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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Calgary, CY - Alberta 1

Map of Calgary, CY (shaded in green), Alberta

Map of Calgary, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Calgary, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Calgary, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
1
Nat. rank
3

In 2011, Calgary (City) had a population of 1,096,833, representing a percentage change of 10.9% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 825.29 square kilometres with a population density of 1,329.0 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 640,081.87 square kilometres with a population density of 5.7 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Calgary (City) had 423,417 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 10.0%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Calgary (City) is part of the census metropolitan area of Calgary.

Population and dwelling counts

Calgary (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Calgary (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Foothills No. 31, Alta. MD 21,258 19,731 A 7.7
Rocky View County, Alta. MD 36,461 33,173 A 9.9
Chestermere, Alta. T 14,824 9,923 A 49.4
Tsuu T'ina Nation 145 (Sarcee 145), Alta. IRI 1,777

Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Chestermere T 14,824 9,923 A 49.4
Beaumont T 13,284 8,961 48.2
Airdrie CY 42,564 28,927 47.1
Leduc CY 24,279 16,967 43.1
Okotoks T 24,511 17,150 A 42.9

Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Lac la Biche County MD 8,402 9,123 A -7.9
Willow Creek No. 26 MD 5,107 5,337 -4.3
Crowsnest Pass SM 5,565 5,749 -3.2
Greenview No. 16 MD 5,299 5,464 -3.0
Lethbridge County MD 10,061 10,254 A -1.9

Age and sex

Calgary, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Calgary, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 17.9% 18.3% 17.5%
15 to 64 72.1% 72.9% 71.4%
65 and over 10.0% 8.8% 11.1%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Calgary, CY was 10.0%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 72.1% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 17.9%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Calgary, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Calgary, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 1,096,835 988,795 108,040 10.9
0 to 14 196,420 178,560 17,860 10.0
15 to 64 791,225 715,525 75,700 10.6
65 and over 109,190 94,710 14,480 15.3
Males
Total 547,470 492,990 54,480 11.1
0 to 14 100,455 91,310 9,145 10.0
15 to 64 398,995 360,570 38,425 10.7
65 and over 48,020 41,110 6,910 16.8
Females
Total 549,360 495,810 53,550 10.8
0 to 14 95,965 87,255 8,710 10.0
15 to 64 392,225 354,950 37,275 10.5
65 and over 61,165 53,605 7,560 14.1

Calgary, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Calgary, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 1,096,835 547,470 549,360
0 to 4 years 72,010 37,110 34,900
5 to 9 years 62,440 31,700 30,745
10 to 14 years 61,970 31,645 30,325
15 to 19 years 66,600 34,170 32,425
20 to 24 years 77,550 38,980 38,570
25 to 29 years 93,365 46,835 46,525
30 to 34 years 90,355 45,225 45,125
35 to 39 years 86,965 43,620 43,345
40 to 44 years 85,185 43,350 41,830
45 to 49 years 86,700 43,580 43,120
50 to 54 years 84,535 42,755 41,780
55 to 59 years 68,350 34,705 33,640
60 to 64 years 51,630 25,770 25,860
65 to 69 years 33,370 16,150 17,215
70 to 74 years 24,990 11,475 13,515
75 to 79 years 20,820 9,325 11,490
80 to 84 years 16,085 6,600 9,485
85 years and over 13,930 4,475 9,455
Median age 36.4 35.9 36.8

Calgary, CY – Median age2 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Calgary, CY was 36.4 years. In comparison, the median age of Alberta was 36.5 years.

Table 7 Canada, Alberta and Calgary, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Alberta 36.0 36.5
Calgary, CY 35.7 36.4

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Calgary was 296,430, which represents a change of 10.2% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Calgary, 72.8% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 12.7% were common-law-couples and 14.5% were lone-parent families.

