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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Truro, Nova Scotia 1

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Truro, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Truro, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
3
Nat. rank
67

In 2011, the population of Truro census agglomeration (CA) was 45,888, representing a percentage change of 1.8% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Truro, the land area is 2,732.69 square kilometres with a population density of 16.8 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 19,492 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Truro in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 3.8%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Truro CA

Table 1 Truro CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Colchester, Subd. B SC 19,643 19,297 1.8
Colchester, Subd. C SC 13,339 13,312 0.2
Truro T 12,059 11,765 2.5
Millbrook 27 IRI 847 703 20.5

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Nova Scotia

Table 2 Nova Scotia – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Halifax CMA 390,328 372,858 4.7 13 1
Cape Breton CA 101,619 105,928 -4.1 36 2
Truro CA 45,888 45,077 1.8 67 3
New Glasgow CA 35,809 36,288 -1.3 78 4
Kentville CA 26,359 25,969 1.5 97 5

Age and sex

Truro – Age distribution

Table 3 Truro – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 15.8% 16.9% 14.8%
15 to 64 66.5% 66.7% 66.2%
65 and over 17.7% 16.3% 19.0%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Truro was 17.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 66.5% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 15.8%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Truro – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Truro – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 45,890 45,075 815 1.8
0 to 14 7,260 7,550 -290 -3.8
15 to 64 30,500 30,240 260 0.9
65 and over 8,130 7,285 845 11.6
Males
Total 22,120 21,700 420 1.9
0 to 14 3,745 3,855 -110 -2.9
15 to 64 14,765 14,730 35 0.2
65 and over 3,615 3,110 505 16.2
Females
Total 23,770 23,370 400 1.7
0 to 14 3,520 3,690 -170 -4.6
15 to 64 15,735 15,510 225 1.5
65 and over 4,515 4,175 340 8.1

Truro – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Truro – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 45,890 22,120 23,770
0 to 4 years 2,290 1,175 1,115
5 to 9 years 2,310 1,185 1,120
10 to 14 years 2,660 1,380 1,285
15 to 19 years 3,025 1,545 1,480
20 to 24 years 2,600 1,305 1,300
25 to 29 years 2,310 1,060 1,250
30 to 34 years 2,390 1,085 1,305
35 to 39 years 2,765 1,305 1,455
40 to 44 years 3,065 1,480 1,580
45 to 49 years 3,790 1,810 1,975
50 to 54 years 3,815 1,850 1,965
55 to 59 years 3,500 1,695 1,805
60 to 64 years 3,245 1,620 1,620
65 to 69 years 2,610 1,310 1,300
70 to 74 years 1,945 870 1,070
75 to 79 years 1,480 690 790
80 to 84 years 1,040 425 610
85 to 89 years 685 225 460
90 to 94 years 295 75 220
95 to 99 years 65 10 55
100 years and over 5 0 5
Median age 44.3 43.5 45.0

Truro – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Truro was 44.3 years. In comparison, the median age of Nova Scotia was 43.7 years.

Table 6 Canada, Nova Scotia and Truro – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Nova Scotia 41.8 43.7
Truro 42.3 44.3

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Truro was 13,640, which represents a change of 2.2% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Truro, 68.0% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 15.0% were common-law-couples and 17.1% were lone-parent families.

Truro – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Nova Scotia, Truro – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Nova Scotia 270,065 184,870 68.5 38,460 14.2 46,735 17.3 1.0
Truro 13,640 9,275 68.0 2,040 15.0 2,330 17.1 2.2

Truro – Presence of children within couple families

Chart G: Truro - Presence of children within couple families
Married couples Common-law-couples
with children without children with children without children
3,745 (33.1%) 5,525 (48.9%) 840 ( 7.4%) 1,200 (10.6%)

Chart G description: Truro - Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Truro, 40.5% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Truro, 83.4% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 16.7% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Truro – Marital status

In Truro, 59.4% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (48.8%) or living with a common-law partner (10.6%).

The remaining 40.6% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Nova Scotia, Truro – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Truro Nova Scotia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 38,625 100.0 783,510 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 22,950 59.4 453,095 57.8 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 18,865 48.8 376,020 48.0 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 4,085 10.6 77,075 9.8 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 15,680 40.6 330,420 42.2 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 9,435 24.4 209,180 26.7 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 1,355 3.5 23,545 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 2,315 6.0 46,060 5.9 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 2,575 6.7 51,625 6.6 1,584,525 5.7

Truro – Types of private households

There were 19,490 private households4 in Truro in 2011, a change of 3.8% from 2006. Of these, 23.1% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -8.7% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Nova Scotia, Truro – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Truro Nova Scotia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 19,490 100.0 390,280 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
4,505 23.1 88,450 22.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
6,555 33.6 128,065 32.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 2,170 11.1 42,445 10.9 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 5,450 28.0 108,795 27.9 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 205 1.1 5,495 1.4 268,060 2.0
Other households10 610 3.1 17,030 4.4 543,340 4.1

Truro – Structural type of dwelling

In Truro, 69.4% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Nova Scotia, Truro – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Truro Nova Scotia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 19,490 100.0 390,280 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 13,520 69.4 260,435 66.7 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 520 2.7 19,450 5.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 250 1.3 9,175 2.4 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 5 0.0 17,880 4.6 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 3,090 15.9 56,485 14.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 835 4.3 11,970 3.1 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 50 0.3 705 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 1,215 6.2 14,175 3.6 183,510 1.4

Language

Truro – Mother tongue

Chart J: Truro - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Truro - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Truro, 96.2% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.1% reported French only, and 2.2% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 91.8% for English only, 3.4% for French only and 4.1% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 98.5% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.2% spoke only French and 0.8% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 97.3% for English only, 0.0% for French only and 0.9% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Truro – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 45,340 100.0 45,345 100.0
English 43,635 96.2 44,650 98.5
French 495 1.1 105 0.2
Non-official language 1,000 2.2 370 0.8
Multiple responses 215 0.5 220 0.5
Table 12 Truro – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.8 0.1
French 42.4 17.8 24.6
Non-official language 65.5 41.6 23.9

Truro – Non-official languages

In Truro, the three most common mother tongues were Mi'kmaq (0.4%), Dutch (0.3%) and German (0.3%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Arabic (0.7%), Mi'kmaq (0.5%) and German (0.4%).

Table 13 Truro – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Mi'kmaq 190 16.8 0.4
Dutch 135 11.9 0.3
German 120 10.6 0.3
Arabic 85 7.5 0.2
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 6.6 0.2

Truro – Bilingualism

Table 14 Truro – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 5.6 4.8 78.8 7.5
0 to 19 9.4 9.0 80.0 14.3
20 to 44 6.5 5.7 80.8 7.1
45 to 64 3.8 2.7 82.1 6.7
65 and over 2.5 1.3 66.7 7.1
Table 15 Truro – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 45,345 100.0
English only 42,695 94.2
French only 5 0.0
English and French 2,615 5.8
Neither English nor French 25 0.1

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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