2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Labour Force Activity (8), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (14), Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs, 2000 (73), Age Groups (9) and Sex (3) for the Population 15 Years and Over of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas, and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-560-XCB2006011
Release date:March 4, 2008
Topic:Education
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Data quality - Certificate or diploma below the bachelor level

The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.

In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.

We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.

For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

More information will be available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, to be published later in 2008.

Note: Institutional residents

People in seniors' residences in the 2006 Census are classified as 'not living in an institution'. This is a change from the 2001 Census where they were classified as institutional residents, specifically, 'living in an institution, resident under care or custody'.

Note: Major field of study - Classification of instructional programs - (CIP), Canada, 2000

For the first time with the 2006 Census, major field of study data were coded with the Classification of Instructional Programs - (CIP), Canada, 2000.

Prior to the 2006 Census, the Major Field of Study Classification (MFS) was used to classify major field of study. We recommend users not make historical comparisons between the two classification systems. Even though some entries in the two classifications are similar, direct comparison would be inappropriate given the much more detailed character of the new classification.

A theoretical concordance table between the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) and the Major Field of Study Classification (MFS) showing the definitional relationship between the two classifications was developed. This table is available in the 2006 Census Dictionary (Appendix N). This type of concordance allows users to see the relationship between the two classes of systems based on the definitional aspects of each system. However, users are cautioned that this type of concordance can not be used to convert counts from one classification system to another.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details labour force activity , highest certificate, diploma or degree , major field of study - classification of instructional programs, 2000 , age groups and sex for the population 15 years and over in CanadaFootnote 2
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs, 2000 (73) Labour force activity (8)
Total - Labour force activity In the labour force Employed Unemployed Not in the labour force Participation rate Employment rate Unemployment rate
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs, 2000Footnote 3 25,664,220 17,146,135 16,021,180 1,124,955 8,518,085 66.8 62.4 6.6
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 12,651,750 7,120,690 6,503,450 617,240 5,531,055 56.3 51.4 8.7
Education 994,665 662,780 640,765 22,010 331,885 66.6 64.4 3.3
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 481,190 379,350 355,775 23,575 101,840 78.8 73.9 6.2
Visual and performing arts 390,105 308,135 289,145 18,985 81,970 79.0 74.1 6.2
Communications technologies/technicians and support services 91,085 71,215 66,630 4,585 19,870 78.2 73.2 6.4
Humanities 717,125 527,885 496,525 31,360 189,235 73.6 69.2 5.9
Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 251,890 189,175 176,525 12,650 62,710 75.1 70.1 6.7
Philosophy and religious studies 41,055 29,880 28,065 1,810 11,180 72.8 68.4 6.1
Theology and religious vocations 81,470 57,090 55,060 2,030 24,380 70.1 67.6 3.6
History 83,800 64,255 60,775 3,475 19,545 76.7 72.5 5.4
Medieval and renaissance studies 505 335 310 30 165 66.3 61.4 9.0
Holocaust and related studies 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Classical and ancient studies 1,595 1,240 1,145 100 350 77.7 71.8 8.1
English language and literature/lettersFootnote 4 129,135 93,555 87,910 5,640 35,580 72.4 68.1 6.0
French language and literature/lettersFootnote 5 43,680 31,200 29,355 1,840 12,480 71.4 67.2 5.9
Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics 84,000 61,155 57,370 3,785 22,845 72.8 68.3 6.2
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,275,105 1,025,475 971,470 54,000 249,625 80.4 76.2 5.3
Social sciences 447,040 364,730 344,505 20,220 82,310 81.6 77.1 5.5
Museology/museum studies 1,785 1,565 1,435 135 220 87.7 80.4 8.6
Intercultural/multicultural and diversity studies 600 495 465 35 105 82.5 77.5 7.1
Peace studies and conflict resolution 1,020 925 860 70 100 90.7 84.3 7.6
International/global studies 2,625 2,090 1,895 195 535 79.6 72.2 9.3
Science, technology and society 185 155 155 0 30 83.8 83.8 0.0
