Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census metropolitan area of Saguenay, Quebec 1

Map of Saguenay, CMA (shaded in green), Quebec

Map of Saguenay

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Saguenay, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Saguenay, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
5
Nat. rank
26

In 2011, the population of Saguenay census metropolitan area (CMA) was 157,790, representing a percentage change of 1.0% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CMAs of 7.4%.

In Saguenay, the land area is 2,564.02 square kilometres with a population density of 61.5 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CMAs is 92,648.98 square kilometres with 249.58 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 69,507 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Saguenay in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 4.9%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Saguenay CMA

Table 1 Saguenay CMA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Saguenay V 144,746 143,692 0.7
Saint-Honor M 5,257 4,727 11.2
Saint-David-de-Falardeau M 2,657 2,555 4.0
Saint-Fulgence M 1,949 2,024 -3.7
Larouche M 1,277 1,200 6.4
Saint-Flix-d'Otis M 801 1,007 -20.5
Saint-Charles-de-Bourget M 690 659 4.7
Sainte-Rose-du-Nord PE 413 441 -6.3

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Quebec

Table 2 Quebec – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Montral  CMA 3,824,221 3,635,556 A 5.2 2 1
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA 1,236,324 1,133,633 A 9.1 4 ···
Ottawa - Gatineau (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   314,501 286,831 A 9.6 ··· 3
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   921,823 846,802 8.9 ··· 2
Qubec  CMA 765,706 719,153 A 6.5 7 2
Sherbrooke CMA 201,890 191,410 A 5.5 19 4
Saguenay CMA 157,790 156,305 A 1.0 26 5
Trois-Rivires CMA 151,773 144,713 A 4.9 27 6
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu CA 92,394 87,492 5.6 41 7
Drummondville CA 88,480 82,949 A 6.7 45 8
Granby CA 77,077 71,176 A 8.3 48 9
Saint-Hyacinthe CA 56,794 54,976 A 3.3 57 10
Shawinigan CA 55,009 56,408 A -2.5 60 11
Rimouski CA 50,912 48,918 A 4.1 62 12
Sorel-Tracy CA 47,772 46,595 A 2.5 64 13
Joliette CA 46,932 43,306 A 8.4 65 14
Victoriaville CA 46,354 43,195 A 7.3 66 15
Rouyn-Noranda CA 41,798 40,650 A 2.8 72 16
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield CA 40,077 39,672 1.0 74 17
Saint-Georges CA 34,642 32,902 A 5.3 80 18
Val-d'Or CA 33,265 32,288 3.0 83 19
Alma CA 33,018 31,864 A 3.6 84 20
Baie-Comeau CA 28,789 29,674 A -3.0 88 21
Sept-les CA 28,487 27,827 2.4 89 22
Thetford Mines CA 27,968 28,110 A -0.5 91 23
Rivire-du-Loup CA 27,734 26,423 A 5.0 93 24
Matane CA 18,368 18,709 A -1.8 111 25
Campbellton CA 17,842 17,878 A -0.2 113 ···
Campbellton (New Brunswick part / partie du Nouveau-Brunswick)   14,520 14,816 A -2.0 ··· 7
Campbellton (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   3,322 3,062 8.5 ··· 30
Amos CA 17,090 17,176 A -0.5 118 26
Dolbeau-Mistassini CA 16,019 16,257 A -1.5 122 27
Lachute CA 12,551 11,832 6.1 137 28
Cowansville CA 12,489 12,182 A 2.5 139 29
Hawkesbury CA 12,128 12,267 -1.1 143 ···
Hawkesbury (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   1,577 1,398 12.8 ··· 31
Hawkesbury (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   10,551 10,869 -2.9 ··· 43

Age and sex

Saguenay – Age distribution

Table 3 Saguenay – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 14.3% 14.7% 13.8%
15 to 64 68.3% 70.1% 66.6%
65 and over 17.5% 15.2% 19.6%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Saguenay was 17.5%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.3% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 14.3%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Saguenay – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Saguenay – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 157,790 156,305 1,485 1.0
0 to 14 22,495 24,045 -1,550 -6.4
15 to 64 107,765 108,735 -970 -0.9
65 and over 27,535 23,530 4,005 17.0
Males
Total 77,900 76,615 1,285 1.7
0 to 14 11,480 12,240 -760 -6.2
15 to 64 54,570 54,615 -45 -0.1
65 and over 11,850 9,760 2,090 21.4
Females
Total 79,890 79,690 200 0.3
0 to 14 11,015 11,805 -790 -6.7
15 to 64 53,190 54,120 -930 -1.7
65 and over 15,685 13,770 1,915 13.9

