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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Charlottetown, CY - Prince Edward Island

Map of Charlottetown, CY (shaded in green), Prince Edward Island

Map of Charlottetown, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Charlottetown, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Charlottetown, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
1
Nat. rank
127

In 2011, Charlottetown (City) had a population of 34,562, representing a percentage change of 7.4% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 44.33 square kilometres with a population density of 779.7 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 5,685.73 square kilometres with a population density of 24.7 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Charlottetown (City) had 15,000 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 9.3%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Charlottetown (City) is part of the census agglomeration of Charlottetown.

Population and dwelling counts

Charlottetown (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Charlottetown (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Lot 48, P.E.I. LOT 1,911 1,791 6.7
Miltonvale Park, P.E.I. COM 1,153 1,163 -0.9
Brackley, P.E.I. COM 340 336 1.2
Union Road, P.E.I. COM 235 245 -4.1
Lot 34, P.E.I. LOT 2,577 2,355 9.4
Winsloe South, P.E.I. COM 221 198 11.6
Warren Grove, P.E.I. COM 367 341 7.6
Stratford, P.E.I. T 8,574 7,083 21.1
Cornwall, P.E.I. T 5,162 4,677 10.4

Prince Edward Island – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Prince Edward Island – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Stratford T 8,574 7,083 21.1
Cornwall T 5,162 4,677 10.4
Charlottetown CY 34,562 32,174 7.4
Summerside CY 14,751 14,500 1.7

Prince Edward Island – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Prince Edward Island – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Summerside CY 14,751 14,500 1.7
Charlottetown CY 34,562 32,174 7.4
Cornwall T 5,162 4,677 10.4
Stratford T 8,574 7,083 21.1

Age and sex

Charlottetown, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Charlottetown, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 14.0% 15.4% 12.7%
15 to 64 68.6% 70.3% 67.2%
65 and over 17.4% 14.3% 20.1%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Charlottetown, CY was 17.4%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.6% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 14.0%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Charlottetown, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Charlottetown, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 34,565 32,175 2,390 7.4
0 to 14 4,825 4,755 70 1.5
15 to 64 23,715 21,860 1,855 8.5
65 and over 6,020 5,560 460 8.3
Males
Total 15,960 14,655 1,305 8.9
0 to 14 2,465 2,355 110 4.7
15 to 64 11,220 10,240 980 9.6
65 and over 2,275 2,070 205 9.9
Females
Total 18,605 17,515 1,090 6.2
0 to 14 2,365 2,400 -35 -1.5
15 to 64 12,495 11,620 875 7.5
65 and over 3,745 3,490 255 7.3

Charlottetown, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Charlottetown, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 34,565 15,960 18,605
0 to 4 years 1,595 795 800
5 to 9 years 1,500 770 725
10 to 14 years 1,730 895 840
15 to 19 years 2,255 1,105 1,145
20 to 24 years 3,010 1,450 1,565
25 to 29 years 2,270 1,125 1,145
30 to 34 years 1,940 895 1,045
35 to 39 years 1,980 915 1,065
40 to 44 years 2,250 1,025 1,225
45 to 49 years 2,660 1,235 1,430
50 to 54 years 2,590 1,190 1,400
55 to 59 years 2,505 1,220 1,285
60 to 64 years 2,250 1,060 1,195
65 to 69 years 1,605 705 900
70 to 74 years 1,330 555 775
75 to 79 years 1,160 450 705
80 to 84 years 870 310 560
85 years and over 1,055 250 805
Median age 42.3 40.1 44.0

Charlottetown, CY – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Charlottetown, CY was 42.3 years. In comparison, the median age of Prince Edward Island was 42.8 years.

Table 7 Canada, Prince Edward Island and Charlottetown, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Prince Edward Island 40.8 42.8
Charlottetown, CY 41.3 42.3

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Charlottetown was 9,120, which represents a change of 7.3% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Charlottetown, 66.7% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 12.7% were common-law-couples and 20.7% were lone-parent families.

