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Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Waterloo, CY - Ontario

Map of Waterloo, CY (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Waterloo, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Waterloo, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Waterloo, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
25
Nat. rank
52

In 2011, Waterloo (City) had a population of 98,780, representing a percentage change of 1.3% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 64.02 square kilometres with a population density of 1,542.9 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Waterloo (City) had 37,517 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 2.0%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Waterloo (City) is part of the census metropolitan area of Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo.

Population and dwelling counts

Waterloo (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Waterloo (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Kitchener, Ont. CY 219,153 204,668 7.1
Wilmot, Ont. TP 19,223 17,097 12.4
Wellesley, Ont. TP 10,713 9,789 9.4
Woolwich, Ont. TP 23,145 19,658 17.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

Waterloo, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Waterloo, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 17.0% 17.5% 16.5%
15 to 64 70.4% 71.3% 69.6%
65 and over 12.6% 11.2% 14.0%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Waterloo, CY was 12.6%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 70.4% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 17.0%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Waterloo, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Waterloo, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 98,780 97,475 1,305 1.3
0 to 14 16,775 17,805 -1,030 -5.8
15 to 64 69,580 68,795 785 1.1
65 and over 12,420 10,875 1,545 14.2
Males
Total 48,870 48,095 775 1.6
0 to 14 8,560 9,000 -440 -4.9
15 to 64 34,860 34,405 455 1.3
65 and over 5,455 4,680 775 16.6
Females
Total 49,910 49,380 530 1.1
0 to 14 8,220 8,800 -580 -6.6
15 to 64 34,720 34,390 330 1.0
65 and over 6,965 6,190 775 12.5

Waterloo, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Waterloo, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 98,780 48,870 49,910
0 to 4 years 4,985 2,550 2,435
5 to 9 years 5,765 2,915 2,845
10 to 14 years 6,025 3,090 2,940
15 to 19 years 7,225 3,725 3,500
20 to 24 years 9,465 5,145 4,320
25 to 29 years 6,750 3,585 3,175
30 to 34 years 6,000 3,045 2,955
35 to 39 years 6,410 3,105 3,305
40 to 44 years 7,300 3,505 3,795
45 to 49 years 7,915 3,835 4,075
50 to 54 years 7,420 3,610 3,815
55 to 59 years 6,100 2,930 3,170
60 to 64 years 4,990 2,375 2,615
65 to 69 years 3,640 1,720 1,915
70 to 74 years 2,800 1,325 1,475
75 to 79 years 2,340 1,060 1,275
80 to 84 years 1,895 785 1,110
85 years and over 1,750 560 1,185
Median age 37.6 35.7 39.3

Waterloo, CY – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Waterloo, CY was 37.6 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and Waterloo, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Waterloo, CY 35.4 37.6

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Waterloo was 26,775, which represents a change of 0.9% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Waterloo, 77.9% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 9.4% were common-law-couples and 12.8% were lone-parent families.

Waterloo – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of Waterloo, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Waterloo, CY 26,775 20,845 77.9 2,505 9.4 3,430 12.8 0.9
Kitchener, CY 61,255 42,655 69.6 8,025 13.1 10,575 17.3 7.3
Wilmot, TP 5,775 4,795 83.0 475 8.2 505 8.7 14.0
Wellesley, TP 2,765 2,450 88.6 150 5.4 170 6.1 12.4
Woolwich, TP 6,570 5,495 83.6 510 7.8 565 8.6 19.0

Waterloo – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Waterloo, 53.1% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 11,610
Married couples without children * 9,235
Common-law-couples with children * 780
Common-law-couples without children * 1,715

Waterloo – Marital status

In Waterloo, 58.3% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (52.2%) or living with a common-law partner (6.1%).

The remaining 41.7% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Waterloo, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Waterloo, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 82,005 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 47,835 58.3 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 42,805 52.2 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 5,030 6.1 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 34,165 41.7 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 24,900 30.4 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 1,855 2.3 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 3,560 4.3 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 3,855 4.7 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Waterloo – Types of private households

There were 37,520 private households3 in Waterloo in 2011, a change of 2.0% from 2006. Of these, 32.2% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -1.7% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Waterloo, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Waterloo, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 37,520 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
12,100 32.2 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
10,450 27.9 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 3,200 8.5 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 8,955 23.9 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 505 1.3 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 2,305 6.1 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Waterloo – Structural type of dwelling

In Waterloo, 57.9% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 10.7% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, Waterloo, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Waterloo, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 37,515 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 21,720 57.9 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,965 5.2 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 4,555 12.1 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 4,025 10.7 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,195 11.2 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 870 2.3 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 20 0.1 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 170 0.5 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Waterloo, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Waterloo, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Waterloo, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Waterloo, 72.9% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.1% reported French only, and 24.4% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 83.8% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.4% spoke only French and 12.6% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Waterloo, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 97,980 100.0 97,980 100.0
English 71,425 72.9 82,100 83.8
French 1,065 1.1 365 0.4
Non-official language 23,915 24.4 12,325 12.6
Multiple responses 1,575 1.6 3,185 3.3
Table 13 Waterloo, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.7 99.3 0.4
French 57.6 30.6 27.0
Non-official language 79.2 56.8 22.4

Waterloo, CY – Non-official languages

In Waterloo, the three most common mother tongues were German (2.9%), Chinese, n.o.s. (2.8%) and Mandarin (2.0%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 Waterloo, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 2,885 11.4 2.9
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,735 10.8 2.8
Mandarin 1,945 7.7 2.0
Arabic 1,360 5.4 1.4
Spanish 1,180 4.7 1.2

Waterloo, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Waterloo, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 8.7 8.1 90.1 6.7
0 to 19 11.5 10.7 81.5 12.9
20 to 44 9.9 10.0 94.4 6.4
45 to 64 6.4 5.2 92.2 5.0
65 and over 4.4 3.1 80.0 3.7
Table 16 Waterloo, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 97,980 100.0
English only 87,915 89.7
French only 45 0.0
English and French 8,735 8.9
Neither English nor French 1,285 1.3

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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