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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Richmond, CY - British Columbia

Map of Richmond, CY (shaded in green), British Columbia

Map of Richmond, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Richmond, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Richmond, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
4
Nat. rank
25

In 2011, Richmond (City) had a population of 190,473, representing a percentage change of 9.2% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 129.27 square kilometres with a population density of 1,473.5 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 922,509.29 square kilometres with a population density of 4.8 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Richmond (City) had 67,976 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 10.7%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Richmond (City) is part of the census metropolitan area of Vancouver.

Population and dwelling counts

Richmond (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Richmond (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Delta, B.C. DM 99,863 96,635 A 3.3
Greater Vancouver A, B.C. RDA 13,035 11,050 18.0
Vancouver, B.C. CY 603,502 578,041 4.4
Burnaby, B.C. CY 223,218 202,799 10.1
New Westminster, B.C. CY 65,976 58,549 12.7
Musqueam 2, B.C. IRI 1,569 1,371 14.4

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Langford CY 29,228 22,459 30.1
Lake Country DM 11,708 9,606 21.9
Port Moody CY 32,975 27,512 19.9
Kent DM 5,664 4,738 E 19.5
Surrey CY 468,251 394,976 18.6

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Kitimat DM 8,335 8,987 -7.3
Peace River D RDA 5,479 5,749 -4.7
Esquimalt DM 16,209 16,840 -3.7
Hope DM 5,969 6,185 -3.5
Okanagan-Similkameen D RDA 5,717 5,913 -3.3

Age and sex

Richmond, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Richmond, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 14.4% 15.3% 13.5%
15 to 64 72.0% 71.7% 72.2%
65 and over 13.7% 12.9% 14.3%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Richmond, CY was 13.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 72.0% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 14.4%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Richmond, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Richmond, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 190,475 174,460 16,015 9.2
0 to 14 27,355 27,055 300 1.1
15 to 64 137,100 125,150 11,950 9.5
65 and over 26,015 22,260 3,755 16.9
Males
Total 91,240 83,690 7,550 9.0
0 to 14 13,985 13,945 40 0.3
15 to 64 65,460 59,975 5,485 9.1
65 and over 11,800 9,770 2,030 20.8
Females
Total 99,230 90,765 8,465 9.3
0 to 14 13,370 13,110 260 2.0
15 to 64 71,640 65,170 6,470 9.9
65 and over 14,220 12,490 1,730 13.9

Richmond, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Richmond, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 190,475 91,240 99,230
0 to 4 years 8,395 4,270 4,125
5 to 9 years 8,855 4,600 4,255
10 to 14 years 10,110 5,115 4,990
15 to 19 years 12,535 6,520 6,015
20 to 24 years 13,680 7,100 6,585
25 to 29 years 12,740 6,315 6,425
30 to 34 years 11,160 5,390 5,765
35 to 39 years 11,720 5,195 6,525
40 to 44 years 14,510 6,425 8,085
45 to 49 years 16,635 7,650 8,985
50 to 54 years 16,490 7,625 8,865
55 to 59 years 14,910 7,085 7,825
60 to 64 years 12,720 6,155 6,565
65 to 69 years 8,010 3,820 4,190
70 to 74 years 6,195 2,915 3,285
75 to 79 years 5,035 2,370 2,660
80 to 84 years 3,595 1,570 2,025
85 years and over 3,180 1,130 2,050
Median age 42.1 40.9 43.0

Richmond, CY – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Richmond, CY was 42.1 years. In comparison, the median age of British Columbia was 41.9 years.

Table 7 Canada, British Columbia and Richmond, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
British Columbia 40.8 41.9
Richmond, CY 40.7 42.1

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Richmond was 55,400, which represents a change of 10.3% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Richmond, 78.1% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 5.8% were common-law-couples and 16.1% were lone-parent families.

