2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-555-XCB2006015
Release date:December 4, 2007
Topic:Language
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Data quality - Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux)

When comparing the census results to those of the 2001 Census, it appears that there is some overestimation of persons reporting Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) in British Columbia and, as a result, also at the Canada level. Although it affects a relatively small population, it is best to apply caution when analysing the census data for Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) in these geographies.

For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

Note: Data on knowledge of official languages

According to studies on data certification, the 2006 Census statistics on knowledge of official languages could underestimate the category 'English and French' and overestimate the category 'French only,' particularly for the francophone population, but also for the whole population in general. More information on the subject will be available in the Languages Reference Guide, to be published in 2008.

Note: Historical comparison of census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2001 and 2006

A few census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and census agglomerations (CAs) have different geographical boundaries in 2006 as compared to 2001. In order to facilitate data comparisons, the 2001 CMA and CA data have been adjusted to reflect as closely as possible the 2006 CMA and CA boundaries. Care should then be taken when looking at the 2001 Census data. For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details detailed mother tongue , knowledge of official languages , age groups and sex for the population in Ottawa - Gatineau (Que. part - Partie Qc)Footnote 1
Detailed mother tongue (186) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Detailed mother tongue 281,650 18,285 86,295 175,855 1,215
Single responses 277,070 18,090 85,815 171,950 1,215
English 35,580 13,945 70 21,560 0
French 220,970 105 81,150 139,670 50
Non-official languages 20,520 4,040 4,600 10,720 1,160
Aboriginal languages 115 25 10 65 10
Algonquian languages 105 25 10 55 10
Algonquin 40 0 0 40 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0
Cree 55 25 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais-Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 10 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0
Chipewyan 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib 0 0 0 0 0
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 0 0 0 0 0
North Slave (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0
South Slave 0 0 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0
Gitksan 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Nootka 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Romance languages 6,730 760 2,045 3,520 410
Italian 445 90 30 300 20
Portuguese 2,845 195 870 1,575 205
Romanian 620 70 135 390 25
Spanish 2,820 395 1,010 1,250 165
Romance languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 930 385 50 485 10
Dutch 235 115 20 95 0
Flemish 40 10 15 10 0
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0
German 590 235 10 335 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 50 15 0 35 0
Danish 20 10 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 30 10 0 30 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 10 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 2,510 500 545 1,345 125
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 250 20 85 115 25
Bulgarian 175 60 30 85 10
Croatian 160 15 25 85 25
Czech 65 10 20 35 0
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 465 135 80 245 0
Russian 370 125 50 165 25
Serbian 230 40 35 135 20
Serbo-Croatian 635 40 195 390 15
Slovak 25 10 0 15 0
Slovenian 0 10 0 0 0
Ukrainian 65 25 0 40 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 0 25 30 0
Baltic languages 40 10 10 30 0
Latvian 10 10 0 0 0
Lithuanian 35 10 10 20 0
Finno-Ugric languages 235 115 0 115 0
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 10 10 0 0 0
Hungarian 220 100 0 110 0
Greek 95 30 0 55 0
Armenian 30 0 0 25 0
Turkic languages 70 55 0 10 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 60 50 0 10 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,860 750 870 2,925 310
Berber languages (Kabyle) 40 0 20 20 0
Cushitic languages 140 20 55 50 10
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 140 20 55 50 10
Semitic languages 4,550 730 745 2,780 290
Amharic 65 50 0 10 0
Arabic 4,450 670 735 2,760 285
Hebrew 10 0 0 0 0
Maltese 0 10 0 0 0
Tigrigna 25 0 0 0 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 0 50 75 0
Indo-Iranian languages 625 265 25 300 30
Indo-Aryan languages 195 105 0 70 15
Bengali 80 55 0 15 10
Gujarati 10 0 0 10 0
Hindi 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 65 35 0 25 0
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 10 0
Urdu 35 15 0 10 0
Iranian languages 425 160 30 220 15
Kurdish 85 35 0 35 10
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 345 125 30 185 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0 0 0
Telugu 10 0 0 10 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 30 10 0 20 0
Korean 70 25 20 20 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,200 645 150 275 130
Chinese languages 1,205 645 150 275 130
Cantonese 190 45 10 120 15
Chaochow (Teochow) 10 0 0 0 10
Fukien 10 0 0 10 0
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 250 155 50 35 10
Shanghainese 0 0 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s.Footnote 2 755 450 95 110 95
Tibetan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Tai languages 385 105 75 190 15
Lao 290 50 55 170 15
Thai 90 55 15 20 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 635 110 140 340 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 160 35 15 95 15
Vietnamese 475 75 120 240 30
Malayo-Polynesian languages 165 105 15 45 0
Bisayan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 15 10 0 10 0
Malay 10 10 0 0 0
Pampango 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 115 80 0 35 0
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 10 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,260 120 470 670 10
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 0 0
Bantu languages 940 100 355 480 10
Lingala 75 0 65 10 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 350 10 145 185 10
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 225 0 50 175 0
Shona 15 15 0 10 0
Swahili 150 0 75 70 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 130 70 15 35 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0
Wolof 10 0 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 300 10 105 180 0
African languages, n.i.e. 45 0 15 10 15
Creoles 380 0 135 220 20
Non-verbal languages 50 10 20 10 10
American Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 25 0 10 0 15
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 10 0
Other languages 40 0 10 30 0
Multiple responses 4,580 195 480 3,905 0
English and French 3,345 50 80 3,210 0
English and non-official language 240 135 15 90 0
French and non-official language 940 10 385 540 0
English, French and non-official language 60 0 0 60 0

Footnotes

Footnote 1

2001 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The 2006 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' includes responses of 'Chinese' as well as all Chinese languages other than Cantonese, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Chaochow (Teochow), Fukien, Hakka and Shanghainese. Data for the 'Chinese, n.o.s.' category in 2001 and 2006 are not directly comparable. The 2001 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' is equivalent to the sum of the 2006 categories 'Chinese, n.o.s.' and 'Chaochow (Teochow),' 'Fukien,' 'Shanghainese' and Taiwanese.'

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-555-XCB2006015.

Download

Download data as displayed in the Data table tab

Download entire table

Footnotes

Footnote a

To access the comma separated values (CSV) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example csview.

Return to footnote a referrer

Footnote b

To access the tab separated values (TAB) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example AscToTab.

Return to footnote b referrer

Footnote c

To access the Beyond 20/20 (IVT) version, you need the Beyond 20/20 Table Browser, which may be downloaded below. These links download files directly from an external site and are not the responsibility of Statistics Canada.

Beyond 20/20 Browser for Windows operating systems (18.9 MB)
To install this product, run 'ProBrowser.exe'.

Return to footnote c referrer

Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

Return to footnote d referrer