Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Baie-Comeau, Quebec 1

Map of Baie-Comeau, CA (shaded in green), Quebec

Map of Baie-Comeau

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Baie-Comeau, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Baie-Comeau, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
21
Nat. rank
88

In 2011, the population of Baie-Comeau census agglomeration (CA) was 28,789, representing a percentage change of -3.0% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Baie-Comeau, the land area is 1,137.27 square kilometres with a population density of 25.3 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 12,526 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Baie-Comeau in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 0.0%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Baie-Comeau CA

Table 1 Baie-Comeau CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Baie-Comeau V 22,113 22,554 -2.0
Pointe-Lebel VL 1,973 1,958 0.8
Chute-aux-Outardes VL 1,644 1,853 -11.3
Ragueneau PE 1,405 1,520 -7.6
Pointe-aux-Outardes VL 1,330 1,443 -7.8
Franquelin M 324 346 -6.4

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Quebec

Table 2 Quebec – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Montral  CMA 3,824,221 3,635,556 A 5.2 2 1
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA 1,236,324 1,133,633 A 9.1 4 ···
Ottawa - Gatineau (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   314,501 286,831 A 9.6 ··· 3
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   921,823 846,802 8.9 ··· 2
Qubec  CMA 765,706 719,153 A 6.5 7 2
Sherbrooke CMA 201,890 191,410 A 5.5 19 4
Saguenay CMA 157,790 156,305 A 1.0 26 5
Trois-Rivires CMA 151,773 144,713 A 4.9 27 6
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu CA 92,394 87,492 5.6 41 7
Drummondville CA 88,480 82,949 A 6.7 45 8
Granby CA 77,077 71,176 A 8.3 48 9
Saint-Hyacinthe CA 56,794 54,976 A 3.3 57 10
Shawinigan CA 55,009 56,408 A -2.5 60 11
Rimouski CA 50,912 48,918 A 4.1 62 12
Sorel-Tracy CA 47,772 46,595 A 2.5 64 13
Joliette CA 46,932 43,306 A 8.4 65 14
Victoriaville CA 46,354 43,195 A 7.3 66 15
Rouyn-Noranda CA 41,798 40,650 A 2.8 72 16
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield CA 40,077 39,672 1.0 74 17
Saint-Georges CA 34,642 32,902 A 5.3 80 18
Val-d'Or CA 33,265 32,288 3.0 83 19
Alma CA 33,018 31,864 A 3.6 84 20
Baie-Comeau CA 28,789 29,674 A -3.0 88 21
Sept-les CA 28,487 27,827 2.4 89 22
Thetford Mines CA 27,968 28,110 A -0.5 91 23
Rivire-du-Loup CA 27,734 26,423 A 5.0 93 24
Matane CA 18,368 18,709 A -1.8 111 25
Campbellton CA 17,842 17,878 A -0.2 113 ···
Campbellton (New Brunswick part / partie du Nouveau-Brunswick)   14,520 14,816 A -2.0 ··· 7
Campbellton (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   3,322 3,062 8.5 ··· 30
Amos CA 17,090 17,176 A -0.5 118 26
Dolbeau-Mistassini CA 16,019 16,257 A -1.5 122 27
Lachute CA 12,551 11,832 6.1 137 28
Cowansville CA 12,489 12,182 A 2.5 139 29
Hawkesbury CA 12,128 12,267 -1.1 143 ···
Hawkesbury (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   1,577 1,398 12.8 ··· 31
Hawkesbury (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   10,551 10,869 -2.9 ··· 43

Age and sex

Baie-Comeau – Age distribution

Table 3 Baie-Comeau – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 14.4% 14.1% 14.8%
15 to 64 69.8% 71.3% 68.3%
65 and over 15.7% 14.6% 16.8%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Baie-Comeau was 15.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 69.8% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 14.4%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Baie-Comeau – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Baie-Comeau – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 28,790 29,675 -885 -3.0
0 to 14 4,160 4,785 -625 -13.1
15 to 64 20,100 21,235 -1,135 -5.3
65 and over 4,525 3,660 865 23.6
Males
Total 14,435 15,060 -625 -4.2
0 to 14 2,030 2,375 -345 -14.5
15 to 64 10,295 10,995 -700 -6.4
65 and over 2,110 1,690 420 24.9
Females
Total 14,355 14,620 -265 -1.8
0 to 14 2,130 2,405 -275 -11.4
15 to 64 9,810 10,240 -430 -4.2
65 and over 2,415 1,975 440 22.3

