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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Chelsea, - Quebec

Map of Chelsea, MÉ (shaded in green), Quebec

Map of Chelsea,

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Chelsea, MÉ - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Chelsea, MÉ - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
133
Nat. rank
543

In 2011, Chelsea (Municipalité) had a population of 6,977, representing a percentage change of 4.1% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 113.40 square kilometres with a population density of 61.5 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 1,356,547.02 square kilometres with a population density of 5.8 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Chelsea (Municipalité) had 2,572 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 3.6%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Chelsea (Municipalité) is part of the census metropolitan area of Ottawa - Gatineau.

Population and dwelling counts

Chelsea (Municipalité) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Chelsea (Municipalité) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Gatineau, Que. V 265,349 242,124 9.6
Cantley, Que. 9,888 7,926 24.8
Pontiac, Que. 5,681 5,238 8.5
La Pêche, Que. 7,619 7,477 1.9

Quebec – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Quebec – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval 5,696 3,790 50.3
Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac V 15,689 11,311 38.7
Marieville V 10,094 7,527 A 34.1
Shannon 5,086 3,825 33.0
Saint-Amable 10,870 8,398 29.4

Quebec – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Quebec – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
La Tuque V 11,227 11,821 -5.0
Shawinigan V 50,060 51,904 -3.6
Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac V 5,096 5,259 A -3.1
Roberval V 10,227 10,544 -3.0
Westmount V 19,931 20,494 -2.7

Age and sex

Chelsea, – Age distribution

Table 4 Chelsea, – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 21.1% 21.7% 20.7%
15 to 64 69.6% 68.4% 70.5%
65 and over 9.3% 9.9% 8.9%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Chelsea, was 9.3%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 69.6% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 21.1%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Chelsea, – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Chelsea, – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 6,975 6,705 270 4.0
0 to 14 1,475 1,485 -10 -0.7
15 to 64 4,855 4,700 155 3.3
65 and over 650 520 130 25.0
Males
Total 3,500 3,360 140 4.2
0 to 14 760 765 -5 -0.7
15 to 64 2,395 2,315 80 3.5
65 and over 345 275 70 25.5
Females
Total 3,480 3,340 140 4.2
0 to 14 720 715 5 0.7
15 to 64 2,455 2,380 75 3.2
65 and over 310 245 65 26.5

Chelsea, – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Chelsea, – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 6,975 3,500 3,480
0 to 4 years 435 215 220
5 to 9 years 545 275 275
10 to 14 years 495 275 225
15 to 19 years 530 275 255
20 to 24 years 305 155 145
25 to 29 years 160 80 85
30 to 34 years 250 105 145
35 to 39 years 480 210 270
40 to 44 years 625 315 310
45 to 49 years 730 350 380
50 to 54 years 705 340 375
55 to 59 years 635 330 310
60 to 64 years 425 245 180
65 to 69 years 290 150 140
70 to 74 years 165 95 70
75 to 79 years 105 55 50
80 to 84 years 60 35 30
85 years and over 30 10 20
Median age 42.3 42.9 41.8

Chelsea, – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Chelsea,  was 42.3 years. In comparison, the median age of Quebec was 41.9 years.

Table 7 Canada, Quebec and Chelsea, – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Quebec 41.0 41.9
Chelsea, 40.6 42.3

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Chelsea was 2,090, which represents a change of 5.8% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Chelsea, 66.7% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 23.0% were common-law-couples and 10.5% were lone-parent families.

Chelsea – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Quebec, CSD of Chelsea, MÉ and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Quebec  2,203,625 1,143,370 51.9 694,750 31.5 365,515 16.6 3.9
Chelsea, MÉ 2,090 1,395 66.7 480 23.0 220 10.5 5.8
Gatineau, V 74,600 38,540 51.7 21,290 28.5 14,770 19.8 7.6
Cantley, MÉ 2,965 1,610 54.3 1,045 35.2 305 10.3 23.5
Pontiac, MÉ 1,725 1,055 61.2 460 26.7 210 12.2 12.4
La Pêche, MÉ 2,290 1,325 57.9 670 29.3 300 13.1 0.2

Chelsea – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Chelsea, 55.3% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 790
Married couples without children * 605
Common-law-couples with children * 245
Common-law-couples without children * 235

Chelsea – Marital status

In Chelsea, 68.5% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (51.2%) or living with a common-law partner (17.5%).

The remaining 31.5% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Quebec, Chelsea, MÉ – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Chelsea, MÉ Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 5,500 100.0 6,644,380 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 3,770 68.5 3,745,315 56.4 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 2,815 51.2 2,353,775 35.4 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 960 17.5 1,391,545 20.9 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 1,730 31.5 2,899,060 43.6 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 1,250 22.7 1,942,090 29.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 85 1.5 105,190 1.6 698,245 2.5
Divorced 260 4.7 463,830 7.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 135 2.5 387,950 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Chelsea – Types of private households

There were 2,575 private households3 in Chelsea in 2011, a change of 3.8% from 2006. Of these, 39.8% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 5.7% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Quebec, Chelsea, MÉ – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Chelsea, MÉ Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 2,575 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
1,025 39.8 811,120 23.9 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
815 31.7 988,410 29.1 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 200 7.8 346,305 10.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 455 17.7 1,094,410 32.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 25 1.0 28,420 0.8 268,060 2.0
Other households9 50 1.9 126,680 3.7 543,340 4.1

Chelsea – Structural type of dwelling

In Chelsea, 95.9% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Quebec, Chelsea, MÉ – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Chelsea, MÉ Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 2,575 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 2,470 95.9 1,560,405 46.0 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 10 0.4 171,435 5.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 5 0.2 86,040 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 0 0.0 171,110 5.0 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 35 1.4 1,103,845 32.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 50 1.9 263,860 7.8 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 0 0.0 15,650 0.5 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 0 0.0 23,000 0.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Chelsea, MÉ – Mother tongue

Chart J: Chelsea, MÉ - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Chelsea, MÉ - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Chelsea, 45.4% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 46.9% reported French only, and 4.9% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 7.7% for English only, 78.1% for French only and 12.3% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 51.3% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 44.8% spoke only French and 1.0% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 9.8% for only English, 80.0% for only French and 7.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Chelsea, MÉ – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 6,975 100.0 6,980 100.0
English 3,170 45.4 3,580 51.3
French 3,270 46.9 3,130 44.8
Non-official language 340 4.9 70 1.0
Multiple responses 195 2.8 195 2.8
Table 13 Chelsea, MÉ – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 98.7 95.8 2.8
French 97.0 90.7 6.2
Non-official language 65.8 28.9 36.8

Chelsea, MÉ – Non-official languages

In Chelsea, the three most common mother tongues were German (1.0%), Spanish (0.6%) and Portuguese (0.5%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Arabic (2.1%), Spanish (1.8%) and Italian (1.6%).

Table 14 Chelsea, MÉ – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 70 18.4 1.0
Spanish 45 11.8 0.6
Portuguese 35 9.2 0.5
Dutch 35 9.2 0.5
Polish 30 7.9 0.4

Chelsea, MÉ – Bilingualism

Table 15 Chelsea, MÉ – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 67.6 56.3 79.8 58.8
0 to 19 57.5 59.4 54.9 71.4
20 to 44 77.5 64.5 92.8 64.7
45 to 64 71.7 52.8 89.2 56.7
65 and over 55.1 34.5 80.0 50.0
Table 16 Chelsea, MÉ – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 6,980 100.0
English only 1,530 21.9
French only 685 9.8
English and French 4,760 68.2
Neither English nor French 10 0.1

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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