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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Chilliwack, British Columbia 1

Map of Chilliwack, CA (shaded in green), British Columbia

Map of Chilliwack

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Chilliwack, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Chilliwack, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
7
Nat. rank
42

In 2011, the population of Chilliwack census agglomeration (CA) was 92,308, representing a percentage change of 11.9% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Chilliwack, the land area is 1,220.12 square kilometres with a population density of 75.7 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 36,234 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Chilliwack in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 12.0%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Chilliwack CA

Table 1 Chilliwack CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Chilliwack CY 77,936 69,217 12.6
Kent DM 5,664 4,738 E 19.5
Fraser Valley E RDA 3,358 3,481 -3.5
Harrison Hot Springs VL 1,468 1,573 -6.7
Tzeachten 13 IRI 1,467 1,188 23.5
Skowkale IRI 795 638 A 24.6
Seabird Island IRI 594 548 8.4
Kwawkwawapilt 6 IRI 342 351 -2.6
Skwah 4 IRI 216 230 -6.1
Soowahlie 14 IRI 187 211 -11.4
Skway 5 IRI 98 89 10.1
Squiaala IRI 80 114 A -29.8
Yakweakwioose 12 IRI 39 37 5.4
Aitchelitch 9 IRI 18 15 20.0
Tseatah 2 IRI 16 10 60.0
Scowlitz 1 IRI 10 10 0.0
Schelowat 1 IRI 10 5 100.0
Skwali 3 IRI 10 10 0.0
Skwahla 2 IRI 0 0  ···

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in British Columbia

Table 2 British Columbia – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Vancouver CMA 2,313,328 2,116,581 9.3 3 1
Victoria  CMA 344,615 330,088 4.4 15 2
Kelowna CMA 179,839 162,276 10.8 22 3
Abbotsford - Mission CMA 170,191 159,020 7.0 23 4
Kamloops CA 98,754 92,797 A 6.4 37 5
Nanaimo CA 98,021 92,361 6.1 38 6
Chilliwack CA 92,308 82,465 A 11.9 42 7
Prince George CA 84,232 83,225 1.2 46 8
Vernon CA 58,584 55,418 5.7 56 9
Courtenay CA 55,213 51,383 A 7.5 58 10
Duncan CA 43,252 41,387 4.5 68 11
Penticton CA 42,361 41,303 A 2.6 71 12
Campbell River CA 36,096 34,707 A 4.0 77 13
Parksville CA 27,822 26,518 4.9 92 14
Fort St. John CA 26,380 25,136 4.9 96 15
Port Alberni CA 25,465 25,343 A 0.5 99 16
Cranbrook CA 25,037 24,138 3.7 100 17
Quesnel CA 22,096 21,049 A 5.0 104 18
Williams Lake CA 18,490 18,760 -1.4 110 19
Salmon Arm CA 17,683 16,205 9.1 114 20
Squamish CA 17,479 15,256 14.6 116 21
Powell River CA 16,689 16,537 0.9 119 22
Terrace CA 15,569 15,420 A 1.0 124 23
Prince Rupert CA 13,052 13,392 -2.5 131 24
Dawson Creek CA 11,583 10,994 5.4 145 25

Age and sex

Chilliwack – Age distribution

Table 3 Chilliwack – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 18.5% 19.2% 17.9%
15 to 64 64.0% 64.5% 63.5%
65 and over 17.5% 16.3% 18.6%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Chilliwack was 17.5%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 64.0% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 18.5%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Chilliwack – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Chilliwack – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 92,315 82,465 9,850 11.9
0 to 14 17,070 16,415 655 4.0
15 to 64 59,095 52,160 6,935 13.3
65 and over 16,140 13,885 2,255 16.2
Males
Total 45,535 40,345 5,190 12.9
0 to 14 8,720 8,395 325 3.9
15 to 64 29,375 25,615 3,760 14.7
65 and over 7,440 6,340 1,100 17.4
Females
Total 46,780 42,120 4,660 11.1
0 to 14 8,355 8,020 335 4.2
15 to 64 29,725 26,550 3,175 12.0
65 and over 8,705 7,550 1,155 15.3

Chilliwack – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Chilliwack – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 92,315 45,535 46,780
0 to 4 years 5,690 2,940 2,750
5 to 9 years 5,545 2,825 2,720
10 to 14 years 5,835 2,945 2,890
15 to 19 years 6,330 3,290 3,035
20 to 24 years 5,250 2,685 2,570
25 to 29 years 5,310 2,705 2,605
30 to 34 years 5,160 2,555 2,610
35 to 39 years 5,555 2,740 2,815
40 to 44 years 6,080 3,040 3,040
45 to 49 years 6,920 3,390 3,530
50 to 54 years 6,675 3,275 3,405
55 to 59 years 6,075 2,910 3,165
60 to 64 years 5,730 2,780 2,955
65 to 69 years 4,735 2,260 2,470
70 to 74 years 3,850 1,825 2,020
75 to 79 years 3,100 1,515 1,590
80 to 84 years 2,390 1,090 1,305
85 to 89 years 1,380 520 865
90 to 94 years 540 195 345
95 to 99 years 125 30 95
100 years and over 15 5 15
Median age 41.2 40.1 42.3

Chilliwack – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Chilliwack was 41.2 years. In comparison, the median age of British Columbia was 41.9 years.

