Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census metropolitan area of Halifax, Nova Scotia

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Halifax, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Halifax, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
1
Nat. rank
13

In 2011, the population of Halifax census metropolitan area (CMA) was 390,328, representing a percentage change of 4.7% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CMAs of 7.4%.

In Halifax, the land area is 5,495.71 square kilometres with a population density of 71.0 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CMAs is 92,648.98 square kilometres with 249.58 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 165,153 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Halifax in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 6.5%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Halifax CMA

Table 1 Halifax CMA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Halifax RGM 390,096 372,679 4.7
Cole Harbour 30 IRI 194 128 51.6
Beaver Lake 17 IRI 23 21 9.5
Sheet Harbour 36 IRI 15 30 -50.0
Shubenacadie 13 IRI 0 0  ···

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Nova Scotia

Table 2 Nova Scotia – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Halifax CMA 390,328 372,858 4.7 13 1
Cape Breton CA 101,619 105,928 -4.1 36 2
Truro CA 45,888 45,077 1.8 67 3
New Glasgow CA 35,809 36,288 -1.3 78 4
Kentville CA 26,359 25,969 1.5 97 5

Age and sex

Halifax – Age distribution

Table 3 Halifax – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 15.3% 16.2% 14.4%
15 to 64 71.6% 72.0% 71.2%
65 and over 13.1% 11.8% 14.3%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Halifax was 13.1%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 71.6% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 15.3%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Halifax – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Halifax – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 390,325 372,860 17,465 4.7
0 to 14 59,620 60,210 -590 -1.0
15 to 64 279,605 267,680 11,925 4.5
65 and over 51,105 44,975 6,130 13.6
Males
Total 188,700 178,895 9,805 5.5
0 to 14 30,565 30,505 60 0.2
15 to 64 135,950 129,400 6,550 5.1
65 and over 22,185 18,990 3,195 16.8
Females
Total 201,630 193,960 7,670 4.0
0 to 14 29,055 29,705 -650 -2.2
15 to 64 143,655 138,285 5,370 3.9
65 and over 28,925 25,980 2,945 11.3

Halifax – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Halifax – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 390,325 188,700 201,630
0 to 4 years 19,970 10,260 9,705
5 to 9 years 19,160 9,780 9,380
10 to 14 years 20,490 10,520 9,970
15 to 19 years 23,885 12,050 11,835
20 to 24 years 31,245 15,640 15,605
25 to 29 years 28,410 13,990 14,420
30 to 34 years 25,930 12,490 13,445
35 to 39 years 26,500 12,750 13,750
40 to 44 years 27,830 13,265 14,565
45 to 49 years 33,120 16,185 16,935
50 to 54 years 31,565 15,270 16,295
55 to 59 years 27,195 12,875 14,315
60 to 64 years 23,920 11,435 12,480
65 to 69 years 16,815 8,040 8,780
70 to 74 years 11,860 5,485 6,380
75 to 79 years 9,140 4,060 5,080
80 to 84 years 6,630 2,625 4,010
85 to 89 years 4,235 1,370 2,865
90 to 94 years 1,895 505 1,385
95 to 99 years 470 90 375
100 years and over 55 5 50
Median age 39.9 38.8 40.9

Halifax – Median age1 of the population

The median age in Halifax was 39.9 years. In comparison, the median age of Nova Scotia was 43.7 years.

Table 6 Canada, Nova Scotia and Halifax – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Nova Scotia 41.8 43.7
Halifax 39.0 39.9

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Halifax was 109,765, which represents a change of 4.3% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Halifax, 67.8% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 15.4% were common-law-couples and 16.7% were lone-parent families.

Halifax – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Nova Scotia, Halifax – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Nova Scotia 270,065 184,870 68.5 38,460 14.2 46,735 17.3 1.0
Halifax 109,765 74,470 67.8 16,930 15.4 18,365 16.7 4.3

Halifax – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census metropolitan area of Halifax, 44.1% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census metropolitan area of Halifax, 87.4% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 12.6% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Halifax – Marital status

In Halifax, 56.2% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (45.9%) or living with a common-law partner (10.3%).

The remaining 43.8% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Nova Scotia, Halifax – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Halifax Nova Scotia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 330,715 100.0 783,510 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 185,745 56.2 453,095 57.8 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 151,835 45.9 376,020 48.0 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 33,910 10.3 77,075 9.8 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 144,965 43.8 330,420 42.2 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 99,260 30.0 209,180 26.7 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 9,370 2.8 23,545 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 19,500 5.9 46,060 5.9 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 16,835 5.1 51,625 6.6 1,584,525 5.7

Halifax – Types of private households

There were 165,155 private households3 in Halifax in 2011, a change of 6.5% from 2006. Of these, 23.8% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -2.4% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Nova Scotia, Halifax – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Halifax Nova Scotia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 165,155 100.0 390,280 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
39,295 23.8 88,450 22.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
49,125 29.7 128,065 32.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 16,810 10.2 42,445 10.9 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 47,185 28.6 108,795 27.9 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households8 2,240 1.4 5,495 1.4 268,060 2.0
Other households9 10,490 6.4 17,030 4.4 543,340 4.1

Halifax – Structural type of dwelling

In Halifax, 51.0% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 10.7% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Nova Scotia, Halifax – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Halifax Nova Scotia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 165,155 100.0 390,280 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 84,290 51.0 260,435 66.7 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 11,290 6.8 19,450 5.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 6,160 3.7 9,175 2.4 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 17,605 10.7 17,880 4.6 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 35,415 21.4 56,485 14.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 6,205 3.8 11,970 3.1 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 260 0.2 705 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 3,915 2.4 14,175 3.6 183,510 1.4

Language

Halifax – Mother tongue

Chart J: Halifax - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Halifax - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Halifax, 90.2% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.6% reported French only, and 6.2% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 91.8% for English only, 3.4% for French only and 4.1% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 94.6% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.9% spoke only French and 3.2% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 95.4% for English only, 1.8% for French only and 2.0% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Halifax – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 386,440 100.0 386,440 100.0
English 348,740 90.2 365,535 94.6
French 10,160 2.6 3,660 0.9
Non-official language 23,865 6.2 12,305 3.2
Multiple responses 3,675 1.0 4,945 1.3
Table 12 Halifax – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.7 0.2
French 60.4 33.6 26.8
Non-official language 80.9 57.4 23.5

Halifax – Non-official languages

In Halifax, the three most common mother tongues were Arabic (1.5%), Chinese, n.o.s. (0.6%) and German (0.4%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Arabic (0.7%), Mi'kmaq (0.5%) and German (0.4%).

Table 13 Halifax – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Arabic 5,835 22.4 1.5
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,265 8.7 0.6
German 1,365 5.2 0.4
Spanish 1,210 4.6 0.3
Persian (Farsi) 1,170 4.5 0.3
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,070 4.1 0.3
Mandarin 835 3.2 0.2
Russian 730 2.8 0.2
Greek 725 2.8 0.2
Korean 700 2.7 0.2

Halifax – Bilingualism

Table 14 Halifax – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 11.7 9.6 89.8 10.0
0 to 19 15.1 14.1 82.8 11.2
20 to 44 14.7 12.8 94.4 9.2
45 to 64 8.0 5.1 91.3 10.9
65 and over 6.2 3.1 82.3 9.4
Table 15 Halifax – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 386,440 100.0
English only 338,470 87.6
French only 380 0.1
English and French 46,405 12.0
Neither English nor French 1,190 0.3

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

Related data:

Date modified: