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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Cornwall, CY - Ontario

Map of Cornwall, CY (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Cornwall, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Cornwall, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Cornwall, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
43
Nat. rank
102

In 2011, Cornwall (City) had a population of 46,340, representing a percentage change of 0.8% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 61.52 square kilometres with a population density of 753.2 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Cornwall (City) had 20,435 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 3.7%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Cornwall (City) is part of the census agglomeration of Cornwall.

Population and dwelling counts

Cornwall (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Cornwall (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Dundee, Que. CT 408 436 -6.4
South Glengarry, Ont. TP 13,162 12,880 2.2
Akwesasne (Part) 59, Ont.  IRI
South Stormont, Ont. TP 12,617 12,520 0.8

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

Cornwall, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Cornwall, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 15.5% 16.5% 14.6%
15 to 64 64.4% 65.5% 63.4%
65 and over 20.1% 18.1% 22.0%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Cornwall, CY was 20.1%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 64.4% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 15.5%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Cornwall, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Cornwall, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 46,340 45,965 375 0.8
0 to 14 7,180 7,825 -645 -8.2
15 to 64 29,845 29,635 210 0.7
65 and over 9,315 8,505 810 9.5
Males
Total 22,020 21,795 225 1.0
0 to 14 3,625 4,015 -390 -9.7
15 to 64 14,425 14,340 85 0.6
65 and over 3,975 3,445 530 15.4
Females
Total 24,315 24,170 145 0.6
0 to 14 3,560 3,815 -255 -6.7
15 to 64 15,420 15,295 125 0.8
65 and over 5,340 5,060 280 5.5

Cornwall, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Cornwall, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 46,340 22,020 24,315
0 to 4 years 2,435 1,220 1,215
5 to 9 years 2,260 1,125 1,130
10 to 14 years 2,490 1,275 1,210
15 to 19 years 3,000 1,480 1,520
20 to 24 years 2,845 1,375 1,470
25 to 29 years 2,570 1,220 1,350
30 to 34 years 2,400 1,155 1,245
35 to 39 years 2,430 1,155 1,275
40 to 44 years 2,560 1,230 1,330
45 to 49 years 3,470 1,660 1,815
50 to 54 years 3,775 1,865 1,910
55 to 59 years 3,465 1,690 1,775
60 to 64 years 3,325 1,590 1,735
65 to 69 years 2,555 1,225 1,330
70 to 74 years 2,165 975 1,195
75 to 79 years 1,800 815 985
80 to 84 years 1,420 560 860
85 years and over 1,370 400 970
Median age 45.3 44.2 46.2

Cornwall, CY – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Cornwall, CY was 45.3 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and Cornwall, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Cornwall, CY 43.0 45.3

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Cornwall was 13,150, which represents a change of 0.2% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Cornwall, 62.2% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 16.9% were common-law-couples and 20.9% were lone-parent families.

Cornwall – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of Cornwall, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Cornwall, CY 13,150 8,175 62.2 2,225 16.9 2,745 20.9 0.2
Dundee, CT (Que.) 130 85 65.4 40 30.8 10 7.7 0.0
South Glengarry, TP 4,065 3,145 77.4 540 13.3 380 9.3 3.3
South Stormont, TP 3,960 3,090 78.0 470 11.9 400 10.1 3.9

Cornwall – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Cornwall, 38.4% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 2,965
Married couples without children * 5,210
Common-law-couples with children * 1,025
Common-law-couples without children * 1,195

Cornwall – Marital status

In Cornwall, 54.3% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (42.9%) or living with a common-law partner (11.4%).

The remaining 45.7% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Cornwall, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Cornwall, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 39,160 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 21,275 54.3 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 16,805 42.9 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 4,470 11.4 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 17,885 45.7 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 9,920 25.3 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 1,635 4.2 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 2,890 7.4 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 3,440 8.8 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Cornwall – Types of private households

There were 20,435 private households3 in Cornwall in 2011, a change of 3.7% from 2006. Of these, 19.2% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -14.3% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Cornwall, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Cornwall, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 20,435 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
3,925 19.2 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
6,255 30.6 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 2,590 12.7 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 6,820 33.4 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 185 0.9 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 655 3.2 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Cornwall – Structural type of dwelling

In Cornwall, 49.4% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 4.9% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, Cornwall, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Cornwall, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 20,435 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 10,090 49.4 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,920 9.4 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 1,145 5.6 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,005 4.9 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,255 20.8 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 1,820 8.9 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 145 0.7 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 60 0.3 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Cornwall, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Cornwall, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Cornwall, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Cornwall, 67.2% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 24.7% reported French only, and 5.5% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 82.7% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 11.8% spoke only French and 2.7% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Cornwall, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 45,395 100.0 45,395 100.0
English 30,490 67.2 37,550 82.7
French 11,220 24.7 5,350 11.8
Non-official language 2,480 5.5 1,205 2.7
Multiple responses 1,205 2.7 1,290 2.8
Table 13 Cornwall, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.6 99.1 0.6
French 72.4 48.2 24.2
Non-official language 76.5 54.1 22.4

Cornwall, CY – Non-official languages

In Cornwall, the three most common mother tongues were Urdu (1.0%), Tamil (0.8%) and German (0.4%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 Cornwall, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Urdu 435 15.8 1.0
Tamil 385 14.0 0.8
German 175 6.4 0.4
Italian 170 6.2 0.4
Arabic 145 5.3 0.3

Cornwall, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Cornwall, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 42.3 25.5 92.5 21.2
0 to 19 36.0 27.2 86.5 31.4
20 to 44 42.6 30.1 96.2 18.6
45 to 64 44.6 23.2 94.9 17.7
65 and over 45.3 18.0 89.5 18.5
Table 16 Cornwall, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 45,395 100.0
English only 25,185 55.5
French only 510 1.1
English and French 19,590 43.2
Neither English nor French 110 0.2

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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