Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Matane, Quebec 1

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Matane, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Matane, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
25
Nat. rank
111

In 2011, the population of Matane census agglomeration (CA) was 18,368, representing a percentage change of -1.8% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Matane, the land area is 662.96 square kilometres with a population density of 27.7 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 8,636 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Matane in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 2.2%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Matane CA

Table 1 Matane CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Matane V 14,462 14,742 -1.9
Saint-Ulric M 1,642 1,696 -3.2
Sainte-Flicit M 1,175 1,201 -2.2
Saint-Ren-de-Matane M 1,089 1,070 1.8

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Quebec

Table 2 Quebec – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Montral  CMA 3,824,221 3,635,556 A 5.2 2 1
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA 1,236,324 1,133,633 A 9.1 4 ···
Ottawa - Gatineau (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   314,501 286,831 A 9.6 ··· 3
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   921,823 846,802 8.9 ··· 2
Qubec  CMA 765,706 719,153 A 6.5 7 2
Sherbrooke CMA 201,890 191,410 A 5.5 19 4
Saguenay CMA 157,790 156,305 A 1.0 26 5
Trois-Rivires CMA 151,773 144,713 A 4.9 27 6
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu CA 92,394 87,492 5.6 41 7
Drummondville CA 88,480 82,949 A 6.7 45 8
Granby CA 77,077 71,176 A 8.3 48 9
Saint-Hyacinthe CA 56,794 54,976 A 3.3 57 10
Shawinigan CA 55,009 56,408 A -2.5 60 11
Rimouski CA 50,912 48,918 A 4.1 62 12
Sorel-Tracy CA 47,772 46,595 A 2.5 64 13
Joliette CA 46,932 43,306 A 8.4 65 14
Victoriaville CA 46,354 43,195 A 7.3 66 15
Rouyn-Noranda CA 41,798 40,650 A 2.8 72 16
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield CA 40,077 39,672 1.0 74 17
Saint-Georges CA 34,642 32,902 A 5.3 80 18
Val-d'Or CA 33,265 32,288 3.0 83 19
Alma CA 33,018 31,864 A 3.6 84 20
Baie-Comeau CA 28,789 29,674 A -3.0 88 21
Sept-les CA 28,487 27,827 2.4 89 22
Thetford Mines CA 27,968 28,110 A -0.5 91 23
Rivire-du-Loup CA 27,734 26,423 A 5.0 93 24
Matane CA 18,368 18,709 A -1.8 111 25
Campbellton CA 17,842 17,878 A -0.2 113 ···
Campbellton (New Brunswick part / partie du Nouveau-Brunswick)   14,520 14,816 A -2.0 ··· 7
Campbellton (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   3,322 3,062 8.5 ··· 30
Amos CA 17,090 17,176 A -0.5 118 26
Dolbeau-Mistassini CA 16,019 16,257 A -1.5 122 27
Lachute CA 12,551 11,832 6.1 137 28
Cowansville CA 12,489 12,182 A 2.5 139 29
Hawkesbury CA 12,128 12,267 -1.1 143 ···
Hawkesbury (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   1,577 1,398 12.8 ··· 31
Hawkesbury (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   10,551 10,869 -2.9 ··· 43

Age and sex

Matane – Age distribution

Table 3 Matane – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 12.5% 13.3% 11.7%
15 to 64 66.0% 66.7% 65.3%
65 and over 21.5% 20.0% 23.0%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Matane was 21.5%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 66.0% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 12.5%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Matane – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Matane – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 18,370 18,710 -340 -1.8
0 to 14 2,290 2,530 -240 -9.5
15 to 64 12,125 12,845 -720 -5.6
65 and over 3,950 3,335 615 18.4
Males
Total 9,005 9,145 -140 -1.5
0 to 14 1,195 1,370 -175 -12.8
15 to 64 6,010 6,340 -330 -5.2
65 and over 1,800 1,425 375 26.3
Females
Total 9,365 9,570 -205 -2.1
0 to 14 1,095 1,160 -65 -5.6
15 to 64 6,115 6,500 -385 -5.9
65 and over 2,155 1,905 250 13.1