Calgary – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Alberta, CSD of Calgary, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Alberta  999,525 719,355 72.0 135,660 13.6 144,510 14.5 10.5
Calgary, CY 296,430 215,755 72.8 37,600 12.7 43,075 14.5 10.2
Foothills No. 31, MD 6,595 5,525 83.8 625 9.5 445 6.7 9.7
Rocky View County, MD 10,860 9,275 85.4 855 7.9 730 6.7 10.0
Chestermere, T 4,290 3,430 80.0 430 10.0 430 10.0 47.7
Tsuu T'ina Nation 145 (Sarcee 145), IRI 490 290 59.2 100 20.4 110 22.4 0.0

Calgary – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Calgary, 52.1% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 120,160
Married couples without children * 95,595
Common-law-couples with children * 11,750
Common-law-couples without children * 25,855

Calgary – Marital status

In Calgary, 57.8% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (49.4%) or living with a common-law partner (8.4%).

The remaining 42.2% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Alberta, Calgary, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Calgary, CY Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 900,410 100.0 2,960,470 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 520,395 57.8 1,756,860 59.3 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 445,155 49.4 1,484,705 50.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 75,245 8.4 272,155 9.2 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 380,020 42.2 1,203,615 40.7 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 265,405 29.5 823,935 27.8 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 21,395 2.4 70,855 2.4 698,245 2.5
Divorced 57,735 6.4 177,375 6.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 35,480 3.9 131,440 4.4 1,584,525 5.7

Calgary – Types of private households

There were 423,420 private households4 in Calgary in 2011, a change of 10.0% from 2006. Of these, 29.6% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 8.5% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Alberta, Calgary, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Calgary, CY Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 423,420 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
125,350 29.6 407,145 29.3 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
112,320 26.5 406,380 29.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 38,565 9.1 128,330 9.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 110,000 26.0 342,735 24.7 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households9 9,715 2.3 27,900 2.0 268,060 2.0
Other households10 27,470 6.5 77,785 5.6 543,340 4.1

Calgary – Structural type of dwelling

In Calgary, 58.7% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 7.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Alberta, Calgary, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Calgary, CY Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 423,415 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 248,755 58.7 883,260 63.5 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 25,495 6.0 71,850 5.2 646,240 4.9
Row house 37,400 8.8 97,865 7.0 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 29,485 7.0 58,205 4.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 63,540 15.0 197,945 14.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 16,660 3.9 33,505 2.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 155 0.0 1,060 0.1 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 1,930 0.5 46,590 3.4 183,510 1.4

Language

Calgary, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Calgary, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Calgary, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Calgary, 69.2% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.6% reported French only, and 26.9% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 77.0% for English only, 1.9% for French only and 19.4% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 78.9% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.6% spoke only French and 16.0% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 85.7% for only English, 0.7% for only French and 10.5% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Calgary, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 1,087,405 100.0 1,087,405 100.0
English 752,520 69.2 857,565 78.9
French 16,895 1.6 6,730 0.6
Non-official language 292,535 26.9 173,595 16.0
Multiple responses 25,445 2.3 49,505 4.6
Table 13 Calgary, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.4 98.7 0.7
French 58.1 35.2 22.9
Non-official language 83.0 63.9 19.2

Calgary, CY – Non-official languages

In Calgary, the three most common mother tongues were Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (2.8%), Panjabi (Punjabi) (2.7%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (2.5%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were German (2.3%), Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (1.9%) and Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.5%).

Table 14 Calgary, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 29,985 9.5 2.8
Panjabi (Punjabi) 29,090 9.2 2.7
Chinese, n.o.s. 27,690 8.8 2.5
Spanish 23,190 7.4 2.1
Cantonese 20,975 6.7 1.9

Calgary, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Calgary, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 7.3 6.6 88.7 4.5
0 to 19 7.1 6.7 83.8 5.3
20 to 44 8.8 8.6 92.1 5.0
45 to 64 6.2 4.6 89.6 4.1
65 and over 4.3 2.9 80.7 2.6
Table 16 Calgary, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 1,087,405 100.0
English only 979,520 90.1
French only 1,005 0.1
English and French 81,450 7.5
Neither English nor French 25,425 2.3

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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