Table 6 Canada, British Columbia and Chilliwack – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
British Columbia 40.8 41.9
Chilliwack 40.1 41.2

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Chilliwack was 26,220, which represents a change of 10.7% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Chilliwack, 71.8% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 12.4% were common-law-couples and 15.8% were lone-parent families.

Chilliwack – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, British Columbia, Chilliwack – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Chilliwack 26,220 18,815 71.8 3,255 12.4 4,145 15.8 10.7

Chilliwack – Presence of children within couple families

Chart G: Chilliwack - Presence of children within couple families
Married couples Common-law-couples
with children without children with children without children
8,290 (37.6%) 10,525 (47.7%) 1,345 ( 6.1%) 1,910 ( 8.7%)

Chart G description: Chilliwack - Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Chilliwack, 43.7% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Chilliwack, 84.8% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 15.2% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Chilliwack – Marital status

In Chilliwack, 59.8% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (51.1%) or living with a common-law partner (8.7%).

The remaining 40.2% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, British Columbia, Chilliwack – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Chilliwack British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 75,240 100.0 3,722,690 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 44,960 59.8 2,154,575 57.9 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 38,430 51.1 1,832,605 49.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 6,530 8.7 321,965 8.6 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 30,275 40.2 1,568,120 42.1 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 18,285 24.3 1,014,270 27.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 2,495 3.3 102,035 2.7 698,245 2.5
Divorced 4,840 6.4 246,515 6.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 4,650 6.2 205,300 5.5 1,584,525 5.7

Chilliwack – Types of private households

There were 36,235 private households4 in Chilliwack in 2011, a change of 12.0% from 2006. Of these, 25.6% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 4.8% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, British Columbia, Chilliwack – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Chilliwack British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 36,235 100.0 1,764,635 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
9,265 25.6 431,135 24.4 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
11,820 32.6 532,995 30.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 3,785 10.4 168,530 9.6 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 9,460 26.1 498,925 28.3 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 660 1.8 50,410 2.9 268,060 2.0
Other households10 1,245 3.4 82,640 4.7 543,340 4.1

Chilliwack – Structural type of dwelling

In Chilliwack, 61.6% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.6% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, British Columbia, Chilliwack – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Chilliwack British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 36,230 100.0 1,764,640 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 22,315 61.6 842,120 47.7 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,105 3.0 52,825 3.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 4,355 12.0 130,370 7.4 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 235 0.6 143,970 8.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 6,205 17.1 361,150 20.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 1,080 3.0 184,355 10.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 35 0.1 2,885 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 900 2.5 46,960 2.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Chilliwack – Mother tongue

Chart J: Chilliwack - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Chilliwack - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Chilliwack, 86.7% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.3% reported French only, and 11.0% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 70.3% for English only, 1.3% for French only and 26.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 95.4% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.3% spoke only French and 3.2% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 80.5% for English only, 0.4% for French only and 15.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Chilliwack – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 90,735 100.0 90,735 100.0
English 78,705 86.7 86,535 95.4
French 1,205 1.3 235 0.3
Non-official language 9,985 11.0 2,885 3.2
Multiple responses 845 0.9 1,085 1.2
Table 12 Chilliwack – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.7 0.1
French 39.9 18.5 21.3
Non-official language 57.5 33.3 24.2

Chilliwack – Non-official languages

In Chilliwack, the three most common mother tongues were German (3.4%), Dutch (2.2%) and Spanish (0.7%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (4.5%), Cantonese (3.2%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (2.9%).

Table 13 Chilliwack – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 3,105 29.1 3.4
Dutch 2,005 18.8 2.2
Spanish 590 5.5 0.7
Panjabi (Punjabi) 540 5.1 0.6
Korean 415 3.9 0.5

Chilliwack – Bilingualism

Table 14 Chilliwack – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 4.4 3.3 83.8 3.7
0 to 19 4.2 3.8 86.7 5.7
20 to 44 4.9 4.1 86.5 3.8
45 to 64 4.2 2.5 85.3 3.7
65 and over 4.3 2.0 81.8 2.8
Table 15 Chilliwack – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 90,735 100.0
English only 86,215 95.0
French only 25 0.0
English and French 4,140 4.6
Neither English nor French 355 0.4

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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