Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Oak Bay, DM - British Columbia

Map of Oak Bay, DM (shaded in green), British Columbia

Map of Oak Bay, DM

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Oak Bay, DM - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Oak Bay, DM - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
35
Nat. rank
229

In 2011, Oak Bay (District municipality) had a population of 18,015, representing a percentage change of 0.6% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 10.53 square kilometres with a population density of 1,710.3 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 922,509.29 square kilometres with a population density of 4.8 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Oak Bay (District municipality) had 7,764 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was -1.7%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Oak Bay (District municipality) is part of the census metropolitan area of Victoria.

Population and dwelling counts

Oak Bay (District municipality) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Oak Bay (District municipality) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Saanich, B.C. DM 109,752 108,265 1.4
Victoria, B.C. CY 80,017 78,057 2.5
Capital H (Part 1), B.C. RDA 4,173 4,250 -1.8

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Langford CY 29,228 22,459 30.1
Lake Country DM 11,708 9,606 21.9
Port Moody CY 32,975 27,512 19.9
Kent DM 5,664 4,738 E 19.5
Surrey CY 468,251 394,976 18.6

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Kitimat DM 8,335 8,987 -7.3
Peace River D RDA 5,479 5,749 -4.7
Esquimalt DM 16,209 16,840 -3.7
Hope DM 5,969 6,185 -3.5
Okanagan-Similkameen D RDA 5,717 5,913 -3.3

Age and sex

Oak Bay, DM – Age distribution

Table 4 Oak Bay, DM – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 12.6% 13.6% 11.8%
15 to 64 59.6% 61.1% 58.3%
65 and over 27.8% 25.3% 29.8%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Oak Bay, DM was 27.8%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 59.6% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 12.6%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Oak Bay, DM – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Oak Bay, DM – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 18,015 17,910 105 0.6
0 to 14 2,270 2,425 -155 -6.4
15 to 64 10,735 10,970 -235 -2.1
65 and over 5,010 4,515 495 11.0
Males
Total 8,190 8,200 -10 -0.1
0 to 14 1,115 1,170 -55 -4.7
15 to 64 5,000 5,185 -185 -3.6
65 and over 2,075 1,845 230 12.5
Females
Total 9,825 9,710 115 1.2
0 to 14 1,160 1,250 -90 -7.2
15 to 64 5,730 5,790 -60 -1.0
65 and over 2,930 2,665 265 9.9

Oak Bay, DM – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Oak Bay, DM – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 18,015 8,190 9,825
0 to 4 years 575 305 270
5 to 9 years 770 360 415
10 to 14 years 925 445 480
15 to 19 years 1,095 575 520
20 to 24 years 970 490 475
25 to 29 years 625 295 330
30 to 34 years 555 260 290
35 to 39 years 690 315 375
40 to 44 years 945 415 530
45 to 49 years 1,180 500 675
50 to 54 years 1,415 640 775
55 to 59 years 1,570 685 885
60 to 64 years 1,690 825 865
65 to 69 years 1,270 610 650
70 to 74 years 890 425 465
75 to 79 years 825 350 480
80 to 84 years 835 330 505
85 years and over 1,190 360 830
Median age 52.4 51.1 53.5

Oak Bay, DM – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Oak Bay, DM was 52.4 years. In comparison, the median age of British Columbia was 41.9 years.

Table 7 Canada, British Columbia and Oak Bay, DM – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
British Columbia 40.8 41.9
Oak Bay, DM 49.9 52.4

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Oak Bay was 5,110, which represents a change of -0.9% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Oak Bay, 79.8% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 9.1% were common-law-couples and 11.0% were lone-parent families.

