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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Williams Lake, British Columbia

Map of Williams Lake, CA (shaded in green), British Columbia

Map of Williams Lake

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Williams Lake, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Williams Lake, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
19
Nat. rank
110

In 2011, the population of Williams Lake census agglomeration (CA) was 18,490, representing a percentage change of -1.4% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Williams Lake, the land area is 2,656.73 square kilometres with a population density of 7.0 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 7,630 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Williams Lake in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 1.1%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Williams Lake CA

Table 1 Williams Lake CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Williams Lake CY 10,832 10,744 0.8
Cariboo E RDA 4,129 4,336 -4.8
Cariboo D RDA 2,988 3,073 -2.8
Alkali Lake 1 IRI 353 363 -2.8
Dog Creek 1 IRI 80 109 -26.6
Soda Creek 1 IRI 33 47 -29.8
Dog Creek 2 IRI 30 48 -37.5
Johny Sticks 2 IRI 20 15 33.3
Little Springs IRI 10 15 A -33.3
Swan Lake 3 IRI 5 5 0.0
Alkali Lake 4A IRI 5 5 0.0
Sandy Harry 4 IRI 5 0  ···

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in British Columbia

Table 2 British Columbia – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Vancouver CMA 2,313,328 2,116,581 9.3 3 1
Victoria  CMA 344,615 330,088 4.4 15 2
Kelowna CMA 179,839 162,276 10.8 22 3
Abbotsford - Mission CMA 170,191 159,020 7.0 23 4
Kamloops CA 98,754 92,797 A 6.4 37 5
Nanaimo CA 98,021 92,361 6.1 38 6
Chilliwack CA 92,308 82,465 A 11.9 42 7
Prince George CA 84,232 83,225 1.2 46 8
Vernon CA 58,584 55,418 5.7 56 9
Courtenay CA 55,213 51,383 A 7.5 58 10
Duncan CA 43,252 41,387 4.5 68 11
Penticton CA 42,361 41,303 A 2.6 71 12
Campbell River CA 36,096 34,707 A 4.0 77 13
Parksville CA 27,822 26,518 4.9 92 14
Fort St. John CA 26,380 25,136 4.9 96 15
Port Alberni CA 25,465 25,343 A 0.5 99 16
Cranbrook CA 25,037 24,138 3.7 100 17
Quesnel CA 22,096 21,049 A 5.0 104 18
Williams Lake CA 18,490 18,760 -1.4 110 19
Salmon Arm CA 17,683 16,205 9.1 114 20
Squamish CA 17,479 15,256 14.6 116 21
Powell River CA 16,689 16,537 0.9 119 22
Terrace CA 15,569 15,420 A 1.0 124 23
Prince Rupert CA 13,052 13,392 -2.5 131 24
Dawson Creek CA 11,583 10,994 5.4 145 25

Age and sex

Williams Lake – Age distribution

Table 3 Williams Lake – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 17.6% 17.9% 17.3%
15 to 64 68.7% 69.1% 68.3%
65 and over 13.8% 13.1% 14.4%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Williams Lake was 13.8%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.7% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 17.6%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Williams Lake – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Williams Lake – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 18,475 18,760 -285 -1.5
0 to 14 3,245 3,520 -275 -7.8
15 to 64 12,685 13,095 -410 -3.1
65 and over 2,545 2,145 400 18.6
Males
Total 9,215 9,365 -150 -1.6
0 to 14 1,645 1,770 -125 -7.1
15 to 64 6,365 6,555 -190 -2.9
65 and over 1,205 1,035 170 16.4
Females
Total 9,260 9,400 -140 -1.5
0 to 14 1,605 1,745 -140 -8.0
15 to 64 6,325 6,540 -215 -3.3
65 and over 1,335 1,110 225 20.3

Williams Lake – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Williams Lake – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 18,475 9,215 9,260
0 to 4 years 1,070 535 530
5 to 9 years 1,060 545 510
10 to 14 years 1,120 570 555
15 to 19 years 1,265 630 630
20 to 24 years 1,085 570 520
25 to 29 years 1,115 560 550
30 to 34 years 1,080 530 555
35 to 39 years 1,120 530 595
40 to 44 years 1,235 610 625
45 to 49 years 1,415 695 725
50 to 54 years 1,550 790 760
55 to 59 years 1,475 740 735
60 to 64 years 1,345 705 640
65 to 69 years 845 445 395
70 to 74 years 605 280 325
75 to 79 years 470 230 245
80 to 84 years 345 160 180
85 to 89 years 180 65 115
90 to 94 years 70 15 55
95 to 99 years 25 5 15
100 years and over 5 0 5
Median age 41.2 41.0 41.5

Williams Lake – Median age1 of the population

The median age in Williams Lake was 41.2 years. In comparison, the median age of British Columbia was 41.9 years.

