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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island 1

Map of Charlottetown, CA (shaded in green), Prince Edward Island

Map of Charlottetown

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Charlottetown, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Charlottetown, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
1
Nat. rank
52

In 2011, the population of Charlottetown census agglomeration (CA) was 64,487, representing a percentage change of 8.7% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Charlottetown, the land area is 798.54 square kilometres with a population density of 80.8 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 26,192 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Charlottetown in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 10.8%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Charlottetown CA

Table 1 Charlottetown CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Charlottetown CY 34,562 32,174 7.4
Stratford T 8,574 7,083 21.1
Cornwall T 5,162 4,677 10.4
Lot 34 LOT 2,577 2,355 9.4
Lot 65 LOT 2,200 2,051 7.3
Lot 48 LOT 1,911 1,791 6.7
Lot 35 LOT 1,643 1,607 2.2
Lot 31 LOT 1,634 1,616 1.1
Lot 33 LOT 1,201 1,067 12.6
Miltonvale Park COM 1,153 1,163 -0.9
Lot 23 LOT 1,001 837 19.6
Lot 36 LOT 743 761 -2.4
Clyde River COM 576 618 -6.8
Warren Grove COM 367 341 7.6
Brackley COM 340 336 1.2
Meadowbank COM 338 364 -7.1
Union Road COM 235 245 -4.1
Winsloe South COM 221 198 11.6
Rocky Point 3 IRI 49 41 19.5

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Prince Edward Island

Table 2 Prince Edward Island – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Charlottetown CA 64,487 59,325 A 8.7 52 1
Summerside CA 16,488 16,153 2.1 120 2

Age and sex

Charlottetown – Age distribution

Table 3 Charlottetown – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.3% 17.5% 15.2%
15 to 64 68.8% 69.4% 68.3%
65 and over 14.9% 13.1% 16.5%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Charlottetown was 14.9%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.8% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.3%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Charlottetown – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Charlottetown – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 64,490 59,325 5,165 8.7
0 to 14 10,515 10,110 405 4.0
15 to 64 44,365 40,795 3,570 8.8
65 and over 9,605 8,415 1,190 14.1
Males
Total 30,565 28,000 2,565 9.2
0 to 14 5,345 5,145 200 3.9
15 to 64 21,215 19,420 1,795 9.2
65 and over 4,005 3,440 565 16.4
Females
Total 33,920 31,325 2,595 8.3
0 to 14 5,170 4,970 200 4.0
15 to 64 23,155 21,380 1,775 8.3
65 and over 5,600 4,975 625 12.6

Charlottetown – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Charlottetown – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 64,490 30,565 33,920
0 to 4 years 3,500 1,770 1,735
5 to 9 years 3,315 1,690 1,625
10 to 14 years 3,695 1,890 1,810
15 to 19 years 4,375 2,215 2,160
20 to 24 years 4,705 2,275 2,430
25 to 29 years 3,855 1,890 1,965
30 to 34 years 3,770 1,730 2,035
35 to 39 years 4,020 1,875 2,140
40 to 44 years 4,500 2,130 2,365
45 to 49 years 5,095 2,415 2,675
50 to 54 years 4,925 2,305 2,625
55 to 59 years 4,705 2,255 2,450
60 to 64 years 4,425 2,120 2,305
65 to 69 years 2,990 1,395 1,595
70 to 74 years 2,240 1,025 1,210
75 to 79 years 1,785 765 1,015
80 to 84 years 1,240 470 770
85 to 89 years 875 260 615
90 to 94 years 375 75 300
95 to 99 years 90 15 75
100 years and over 15 0 15
Median age 41.1 39.9 42.2

Charlottetown – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Charlottetown was 41.1 years. In comparison, the median age of Prince Edward Island was 42.8 years.

Table 6 Canada, Prince Edward Island and Charlottetown – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Prince Edward Island 40.8 42.8
Charlottetown 40.0 41.1

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Charlottetown was 18,240, which represents a change of 10.1% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Charlottetown, 71.3% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 11.8% were common-law-couples and 16.9% were lone-parent families.