Gerontology 11,645 8,320 7,955 365 3,325 71.4 68.3 4.4
Psychology 198,605 161,090 153,275 7,815 37,515 81.1 77.2 4.9
Behavioural sciences 2,565 2,085 1,965 120 480 81.3 76.6 5.8
Cognitive science 440 360 325 40 80 81.8 73.9 11.1
Biopsychology 430 345 320 25 85 80.2 74.4 7.2
Area, ethnic, cultural and gender studies 17,540 14,080 12,980 1,095 3,460 80.3 74.0 7.8
Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 239,090 172,660 163,455 9,210 66,425 72.2 68.4 5.3
Communication, journalism and related programs 118,895 102,330 96,270 6,060 16,565 86.1 81.0 5.9
Legal professions and studies 232,625 194,235 185,610 8,625 38,395 83.5 79.8 4.4
Business, management and public administration 2,801,720 2,174,630 2,068,955 105,670 627,090 77.6 73.8 4.9
Business, management, marketing and related support services 2,602,780 2,013,465 1,915,785 97,680 589,315 77.4 73.6 4.9
Accounting and computer science 9,015 7,245 6,670 575 1,770 80.4 74.0 7.9
Public administration and social service professions 189,925 153,920 146,500 7,415 36,005 81.0 77.1 4.8
Physical and life sciences and technologies 451,960 351,705 331,145 20,555 100,260 77.8 73.3 5.8
Physical sciences 129,815 99,045 94,050 5,000 30,765 76.3 72.4 5.0
Biological and biomedical sciences 169,000 135,225 127,630 7,590 33,780 80.0 75.5 5.6
Biological and physical sciences 115,420 88,275 81,795 6,480 27,145 76.5 70.9 7.3
Natural sciences 1,955 1,540 1,385 150 415 78.8 70.8 9.7
Nutrition sciences 2,770 2,225 2,160 65 550 80.3 78.0 2.9
Neuroscience 2,405 1,980 1,880 100 425 82.3 78.2 5.1
Science technologies/technicians 30,595 23,415 22,250 1,170 7,180 76.5 72.7 5.0
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 568,755 480,135 450,985 29,150 88,615 84.4 79.3 6.1
Mathematics and statistics 65,920 49,740 46,845 2,890 16,185 75.5 71.1 5.8
Mathematics and computer science 6,825 5,995 5,690 310 825 87.8 83.4 5.2
Computer and information sciences and support services 459,550 398,380 373,600 24,780 61,170 86.7 81.3 6.2
Systems science and theory 170 140 135 10 25 82.4 79.4 7.1
Library science 36,290 25,880 24,715 1,165 10,410 71.3 68.1 4.5
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,922,080 2,288,330 2,165,745 122,585 633,755 78.3 74.1 5.4
Architecture and related services 82,905 69,545 66,620 2,925 13,360 83.9 80.4 4.2
Historic preservation and conservation 165 145 135 10 20 87.9 81.8 6.9
Engineering 639,210 514,795 486,715 28,075 124,410 80.5 76.1 5.5
Engineering technologies/technicians 584,180 468,140 446,505 21,635 116,040 80.1 76.4 4.6
Construction trades 516,985 394,380 367,555 26,830 122,600 76.3 71.1 6.8
Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 711,285 545,940 520,485 25,460 165,345 76.8 73.2 4.7
Precision production 387,360 295,385 277,740 17,650 91,975 76.3 71.7 6.0
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 291,510 238,050 225,685 12,365 53,460 81.7 77.4 5.2
Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences 185,600 149,365 143,845 5,520 36,235 80.5 77.5 3.7
Natural resources and conservation 105,910 88,685 81,840 6,850 17,225 83.7 77.3 7.7
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 1,728,885 1,292,715 1,242,865 49,855 436,170 74.8 71.9 3.9
Health professions and related clinical sciences 1,588,985 1,174,885 1,130,130 44,750 414,100 73.9 71.1 3.8
Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs 23,720 18,780 18,350 425 4,940 79.2 77.4 2.3
Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies 116,180 99,055 94,375 4,670 17,130 85.3 81.2 4.7
Personal, protective and transportation services 777,370 602,620 566,125 36,490 174,750 77.5 72.8 6.1
Personal and culinary services 463,165 347,685 328,250 19,435 115,475 75.1 70.9 5.6
Security and protective services 145,295 121,980 115,960 6,015 23,310 84.0 79.8 4.9
Military technologies 7,425 4,400 4,235 170 3,025 59.3 57.0 3.9
Reserve entry scheme for officers in the Armed Forces 4,390 2,590 2,445 145 1,795 59.0 55.7 5.6
Transportation and materials moving 157,100 125,960 115,230 10,730 31,140 80.2 73.3 8.5
Other fields of studyFootnote 6 2,100 1,765 1,680 90 335 84.0 80.0 5.1

Footnotes

Footnote 1

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class'. For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

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Footnote 2

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 3

'Field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level.

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Footnote 4

Canadian class only.

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Footnote 5

Canadian class only.

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Footnote 6

Includes Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-560-XCB2006011.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

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Footnote c

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Footnote d

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