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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Wood Buffalo, SM - Alberta 1

Map of Wood Buffalo, SM (shaded in green), Alberta

Map of Wood Buffalo, SM

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Wood Buffalo, SM - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Wood Buffalo, SM - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
6
Nat. rank
82

In 2011, Wood Buffalo (Specialized municipality) had a population of 65,565, representing a percentage change of 27.3% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 63,637.47 square kilometres with a population density of 1.0 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 640,081.87 square kilometres with a population density of 5.7 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Wood Buffalo (Specialized municipality) had 23,077 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 28.3%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Wood Buffalo (Specialized municipality) is part of the census agglomeration of Wood Buffalo.

Population and dwelling counts

Wood Buffalo (Specialized municipality) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Wood Buffalo (Specialized municipality) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Division No. 18, Unorganized, Sask. NO 1,641 1,181 A 39.0
Lac la Biche County, Alta. MD 8,402 9,123 A -7.9
Improvement District No. 24 Wood Buffalo, Alta. ID 590 422 39.8
Janvier 194, Alta. IRI 295 271 8.9
Gregoire Lake 176, Alta. IRI 274 81 238.3
Gregoire Lake 176A, Alta. IRI 0 121 -100.0
Chipewyan 201A, Alta. IRI 5 0  ···
Old Fort 217, Alta. IRI 0 0  ···
Allison Bay 219, Alta. IRI 84 62 35.5
Dog Head 218, Alta. IRI 111 91 22.0
Charles Lake 225, Alta. IRI 0 0  ···
Fort McKay 174, Alta. IRI 0 0  ···
Namur River 174A, Alta. IRI 0 0  ···
Namur Lake 174B, Alta. IRI 0 0  ···
Fort Mackay, Alta. S- 562 521 7.9
Thebathi 196, Alta. IRI 30 15 100.0
Thabacha Nre 196A, Alta. IRI 0 0  ···
Opportunity No. 17, Alta. MD 3,074 2,847 8.0
Mackenzie County, Alta. SM 10,927 10,002 9.2
Fort Smith, N.W.T. T 2,093 2,364 -11.5
Region 5, Unorganized, N.W.T. NO 347 37 A 837.8

Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Chestermere T 14,824 9,923 A 49.4
Beaumont T 13,284 8,961 48.2
Airdrie CY 42,564 28,927 47.1
Leduc CY 24,279 16,967 43.1
Okotoks T 24,511 17,150 A 42.9

Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Lac la Biche County MD 8,402 9,123 A -7.9
Willow Creek No. 26 MD 5,107 5,337 -4.3
Crowsnest Pass SM 5,565 5,749 -3.2
Greenview No. 16 MD 5,299 5,464 -3.0
Lethbridge County MD 10,061 10,254 A -1.9

Age and sex

Wood Buffalo, SM – Age distribution

Table 4 Wood Buffalo, SM – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 18.7% 17.8% 19.6%
15 to 64 79.6% 80.5% 78.4%
65 and over 1.8% 1.7% 1.9%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Wood Buffalo, SM was 1.8%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 79.6% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 18.7%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Wood Buffalo, SM – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Wood Buffalo, SM – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 65,565 51,495 14,070 27.3
0 to 14 12,230 10,340 1,890 18.3
15 to 64 52,160 40,220 11,940 29.7
65 and over 1,180 940 240 25.5
Males
Total 35,740 27,655 8,085 29.2
0 to 14 6,370 5,310 1,060 20.0
15 to 64 28,765 21,895 6,870 31.4
65 and over 600 450 150 33.3
Females
Total 29,830 23,840 5,990 25.1
0 to 14 5,850 5,025 825 16.4
15 to 64 23,390 18,320 5,070 27.7
65 and over 580 495 85 17.2

Wood Buffalo, SM – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Wood Buffalo, SM – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 65,565 35,740 29,830
0 to 4 years 5,120 2,640 2,485
5 to 9 years 3,665 1,940 1,725
10 to 14 years 3,440 1,795 1,645
15 to 19 years 3,920 2,050 1,870
20 to 24 years 6,075 3,185 2,890
25 to 29 years 8,000 4,300 3,700
30 to 34 years 6,835 3,670 3,165
35 to 39 years 5,655 3,240 2,410
40 to 44 years 5,380 2,945 2,430
45 to 49 years 5,570 3,085 2,485
50 to 54 years 5,525 3,115 2,410
55 to 59 years 3,555 2,185 1,370
60 to 64 years 1,655 995 660
65 to 69 years 630 360 270
70 to 74 years 265 140 130
75 to 79 years 160 60 105
80 to 84 years 75 25 45
85 years and over 50 10 35
Median age 31.8 32.5 30.9

Wood Buffalo, SM – Median age2 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Wood Buffalo, SM was 31.8 years. In comparison, the median age of Alberta was 36.5 years.

Table 7 Canada, Alberta and Wood Buffalo, SM – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Alberta 36.0 36.5
Wood Buffalo, SM 31.6 31.8

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Wood Buffalo was 17,730, which represents a change of 25.0% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Wood Buffalo, 66.3% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 22.6% were common-law-couples and 11.1% were lone-parent families.

