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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Essex, T - Ontario

Map of Essex, T (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Essex, T

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Essex, T - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Essex, T - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
79
Nat. rank
204

In 2011, Essex (Town) had a population of 19,600, representing a percentage change of -2.2% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 277.92 square kilometres with a population density of 70.5 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Essex (Town) had 7,793 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 2.0%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Essex (Town) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Essex (Town) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Pelee, Ont. TP 171 287 -40.4
Kingsville, Ont. T 21,362 20,908 2.2
Amherstburg, Ont. T 21,556 21,748 -0.9
Tecumseh, Ont. T 23,610 24,224 -2.5
Lakeshore, Ont. T 34,546 33,245 3.9

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

Essex, T – Age distribution

Table 4 Essex, T – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.2% 16.9% 15.4%
15 to 64 67.1% 67.9% 66.3%
65 and over 16.8% 15.2% 18.4%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Essex, T was 16.8%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 67.1% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.2%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Essex, T – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Essex, T – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 19,600 20,035 -435 -2.2
0 to 14 3,170 3,685 -515 -14.0
15 to 64 13,145 13,475 -330 -2.4
65 and over 3,290 2,870 420 14.6
Males
Total 9,740 9,965 -225 -2.3
0 to 14 1,650 1,915 -265 -13.8
15 to 64 6,610 6,795 -185 -2.7
65 and over 1,480 1,255 225 17.9
Females
Total 9,860 10,070 -210 -2.1
0 to 14 1,520 1,780 -260 -14.6
15 to 64 6,535 6,680 -145 -2.2
65 and over 1,810 1,615 195 12.1

Essex, T – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Essex, T – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 19,600 9,740 9,860
0 to 4 years 870 480 395
5 to 9 years 1,100 550 545
10 to 14 years 1,200 620 585
15 to 19 years 1,370 735 635
20 to 24 years 1,085 590 500
25 to 29 years 870 430 440
30 to 34 years 935 470 460
35 to 39 years 1,255 615 635
40 to 44 years 1,325 650 680
45 to 49 years 1,730 855 875
50 to 54 years 1,640 830 815
55 to 59 years 1,505 720 785
60 to 64 years 1,425 715 715
65 to 69 years 1,075 520 550
70 to 74 years 770 375 400
75 to 79 years 595 275 320
80 to 84 years 415 175 240
85 years and over 435 130 300
Median age 44.2 43.0 45.4

Essex, T – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Essex, T was 44.2 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and Essex, T – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Essex, T 40.8 44.2

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Essex was 5,770, which represents a change of -0.3% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Essex, 75.4% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 10.5% were common-law-couples and 14.3% were lone-parent families.

Essex – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of Essex, T and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Essex, T 5,770 4,350 75.4 605 10.5 825 14.3 -0.3
Pelee, TP 55 45 81.8 5 9.1 5 9.1 -15.4
Kingsville, T 6,105 4,915 80.5 480 7.9 710 11.6 2.9
Amherstburg, T 6,440 5,000 77.6 545 8.5 895 13.9 1.7
Tecumseh, T 7,055 5,660 80.2 440 6.2 955 13.5 -0.6
Lakeshore, T 10,245 8,205 80.1 875 8.5 1,160 11.3 5.3

Essex – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Essex, 44.4% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 1,955
Married couples without children * 2,390
Common-law-couples with children * 240
Common-law-couples without children * 360

Essex – Marital status

In Essex, 61.6% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (54.3%) or living with a common-law partner (7.3%).

The remaining 38.4% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Essex, T – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Essex, T Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 16,430 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 10,120 61.6 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 8,920 54.3 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 1,200 7.3 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 6,315 38.4 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 3,790 23.1 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 440 2.7 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 975 5.9 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 1,100 6.7 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Essex – Types of private households

There were 7,790 private households3 in Essex in 2011, a change of 1.9% from 2006. Of these, 27.7% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -12.2% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Essex, T – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Essex, T Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 7,790 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
2,160 27.7 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
2,670 34.3 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 725 9.3 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 1,990 25.5 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 110 1.4 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 140 1.8 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Essex – Structural type of dwelling

In Essex, 85.2% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.5% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, Essex, T – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Essex, T Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 7,795 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 6,645 85.2 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 65 0.8 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 265 3.4 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 40 0.5 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 325 4.2 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 70 0.9 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 5 0.1 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 380 4.9 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Essex, T – Mother tongue

Chart J: Essex, T - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Essex, T - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Essex, 89.8% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.3% reported French only, and 7.0% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 96.5% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.5% spoke only French and 2.3% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Essex, T – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 19,305 100.0 19,310 100.0
English 17,335 89.8 18,625 96.5
French 450 2.3 95 0.5
Non-official language 1,360 7.0 435 2.3
Multiple responses 170 0.9 155 0.8
Table 13 Essex, T – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.8 99.8 0.1
French 34.9 15.1 19.8
Non-official language 62.5 37.1 25.4

Essex, T – Non-official languages

In Essex, the three most common mother tongues were Portuguese (2.0%), German (1.4%) and Italian (0.5%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 Essex, T – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Portuguese 385 26.5 2.0
German 275 18.9 1.4
Italian 105 7.2 0.5
Dutch 85 5.8 0.4
Slovak 85 5.8 0.4

Essex, T – Bilingualism

Table 15 Essex, T – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 6.3 4.6 80.9 3.3
0 to 19 7.0 6.8 100.0 5.0
20 to 44 7.0 6.0 85.7 5.0
45 to 64 5.1 2.5 81.6 2.9
65 and over 6.2 2.3 72.7 2.2
Table 16 Essex, T – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 19,310 100.0
English only 17,965 93.0
French only 10 0.1
English and French 1,250 6.5
Neither English nor French 85 0.4

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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