Saguenay – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Saguenay – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 157,790 77,900 79,890
0 to 4 years 7,735 3,950 3,780
5 to 9 years 7,150 3,615 3,530
10 to 14 years 7,610 3,910 3,695
15 to 19 years 9,665 4,875 4,795
20 to 24 years 9,625 5,010 4,620
25 to 29 years 9,295 4,855 4,440
30 to 34 years 9,860 5,135 4,725
35 to 39 years 8,510 4,370 4,140
40 to 44 years 8,490 4,240 4,250
45 to 49 years 12,370 6,120 6,255
50 to 54 years 14,800 7,310 7,490
55 to 59 years 13,565 6,845 6,720
60 to 64 years 11,585 5,825 5,760
65 to 69 years 8,985 4,350 4,640
70 to 74 years 6,375 2,935 3,445
75 to 79 years 5,230 2,215 3,015
80 to 84 years 3,870 1,450 2,425
85 to 89 years 2,160 695 1,465
90 to 94 years 735 170 560
95 to 99 years 155 30 120
100 years and over 20 5 15
Median age 45.4 43.9 46.7

Saguenay – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Saguenay was 45.4 years. In comparison, the median age of Quebec was 41.9 years.

Table 6 Canada, Quebec and Saguenay – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Quebec 41.0 41.9
Saguenay 43.4 45.4

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Saguenay was 46,295, which represents a change of 0.7% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Saguenay, 51.7% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 34.7% were common-law-couples and 13.7% were lone-parent families.

Saguenay – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Quebec, Saguenay – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Quebec  2,203,625 1,143,370 51.9 694,750 31.5 365,515 16.6 3.9
Saguenay 46,295 23,915 51.7 16,060 34.7 6,325 13.7 0.7

Saguenay – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census metropolitan area of Saguenay, 40.7% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census metropolitan area of Saguenay, 81.5% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 18.5% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Saguenay – Marital status

In Saguenay, 59.8% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (36.0%) or living with a common-law partner (23.8%).

The remaining 40.2% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Quebec, Saguenay – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Saguenay Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 135,300 100.0 6,644,380 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 80,900 59.8 3,745,315 56.4 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 48,730 36.0 2,353,775 35.4 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 32,170 23.8 1,391,545 20.9 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 54,400 40.2 2,899,060 43.6 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 34,940 25.8 1,942,090 29.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 1,750 1.3 105,190 1.6 698,245 2.5
Divorced 8,875 6.6 463,830 7.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 8,835 6.5 387,950 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Saguenay – Types of private households

There were 69,505 private households4 in Saguenay in 2011, a change of 4.9% from 2006. Of these, 23.2% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -8.2% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Quebec, Saguenay – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Saguenay Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 69,505 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
16,130 23.2 811,120 23.9 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
23,325 33.6 988,410 29.1 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 6,145 8.8 346,305 10.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 21,560 31.0 1,094,410 32.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 345 0.5 28,420 0.8 268,060 2.0
Other households10 2,000 2.9 126,680 3.7 543,340 4.1

Saguenay – Structural type of dwelling

In Saguenay, 50.4% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 1.4% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Quebec, Saguenay – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Saguenay Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 69,505 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 35,055 50.4 1,560,405 46.0 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 4,720 6.8 171,435 5.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 1,500 2.2 86,040 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,005 1.4 171,110 5.0 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 17,185 24.7 1,103,845 32.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 9,375 13.5 263,860 7.8 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 225 0.3 15,650 0.5 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 460 0.7 23,000 0.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Saguenay – Mother tongue

Chart J: Saguenay - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Saguenay - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Saguenay, 0.8% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 98.3% reported French only, and 0.6% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 7.7% for English only, 78.1% for French only and 12.3% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 0.5% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 98.9% spoke only French and 0.3% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 9.8% for English only, 80.0% for French only and 7.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Saguenay – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 156,585 100.0 156,585 100.0
English 1,230 0.8 775 0.5
French 153,850 98.3 154,870 98.9
Non-official language 1,005 0.6 405 0.3
Multiple responses 505 0.3 535 0.3
Table 12 Saguenay – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 64.8 38.8 26.0
French 99.9 99.8 0.1
Non-official language 70.0 45.8 24.2

Saguenay – Non-official languages

In Saguenay, the three most common mother tongues were Spanish (0.2%), Arabic (0.1%) and Atikamekw (0.0%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Arabic (2.1%), Spanish (1.8%) and Italian (1.6%).

Table 13 Saguenay – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Spanish 265 23.2 0.2
Arabic 140 12.3 0.1
Atikamekw 50 4.4 0.0
German 50 4.4 0.0
Italian 45 3.9 0.0
Portuguese 45 3.9 0.0
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 3.9 0.0
Innu/Montagnais 40 3.5 0.0
Persian (Farsi) 40 3.5 0.0
Turkish 30 2.6 0.0

Saguenay – Bilingualism

Table 14 Saguenay – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 19.7 82.1 19.0 44.3
0 to 19 12.9 70.0 12.5 16.2
20 to 44 31.8 82.4 31.1 52.1
45 to 64 16.9 88.2 16.2 54.2
65 and over 12.4 82.5 11.8 35.0
Table 15 Saguenay – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 156,585 100.0
English only 150 0.1
French only 125,335 80.0
English and French 31,050 19.8
Neither English nor French 45 0.0

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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