Wood Buffalo – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Alberta, CSD of Wood Buffalo, SM and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Alberta  999,525 719,355 72.0 135,660 13.6 144,510 14.5 10.5
Wood Buffalo, SM 17,730 11,755 66.3 4,010 22.6 1,965 11.1 25.0
Division No. 18, Unorganized, NO (Sask.) 480 295 61.5 70 14.6 120 25.0 35.2
Lac la Biche County, MD 2,360 1,650 69.9 335 14.2 375 15.9 -5.0
Janvier 194, IRI 75 15 20.0 30 40.0 25 33.3 15.4
Gregoire Lake 176, IRI 65 15 23.1 25 38.5 25 38.5 0.0
Allison Bay 219, IRI 20 5 25.0 10 50.0 5 25.0 0.0
Dog Head 218, IRI 35 10 28.6 10 28.6 15 42.9 0.0
Fort Mackay, S- 140 30 21.4 60 42.9 55 39.3 -3.4
Opportunity No. 17, MD 830 350 42.2 265 31.9 210 25.3 12.9
Mackenzie County, SM 2,515 2,230 88.7 120 4.8 165 6.6 9.8
Fort Smith, T (N.W.T.) 565 300 53.1 150 26.5 115 20.4 -12.4
Region 5, Unorganized, NO (N.W.T.) 105 75 71.4 25 23.8 5 4.8 0.0

Wood Buffalo – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Wood Buffalo, 52.8% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 6,895
Married couples without children * 4,865
Common-law-couples with children * 1,435
Common-law-couples without children * 2,580

Wood Buffalo – Marital status

In Wood Buffalo, 62.3% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (47.2%) or living with a common-law partner (15.1%).

The remaining 37.7% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Alberta, Wood Buffalo, SM – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Wood Buffalo, SM Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 53,335 100.0 2,960,470 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 33,250 62.3 1,756,860 59.3 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 25,190 47.2 1,484,705 50.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 8,060 15.1 272,155 9.2 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 20,090 37.7 1,203,615 40.7 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 15,910 29.8 823,935 27.8 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 1,270 2.4 70,855 2.4 698,245 2.5
Divorced 2,355 4.4 177,375 6.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 550 1.0 131,440 4.4 1,584,525 5.7

Wood Buffalo – Types of private households

There were 23,075 private households4 in Wood Buffalo in 2011, a change of 28.3% from 2006. Of these, 34.1% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 16.0% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Alberta, Wood Buffalo, SM – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Wood Buffalo, SM Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 23,075 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
7,875 34.1 407,145 29.3 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
6,575 28.5 406,380 29.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 1,645 7.1 128,330 9.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 4,010 17.4 342,735 24.7 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households9 800 3.5 27,900 2.0 268,060 2.0
Other households10 2,170 9.4 77,785 5.6 543,340 4.1

Wood Buffalo – Structural type of dwelling

In Wood Buffalo, 48.4% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 2.4% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Alberta, Wood Buffalo, SM – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Wood Buffalo, SM Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 23,080 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 11,165 48.4 883,260 63.5 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,340 5.8 71,850 5.2 646,240 4.9
Row house 2,270 9.8 97,865 7.0 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 555 2.4 58,205 4.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,640 20.1 197,945 14.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 325 1.4 33,505 2.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 5 0.0 1,060 0.1 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 2,775 12.0 46,590 3.4 183,510 1.4

Language

Wood Buffalo, SM – Mother tongue

Chart J: Wood Buffalo, SM - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Wood Buffalo, SM - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Wood Buffalo, 79.6% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.7% reported French only, and 15.6% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 77.0% for English only, 1.9% for French only and 19.4% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 86.9% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 1.3% spoke only French and 8.8% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 85.7% for only English, 0.7% for only French and 10.5% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Wood Buffalo, SM – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 65,515 100.0 65,515 100.0
English 52,165 79.6 56,930 86.9
French 1,790 2.7 880 1.3
Non-official language 10,250 15.6 5,780 8.8
Multiple responses 1,315 2.0 1,925 2.9
Table 13 Wood Buffalo, SM – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.6 99.1 0.4
French 67.8 45.8 22.0
Non-official language 82.8 60.1 22.7

Wood Buffalo, SM – Non-official languages

In Wood Buffalo, the three most common mother tongues were Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (2.4%), Urdu (1.4%) and Gujarati (1.4%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were German (2.3%), Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (1.9%) and Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.5%).

Table 14 Wood Buffalo, SM – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,595 14.0 2.4
Urdu 950 8.4 1.4
Gujarati 935 8.2 1.4
Spanish 920 8.1 1.4
Arabic 890 7.8 1.4

Wood Buffalo, SM – Bilingualism

Table 15 Wood Buffalo, SM – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 6.9 4.5 90.5 4.9
0 to 19 6.2 5.2 82.9 5.2
20 to 44 7.4 5.0 92.3 5.2
45 to 64 6.9 2.9 91.3 4.2
65 and over 6.2 2.6 88.9 1.7
Table 16 Wood Buffalo, SM – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 65,515 100.0
English only 60,330 92.1
French only 100 0.2
English and French 4,700 7.2
Neither English nor French 385 0.6

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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