Baie-Comeau – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Baie-Comeau – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 28,790 14,435 14,355
0 to 4 years 1,335 625 710
5 to 9 years 1,295 680 620
10 to 14 years 1,530 725 805
15 to 19 years 1,845 960 895
20 to 24 years 1,545 830 715
25 to 29 years 1,460 720 740
30 to 34 years 1,645 815 830
35 to 39 years 1,660 835 825
40 to 44 years 1,850 935 915
45 to 49 years 2,730 1,375 1,360
50 to 54 years 2,930 1,495 1,435
55 to 59 years 2,485 1,335 1,150
60 to 64 years 1,950 990 960
65 to 69 years 1,525 765 755
70 to 74 years 1,080 525 555
75 to 79 years 870 390 480
80 to 84 years 630 280 355
85 to 89 years 285 110 175
90 to 94 years 105 30 75
95 to 99 years 25 10 20
100 years and over 5 0 10
Median age 45.4 45.4 45.5

Baie-Comeau – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Baie-Comeau was 45.4 years. In comparison, the median age of Quebec was 41.9 years.

Table 6 Canada, Quebec and Baie-Comeau – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Quebec 41.0 41.9
Baie-Comeau 42.1 45.4

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Baie-Comeau was 8,650, which represents a change of -2.6% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Baie-Comeau, 45.1% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 40.6% were common-law-couples and 14.3% were lone-parent families.

Baie-Comeau – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Quebec, Baie-Comeau – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Quebec  2,203,625 1,143,370 51.9 694,750 31.5 365,515 16.6 3.9
Baie-Comeau 8,650 3,900 45.1 3,510 40.6 1,240 14.3 -2.6

Baie-Comeau – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Baie-Comeau, 41.5% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Baie-Comeau, 80.0% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 20.0% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Baie-Comeau – Marital status

In Baie-Comeau, 61.1% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (32.6%) or living with a common-law partner (28.5%).

The remaining 38.9% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Quebec, Baie-Comeau – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Baie-Comeau Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 24,625 100.0 6,644,380 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 15,045 61.1 3,745,315 56.4 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 8,020 32.6 2,353,775 35.4 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 7,025 28.5 1,391,545 20.9 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 9,580 38.9 2,899,060 43.6 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 6,480 26.3 1,942,090 29.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 335 1.4 105,190 1.6 698,245 2.5
Divorced 1,370 5.6 463,830 7.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 1,395 5.7 387,950 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Baie-Comeau – Types of private households

There were 12,525 private households4 in Baie-Comeau in 2011, a change of 0.0% from 2006. Of these, 24.4% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -12.6% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Quebec, Baie-Comeau – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Baie-Comeau Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 12,525 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
3,060 24.4 811,120 23.9 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
4,290 34.3 988,410 29.1 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 1,195 9.5 346,305 10.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 3,665 29.3 1,094,410 32.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 50 0.4 28,420 0.8 268,060 2.0
Other households10 265 2.1 126,680 3.7 543,340 4.1

Baie-Comeau – Structural type of dwelling

In Baie-Comeau, 57.0% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.9% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Quebec, Baie-Comeau – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Baie-Comeau Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 12,525 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 7,135 57.0 1,560,405 46.0 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 750 6.0 171,435 5.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 335 2.7 86,040 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 115 0.9 171,110 5.0 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 2,310 18.4 1,103,845 32.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 400 3.2 263,860 7.8 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 20 0.2 15,650 0.5 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 1,465 11.7 23,000 0.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Baie-Comeau – Mother tongue

Chart J: Baie-Comeau - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Baie-Comeau - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Baie-Comeau, 0.8% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 98.3% reported French only, and 0.6% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 7.7% for English only, 78.1% for French only and 12.3% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 0.4% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 99.0% spoke only French and 0.2% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 9.8% for English only, 80.0% for French only and 7.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Baie-Comeau – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 28,535 100.0 28,535 100.0
English 220 0.8 115 0.4
French 28,045 98.3 28,240 99.0
Non-official language 160 0.6 55 0.2
Multiple responses 110 0.4 130 0.5
Table 12 Baie-Comeau – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 62.9 37.1 25.8
French 99.9 99.8 0.1
Non-official language 65.8 39.5 26.3

Baie-Comeau – Non-official languages

In Baie-Comeau, the three most common mother tongues were Innu/Montagnais (0.2%), Arabic (0.1%) and Spanish (0.1%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Arabic (2.1%), Spanish (1.8%) and Italian (1.6%).

Table 13 Baie-Comeau – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Innu/Montagnais 45 23.7 0.2
Arabic 35 18.4 0.1
Spanish 20 10.5 0.1
Italian 15 7.9 0.1

Baie-Comeau – Bilingualism

Table 14 Baie-Comeau – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 17.5 86.4 16.8 42.4
0 to 19 12.3 83.3 11.7 42.9
20 to 44 28.8 80.0 28.4 46.2
45 to 64 14.4 83.3 13.6 33.3
65 and over 10.8 90.0 9.8 25.0
Table 15 Baie-Comeau – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 28,535 100.0
English only 25 0.1
French only 23,460 82.2
English and French 5,045 17.7
Neither English nor French 5 0.0

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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