2006 Census Topic-based tabulations
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Topic-based tabulation: Aboriginal Identity (5), Selected Language Characteristics (21), Age Groups (12), Sex (3) and Inuit Area of Residence (11) for Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data
About this tabulation
|Release date:||January 15, 2008|
Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe
In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.
From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.
Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.
Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.
Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.
For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.
For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.
Note: Population universe
The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.
For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.
|Selected language characteristics (21)||Aboriginal identity (5)|
|Total - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity populationFootnote 3||Total Aboriginal identity populationFootnote 4||Inuit single response||Other Aboriginal identity populationFootnote 5||Non-Aboriginal identity population|
|Total population by mother tongueFootnote 6||29,325||24,920||24,640||280||4,410|
|Total - Inuktitut||20,755||20,465||20,440||30||290|
|Inuktitut and English and/or FrenchFootnote 7||270||260||260||0||15|
|Total - OtherFootnote 8||8,570||4,450||4,195||255||4,125|
|English and/or FrenchFootnote 9||8,170||4,395||4,165||235||3,765|
|Other language onlyFootnote 10||405||55||30||25||355|
|Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 11||29,325||24,915||24,640||280||4,410|
|Total - Inuktitut||16,020||15,820||15,810||15||200|
|Inuktitut and English and/or FrenchFootnote 12||330||310||310||0||20|
|Total - Other||13,300||9,100||8,830||265||4,205|
|English and/or FrenchFootnote 13||13,185||9,065||8,800||265||4,115|
|Other language onlyFootnote 14||120||30||30||0||90|
|Total population by knowledge of languagesFootnote 15||29,325||24,920||24,635||280||4,410|
|Total - Inuktitut||22,940||22,385||22,345||45||555|
|Inuktitut and other language(s)Footnote 16||20,650||20,125||20,085||40||525|
|Total - Other||6,385||2,530||2,295||235||3,855|
|English and/or FrenchFootnote 17||6,370||2,515||2,280||235||3,855|
|Other language(s) onlyFootnote 18||15||15||15||0||0|
- Footnote 1
'Total - Inuit area of residence' refers to the following types of geographic areas: Inuit Nunaat (Inuit regions), urban census metropolitan area, urban non-census metropolitan area and rural area. These geographic areas can be used to show where the Inuit population is residing.
An urban area has a minimum population concentration of 1,000 persons and a population density of at least 400 persons per square kilometer, based on the current census population count. All territory outside urban areas is classified as rural.
A census metropolitan area (CMA) is a large urban area and has a population of at least 100,000.
Urban non-census metropolitan areas are smaller urban areas with a population of less than 100,000.
Rural areas include remote and wilderness areas and agricultural lands, as well as small towns, villages and other populated places with a population of less than 1,000.
Additional information on the geographic units can be obtained from the 2006 Census Dictionary.
- Footnote 2
Data quality index showing, for the long census questionnaire (20% sample data), a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.
- Footnote 3
This is a grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, with Aboriginal persons further divided into Inuit and other Aboriginal groups, based on their responses to three questions on the 2006 Census form.
- Footnote 4
Included in the Aboriginal identity population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
- Footnote 5
Includes persons who reported single responses of North American Indian, single responses of Métis, multiple Aboriginal responses and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
- Footnote 6
Mother tongue refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.
- Footnote 7
Indicates the number of persons who reported Inuktitut and English and/or French as their mother tongue.
- Footnote 8
Indicates the number of persons who reported a language or languages other than Inuktitut as their mother tongue.
- Footnote 9
Indicates the number of persons who reported English and/or French as their mother tongue. This also includes persons who reported English and/or French in combination with another language (other than Inuktitut) as their mother tongue.
- Footnote 10
Indicates the number of persons who reported a language other than Inuktitut, English and French as their mother tongue.
- Footnote 11
Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census.
- Footnote 12
Indicates the number of persons who reported Inuktitut and English and/or French as their language spoken most often at home.
- Footnote 13
Indicates the number of persons who reported English and/or French as their language spoken most often at home. This also includes persons who reported English and/or French in combination with another language (other than Inuktitut).
- Footnote 14
Indicates the number of persons who reported a language other than Inuktitut, English or French as their language spoken most often at home.
- Footnote 15
Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in Inuktitut.
- Footnote 16
Indicates the number of persons who reported knowledge of Inuktitut and at least one other language (including English and/or French and/or another language).
- Footnote 17
Indicates the number of persons who reported knowledge of English and/or French. This also includes persons who reported knowledge of English and/or French in combination with another language (other than Inuktitut).
- Footnote 18
Indicates the number of persons who reported knowledge of a language other than Inuktitut, English, and French.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-558-XCB2006024.
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