Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Alma, Quebec 1

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Alma, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Alma, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
20
Nat. rank
84

In 2011, the population of Alma census agglomeration (CA) was 33,018, representing a percentage change of 3.6% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Alma, the land area is 340.35 square kilometres with a population density of 97.0 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 14,126 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Alma in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 5.2%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Alma CA

Table 1 Alma CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Alma V 30,904 29,998 3.0
Saint-Nazaire M 2,114 1,866 13.3

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Quebec

Table 2 Quebec – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Montral  CMA 3,824,221 3,635,556 A 5.2 2 1
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA 1,236,324 1,133,633 A 9.1 4 ···
Ottawa - Gatineau (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   314,501 286,831 A 9.6 ··· 3
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   921,823 846,802 8.9 ··· 2
Qubec  CMA 765,706 719,153 A 6.5 7 2
Sherbrooke CMA 201,890 191,410 A 5.5 19 4
Saguenay CMA 157,790 156,305 A 1.0 26 5
Trois-Rivires CMA 151,773 144,713 A 4.9 27 6
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu CA 92,394 87,492 5.6 41 7
Drummondville CA 88,480 82,949 A 6.7 45 8
Granby CA 77,077 71,176 A 8.3 48 9
Saint-Hyacinthe CA 56,794 54,976 A 3.3 57 10
Shawinigan CA 55,009 56,408 A -2.5 60 11
Rimouski CA 50,912 48,918 A 4.1 62 12
Sorel-Tracy CA 47,772 46,595 A 2.5 64 13
Joliette CA 46,932 43,306 A 8.4 65 14
Victoriaville CA 46,354 43,195 A 7.3 66 15
Rouyn-Noranda CA 41,798 40,650 A 2.8 72 16
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield CA 40,077 39,672 1.0 74 17
Saint-Georges CA 34,642 32,902 A 5.3 80 18
Val-d'Or CA 33,265 32,288 3.0 83 19
Alma CA 33,018 31,864 A 3.6 84 20
Baie-Comeau CA 28,789 29,674 A -3.0 88 21
Sept-les CA 28,487 27,827 2.4 89 22
Thetford Mines CA 27,968 28,110 A -0.5 91 23
Rivire-du-Loup CA 27,734 26,423 A 5.0 93 24
Matane CA 18,368 18,709 A -1.8 111 25
Campbellton CA 17,842 17,878 A -0.2 113 ···
Campbellton (New Brunswick part / partie du Nouveau-Brunswick)   14,520 14,816 A -2.0 ··· 7
Campbellton (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   3,322 3,062 8.5 ··· 30
Amos CA 17,090 17,176 A -0.5 118 26
Dolbeau-Mistassini CA 16,019 16,257 A -1.5 122 27
Lachute CA 12,551 11,832 6.1 137 28
Cowansville CA 12,489 12,182 A 2.5 139 29
Hawkesbury CA 12,128 12,267 -1.1 143 ···
Hawkesbury (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   1,577 1,398 12.8 ··· 31
Hawkesbury (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   10,551 10,869 -2.9 ··· 43

Age and sex

Alma – Age distribution

Table 3 Alma – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 15.2% 15.5% 14.9%
15 to 64 67.0% 68.7% 65.3%
65 and over 17.8% 15.8% 19.8%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Alma was 17.8%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 67.0% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 15.2%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Alma – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Alma – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 33,015 31,865 1,150 3.6
0 to 14 5,025 5,125 -100 -2.0
15 to 64 22,110 21,835 275 1.3
65 and over 5,890 4,905 985 20.1
Males
Total 16,235 15,680 555 3.5
0 to 14 2,520 2,605 -85 -3.3
15 to 64 11,155 10,900 255 2.3
65 and over 2,560 2,170 390 18.0
Females
Total 16,780 16,190 590 3.6
0 to 14 2,500 2,520 -20 -0.8
15 to 64 10,955 10,935 20 0.2
65 and over 3,325 2,740 585 21.4

Alma – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Alma – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 33,015 16,235 16,780
0 to 4 years 1,690 850 840
5 to 9 years 1,645 810 835
10 to 14 years 1,695 865 830
15 to 19 years 2,170 1,090 1,085
20 to 24 years 1,895 1,000 890
25 to 29 years 1,880 945 935
30 to 34 years 1,970 995 975
35 to 39 years 1,685 875 810
40 to 44 years 1,775 900 880
45 to 49 years 2,690 1,350 1,340
50 to 54 years 3,150 1,555 1,600
55 to 59 years 2,735 1,380 1,355
60 to 64 years 2,145 1,055 1,090
65 to 69 years 1,770 810 960
70 to 74 years 1,380 630 750
75 to 79 years 1,180 525 665
80 to 84 years 950 390 560
85 to 89 years 440 165 275
90 to 94 years 135 40 95
95 to 99 years 30 10 25
100 years and over 0 0 0
Median age 45.2 43.9 46.4

Alma – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Alma was 45.2 years. In comparison, the median age of Quebec was 41.9 years.

