 12,470,785 13,193,440
1st generation 25 6,124,565 2,933,875 3,190,685
2nd generation 26 4,006,420 1,948,820 2,057,600
3rd generation or more 27 15,533,245 7,588,095 7,945,145
Total population 15 years and over by labour force activity 28 25,664,220 12,470,785 13,193,440
In the labour force 17,146,135 9,020,595 8,125,540
Employed 16,021,175 8,431,530 7,589,645
Unemployed 1,124,955 589,065 535,895
Not in the labour force 8,518,090 3,450,190 5,067,895
Participation rate 66.8 72.3 61.6
Employment rate 62.4 67.6 57.5
Unemployment rate 6.6 6.5 6.6
Total labour force 15 years and over by class of worker 29 17,146,135 9,020,595 8,125,540
Class of worker - Not applicable 30 284,955 135,785 149,165
All classes of worker 31 16,861,180 8,884,810 7,976,370
Wage earners 14,816,205 7,558,530 7,257,675
Self-employed 32 1,993,710 1,310,140 683,570
Unpaid family workers 51,265 16,145 35,125
Total labour force 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System 2002 33 17,146,130 9,020,595 8,125,540
Industry - Not applicable 34 284,955 135,785 149,165
All industries 35 16,861,185 8,884,810 7,976,375
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 523,650 368,785 154,870
21 Mining and oil and gas extraction 238,815 195,165 43,650
22 Utilities 132,945 100,035 32,905
23 Construction 1,069,095 938,970 130,120
31-33 Manufacturing 2,005,980 1,421,550 584,435
41 Wholesale trade 739,305 494,575 244,730
44-45 Retail trade 1,917,175 859,720 1,057,450
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 820,195 615,140 205,055
51 Information and cultural industries 417,325 225,290 192,030
52 Finance and insurance 689,210 253,665 435,550
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 303,510 165,625 137,885
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,122,445 621,925 500,520
55 Management of companies and enterprises 20,530 10,415 10,120
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 722,695 400,620 322,080
61 Educational services 1,150,530 379,910 770,625
62 Health care and social assistance 1,716,255 308,060 1,408,200
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 346,310 177,795 168,515
72 Accommodation and food services 1,126,695 446,545 680,150
81 Other services (except public administration) 819,880 383,845 436,040
91 Public administration 978,615 517,170 461,440
Total labour force 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 36 17,146,135 9,020,595 8,125,540
Occupation - Not applicable 37 284,950 135,785 149,165
All occupations 38 16,861,185 8,884,810 7,976,370
A Management occupations 1,631,730 1,032,940 598,790
B Business, finance and administrative occupations 3,025,425 863,420 2,162,005
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,108,045 865,825 242,225
D Health occupations 950,365 188,850 761,515
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 1,414,325 451,145 963,180
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 502,195 225,340 276,855
G Sales and service occupations 4,037,725 1,716,465 2,321,255
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,550,295 2,374,605 175,690
I Occupations unique to primary industry 648,315 503,790 144,525
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 992,765 662,430 330,335
Total population 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degree 39 25,664,225 12,470,785 13,193,435
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,098,325 3,004,620 3,093,705
Certificate, diploma or degree 19,565,900 9,466,160 10,099,735
High school certificate or equivalent 40 6,553,420 3,032,865 3,520,560
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,785,420 1,778,080 1,007,335
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 41 4,435,140 1,906,335 2,528,800
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 42 1,136,150 479,095 657,055
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor's level or above 43 4,655,770 2,269,785 2,385,980
Bachelor's degree 2,981,460 1,378,425 1,603,040
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 493,540 224,065 269,475
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 136,845 82,140 54,705
Master's degree 866,980 464,065 402,915
Earned doctorate 176,945 121,090 55,850
Total population 15 years and over with postsecondary qualifications by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs, 2000 44 13,012,475 6,433,295 6,579,175
Education 994,665 249,000 745,665
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 481,190 222,755 258,435
Humanities 717,125 283,590 433,540
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,275,105 449,800 825,305
Business, management and public administration 2,801,725 1,016,405 1,785,315
Physical and life sciences and technologies 451,965 245,195 206,765
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 568,755 345,705 223,050
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,922,080 2,701,170 220,910
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 291,510 203,550 87,960
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 1,728,890 324,415 1,404,475
Personal, protective and transportation services 777,370 391,005 386,365
Other fields of study 45 2,100 700 1,400
Total population 15 years and over by location of study 46 25,664,220 12,470,785 13,193,440
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 12,651,750 6,037,490 6,614,260
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 13,012,475 6,433,295 6,579,180
Inside Canada 10,948,475 5,363,285 5,585,185
Newfoundland-and-Labrador 215,440 105,715 109,725
Prince-Edward-Island 50,755 22,715 28,050
Nova Scotia 400,260 187,115 213,140
New Brunswick 274,255 131,540 142,720
Quebec 3,054,910 1,512,255 1,542,655
Ontario 3,972,230 1,946,315 2,025,915
Manitoba 414,370 196,500 217,870
Saskatchewan 378,560 171,025 207,535
Alberta 1,029,270 522,655 506,615
British Columbia 1,144,595 560,005 584,595
Yukon Territory 4,515 2,380 2,135
Northwest Territories 6,050 3,495 2,555
Nunavut 3,265 1,585 1,680
Outside Canada 47 2,064,000 1,070,010 993,995
United States of America 291,115 164,550 126,565
United Kingdom 48 235,465 135,020 100,445
India 161,560 83,200 78,355
Philippines 160,555 57,570 102,985
China, People's Republic of 142,880 68,485 74,400
Germany 65,485 36,925 28,560
France 56,595 32,330 24,265
Poland 53,655 26,225 27,430
Pakistan 52,195 28,055 24,140
Korea, South 49 43,895 20,125 23,775
Other 800,600 417,530 383,070
Total population 15 years and over by employment income and work activity 50 25,664,225 12,470,785 13,193,440
Did not work or had no employment income in 2005 51 8,622,380 3,562,760 5,059,625
Worked full year full time with employment income 52 9,275,765 5,332,040 3,943,725
Average employment income $ 51,221 58,537 41,331
Median employment income $ 41,401 46,778 35,830
Standard error of average employment income $ 52 86 37
Worked part year or part time with employment income 53 7,766,075 3,575,985 4,190,090
Average employment income $ 22,398 27,304 18,211
Median employment income $ 13,072 15,047 11,840
Standard error of average employment income $ 41 82 29
Total population 15 years and over by employment income 54 25,664,220 12,470,785 13,193,435
Without employment income 7,462,960 2,990,230 4,472,725
With employment income 55 18,201,265 9,480,550 8,720,715
Under $5,000 56 2,696,195 1,255,630 1,440,570
$5,000 to $9,999 1,827,850 773,390 1,054,460
$10,000 to $19,999 2,862,805 1,232,870 1,629,940
$20,000 to $29,999 2,440,740 1,122,265 1,318,475
$30,000 to $39,999 2,265,070 1,122,650 1,142,420
$40,000 to $49,999 1,770,720 995,005 775,720
$50,000 to $59,999 1,272,410 789,720 482,695
$60,000 to $74,999 1,320,495 866,050 454,445
$75,000 and over 1,744,970 1,322,980 421,990
Average employment income $ 57 36,301 43,869 28,073
Median employment income $ 58 26,850 32,874 21,543
Standard error of average employment income $ 59 34 60 24
Total population 15 years and over with income in 2005 by composition of total income % 60 100 100 100
Market income % 88.9 92.1 84.1
Employment income % 76.2 79.7 71.0
Wages and salaries % 70.7 73.2 67.0
Self-employment income % 5.5 6.4 4.0
Investment income % 4.3 4.1 4.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities % 6.6 6.9 6.1
Other money income % 1.8 1.5 2.3
Government transfer payments % 11.1 7.9 15.9
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement % 3.0 2.0 4.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits % 3.4 2.9 4.1
Child benefits % 1.3 0.1 3.1
Employment Insurance benefits % 1.4 1.1 1.8
Other income from government sources % 2.0 1.7 2.4
Income taxes paid % 17.7 20.3 13.8
Total population 15 years and over by wages and salaries in 2005 61 25,664,220 12,470,785 13,193,440
Without wages and salaries 8,905,805 3,849,900 5,055,900
With wages and salaries 16,758,420 8,620,885 8,137,535
Under $5,000 2,376,090 1,097,590 1,278,495
$5,000 to $9,999 1,626,860 668,475 958,375
$10,000 to $19,999 2,548,365 1,052,305 1,496,060
$20,000 to $29,999 2,249,190 998,465 1,250,725
$30,000 to $39,999 2,148,340 1,042,140 1,106,200
$40,000 to $49,999 1,702,955 947,305 755,650
$50,000 to $59,999 1,224,070 756,610 467,465
$60,000 and over 2,882,550 2,057,990 824,560
Average wages and salaries $ 62 36,602 44,363 28,380
Median wages and salaries $ 63 27,994 34,582 22,459
Standard error of average wages and salaries $ 64 35 63 24
Total population 15 years and over by total income in 2005 65 25,664,220 12,470,785 13,193,440
Without income 1,241,060 518,630 722,435
With income 24,423,160 11,952,160 12,471,000
Under $5,000 66 2,575,370 1,136,285 1,439,080
$5,000 to $9,999 2,411,170 882,335 1,528,840
$10,000 to $19,999 5,049,145 1,903,045 3,146,095
$20,000 to $29,999 3,681,500 1,647,910 2,033,590
$30,000 to $39,999 3,189,445 1,589,520 1,599,925
$40,000 to $49,999 2,293,505 1,278,885 1,014,615
$50,000 to $79,999 3,507,900 2,221,035 1,286,865
$80,000 and over 1,715,125 1,293,130 421,995
Average income $ 67 35,498 43,684 27,653
Median income $ 68 25,615 32,224 20,460
Standard error of average income $ 69 30 56 21
Total persons in private households by income status in 2005 70 30,628,935 15,017,885 15,611,055
Total persons in economic families 71 26,358,390 13,005,870 13,352,520
Persons in economic families below low income cut-off before tax 3,144,530 1,454,560 1,689,970
Prevalence of low income before tax in 2005 for economic family members % 11.9 11.2 12.7
Persons in economic families below low income cut-off after tax 2,274,755 1,050,185 1,224,570
Prevalence of low income after tax in 2005 for economic family members % 8.6 8.1 9.2
Total persons 15 years and over not in economic families 4,270,545 2,012,010 2,258,535
Persons not in economic families below before-tax low income cut-off 1,556,490 670,135 886,355
Prevalence of low income before tax in 2005 for persons not in economic families % 36.4 33.3 39.2
Persons not in economic families below after-tax low income cut-off 1,209,865 562,270 647,600
Prevalence of low income after tax in 2005 for persons not in economic families % 28.3 27.9 28.7
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-564-XCB2006009