Charlottetown – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Prince Edward Island, CSD of Charlottetown, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Prince Edward Island 40,850 29,695 72.7 4,570 11.2 6,580 16.1 4.2
Charlottetown, CY 9,120 6,085 66.7 1,155 12.7 1,885 20.7 7.3
Lot 48, LOT 590 445 75.4 55 9.3 85 14.4 9.3
Miltonvale Park, COM 355 255 71.8 45 12.7 55 15.5 7.6
Brackley, COM 105 85 81.0 15 14.3 10 9.5 -8.7
Union Road, COM 70 60 85.7 5 7.1 10 14.3 -6.7
Lot 34, LOT 805 640 79.5 85 10.6 85 10.6 19.3
Winsloe South, COM 70 55 78.6 5 7.1 10 14.3 7.7
Warren Grove, COM 115 85 73.9 10 8.7 20 17.4 27.8
Stratford, T 2,575 1,970 76.5 305 11.8 305 11.8 22.0
Cornwall, T 1,535 1,135 73.9 150 9.8 245 16.0 9.6

Charlottetown – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Charlottetown, 43.8% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 2,820
Married couples without children * 3,270
Common-law-couples with children * 355
Common-law-couples without children * 800

Charlottetown – Marital status

In Charlottetown, 50.2% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (42.4%) or living with a common-law partner (7.8%).

The remaining 49.8% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Charlottetown, CY Prince Edward Island Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 29,735 100.0 117,145 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 14,930 50.2 69,800 59.6 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 12,605 42.4 60,625 51.8 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 2,320 7.8 9,170 7.8 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 14,805 49.8 47,350 40.4 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 9,675 32.5 30,495 26.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 880 3.0 3,285 2.8 698,245 2.5
Divorced 1,985 6.7 6,065 5.2 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 2,265 7.6 7,505 6.4 1,584,525 5.7

Charlottetown – Types of private households

There were 15,000 private households3 in Charlottetown in 2011, a change of 9.2% from 2006. Of these, 20.8% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 4.9% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Charlottetown, CY Prince Edward Island Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 15,000 100.0 56,460 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
3,115 20.8 15,000 26.6 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
3,945 26.3 18,425 32.6 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 1,775 11.8 6,040 10.7 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 5,025 33.5 14,195 25.1 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 145 1.0 690 1.2 268,060 2.0
Other households9 1,000 6.7 2,120 3.8 543,340 4.1

Charlottetown – Structural type of dwelling

In Charlottetown, 47.8% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.4% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Charlottetown, CY Prince Edward Island Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 15,000 100.0 56,465 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 7,175 47.8 40,330 71.4 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,375 9.2 3,005 5.3 646,240 4.9
Row house 515 3.4 1,805 3.2 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 55 0.4 60 0.1 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 5,075 33.8 7,635 13.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 500 3.3 910 1.6 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 45 0.3 135 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 260 1.7 2,585 4.6 183,510 1.4

Language

Charlottetown, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Charlottetown, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Charlottetown, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Charlottetown, 88.5% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.2% reported French only, and 8.6% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 92.2% for English only, 3.8% for French only and 3.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 91.6% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 1.0% spoke only French and 6.3% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 95.5% for only English, 1.8% for only French and 2.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Charlottetown, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 33,610 100.0 33,605 100.0
English 29,760 88.5 30,780 91.6
French 725 2.2 320 1.0
Non-official language 2,875 8.6 2,110 6.3
Multiple responses 245 0.7 405 1.2
Table 13 Charlottetown, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.7 99.5 0.2
French 62.7 40.2 22.5
Non-official language 87.9 74.5 13.4

Charlottetown, CY – Non-official languages

In Charlottetown, the three most common mother tongues were Chinese, n.o.s. (2.8%), Arabic (0.7%) and Mandarin (0.7%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Chinese, n.o.s. (0.9%), Dutch (0.4%) and German (0.2%).

Table 14 Charlottetown, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Chinese, n.o.s. 945 31.3 2.8
Arabic 240 7.9 0.7
Mandarin 240 7.9 0.7
Persian (Farsi) 185 6.1 0.6
Spanish 145 4.8 0.4

Charlottetown, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Charlottetown, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 12.6 11.5 88.3 4.9
0 to 19 18.0 18.4 77.8 6.5
20 to 44 17.1 16.8 95.8 4.8
45 to 64 7.7 5.6 88.7 3.4
65 and over 4.6 2.6 76.9 7.3
Table 16 Charlottetown, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 33,605 100.0
English only 28,740 85.5
French only 35 0.1
English and French 4,300 12.8
Neither English nor French 535 1.6

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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