Table 6 Canada, Quebec and Alma – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Quebec 41.0 41.9
Alma 42.9 45.2

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Alma was 9,655, which represents a change of 3.2% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Alma, 52.1% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 33.5% were common-law-couples and 14.4% were lone-parent families.

Alma – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Quebec, Alma – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Quebec  2,203,625 1,143,370 51.9 694,750 31.5 365,515 16.6 3.9
Alma 9,655 5,035 52.1 3,230 33.5 1,390 14.4 3.2

Alma – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Alma, 41.9% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Alma, 82.0% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 18.0% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Alma – Marital status

In Alma, 60.0% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (36.9%) or living with a common-law partner (23.1%).

The remaining 40.0% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Quebec, Alma – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Alma Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 27,995 100.0 6,644,380 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 16,805 60.0 3,745,315 56.4 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 10,330 36.9 2,353,775 35.4 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 6,475 23.1 1,391,545 20.9 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 11,190 40.0 2,899,060 43.6 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 7,075 25.3 1,942,090 29.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 340 1.2 105,190 1.6 698,245 2.5
Divorced 1,935 6.9 463,830 7.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 1,840 6.6 387,950 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Alma – Types of private households

There were 14,125 private households4 in Alma in 2011, a change of 5.1% from 2006. Of these, 24.4% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -9.1% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Quebec, Alma – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Alma Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 14,125 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
3,450 24.4 811,120 23.9 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
4,745 33.6 988,410 29.1 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 1,360 9.6 346,305 10.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 4,190 29.7 1,094,410 32.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 45 0.3 28,420 0.8 268,060 2.0
Other households10 325 2.3 126,680 3.7 543,340 4.1

Alma – Structural type of dwelling

In Alma, 51.8% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.3% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Quebec, Alma – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Alma Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 14,125 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 7,310 51.8 1,560,405 46.0 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 885 6.3 171,435 5.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 205 1.5 86,040 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 45 0.3 171,110 5.0 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 3,350 23.7 1,103,845 32.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 2,105 14.9 263,860 7.8 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 145 1.0 15,650 0.5 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 85 0.6 23,000 0.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Alma – Mother tongue

Chart J: Alma - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Alma - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Alma, 0.5% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 98.9% reported French only, and 0.4% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 7.7% for English only, 78.1% for French only and 12.3% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 0.2% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 99.3% spoke only French and 0.1% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 9.8% for English only, 80.0% for French only and 7.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Alma – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 32,565 100.0 32,565 100.0
English 150 0.5 80 0.2
French 32,215 98.9 32,330 99.3
Non-official language 115 0.4 40 0.1
Multiple responses 90 0.3 110 0.3
Table 12 Alma – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 58.5 36.6 22.0
French 99.9 99.9 0.0
Non-official language 75.9 51.7 24.1

Alma – Non-official languages

In Alma, the three most common mother tongues were Spanish (0.2%), Arabic (0.0%) and Atikamekw (0.0%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Arabic (2.1%), Spanish (1.8%) and Italian (1.6%).

Table 13 Alma – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Spanish 50 33.3 0.2
Arabic 15 10.0 0.0
Atikamekw 10 6.7 0.0
Italian 10 6.7 0.0
Vietnamese 10 6.7 0.0

Alma – Bilingualism

Table 14 Alma – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 15.3 76.7 14.9 34.8
0 to 19 12.4 50.0 12.3 33.3
20 to 44 25.7 75.0 25.4 36.4
45 to 64 11.4 90.9 11.0 33.3
65 and over 8.9 100.0 8.4 33.3
Table 15 Alma – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 32,565 100.0
English only 15 0.0
French only 27,525 84.5
English and French 5,015 15.4
Neither English nor French 5 0.0

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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