Richmond – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, British Columbia, CSD of Richmond, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Richmond, CY 55,400 43,270 78.1 3,210 5.8 8,920 16.1 10.3
Delta, DM 29,080 23,020 79.2 2,420 8.3 3,645 12.5 4.0
Greater Vancouver A, RDA 3,365 2,535 75.3 230 6.8 595 17.7 20.0
Vancouver, CY 151,330 103,025 68.1 23,580 15.6 24,720 16.3 3.9
Burnaby, CY 61,365 45,795 74.6 5,620 9.2 9,950 16.2 9.5
New Westminster, CY 17,290 11,740 67.9 2,795 16.2 2,755 15.9 10.9
Musqueam 2, IRI 440 255 58.0 70 15.9 115 26.1 12.8

Richmond – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Richmond, 51.2% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 22,845
Married couples without children * 20,420
Common-law-couples with children * 935
Common-law-couples without children * 2,275

Richmond – Marital status

In Richmond, 59.5% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (55.6%) or living with a common-law partner (3.9%).

The remaining 40.5% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, British Columbia, Richmond, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Richmond, CY British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 163,115 100.0 3,722,690 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 97,045 59.5 2,154,575 57.9 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 90,625 55.6 1,832,605 49.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 6,420 3.9 321,965 8.6 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 66,065 40.5 1,568,120 42.1 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 46,305 28.4 1,014,270 27.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 3,285 2.0 102,035 2.7 698,245 2.5
Divorced 8,855 5.4 246,515 6.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 7,625 4.7 205,300 5.5 1,584,525 5.7

Richmond – Types of private households

There were 67,975 private households3 in Richmond in 2011, a change of 10.7% from 2006. Of these, 31.6% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -0.1% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, British Columbia, Richmond, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Richmond, CY British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 67,975 100.0 1,764,635 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
21,455 31.6 431,135 24.4 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
19,125 28.1 532,995 30.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 7,670 11.3 168,530 9.6 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 14,180 20.9 498,925 28.3 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 3,435 5.1 50,410 2.9 268,060 2.0
Other households9 2,120 3.1 82,640 4.7 543,340 4.1

Richmond – Structural type of dwelling

In Richmond, 37.2% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 10.2% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, British Columbia, Richmond, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Richmond, CY British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 67,980 100.0 1,764,640 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 25,320 37.2 842,120 47.7 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,695 2.5 52,825 3.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 13,445 19.8 130,370 7.4 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 6,950 10.2 143,970 8.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 16,210 23.8 361,150 20.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 4,090 6.0 184,355 10.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 20 0.0 2,885 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 250 0.4 46,960 2.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Richmond, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Richmond, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Richmond, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Richmond, 36.6% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 0.6% reported French only, and 59.5% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 70.3% for English only, 1.3% for French only and 26.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 49.4% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.2% spoke only French and 42.5% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 80.5% for only English, 0.4% for only French and 15.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Richmond, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 189,740 100.0 189,740 100.0
English 69,460 36.6 93,715 49.4
French 1,115 0.6 370 0.2
Non-official language 112,895 59.5 80,550 42.5
Multiple responses 6,270 3.3 15,105 8.0
Table 13 Richmond, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 98.1 95.9 2.3
French 50.6 28.2 22.4
Non-official language 86.8 72.0 14.9

Richmond, CY – Non-official languages

In Richmond, the three most common mother tongues were Cantonese (16.5%), Chinese, n.o.s. (13.5%) and Mandarin (11.1%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (4.5%), Cantonese (3.2%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (2.9%).

Table 14 Richmond, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Cantonese 31,230 26.3 16.5
Chinese, n.o.s. 25,615 21.5 13.5
Mandarin 21,130 17.8 11.1
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,670 7.3 4.6
Panjabi (Punjabi) 6,235 5.2 3.3

Richmond, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Richmond, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 5.1 7.7 87.9 2.6
0 to 19 9.5 11.4 91.3 6.9
20 to 44 5.1 8.8 93.4 2.4
45 to 64 3.2 4.9 90.8 1.4
65 and over 2.7 3.1 82.4 1.2
Table 16 Richmond, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 189,740 100.0
English only 160,045 84.3
French only 80 0.0
English and French 9,875 5.2
Neither English nor French 19,745 10.4

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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