Charlottetown – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Prince Edward Island 40,850 29,695 72.7 4,570 11.2 6,580 16.1 4.2
Charlottetown 18,240 13,010 71.3 2,155 11.8 3,075 16.9 10.1

Charlottetown – Presence of children within couple families

Chart G: Charlottetown - Presence of children within couple families
Married couples Common-law-couples
with children without children with children without children
6,270 (41.3%) 6,735 (44.4%) 755 ( 5.0%) 1,400 ( 9.2%)

Chart G description: Charlottetown - Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Charlottetown, 46.4% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Charlottetown, 86.7% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 13.2% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Charlottetown – Marital status

In Charlottetown, 57.3% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (49.3%) or living with a common-law partner (8.0%).

The remaining 42.7% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Charlottetown Prince Edward Island Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 53,975 100.0 117,145 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 30,940 57.3 69,800 59.6 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 26,620 49.3 60,625 51.8 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 4,320 8.0 9,170 7.8 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 23,030 42.7 47,350 40.4 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 15,375 28.5 30,495 26.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 1,450 2.7 3,285 2.8 698,245 2.5
Divorced 2,995 5.5 6,065 5.2 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 3,215 6.0 7,505 6.4 1,584,525 5.7

Charlottetown – Types of private households

There were 26,190 private households4 in Charlottetown in 2011, a change of 10.7% from 2006. Of these, 26.3% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 3.9% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Charlottetown Prince Edward Island Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 26,190 100.0 56,460 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
6,895 26.3 15,000 26.6 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
7,880 30.1 18,425 32.6 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 2,850 10.9 6,040 10.7 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 6,940 26.5 14,195 25.1 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 300 1.1 690 1.2 268,060 2.0
Other households10 1,315 5.0 2,120 3.8 543,340 4.1

Charlottetown – Structural type of dwelling

In Charlottetown, 62.4% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.2% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Charlottetown Prince Edward Island Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 26,190 100.0 56,465 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 16,345 62.4 40,330 71.4 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,915 7.3 3,005 5.3 646,240 4.9
Row house 730 2.8 1,805 3.2 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 60 0.2 60 0.1 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 5,745 21.9 7,635 13.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 580 2.2 910 1.6 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 50 0.2 135 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 770 2.9 2,585 4.6 183,510 1.4

Language

Charlottetown – Mother tongue

Chart J: Charlottetown - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Charlottetown - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Charlottetown, 91.5% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.1% reported French only, and 5.8% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 92.2% for English only, 3.8% for French only and 3.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 94.4% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.9% spoke only French and 3.9% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 95.5% for English only, 1.8% for French only and 2.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Charlottetown – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 63,510 100.0 63,515 100.0
English 58,090 91.5 59,930 94.4
French 1,360 2.1 600 0.9
Non-official language 3,695 5.8 2,460 3.9
Multiple responses 370 0.6 530 0.8
Table 12 Charlottetown – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.8 99.7 0.1
French 62.0 38.7 23.3
Non-official language 84.8 68.5 16.3

Charlottetown – Non-official languages

In Charlottetown, the three most common mother tongues were Chinese, n.o.s. (1.7%), Mandarin (0.4%) and Arabic (0.4%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Chinese, n.o.s. (0.9%), Dutch (0.4%) and German (0.2%).

Table 13 Charlottetown – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,075 27.6 1.7
Mandarin 285 7.3 0.4
Arabic 260 6.7 0.4
Dutch 240 6.2 0.4
Persian (Farsi) 200 5.1 0.3

Charlottetown – Bilingualism

Table 14 Charlottetown – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 12.9 11.5 87.9 6.4
0 to 19 19.5 19.4 82.5 7.1
20 to 44 17.0 16.0 94.4 6.2
45 to 64 7.1 4.8 89.1 5.4
65 and over 4.5 2.5 78.0 8.5
Table 15 Charlottetown – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 63,515 100.0
English only 54,580 85.9
French only 60 0.1
English and French 8,280 13.0
Neither English nor French 590 0.9

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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