Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Kitchener, CY - Ontario

Map of Kitchener, CY (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Kitchener, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Kitchener, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Kitchener, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
9
Nat. rank
22

In 2011, Kitchener (City) had a population of 219,153, representing a percentage change of 7.1% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 136.79 square kilometres with a population density of 1,602.1 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Kitchener (City) had 86,374 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 8.8%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Kitchener (City) is part of the census metropolitan area of Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo.

Population and dwelling counts

Kitchener (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Kitchener (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
North Dumfries, Ont. TP 9,334 9,063 3.0
Cambridge, Ont. CY 126,748 120,371 5.3
Waterloo, Ont. CY 98,780 97,475 1.3
Wilmot, Ont. TP 19,223 17,097 12.4
Woolwich, Ont. TP 23,145 19,658 17.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

Kitchener, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Kitchener, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 17.6% 18.3% 16.9%
15 to 64 70.1% 70.8% 69.4%
65 and over 12.3% 10.8% 13.6%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Kitchener, CY was 12.3%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 70.1% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 17.6%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Kitchener, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Kitchener, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 219,150 204,670 14,480 7.1
0 to 14 38,645 37,915 730 1.9
15 to 64 153,640 142,740 10,900 7.6
65 and over 26,865 24,010 2,855 11.9
Males
Total 107,735 100,750 6,985 6.9
0 to 14 19,760 19,480 280 1.4
15 to 64 76,310 71,055 5,255 7.4
65 and over 11,660 10,215 1,445 14.1
Females
Total 111,420 103,915 7,505 7.2
0 to 14 18,885 18,435 450 2.4
15 to 64 77,325 71,685 5,640 7.9
65 and over 15,205 13,795 1,410 10.2

Kitchener, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Kitchener, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 219,150 107,735 111,420
0 to 4 years 13,705 7,010 6,700
5 to 9 years 12,325 6,270 6,055
10 to 14 years 12,615 6,485 6,135
15 to 19 years 14,025 7,205 6,820
20 to 24 years 15,950 7,980 7,970
25 to 29 years 17,625 8,720 8,900
30 to 34 years 16,395 8,225 8,165
35 to 39 years 15,500 7,745 7,755
40 to 44 years 15,850 7,935 7,920
45 to 49 years 17,250 8,535 8,710
50 to 54 years 16,060 7,900 8,160
55 to 59 years 13,660 6,570 7,085
60 to 64 years 11,330 5,485 5,845
65 to 69 years 8,115 3,790 4,325
70 to 74 years 6,260 2,955 3,305
75 to 79 years 4,985 2,190 2,800
80 to 84 years 3,985 1,595 2,390
85 years and over 3,525 1,135 2,390
Median age 37.2 36.3 38.1

Kitchener, CY – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Kitchener, CY was 37.2 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and Kitchener, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Kitchener, CY 36.6 37.2

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Kitchener was 61,255, which represents a change of 7.3% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Kitchener, 69.6% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 13.1% were common-law-couples and 17.3% were lone-parent families.

Kitchener – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of Kitchener, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Kitchener, CY 61,255 42,655 69.6 8,025 13.1 10,575 17.3 7.3
North Dumfries, TP 2,825 2,340 82.8 245 8.7 245 8.7 6.0
Cambridge, CY 36,255 25,365 70.0 4,615 12.7 6,270 17.3 5.5
Waterloo, CY 26,775 20,845 77.9 2,505 9.4 3,430 12.8 0.9
Wilmot, TP 5,775 4,795 83.0 475 8.2 505 8.7 14.0
Woolwich, TP 6,570 5,495 83.6 510 7.8 565 8.6 19.0

Kitchener – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Kitchener, 49.7% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 22,090
Married couples without children * 20,560
Common-law-couples with children * 3,080
Common-law-couples without children * 4,945

Kitchener – Marital status

In Kitchener, 57.2% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (48.3%) or living with a common-law partner (8.9%).

The remaining 42.8% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Kitchener, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Kitchener, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 180,505 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 103,165 57.2 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 87,105 48.3 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 16,060 8.9 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 77,340 42.8 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 50,960 28.2 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 6,045 3.3 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 11,020 6.1 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 9,310 5.2 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Kitchener – Types of private households

There were 86,375 private households3 in Kitchener in 2011, a change of 8.7% from 2006. Of these, 28.2% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 0.3% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Kitchener, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Kitchener, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 86,375 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
24,315 28.2 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
24,140 27.9 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 9,610 11.1 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 22,970 26.6 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 1,560 1.8 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 3,775 4.4 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Kitchener – Structural type of dwelling

In Kitchener, 49.9% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 14.2% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, Kitchener, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Kitchener, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 86,375 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 43,100 49.9 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 5,425 6.3 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 9,745 11.3 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 12,240 14.2 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 13,160 15.2 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 2,615 3.0 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 70 0.1 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 20 0.0 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Kitchener, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Kitchener, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Kitchener, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Kitchener, 71.2% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.3% reported French only, and 25.7% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 81.3% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.4% spoke only French and 14.1% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Kitchener, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 216,365 100.0 216,360 100.0
English 154,130 71.2 175,985 81.3
French 2,860 1.3 795 0.4
Non-official language 55,615 25.7 30,570 14.1
Multiple responses 3,755 1.7 9,015 4.2
Table 13 Kitchener, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.5 99.1 0.4
French 52.4 27.0 25.4
Non-official language 82.2 62.1 20.1

Kitchener, CY – Non-official languages

In Kitchener, the three most common mother tongues were German (2.6%), Spanish (2.6%) and Romanian (2.0%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 Kitchener, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 5,700 9.7 2.6
Spanish 5,690 9.7 2.6
Romanian 4,380 7.4 2.0
Serbian 4,130 7.0 1.9
Polish 3,270 5.6 1.5

Kitchener, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Kitchener, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 6.1 5.0 87.8 4.8
0 to 19 6.5 5.6 83.8 7.6
20 to 44 7.2 6.6 90.5 5.1
45 to 64 5.2 3.3 87.9 4.2
65 and over 3.7 2.2 85.0 1.9
Table 16 Kitchener, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 216,365 100.0
English only 198,930 91.9
French only 110 0.1
English and French 13,500 6.2
Neither English nor French 3,820 1.8

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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