2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Immigrant Status and Place of Birth (38), Sex (3) and Age Groups (10) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2003 Representation Order), 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

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General information

Catalogue number :97-557-XCB2006016
Release date :April 8, 2008
Topic :Immigration and citizenship
Data dimensions :


Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.

Data table

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This table details immigrant status and place of birth , sex and age groups for the population in CanadaFootnote 1
Immigrant status and place of birth (38) Sex (3)
Total - Sex Male Female
Total - Immigrant status and place of birthFootnote 2 31,241,030 15,326,265 15,914,760
Non-immigrantsFootnote 3 24,788,725 12,228,975 12,559,745
Born in province of residence 20,933,115 10,340,345 10,592,765
Born outside province of residence 3,855,610 1,888,630 1,966,980
ImmigrantsFootnote 4 6,186,950 2,964,160 3,222,790
United States of America 250,535 108,325 142,215
Central America 130,455 62,870 67,590
Caribbean and Bermuda 317,765 138,300 179,460
South America 250,710 116,585 134,125
Europe 2,278,345 1,110,260 1,168,090
Western Europe 424,640 210,615 214,030
Eastern Europe 511,095 240,770 270,325
Southern Europe 698,080 353,655 344,430
Italy 296,850 152,420 144,430
Other Southern Europe 401,230 201,235 199,995
Northern Europe 644,530 305,220 339,305
United Kingdom 579,625 273,840 305,785
Other Northern Europe 64,900 31,385 33,520
Africa 374,565 192,775 181,785
Western Africa 48,645 25,570 23,075
Eastern Africa 129,920 62,570 67,350
Northern Africa 134,505 73,940 60,565
Central Africa 22,405 11,585 10,820
Southern Africa 39,085 19,110 19,975
Asia and the Middle East 2,525,160 1,207,000 1,318,160
West Central Asia and the Middle East 370,515 193,405 177,110
Eastern Asia 874,370 404,765 469,605
China, People's Republic of 466,940 213,950 252,990
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region 215,430 103,225 112,205
Other Eastern Asia 191,995 87,590 104,405
Southeast Asia 560,995 246,735 314,255
Philippines 303,195 124,720 178,470
Other Southeast Asia 257,800 122,015 135,780
Southern Asia 719,275 362,090 357,185
India 443,690 221,220 222,465
Other Southern Asia 275,590 140,865 134,725
Oceania and otherFootnote 5 59,410 28,045 31,360
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 6 265,355 133,130 132,225


Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 3

Non-immigrants are persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.

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Footnote 4

Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

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Footnote 5

'Other' includes Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the category 'Other country,' as well as immigrants born in Canada.

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Footnote 6

Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006016.


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Footnote a

To access the comma separated values (CSV) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example csview.

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Footnote b

To access the tab separated values (TAB) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example AscToTab.

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Footnote c

To access the Beyond 20/20 (IVT) version, you need the Beyond 20/20 Table Browser, which may be downloaded below. These links download files directly from an external site and are not the responsibility of Statistics Canada.

Beyond 20/20 Browser for Windows operating systems (18.9 MB)
To install this product, run 'ProBrowser.exe'.

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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