Matane – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Matane – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 18,370 9,005 9,365
0 to 4 years 765 380 385
5 to 9 years 730 390 340
10 to 14 years 800 425 370
15 to 19 years 930 495 435
20 to 24 years 915 490 425
25 to 29 years 875 430 445
30 to 34 years 985 510 480
35 to 39 years 920 450 475
40 to 44 years 955 480 475
45 to 49 years 1,415 685 735
50 to 54 years 1,780 835 945
55 to 59 years 1,705 830 875
60 to 64 years 1,640 810 830
65 to 69 years 1,295 650 645
70 to 74 years 905 440 465
75 to 79 years 670 305 370
80 to 84 years 585 260 325
85 to 89 years 340 105 240
90 to 94 years 115 35 85
95 to 99 years 35 10 25
100 years and over 5 0 0
Median age 49.7 48.5 50.6

Matane – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Matane was 49.7 years. In comparison, the median age of Quebec was 41.9 years.

Table 6 Canada, Quebec and Matane – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Quebec 41.0 41.9
Matane 46.1 49.7

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Matane was 5,485, which represents a change of 0.5% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Matane, 49.2% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 36.2% were common-law-couples and 14.5% were lone-parent families.

Matane – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Quebec, Matane – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Quebec  2,203,625 1,143,370 51.9 694,750 31.5 365,515 16.6 3.9
Matane 5,485 2,700 49.2 1,985 36.2 795 14.5 0.5

Matane – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Matane, 35.3% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Matane, 83.7% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 16.0% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Matane – Marital status

In Matane, 59.0% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (34.2%) or living with a common-law partner (24.8%).

The remaining 41.0% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Quebec, Matane – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Matane Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 16,075 100.0 6,644,380 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 9,485 59.0 3,745,315 56.4 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 5,505 34.2 2,353,775 35.4 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 3,985 24.8 1,391,545 20.9 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 6,590 41.0 2,899,060 43.6 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 4,000 24.9 1,942,090 29.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 170 1.1 105,190 1.6 698,245 2.5
Divorced 1,200 7.5 463,830 7.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 1,225 7.6 387,950 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Matane – Types of private households

There were 8,640 private households4 in Matane in 2011, a change of 2.2% from 2006. Of these, 19.0% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -15.0% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Quebec, Matane – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Matane Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 8,640 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
1,645 19.0 811,120 23.9 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
2,990 34.6 988,410 29.1 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 775 9.0 346,305 10.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 2,975 34.4 1,094,410 32.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 40 0.5 28,420 0.8 268,060 2.0
Other households10 210 2.4 126,680 3.7 543,340 4.1

Matane – Structural type of dwelling

In Matane, 62.2% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Quebec, Matane – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Matane Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 8,635 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 5,375 62.2 1,560,405 46.0 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 400 4.6 171,435 5.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 110 1.3 86,040 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 0 0.0 171,110 5.0 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,905 22.1 1,103,845 32.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 595 6.9 263,860 7.8 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 40 0.5 15,650 0.5 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 200 2.3 23,000 0.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Matane – Mother tongue

Chart J: Matane - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Matane - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Matane, 0.4% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 98.9% reported French only, and 0.4% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 7.7% for English only, 78.1% for French only and 12.3% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 0.2% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 99.5% spoke only French and 0.1% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 9.8% for English only, 80.0% for French only and 7.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Matane – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 18,235 100.0 18,230 100.0
English 75 0.4 45 0.2
French 18,030 98.9 18,135 99.5
Non-official language 65 0.4 20 0.1
Multiple responses 65 0.4 35 0.2
Table 12 Matane – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 51.9 25.9 25.9
French 100.0 99.9 0.0
Non-official language 64.3 35.7 28.6

Matane – Non-official languages

In Matane, the three most common mother tongues were Spanish (0.1%), Italian (0.1%) and German (0.1%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Arabic (2.1%), Spanish (1.8%) and Italian (1.6%).

Table 13 Matane – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Spanish 15 21.4 0.1
Italian 10 14.3 0.1
German 10 14.3 0.1
Arabic 10 14.3 0.1

Matane – Bilingualism

Table 14 Matane – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 15.9 78.6 15.5 46.2
0 to 19 11.9 33.3 11.6 0.0
20 to 44 27.8 80.0 27.2 57.1
45 to 64 13.0 80.0 12.8 50.0
65 and over 9.8 66.7 9.5 0.0
Table 15 Matane – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 18,230 100.0
English only 20 0.1
French only 15,285 83.8
English and French 2,930 16.1
Neither English nor French 0 0.0

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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