Table 6 Canada, British Columbia and Williams Lake – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
British Columbia 40.8 41.9
Williams Lake 39.2 41.2

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Williams Lake was 5,400, which represents a change of -1.0% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Williams Lake, 63.9% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 18.9% were common-law-couples and 17.3% were lone-parent families.

Williams Lake – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, British Columbia, Williams Lake – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Williams Lake 5,400 3,450 63.9 1,020 18.9 935 17.3 -1.0

Williams Lake – Presence of children within couple families

Chart G: Williams Lake - Presence of children within couple families
Married couples Common-law-couples
with children without children with children without children
1,380 (30.9%) 2,065 (46.2%) 460 (10.3%) 565 (12.7%)

Chart G description: Williams Lake - Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Williams Lake, 41.2% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Williams Lake, 81.8% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 17.9% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Williams Lake – Marital status

In Williams Lake, 59.6% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (46.2%) or living with a common-law partner (13.4%).

The remaining 40.4% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, British Columbia, Williams Lake – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Williams Lake British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 15,230 100.0 3,722,690 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 9,080 59.6 2,154,575 57.9 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 7,035 46.2 1,832,605 49.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 2,045 13.4 321,965 8.6 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 6,150 40.4 1,568,120 42.1 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 3,880 25.5 1,014,270 27.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 485 3.2 102,035 2.7 698,245 2.5
Divorced 940 6.2 246,515 6.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 850 5.6 205,300 5.5 1,584,525 5.7

Williams Lake – Types of private households

There were 7,630 private households3 in Williams Lake in 2011, a change of 1.1% from 2006. Of these, 23.3% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -9.2% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, British Columbia, Williams Lake – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Williams Lake British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 7,630 100.0 1,764,635 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
1,775 23.3 431,135 24.4 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
2,520 33.0 532,995 30.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 835 10.9 168,530 9.6 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 2,065 27.1 498,925 28.3 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households8 130 1.7 50,410 2.9 268,060 2.0
Other households9 295 3.9 82,640 4.7 543,340 4.1

Williams Lake – Structural type of dwelling

In Williams Lake, 58.3% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, British Columbia, Williams Lake – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Williams Lake British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 7,630 100.0 1,764,640 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 4,445 58.3 842,120 47.7 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 280 3.7 52,825 3.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 365 4.8 130,370 7.4 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 0 0.0 143,970 8.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 820 10.7 361,150 20.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 490 6.4 184,355 10.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 40 0.5 2,885 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 1,195 15.7 46,960 2.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Williams Lake – Mother tongue

Chart J: Williams Lake - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Williams Lake - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Williams Lake, 89.6% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.5% reported French only, and 8.2% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 70.3% for English only, 1.3% for French only and 26.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 95.7% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.2% spoke only French and 3.0% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 80.5% for English only, 0.4% for French only and 15.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Williams Lake – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 18,300 100.0 18,300 100.0
English 16,405 89.6 17,515 95.7
French 275 1.5 40 0.2
Non-official language 1,495 8.2 545 3.0
Multiple responses 130 0.7 190 1.0
Table 12 Williams Lake – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.8 99.8 0.1
French 25.4 13.6 11.9
Non-official language 65.3 41.6 23.8

Williams Lake – Non-official languages

In Williams Lake, the three most common mother tongues were Panjabi (Punjabi) (2.0%), German (1.7%) and Chilcotin (0.9%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (4.5%), Cantonese (3.2%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (2.9%).

Table 13 Williams Lake – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Panjabi (Punjabi) 375 23.4 2.0
German 320 20.0 1.7
Chilcotin 165 10.3 0.9
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 120 7.5 0.7
Dutch 65 4.1 0.4

Williams Lake – Bilingualism

Table 14 Williams Lake – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 3.9 2.7 81.5 3.4
0 to 19 3.9 3.7 200.0 3.6
20 to 44 4.0 3.1 83.3 4.3
45 to 64 3.1 1.6 81.0 2.6
65 and over 5.0 1.6 80.0 2.3
Table 15 Williams Lake – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 18,300 100.0
English only 17,485 95.5
French only 5 0.0
English and French 725 4.0
Neither English nor French 80 0.4

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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