Oak Bay – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, British Columbia, CSD of Oak Bay, DM and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Oak Bay, DM 5,110 4,080 79.8 465 9.1 560 11.0 -0.9
Saanich, DM 31,310 22,765 72.7 3,720 11.9 4,820 15.4 0.4
Victoria, CY 18,375 10,315 56.1 4,635 25.2 3,415 18.6 0.3
Capital H (Part 1), RDA 1,345 970 72.1 250 18.6 120 8.9 2.7

Oak Bay – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Oak Bay, 40.2% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 1,685
Married couples without children * 2,390
Common-law-couples with children * 140
Common-law-couples without children * 325

Oak Bay – Marital status

In Oak Bay, 59.4% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (53.5%) or living with a common-law partner (5.9%).

The remaining 40.6% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, British Columbia, Oak Bay, DM – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Oak Bay, DM British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 15,745 100.0 3,722,690 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 9,360 59.4 2,154,575 57.9 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 8,430 53.5 1,832,605 49.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 930 5.9 321,965 8.6 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 6,385 40.6 1,568,120 42.1 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 3,475 22.1 1,014,270 27.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 265 1.7 102,035 2.7 698,245 2.5
Divorced 1,190 7.6 246,515 6.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 1,445 9.2 205,300 5.5 1,584,525 5.7

Oak Bay – Types of private households

There were 7,765 private households3 in Oak Bay in 2011, a change of -1.7% from 2006. Of these, 23.1% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -8.9% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, British Columbia, Oak Bay, DM – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Oak Bay, DM British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 7,765 100.0 1,764,635 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
1,795 23.1 431,135 24.4 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
2,650 34.1 532,995 30.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 525 6.8 168,530 9.6 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 2,485 32.0 498,925 28.3 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 65 0.8 50,410 2.9 268,060 2.0
Other households9 240 3.1 82,640 4.7 543,340 4.1

Oak Bay – Structural type of dwelling

In Oak Bay, 63.6% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 4.8% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, British Columbia, Oak Bay, DM – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Oak Bay, DM British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 7,765 100.0 1,764,640 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 4,935 63.6 842,120 47.7 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 110 1.4 52,825 3.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 110 1.4 130,370 7.4 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 370 4.8 143,970 8.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,685 21.7 361,150 20.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 535 6.9 184,355 10.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 10 0.1 2,885 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 5 0.1 46,960 2.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Oak Bay, DM – Mother tongue

Chart J: Oak Bay, DM - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Oak Bay, DM - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Oak Bay, 87.9% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.4% reported French only, and 9.8% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 70.3% for English only, 1.3% for French only and 26.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 95.6% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.5% spoke only French and 3.1% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 80.5% for only English, 0.4% for only French and 15.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Oak Bay, DM – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 17,770 100.0 17,770 100.0
English 15,625 87.9 16,980 95.6
French 245 1.4 80 0.5
Non-official language 1,740 9.8 550 3.1
Multiple responses 160 0.9 160 0.9
Table 13 Oak Bay, DM – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.8 0.1
French 60.0 26.7 33.3
Non-official language 60.2 34.1 26.1

Oak Bay, DM – Non-official languages

In Oak Bay, the three most common mother tongues were German (1.8%), Chinese, n.o.s. (0.9%) and Mandarin (0.6%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (4.5%), Cantonese (3.2%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (2.9%).

Table 14 Oak Bay, DM – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 315 16.9 1.8
Chinese, n.o.s. 155 8.3 0.9
Mandarin 115 6.2 0.6
Dutch 110 5.9 0.6
Spanish 105 5.6 0.6

Oak Bay, DM – Bilingualism

Table 15 Oak Bay, DM – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 14.3 13.3 91.8 12.1
0 to 19 19.6 19.2 100.0 14.3
20 to 44 15.8 15.4 90.9 9.4
45 to 64 13.6 12.1 94.1 14.5
65 and over 10.2 8.7 80.0 10.9
Table 16 Oak Bay, DM – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 17,770 100.0
English only 15,130 85.1
French only 5 0.0
English and French 2,570 14.5
Neither English nor French 65 0.4

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

Related data:

Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: