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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Cornwall, T - Prince Edward Island

Map of Cornwall, T (shaded in green), Prince Edward Island

Map of Cornwall, T

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Cornwall, T - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Cornwall, T - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
4
Nat. rank
687

In 2011, Cornwall (Town) had a population of 5,162, representing a percentage change of 10.4% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 28.20 square kilometres with a population density of 183.1 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 5,685.73 square kilometres with a population density of 24.7 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Cornwall (Town) had 1,882 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 12.2%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Cornwall (Town) is part of the census agglomeration of Charlottetown.

Population and dwelling counts

Cornwall (Town) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Cornwall (Town) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Lot 31, P.E.I. LOT 1,634 1,616 1.1
Lot 65, P.E.I. LOT 2,200 2,051 7.3
Meadowbank, P.E.I. COM 338 364 -7.1
Clyde River, P.E.I. COM 576 618 -6.8
Warren Grove, P.E.I. COM 367 341 7.6
Charlottetown, P.E.I. CY 34,562 32,174 7.4
Stratford, P.E.I. T 8,574 7,083 21.1

Prince Edward Island – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Prince Edward Island – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Stratford T 8,574 7,083 21.1
Cornwall T 5,162 4,677 10.4
Charlottetown CY 34,562 32,174 7.4
Summerside CY 14,751 14,500 1.7

Prince Edward Island – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Prince Edward Island – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Summerside CY 14,751 14,500 1.7
Charlottetown CY 34,562 32,174 7.4
Cornwall T 5,162 4,677 10.4
Stratford T 8,574 7,083 21.1

Age and sex

Cornwall, T – Age distribution

Table 4 Cornwall, T – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 21.8% 24.0% 19.6%
15 to 64 67.1% 65.0% 69.0%
65 and over 11.2% 11.0% 11.2%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Cornwall, T was 11.2%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 67.1% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 21.8%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Cornwall, T – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Cornwall, T – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 5,160 4,680 480 10.3
0 to 14 1,125 1,085 40 3.7
15 to 64 3,460 3,185 275 8.6
65 and over 580 410 170 41.5
Males
Total 2,540 2,290 250 10.9
0 to 14 610 590 20 3.4
15 to 64 1,650 1,505 145 9.6
65 and over 280 200 80 40.0
Females
Total 2,625 2,385 240 10.1
0 to 14 515 495 20 4.0
15 to 64 1,810 1,685 125 7.4
65 and over 295 210 85 40.5

Cornwall, T – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Cornwall, T – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 5,160 2,540 2,625
0 to 4 years 340 185 155
5 to 9 years 355 190 170
10 to 14 years 435 235 195
15 to 19 years 385 215 165
20 to 24 years 310 150 160
25 to 29 years 250 110 140
30 to 34 years 315 145 165
35 to 39 years 370 170 195
40 to 44 years 440 205 230
45 to 49 years 385 180 200
50 to 54 years 360 160 205
55 to 59 years 290 145 150
60 to 64 years 360 165 195
65 to 69 years 260 125 135
70 to 74 years 145 70 70
75 to 79 years 90 50 45
80 to 84 years 55 25 30
85 years and over 25 10 20
Median age 37.9 36.2 39.1

Cornwall, T – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Cornwall, T was 37.9 years. In comparison, the median age of Prince Edward Island was 42.8 years.

Table 7 Canada, Prince Edward Island and Cornwall, T – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Prince Edward Island 40.8 42.8
Cornwall, T 35.7 37.9

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Cornwall was 1,535, which represents a change of 9.6% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Cornwall, 73.9% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 9.8% were common-law-couples and 16.0% were lone-parent families.

Cornwall – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Prince Edward Island, CSD of Cornwall, T and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Prince Edward Island 40,850 29,695 72.7 4,570 11.2 6,580 16.1 4.2
Cornwall, T 1,535 1,135 73.9 150 9.8 245 16.0 9.6
Lot 31, LOT 505 385 76.2 50 9.9 75 14.9 5.2
Lot 65, LOT 680 535 78.7 70 10.3 75 11.0 14.3
Meadowbank, COM 105 85 81.0 15 14.3 10 9.5 -4.5
Clyde River, COM 180 135 75.0 20 11.1 25 13.9 -2.7
Warren Grove, COM 115 85 73.9 10 8.7 20 17.4 27.8
Charlottetown, CY 9,120 6,085 66.7 1,155 12.7 1,885 20.7 7.3
Stratford, T 2,575 1,970 76.5 305 11.8 305 11.8 22.0

Cornwall – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Cornwall, 53.9% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 625
Married couples without children * 510
Common-law-couples with children * 65
Common-law-couples without children * 85

Cornwall – Marital status

In Cornwall, 64.3% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (56.9%) or living with a common-law partner (7.6%).

The remaining 35.7% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Prince Edward Island, Cornwall, T – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Cornwall, T Prince Edward Island Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 4,035 100.0 117,145 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 2,595 64.3 69,800 59.6 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 2,295 56.9 60,625 51.8 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 305 7.6 9,170 7.8 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 1,440 35.7 47,350 40.4 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 970 24.0 30,495 26.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 120 3.0 3,285 2.8 698,245 2.5
Divorced 200 5.0 6,065 5.2 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 145 3.6 7,505 6.4 1,584,525 5.7

Cornwall – Types of private households

There were 1,880 private households3 in Cornwall in 2011, a change of 12.2% from 2006. Of these, 35.9% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 1.5% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Prince Edward Island, Cornwall, T – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Cornwall, T Prince Edward Island Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 1,880 100.0 56,460 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
675 35.9 15,000 26.6 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
575 30.6 18,425 32.6 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 230 12.2 6,040 10.7 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 315 16.8 14,195 25.1 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 25 1.3 690 1.2 268,060 2.0
Other households9 60 3.2 2,120 3.8 543,340 4.1

Cornwall – Structural type of dwelling

In Cornwall, 69.5% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.3% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Prince Edward Island, Cornwall, T – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Cornwall, T Prince Edward Island Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 1,885 100.0 56,465 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 1,310 69.5 40,330 71.4 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 145 7.7 3,005 5.3 646,240 4.9
Row house 100 5.3 1,805 3.2 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 5 0.3 60 0.1 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 135 7.2 7,635 13.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 25 1.3 910 1.6 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 5 0.3 135 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 165 8.8 2,585 4.6 183,510 1.4

Language

Cornwall, T – Mother tongue

Chart J: Cornwall, T - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Cornwall, T - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Cornwall, 94.7% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.4% reported French only, and 2.5% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 92.2% for English only, 3.8% for French only and 3.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 97.3% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 1.1% spoke only French and 1.2% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 95.5% for only English, 1.8% for only French and 2.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Cornwall, T – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 5,160 100.0 5,165 100.0
English 4,885 94.7 5,025 97.3
French 125 2.4 55 1.1
Non-official language 130 2.5 60 1.2
Multiple responses 15 0.3 20 0.4
Table 13 Cornwall, T – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 100.0 99.9 0.1
French 63.0 40.7 22.2
Non-official language 82.1 57.1 25.0

Cornwall, T – Non-official languages

In Cornwall, the three most common mother tongues were German (0.7%), Chinese, n.o.s. (0.5%) and Dutch (0.2%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Chinese, n.o.s. (0.9%), Dutch (0.4%) and German (0.2%).

Table 14 Cornwall, T – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 35 25.0 0.7
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 17.9 0.5
Dutch 10 7.1 0.2
Mandarin 10 7.1 0.2

Cornwall, T – Bilingualism

Table 15 Cornwall, T – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 15.3 13.6 92.0 7.4
0 to 19 24.3 23.3 100.0 0.0
20 to 44 18.6 17.0 100.0 11.1
45 to 64 6.5 3.8 88.9 12.5
65 and over 5.2 2.7 66.7 0.0
Table 16 Cornwall, T – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 5,160 100.0
English only 4,355 84.4
French only 5 0.1
English and French 795 15.4
Neither English nor French 10 0.2

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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